SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - CLAT MCQ

# SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - CLAT MCQ

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## 60 Questions MCQ Test SLAT Mock Test Series - SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern)

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) for CLAT 2024 is part of SLAT Mock Test Series preparation. The SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) questions and answers have been prepared according to the CLAT exam syllabus.The SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) MCQs are made for CLAT 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) below.
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SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 1

### Directions: Find the odd one out.

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 1
Except fish, all are mammals.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 2

### What will come in place of the question mark (?) in the following number series?3, 10, 39, ?, 885

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 2
1st term = 3

2nd term = (3 × 2) + 22 = 10

3rd term = (10 × 3) + 32 = 39

4th term = (39 × 4) + (4)2 = 172

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SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 3

### A person searched about the birth date of Mahatma Gandhi and he noticed that it happened on 2nd October, 1869. What day of the week was that?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 3
1869 = 1600 + 200 + 69

1600 years have 0 odd days.

200 years have 5 × 2 = 10 odd days or 3 odd days.

68 years have 17 leap years and 51 ordinary years.

So, number of odd days in 68 years = 17 × 2 + 51 = 34 + 51 = 85 odd days or 1 odd day

Number of days from 1st January, 1869, to 2nd October, 1869 = 31 + 28 + 31 + 30 + 31 +30 + 31 + 31 + 30 + 2 = 275 days or 2 odd days.

Total number of odd days = 0 + 3 + 1 + 2 = 6

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 4

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the question given below.

Z is married to R. R's only son is Q. Z's daughter-in-law is F. I's only daughter is G. U's son-in-law is L. F's only sister is U. F's brother-in-law is I. R is the grandfather of V. T's brother is V. U's niece is T.

If B is U's mother, then how is B related to V?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 4
The diagrammatic representation of the given scenario is shown below.

F and U are sisters and V is F's son.

Thus, B is the grandmother of V.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 5

Directions: In the following question, a number series is given with one term missing. Choose the correct alternative that will continue the same pattern in the given series.

101, 100, ____, 87, 71, 46

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 5
The pattern is –12, –22, –32, –42, –52.

(–1, –4, –9, –16, –25)

The missing number is (100 – 4) = 96.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 6

Directions: Find the odd one out from among the given options.

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 6
All except brass are metals; brass is an alloy. Brass is a metal alloy made of copper and zinc.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 7

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the question.

F is the son of D. S is the wife of D. C is the son of E. T is the husband of E. P is the daughter of R. B is married to C. B is the sister of F. G is J's brother. R is married to F. J is B's daughter. C's sister is H. P is S's grandchildren.

Who among the following is E's grandchild?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 7

G and J are grandchildren of E.

Thus, out of the given options, G is the grandchild of E.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 8

In a code language, FRIGHTENS is written as 106 and SIMILARLY is written as 118. How would DEMONITISATION be written in the same language?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 8
If we add the numbers denoted by each letter as A = 1, B = 2, C = 3...Z = 26

FRIGHTENS: 6 + 18 + 9 + 7 + 8 + 20 + 5 + 14 + 19 = 106

SIMILARLY: 19 + 9 + 13 + 9 + 12 + 1 + 18 + 12 + 25 = 118

DEMONITISATION: 4 + 5 + 13 + 15 + 14 + 9 + 20 + 9 + 19 + 1 + 20 + 9 + 15 + 14 = 167

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 9

Directions: The word pair given in the following question has a certain relationship. Select from the answer choices a word pair having the same relationship.

Honesty : Cheating

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 9
The given words are antonyms. This relation exists between the words of the pair given in option 1.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 10

In a certain code language BEAT is written as YVZG, what will be the code for MILD?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 10
Letters in the word are replaced by the letter opposite to it in the English alphabet.

MILD is coded as NROW.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 11

Which of the following years has the same calendar as 1700?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 11

Total number of odd days from 1700 to 1705 is remainder (7/7) i.e. 0.

So, after the year 1705, the year i.e 1706 has the same calendar as 1700.

Therefore, option 3 is the correct answer.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 12

Directions: The following question consists of a pair of words, which have a certain relationship with each other. Select one alternative from the given four options which bears the same relationship as the original pair of words does.

Confine : Prisoner

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 12
A prisoner is confined for punishment. Similarly, a suspect is detained for inquiry.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 13

Directions: The question consists of one or more principle and some facts. You are to examine the principle(s) and apply it/them to the given facts carefully, and select the best option.

Principle: Quasi-contract covers those situations where a person is held liable to another without any agreement, for money or benefit/service received by him to which the other person is better entitled.

Facts: Arun was going from Vasundhara to Vaishali metro station. For this, he hired an auto and reached Vaishali metro station. There an 'auto wala' demanded Rs. 50 from him. Then, Arun said, ''I am not liable to pay you anything because I had not agreed at any price when I sat in your auto and I thought that it is a free service.'' The 'auto wala' sued Arun for the fare.

Decide.

