10 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC CSE - Test: Water Resources - 2
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What ecological consequence is associated with the change in cropping patterns due to irrigation?
Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 1
The correct answer is Option C: Salinization of the Soil. Irrigation-induced changes in cropping patterns can lead to the salinization of the soil, impacting its fertility and posing ecological challenges.
In which part or state of India people build diversion channels like ‘guls’ or ‘kuls’ ?
Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 2
State in India where both guls and kuls are used for irrigation is Himachal Pradesh. Guls and Kuls can be made in the Western Himalayas region of India. Guls and Kuls are kinds of diversions which are built for the purpose of water harvesting.
What percentage of Earth's surface is covered by water?
Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 3
The correct answer is Option B: 71%. While the vast majority of Earth's surface is covered by water, approximately 71%, only a small fraction of this is freshwater that can be used by humans. This freshwater is crucial for various purposes, including drinking, agriculture, and industrial activities.
What is the primary source of freshwater according to the hydrological cycle?
Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 5
The correct answer is Option A: Rainwater. The hydrological cycle involves the continuous process of water evaporating from various water bodies, forming clouds, precipitating as rain, and flowing back into these water bodies. Rainwater is a key component in replenishing freshwater resources.
Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 7
The correct answer is Option C: Based on Structure and Materials. Dams are classified into categories such as timber dams, embankment dams, or masonry dams based on their structure and the materials used in their construction.
What percentage of India's total electricity is contributed by hydroelectric power?
Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 8
The correct answer is Option B: 22%. Hydroelectric power contributes about 22% of the total electricity produced in India. This form of energy plays a significant role in meeting the demands of various industries and sectors.
It is predicated that nearly 2 billion people will live in absolute water scarcity in the year of –
Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 9
Sources on earth are limited. Every region of earth can handle only a limited amount of living beings. But as our population is getting increased and increased the problem of exploitation of resources and the scarcity of these will come obviously. Therefore a prediction is made of year 2025.
What is the main objective of the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) in India?
Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 10
The correct answer is Option D: Providing Piped Potable Water to Rural Households. The Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) aims to ensure that every rural household in India has access to a regular supply of safe and drinkable piped water.
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