20 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC CSE - Test: Work, Life & Leisure - 2
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How can we prove the popularity of the underground railway in London?
Detailed Solution for Test: Work, Life & Leisure - 2 - Question 1
It started in 10th january 1963, and on the first day 10 thousand people travelled and in the whole year it was 4 million.
It became great succes due to the following advantages: Advantages:
They were cheaper.
People can now come from outer London to main city for work.
Women use this for going to opera and programs.
Transported goods .
The underground railway was not very popular in the beginning. The reasons were :
Detailed Solution for Test: Work, Life & Leisure - 2 - Question 2
The underground railway was not appreciated in early days due to these few reasons:
1) the maintenance of the station was bad. It has poor ventilation system as the air quality of London below ground is 70 times more worse than the above which make breather underground more difficult.
2) the first escalator was installed in the Holloway Road station in 1906 which was unworkable hence never kept for the use of the public one of the reason behind.
3) two people have the funeral procession along the underground railway.
4) the cost of the ticket for the railway was far expensive then it should be.
Detailed Solution for Test: Work, Life & Leisure - 2 - Question 3
Industrialisation brought many people to the city in search of work and a better life. The life in the city encouraged a spirit of individualism. The term Individualism refers to a theory that promotes the liberty, rights or independent action of the individual, rather than of the community.
The congestion in the 19th century industrial city led to a yearning for :
Detailed Solution for Test: Work, Life & Leisure - 2 - Question 4
The following points sum up how the Londoners got their wish for a clean air fulfilled.
• Due to the increasing pollution level, Londoners made demands for new 'lungs' for the city. Some attempts were made to bridge the gap between city and countryside through ideas like the Green Belt around London.
• The notion of the Garden City came into being, which was a pleasant space full of plants and trees, where people would both live and work.
• Smoke Abatement Acts of 1847 and 1853 were passed to clear the air.
The working class people spent their holidays and leisure time in the late 18th century :
Detailed Solution for Test: Work, Life & Leisure - 2 - Question 5
(i) There had long been an annual ‘London Season’ for wealthy Britishers. In the late eighteenth century, several cultural events, such as the Opera, the theatre and the classical music performances were organized for an elite group of 300-400 families.
(ii) Pubs were the main areas for working classes to meet to have a drink, exchange news and sometimes also to organize for political action.
(iii) Music halls were popular among the lower classes and by the early twentieth century, cinema became the great mass entertainment for mixed audiences.
(iv) British industrial workers were increasingly encouraged to spend their holidays by the sea, so as to derive the benefits of the Sun and the bracing winds.
(v) Libraries, art galleries and museums were established in the nineteenth century.
Detailed Solution for Test: Work, Life & Leisure - 2 - Question 6
Steps to clean up London :
(i) Attempts were made to decongest localities.
(ii) To have more green spaces or green belts.
(iii) To adopt measures to prevent or reduce pollution.
(iv) Landscaping the city by planting more trees and plants. Planning poor people’s houses, etc.
Name the entertainment which became the great mass entertainment for mixed audiences by the early 20th century
Detailed Solution for Test: Work, Life & Leisure - 2 - Question 7
Various forms of entertainment were:-
1) there used to be a annual london season for the wealthy britishers in which several cultural events were organised
2) working classes met in pubs to drink, exchange of news and sometimes also to organise poltical actions.
3) liberaries, arts gallaries and museums were established.
4) music halls were popular among lower classes.
5) cinema became great mass of entertainment for the mixed audiences.
A metropolis (mother city) is a large, densely populated city of a country or state, often called the _____ of the region.
Detailed Solution for Test: Work, Life & Leisure - 2 - Question 13
Explanation: A metropolis is a large, densely populated city that serves as the main economic, political, and cultural center of a country or state. It is often referred to as the "mother city" or the "capital" of the region. Here is a detailed explanation of each option: A. Port: - While some metropolises may have a port due to their geographical location, not all metropolises are characterized by their port facilities. - The presence of a port does not define a metropolis as it is just one aspect of its infrastructure. B. Capital: - This is the correct answer. A metropolis is often referred to as the capital of the region because it serves as the administrative center of the country or state. - The capital city generally houses government offices, major institutions, and headquarters of various organizations. C. Industrial Hub: - While many metropolises may have a significant industrial presence, not all of them are specifically known as industrial hubs. - The term "industrial hub" refers to a city or region that is known for its concentration of industrial activity and manufacturing. D. Fortune City: - The term "Fortune City" is not commonly used to describe a metropolis. - It may be used in a figurative sense to describe a city that is prosperous or experiencing economic growth, but it is not a standard term used to define a metropolis. In conclusion, the correct answer is B: Capital, as a metropolis is often referred to as the capital of the region due to its role as the economic, political, and cultural center.
How could the problem of scarcity of land in Bombay be solved?
Detailed Solution for Test: Work, Life & Leisure - 2 - Question 14
The problem of scarcity was solved by different reclamation projects as:-
development of marine drive:- in 1864 the back bay reclamation company got the right to reclaim the western foreshore from the tip of Malabar hill to the end of colaba. Reclamation meant the levelling of the hills around Bombay . By the 1870s the city had expanded to about 22 square miles
Which Indian city was the first to get a smoke nuisance legislation?
Detailed Solution for Test: Work, Life & Leisure - 2 - Question 17
Burning of dung and wood fuel were the main sources of air pollution.
Colonial authorities at first intended to clear I the place of miasmas, or harmful vapours, but the railway lines introduced in 1855, brought a dangerous new pollutant into the picture — coal from Raniganj. The high content of ash in the Indian coal was a problem Many pleas were made to banish the dirty mills from the city, but without any results,
Calcutta (Kolkata) was the first city to get | smoke nuisance legislation in 1863.
The inspectors of the Bengal Smoke Nuisance I Commission finally managed to control the industrial smoke. Controlling domestic smoke, however, was for more difficult.
The rice mills of Tolleygunge tackled the problem of pollution by
Detailed Solution for Test: Work, Life & Leisure - 2 - Question 19
In 1920, the rice mills of Tollygunge began to burn rice husk instead of coal. The residents complained about the air filled with black soot which fell like drizzling rain from morning till night. The inspectors of the Bengal Smoke Nuisance Commission finally managed to control industrial smoke.
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