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 13
It is the case of quasi-contract. By availing the services of the 'auto wala', Arun has made himself liable to pay the fare. He cannot deny the same by saying that there was no discussion about the fare between them.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 14

Directions: The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Principle(s) and the other as Facts. You are to examine the Principle(s) and apply it/them to the given Facts carefully, and select the best option.

Principle: Communication of offer and acceptance is must for a valid contract.

Facts: Fayol proposes by courier, to sell a mobile set to Taylor at a definite price. Fayol revokes his proposal by email after 6 hours to Taylor.

Decide whether the revocation of the offer is valid.

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 14
Revocation must be done before Taylor has accepted the proposal. Fayol has revoked before the courier reached Taylor. Revocation is a type of remedy for buyers when the buyer accepts a non-conforming good from the seller. An offeror may revoke an offer before it has been accepted, but the revocation must be communicated to the offeree, although not necessarily by the offeror. The mode of communication is not the consideration as long as the essential information is delivered to the person intended.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 15

Directions: The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Principle(s) and the other as Facts. You are to examine the Principle(s) and apply it/them to the given Facts carefully, and select the best option.

Principle: When the question is whether a person has committed the dowry death of a woman and it is shown that soon before her death, such woman had been subjected by such person to cruelty or harassment for, or in connection with, any demand for dowry, the Court shall presume that such person caused the dowry death.

Facts: Rekha was married to Amit for 2 years and was living happily, until Amit's business failed and he suffered a heavy loss. He became a habitual drinker and often hit his wife after being drunk. Rekha was disturbed with this behaviour of Amit and would always wish for a way out from the fiasco. On one particular morning, on the day of their 6th marriage anniversary, while Amit was out to get snacks for the evening party, Rekha went to prepare breakfast and left the gas open which led to a huge explosion which caused her death. Rekha's parents sued Amit for dowry death.

Decide.

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 15
Amit cannot be held guilty of the offence of dowry death as he never made any demand for dowry from his wife and the principle clearly states that there should be cruelty towards the wife for the demand of dowry. The death also was not due to the actions of Amit, nor did he force Rekha to take such dire steps, but it was a mere accident.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 16

Directions: The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Principle(s) and the other as Facts. You are to examine the Principle(s) and apply it/them to the given Facts carefully, and select the best option.

Principle: When a party to a contract has refused to perform, or disabled himself from performing, his promise in its entirety, the promisee may put an end to the contract, unless he has signified, by words or conduct, his acquiescence in its continuance.

Facts: A, a singer, enters into a contract with B, the manager of a theatre, to sing at his theatre two nights in every week during next two months, and B engages to pay her 100 rupees for each night's performance. On the sixth night A willfully absents herself from the theatre. What should be the action of B in this case?

Decide.

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 16
B is at liberty to put an end to the contract because A without any intimation and willfully took a leave on the night of programme and the principle permits that when a party to a contract has refused to perform, or disabled himself from performing, his promise in its entirety, the promisee may put an end to the contract, unless he has signified, by words or conduct, his acquiescence in its continuance.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 17

Situation: Adi saw a golden pen drive on Abhinav's table and took it as he was fascinated by its colour. He later realised his mistake and went back and gave the pen drive to Abhinav accepting his guilt and begging for pardon. Abhinav forgave him but later filed an FIR against Adi for stealing his pen drive.

Which of the following statements is true?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 17
He is liable for the offence of theft because his intention was dishonest and the object was moved out from the possession of Abhinav. Although he realised his mistake later on, yet we have to see the initial act of taking the object out of the possession of Abhinav.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 18

Directions: The sentence given below is a legal principle followed by a factual situation based on the legal principle. Choose the correct option, which relates both the principle and the situation.

Legal Principle: The violation of legal right without damage gives rise to tort.

Factual Situation: X runs a Medical coaching centre and charges Rs. 2 lakh per annum as fee. Y started another Medical coaching centre and started charging Rs. 1 lakh per annum fee for competing with X. This act of Y compelled X to reduce his charge to such Rs. 1 lakh.

Can X claim damages from Y?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 18
'X' cannot claim damages from 'Y' because though there was damage, there was no legal injury as he just used his right to work.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 19

Directions: The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Principle(s) and the other as Facts. You are to examine the Principle(s) and apply it/them to the given Facts carefully, and select the best option.

Principle: When the language used in a document is plain in itself but is not clear with reference to the facts, evidence may be given to clarify the reference made.

Facts: Shubham had signed a deed pledging 'his property in Punjab' to Kartik. It was found that he did not have property in Punjab but had it in Haryana.

Can Shubham be allowed to provide more evidence to show that he was referring to the Haryana property?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 19
If the document brings out an uncertainty with reference to the facts of the case, additional evidence may be provided to clarify the facts with reference to the case. Also, the principle suggests that when the language used in a document is plain in itself but is not clear with reference to the facts, evidence may be given to clarify the reference made.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 20

Directions: The question consists of one or more than one principle and some facts. You are to examine the principle(s) and apply it/them to the given facts, and select the best option.

Principle: A Muslim man is only under obligation to maintain his illegitimate child until he/she attains the age of puberty.

Facts: Nazim and Sharia were divorced on 15 January, 2018. Sharia and Nazim have a child born out of their marriage. Sharia files for maintenance of child from Nazim. Nazim denies giving support.

Decide in light of the above-given principle only.

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 20
The principle only talks about the maintenance for the illegitimate child. There are no mentions of the upkeep for the legitimate child. Therefore, in light of the above given principle, Sharia will not succeed because the child is legitimate.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 21

Directions: The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Principle and the other as Facts. You are to examine the principle and apply it to the given statements carefully and select the best option.

Principle: Nuisance as a tort (civil wrong) means an unlawful interference with a person's use or enjoyment of land or some right over or in connection with it.

Facts: Kiran, a music teacher, is giving music lessons in her house. Disturbed by the noise created by that, Mehta Ji, living in the adjoining house, maliciously caused discomfort to Kiran by hammering against the parting wall, beating the trays, whistling and shrieking. Kiran sued Mehta Ji for nuisance.

Decide the case.

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 21
Mehta Ji is liable for nuisance. Noises made by Mehta Ji are not of legitimate kind. They are an unlawful interference with a person's use or enjoyment of land, thereby causing nuisance according to the principle given above.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 22

Directions: The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Principle(s) and the other as Facts. You are to examine the Principle(s) and apply it/them to the given Facts carefully, and select the best option.

Principle: Whoever intentionally uses force to any person, without that person's consent, in order to the committing of any offence, or intending by the use of such force to cause, or knowing it to be likely that by the use of such force he will cause injury, fear or annoyance to the person to whom the force is used, is said to use criminal force to that other.

Facts: A intentionally pulls up a woman's veil.

Is A liable for any criminal liability?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 22
Here, A intentionally uses force to her; and if he does so without her consent intending or knowing it to be likely that he may thereby injure, frighten or annoy her, he has used criminal force to her.

According to the principle, A has intentionally used force, which annoyed her.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 23

Directions: The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Principle(s) and the other as Facts. You are to examine the principles and apply them to the given facts carefully and select the best option.

Principles:

1. Property of a Christian male dying intestate is inherited by his wife and daughters and if all of them are alive, then it will be shared equally among them.

2. Property does not include any legal obligation on part of dying Christian male, especially debt associated with his property and investment made in his assets.

Facts: Dennis is a Christian. Dennis got funded handsomely for his new venture by Angel Investors, so that he can develop his product. He was married to Salma and had a son named Raju from her. Dennis passed away in a railway accident weeks later. His wife was sued for returning the investment money by Angel Investors.

Decide.

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 23
Investment money was a legal obligation on part of Dennis and not on his wife. Investment is not a part of Dennis's estate. Hence, she is not liable to pay.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 24

Directions: The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Principle and the other as Facts. You are to examine the principle and apply it to the given facts carefully and select the best option.

Principle: A person, who has voluntarily agreed to suffer harm, cannot claim damages for such harm. This consent to suffer harm can be either express or even implied. However, such consent must be given freely and not obtained by fraud or any other illegal means.

Facts: Lakshita, for her own amusement, went to watch a fire-works factory. Suddenly, due to unskillful handling of the maker, the material shop got blown up. Lakshita suffered injuries. Lakshita sued the owner of the shop.

Decide.

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 24
Shop owner cannot be held liable as this was a simple case where the danger was visible and Lakshita consented to take the risk involved.

There was risk involved in the act of going to the fire-works factory.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 25

Directions: In the following question, a letter series is given with one term missing. Choose the correct alternative that will continue the same pattern in the given series.

ZUA, XOC, VIE, TEG, _____

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 25
The first letters form a series of -2; the second letters form a series of vowels in reverse order; and the third letters form a series of +2.

First letter: Z - 2 = X, X - 2 = V, V - 2 = T, T - 2 = R

Second letter: U, O, I, E, A

Third letter: A + 2 = C, C + 2 = E, E + 2 = G, G + 2 = I

Hence, RAI is the missing term.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 26

Directions: Select the term which will replace the question mark (?) in the given alphanumeric series.

2A11, 4D13, 12G17, ?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 26
The first numbers in the terms follow the sequence: x 2, x 3, x 4

Letter of each term moves three steps forward to obtain the corresponding letter of the next term.

The last numbers follow the sequence: + 2, + 4, + 6

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 27

The present ages of a father and his son are in the ratio 6 : 1. Four years from now, the ratio of their ages will be 4 : 1. What is the son's present age?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 27
Let the present age of the son be A years.

Then, the present age of the father = 6A years

So, according to the question:

(6A + 4)/(A + 4) = 4

On solving, we get

A = 6

Thus, present age of the son = 6 years

Hence, answer option 2 is correct.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 28

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the question.

A certain number of persons are sitting in a row facing the north direction. Z sits second to the left of H, who sits second to the left of P. Q is 11th from one of the extreme ends. H sits 5th to the right of Q. D and F have two persons sitting between them. K and P sit at the extreme ends. E sits to the immediate left of F. A sits second to the left of M. D sits 4th to the left of Q. G and K have three persons sitting between them, two of which are M and A.

How many individuals sit between Q and M?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 28
Z sits second to the left of H, who sits second to the left of P. H sits 5th to the right of Q. D sits 5th to the left of Q.

K and P sit at the extreme ends. Q is 11th from one of the extreme ends. G and K have three persons sitting between them, two of which are M and A. A sits second to the left of M.

D and F have two persons sitting between them. E sits to the immediate left of F.

There are 6 persons sitting between M and Q.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 29

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the question.

A certain number of persons are sitting in a row facing the north direction. Z sits second to the left of H, who sits second to the left of P. Q is 11th from one of the extreme ends. H sits 5th to the right of Q. D and F have two persons sitting between them. K and P sit at the extreme ends. E sits to the immediate left of F. A sits second to the left of M. D sits 4th to the left of Q. G and K have three persons sitting between them, two of which are M and A.

What is the highest number of persons sitting in the given row?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 29
Z sits second to the left of H, who sits second to the left of P. H sits 5th to the right of Q. D sits 5th to the left of Q.

K and P sit at the extreme ends. Q is 11th from one of the extreme ends. G and K have three persons sitting between them, two of which are M and A. A sits second to the left of M.

D and F have two persons sitting between them. E sits to the immediate left of F.

There are total 18 persons sitting in the given row.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 30

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the question.

A certain number of persons are sitting in a row facing the north direction. Z sits second to the left of H, who sits second to the left of P. Q is 11th from one of the extreme ends. H sits 5th to the right of Q. D and F have two persons sitting between them. K and P sit at the extreme ends. E sits to the immediate left of F. A sits second to the left of M. D sits 4th to the left of Q. G and K have three persons sitting between them, two of which are M and A.

How many individuals are sitting between G and Z?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 30
Z sits second to the left of H, who sits second to the left of P. H sits 5th to the right of Q. D sits 5th to the left of Q.

K and P sit at the extreme ends. Q is 11th from one of the extreme ends. G and K have three persons sitting between them, two of which are M and A. A sits second to the left of M.

D and F have two persons sitting between them. E sits to the immediate left of F.

There are 8 persons sitting between G and Z.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 31

Directions: Find the odd one out.

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 31
Except diameter, all others are instruments used to measure something.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 32

John walks 12 km towards North from a fixed point, then 8 km towards South and finally, he walks 3 km towards East. How far and in which direction is he with reference to his starting point?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 32

Distance between initial and final points =

He is 5 km away from starting point in the Northeast direction.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 33

A tank can be filled by pipe A in 2 hours and by pipe B in 3 hours. An outlet C can empty the tank in 6 hours. If all the three are opened simultaneously, the tank will be filled in

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 33
Pipe A can fill the tank in 2 hours.

Part of tank filled by pipe A in 1 hour = ½

Pipe B can fill the tank in 3 hours.

Part of tank filled by pipe B in 1 hour = ⅓

Outlet C can empty the tank in 6 hours.

Part of tank emptied by outlet C in 1 hour = ⅙

Part of tank filled in 1 hour when all three are opened simultaneously = (1/2) + (1/3) - (1/6) = 4/6 = ⅔

Time taken for the tank to get completely filled, when all three are opened simultaneously = 3/2 hours

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 34

If a train runs at 60 km/h, it reaches its destination 15 minutes late. But, if it runs at 80 km/h, it is late by 7 minutes only. The right time for the train to cover the journey is:

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 34
Distance = Speed × Time

(1) Speed 60 km/h: Time taken 15 min extra

(2) 80 km/h: Time taken 7 min extra

Let the right time for the train to cover the journey be x minutes.

Distance (constant in 1 and 2) = 60 km/h × (x + 15)

Distance (constant in 1 and 2) = 80 km/h × (x + 7)

Now, equating the distances,

60x + 900 = 80x + 560

20x = 900 - 560

20x = 340

x = 17

The right time for the train to cover the journey is 17 minutes.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 35

Directions: Read the following text carefully and answer the question given below it.

The boss must ensure that he does not allow his juniors to get too much knowledge or qualification if he is to keep his number one spot of being the senior-most person in the company.

Which of the following assumptions is implicit from the given context?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 35
It is stated that in order to be at the senior-most position, the boss must prevent employees from gaining knowledge and increasing qualifications. So, it is implicit that the narrator assumes that an increase in knowledge and qualification is required to excel more than the boss. This is mentioned in option 2, hence the answer.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 36

Directions: In the question below, a statement is given, followed by several conclusions. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and then decide which of the conclusions logically follow(s) the information given in the statement.

Statement:

Competitive examinations are conducted by organisations to select bright candidates.

Conclusions:

(I) Organisations need bright candidates.

(II) Bright candidates cannot be selected through any other tests.

(III) The ratio of the number of applicants to that of vacancies is very high.

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 36
Conclusion (I) follows since the resources spent on conduction and administration of competitive examinations get justified only when the organisation selects bright candidates. Organisations need bright candidates; that is why they conduct competitive examinations.

Conclusion (II) does not follow since there may be other ways of selecting bright candidates as well.

Conclusion (III) follows since one of the reasons for conduction of competitive examinations for selection of candidates is the enormous number of candidates desirous of applying for small number of vacancies.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 37

Other worlds and their inhabitants have remained remarkably popular subjects of speculation in the past hundred years or more. We have been hearing people asking one another whether and when we shall be able to communicate with some of the far-off globes. The existence of intelligent inhabitants in some of the other planets remained, for much of the 20th century, a matter of conviction. Poets feel the inspiration of this subject, and novelists and romancers freely select other worlds as the scenes of their stories. Sometimes it is a trip from world to world, a kind of celestial pleasure yachting, with depictions of creatures more wonderful than that is presented to our imagination; and sometimes we are informed of the visions beheld by the temporarily disembodied spirits of trance mediums flitting about among the unknown worlds.

Then, to vary the theme, we find charming inhabitants of other worlds represented as coming down to the earth and sojourning for a time on our dull planet, to the delight of susceptible successors of father Adam, who become, henceforth, ready to follow their captivating visitors to the ends of the universe. In short, writers of fiction have vastly and indefinitely enlarged the bounds of romance, and made us so familiar with the peculiarities of our remarkable brothers and sisters of other worlds, that we can not help feeling, notwithstanding the many divergences in the descriptions, that we should certainly recognize them on sight wherever we might meet them.

But the subject is by no means abandoned to the tellers of tales and the dreamers of dreams. Men of science, also, eagerly enter into the discussion of the possibilities of other worlds, and become warm over it. Now, on account of the many curious revelations that we owe to modern and improved means of investigation, it is certainly to be desired that such revelations should be assembled in a convenient and popular form. Fact is admittedly often stranger and more wonderful than fiction, and there are no facts that appeal more powerfully to the imagination than do those of astronomy. Technical books on astronomy usually either ignore the subject of the habitability of the worlds, or dismiss it with scarcely any recognition of the overpowering human interest that it possesses. Many most important and significant discoveries, in several notable instances, have completely altered the aspect in which the other worlds present themselves for our judgment as to their conditions of habitability. The technical books on astronomy should now come up with inputs on the subject.

Q. Less than a hundred years ago, people had strong belief in the existence of

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 37
Refer to the sentence, 'The existence of intelligent inhabitants in some of the other planets remained, for much of the 20th century, a matter of conviction' for the answer.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 38

Other worlds and their inhabitants have remained remarkably popular subjects of speculation in the past hundred years or more. We have been hearing people asking one another whether and when we shall be able to communicate with some of the far-off globes. The existence of intelligent inhabitants in some of the other planets remained, for much of the 20th century, a matter of conviction. Poets feel the inspiration of this subject, and novelists and romancers freely select other worlds as the scenes of their stories. Sometimes it is a trip from world to world, a kind of celestial pleasure yachting, with depictions of creatures more wonderful than that is presented to our imagination; and sometimes we are informed of the visions beheld by the temporarily disembodied spirits of trance mediums flitting about among the unknown worlds.

Then, to vary the theme, we find charming inhabitants of other worlds represented as coming down to the earth and sojourning for a time on our dull planet, to the delight of susceptible successors of father Adam, who become, henceforth, ready to follow their captivating visitors to the ends of the universe. In short, writers of fiction have vastly and indefinitely enlarged the bounds of romance, and made us so familiar with the peculiarities of our remarkable brothers and sisters of other worlds, that we can not help feeling, notwithstanding the many divergences in the descriptions, that we should certainly recognize them on sight wherever we might meet them.

But the subject is by no means abandoned to the tellers of tales and the dreamers of dreams. Men of science, also, eagerly enter into the discussion of the possibilities of other worlds, and become warm over it. Now, on account of the many curious revelations that we owe to modern and improved means of investigation, it is certainly to be desired that such revelations should be assembled in a convenient and popular form. Fact is admittedly often stranger and more wonderful than fiction, and there are no facts that appeal more powerfully to the imagination than do those of astronomy. Technical books on astronomy usually either ignore the subject of the habitability of the worlds, or dismiss it with scarcely any recognition of the overpowering human interest that it possesses. Many most important and significant discoveries, in several notable instances, have completely altered the aspect in which the other worlds present themselves for our judgment as to their conditions of habitability. The technical books on astronomy should now come up with inputs on the subject.

Q. Fiction writers have made us so familiar with our imaginary beings of other worlds that

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 38
Refer to the sentence, '… that we can not help feeling, notwithstanding the many divergences in the descriptions, that we should certainly recognize them' for the answer.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 39

Other worlds and their inhabitants have remained remarkably popular subjects of speculation in the past hundred years or more. We have been hearing people asking one another whether and when we shall be able to communicate with some of the far-off globes. The existence of intelligent inhabitants in some of the other planets remained, for much of the 20th century, a matter of conviction. Poets feel the inspiration of this subject, and novelists and romancers freely select other worlds as the scenes of their stories. Sometimes it is a trip from world to world, a kind of celestial pleasure yachting, with depictions of creatures more wonderful than that is presented to our imagination; and sometimes we are informed of the visions beheld by the temporarily disembodied spirits of trance mediums flitting about among the unknown worlds.

Then, to vary the theme, we find charming inhabitants of other worlds represented as coming down to the earth and sojourning for a time on our dull planet, to the delight of susceptible successors of father Adam, who become, henceforth, ready to follow their captivating visitors to the ends of the universe. In short, writers of fiction have vastly and indefinitely enlarged the bounds of romance, and made us so familiar with the peculiarities of our remarkable brothers and sisters of other worlds, that we can not help feeling, notwithstanding the many divergences in the descriptions, that we should certainly recognize them on sight wherever we might meet them.

But the subject is by no means abandoned to the tellers of tales and the dreamers of dreams. Men of science, also, eagerly enter into the discussion of the possibilities of other worlds, and become warm over it. Now, on account of the many curious revelations that we owe to modern and improved means of investigation, it is certainly to be desired that such revelations should be assembled in a convenient and popular form. Fact is admittedly often stranger and more wonderful than fiction, and there are no facts that appeal more powerfully to the imagination than do those of astronomy. Technical books on astronomy usually either ignore the subject of the habitability of the worlds, or dismiss it with scarcely any recognition of the overpowering human interest that it possesses. Many most important and significant discoveries, in several notable instances, have completely altered the aspect in which the other worlds present themselves for our judgment as to their conditions of habitability. The technical books on astronomy should now come up with inputs on the subject.

Q. Novelists often select other worlds as a backdrop for

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 39
Refer to the sentence, 'In short, writers of fiction have vastly and indefinitely enlarged the bounds of romance …' for the answer.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 40

Directions: Read the given passage carefully and answer the question that follows.

The work which Gandhiji had taken up was not only regarding the achievement of political freedom but also the establishment of a new social order based on truth and non-violence, unity and peace, equality and universal brotherhood and maximum freedom for all. This unfinished part of his experiment was perhaps even more difficult to achieve than the achievement of political freedom. In the political struggle, the fight was against a foreign power and all one could do was either join it or wish it success and give it his/her moral support. In establishing a social order on this pattern, there was a strong possibility of a conflict arising between diverse groups and classes of our own people. Experience shows that man values his possessions even more than his life because in the former he sees the means for perpetuation and survival of his descendants even after his body is reduced to ashes. A new order cannot be established without radically changing the mind and attitude of men towards property and, at some stage or the other, the 'haves' have to yield place to the 'have-nots'. We have seen, in our time, attempts to achieve a kind of egalitarian society and the picture of it after it was achieved. But this was done, by and large, through the use of physical force.

In the ultimate analysis it is difficult, if not impossible, to say that the instinct to possess has been rooted out or that it will not reappear in an even worse form under a different guise. It may even be that, like a gas kept confined within containers under great pressure, or water held back by a big dam, once the barrier breaks, the reaction will one day sweep back with a violence equal in extent and intensity to what was used to establish and maintain the outward egalitarian form. This enforced egalitarianism contains, in its bosom, the seed of its own destruction.

The root cause of class conflict is possessiveness or the acquisitive instinct. So long as the ideal that is to be achieved is one of securing the maximum material satisfaction, possessiveness is neither suppressed nor eliminated but grows on what it feeds. Nor does it cease to be possessiveness, whether it is confined to only a few or is shared by many.

If egalitarianism is to endure, it has to be based not on the possession of the maximum material goods by a few or by all but on voluntary, enlightened renunciation of those goods which cannot be shared by others or can be enjoyed only at the expense of others. This calls for substitution of material values by purely spiritual ones. The paradise of material satisfaction, which is sometimes equated with progress these days, neither spells peace nor progress. Mahatma Gandhi has shown us how the acquisitive instinct inherent in man can be transmuted by the adoption of the ideal of trusteeship by those who 'have' for the benefit of all those who 'have not' so that, instead of leading to exploitation and conflict, it would become a means and incentive for the amelioration and progress of society, respectively.

Q. Which of the following statements is 'not true' in the context of the passage?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 40
The fifth sentence of the first paragraph clearly states that experience shows that man values his possessions even more than his life; thus it shows that the statement 2 is the only incorrect statement from the given statements. The other statements are given in the passage whereas this statement is the opposite of what is given in the passage.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 41

Directions: Read the given passage carefully and answer the question that follows.

The work which Gandhiji had taken up was not only regarding the achievement of political freedom but also the establishment of a new social order based on truth and non-violence, unity and peace, equality and universal brotherhood and maximum freedom for all. This unfinished part of his experiment was perhaps even more difficult to achieve than the achievement of political freedom. In the political struggle, the fight was against a foreign power and all one could do was either join it or wish it success and give it his/her moral support. In establishing a social order on this pattern, there was a strong possibility of a conflict arising between diverse groups and classes of our own people. Experience shows that man values his possessions even more than his life because in the former he sees the means for perpetuation and survival of his descendants even after his body is reduced to ashes. A new order cannot be established without radically changing the mind and attitude of men towards property and, at some stage or the other, the 'haves' have to yield place to the 'have-nots'. We have seen, in our time, attempts to achieve a kind of egalitarian society and the picture of it after it was achieved. But this was done, by and large, through the use of physical force.

In the ultimate analysis it is difficult, if not impossible, to say that the instinct to possess has been rooted out or that it will not reappear in an even worse form under a different guise. It may even be that, like a gas kept confined within containers under great pressure, or water held back by a big dam, once the barrier breaks, the reaction will one day sweep back with a violence equal in extent and intensity to what was used to establish and maintain the outward egalitarian form. This enforced egalitarianism contains, in its bosom, the seed of its own destruction.

The root cause of class conflict is possessiveness or the acquisitive instinct. So long as the ideal that is to be achieved is one of securing the maximum material satisfaction, possessiveness is neither suppressed nor eliminated but grows on what it feeds. Nor does it cease to be possessiveness, whether it is confined to only a few or is shared by many.

If egalitarianism is to endure, it has to be based not on the possession of the maximum material goods by a few or by all but on voluntary, enlightened renunciation of those goods which cannot be shared by others or can be enjoyed only at the expense of others. This calls for substitution of material values by purely spiritual ones. The paradise of material satisfaction, which is sometimes equated with progress these days, neither spells peace nor progress. Mahatma Gandhi has shown us how the acquisitive instinct inherent in man can be transmuted by the adoption of the ideal of trusteeship by those who 'have' for the benefit of all those who 'have not' so that, instead of leading to exploitation and conflict, it would become a means and incentive for the amelioration and progress of society, respectively.

Q. According to the passage, which was the unfinished part of Gandhi's experiment?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 41
The correct option is 3.

The second sentence of the first paragraph of the passage leads us to this conclusion.

It mentions clearly 'This unfinished part of his experiment was perhaps even more difficult to achieve than the achievement of political freedom.' The unfinished part being referred to is the establishment of an egalitarian society because later in the same paragraph it also mentions that a new order cannot be established without radically changing the mind and attitude of men. This might mistakenly lead the test taker to option 4 but a closer inspection of the paragraph will show that the purpose of radically changing is also the establishment of a new egalitarian society.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 42

Directions: Read the given passage carefully and answer the question that follows.

The work which Gandhiji had taken up was not only regarding the achievement of political freedom but also the establishment of a new social order based on truth and non-violence, unity and peace, equality and universal brotherhood and maximum freedom for all. This unfinished part of his experiment was perhaps even more difficult to achieve than the achievement of political freedom. In the political struggle, the fight was against a foreign power and all one could do was either join it or wish it success and give it his/her moral support. In establishing a social order on this pattern, there was a strong possibility of a conflict arising between diverse groups and classes of our own people. Experience shows that man values his possessions even more than his life because in the former he sees the means for perpetuation and survival of his descendants even after his body is reduced to ashes. A new order cannot be established without radically changing the mind and attitude of men towards property and, at some stage or the other, the 'haves' have to yield place to the 'have-nots'. We have seen, in our time, attempts to achieve a kind of egalitarian society and the picture of it after it was achieved. But this was done, by and large, through the use of physical force.

In the ultimate analysis it is difficult, if not impossible, to say that the instinct to possess has been rooted out or that it will not reappear in an even worse form under a different guise. It may even be that, like a gas kept confined within containers under great pressure, or water held back by a big dam, once the barrier breaks, the reaction will one day sweep back with a violence equal in extent and intensity to what was used to establish and maintain the outward egalitarian form. This enforced egalitarianism contains, in its bosom, the seed of its own destruction.

The root cause of class conflict is possessiveness or the acquisitive instinct. So long as the ideal that is to be achieved is one of securing the maximum material satisfaction, possessiveness is neither suppressed nor eliminated but grows on what it feeds. Nor does it cease to be possessiveness, whether it is confined to only a few or is shared by many.

If egalitarianism is to endure, it has to be based not on the possession of the maximum material goods by a few or by all but on voluntary, enlightened renunciation of those goods which cannot be shared by others or can be enjoyed only at the expense of others. This calls for substitution of material values by purely spiritual ones. The paradise of material satisfaction, which is sometimes equated with progress these days, neither spells peace nor progress. Mahatma Gandhi has shown us how the acquisitive instinct inherent in man can be transmuted by the adoption of the ideal of trusteeship by those who 'have' for the benefit of all those who 'have not' so that, instead of leading to exploitation and conflict, it would become a means and incentive for the amelioration and progress of society, respectively.

Q. According to the passage, why does man value his possessions more than his life?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 42
The correct option is (4). The fifth sentence of the first paragraph states, ''Experience shows that man values his possessions even more than his life because in the former he sees the means for perpetuation and survival of his descendants even after his body is reduced to ashes.''

The same sentence also mentions the survival of descendants and this can be mistakenly construed as option 3. However, a closer perusal will show that option 3 mentions respect from descendants and the sentence mentions survival of descendants.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 43

Directions: Read the given passage carefully and answer the question that follows.

The work which Gandhiji had taken up was not only regarding the achievement of political freedom but also the establishment of a new social order based on truth and non-violence, unity and peace, equality and universal brotherhood and maximum freedom for all. This unfinished part of his experiment was perhaps even more difficult to achieve than the achievement of political freedom. In the political struggle, the fight was against a foreign power and all one could do was either join it or wish it success and give it his/her moral support. In establishing a social order on this pattern, there was a strong possibility of a conflict arising between diverse groups and classes of our own people. Experience shows that man values his possessions even more than his life because in the former he sees the means for perpetuation and survival of his descendants even after his body is reduced to ashes. A new order cannot be established without radically changing the mind and attitude of men towards property and, at some stage or the other, the 'haves' have to yield place to the 'have-nots'. We have seen, in our time, attempts to achieve a kind of egalitarian society and the picture of it after it was achieved. But this was done, by and large, through the use of physical force.

In the ultimate analysis it is difficult, if not impossible, to say that the instinct to possess has been rooted out or that it will not reappear in an even worse form under a different guise. It may even be that, like a gas kept confined within containers under great pressure, or water held back by a big dam, once the barrier breaks, the reaction will one day sweep back with a violence equal in extent and intensity to what was used to establish and maintain the outward egalitarian form. This enforced egalitarianism contains, in its bosom, the seed of its own destruction.

The root cause of class conflict is possessiveness or the acquisitive instinct. So long as the ideal that is to be achieved is one of securing the maximum material satisfaction, possessiveness is neither suppressed nor eliminated but grows on what it feeds. Nor does it cease to be possessiveness, whether it is confined to only a few or is shared by many.

If egalitarianism is to endure, it has to be based not on the possession of the maximum material goods by a few or by all but on voluntary, enlightened renunciation of those goods which cannot be shared by others or can be enjoyed only at the expense of others. This calls for substitution of material values by purely spiritual ones. The paradise of material satisfaction, which is sometimes equated with progress these days, neither spells peace nor progress. Mahatma Gandhi has shown us how the acquisitive instinct inherent in man can be transmuted by the adoption of the ideal of trusteeship by those who 'have' for the benefit of all those who 'have not' so that, instead of leading to exploitation and conflict, it would become a means and incentive for the amelioration and progress of society, respectively.

Q. According to the passage, egalitarianism will not survive if

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 43
Option 4 is correct. The egalitarianism will not survive without radically changing the mind and attitude of men towards property and, at some stage or the other, the 'haves' have to yield place to the 'have-nots'.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 44

Other worlds and their inhabitants have remained remarkably popular subjects of speculation in the past hundred years or more. We have been hearing people asking one another whether and when we shall be able to communicate with some of the far-off globes. The existence of intelligent inhabitants in some of the other planets remained, for much of the 20th century, a matter of conviction. Poets feel the inspiration of this subject, and novelists and romancers freely select other worlds as the scenes of their stories. Sometimes it is a trip from world to world, a kind of celestial pleasure yachting, with depictions of creatures more wonderful than that is presented to our imagination; and sometimes we are informed of the visions beheld by the temporarily disembodied spirits of trance mediums flitting about among the unknown worlds.

Then, to vary the theme, we find charming inhabitants of other worlds represented as coming down to the earth and sojourning for a time on our dull planet, to the delight of susceptible successors of father Adam, who become, henceforth, ready to follow their captivating visitors to the ends of the universe. In short, writers of fiction have vastly and indefinitely enlarged the bounds of romance, and made us so familiar with the peculiarities of our remarkable brothers and sisters of other worlds, that we can not help feeling, notwithstanding the many divergences in the descriptions, that we should certainly recognize them on sight wherever we might meet them.

But the subject is by no means abandoned to the tellers of tales and the dreamers of dreams. Men of science, also, eagerly enter into the discussion of the possibilities of other worlds, and become warm over it. Now, on account of the many curious revelations that we owe to modern and improved means of investigation, it is certainly to be desired that such revelations should be assembled in a convenient and popular form. Fact is admittedly often stranger and more wonderful than fiction, and there are no facts that appeal more powerfully to the imagination than do those of astronomy. Technical books on astronomy usually either ignore the subject of the habitability of the worlds, or dismiss it with scarcely any recognition of the overpowering human interest that it possesses. Many most important and significant discoveries, in several notable instances, have completely altered the aspect in which the other worlds present themselves for our judgment as to their conditions of habitability. The technical books on astronomy should now come up with inputs on the subject.

Q. Technical books on astronomy dismiss the subject of the habitability of the worlds

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 44
Refer to the sentence, 'Technical books on astronomy usually either ignore the subject of the habitability of the worlds, or dismiss it with scarcely any recognition of the overpowering human interest that it possesses' for the answer.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 45

The words invention and innovation are closely linked, but they are not interchangeable. The inventor is a genius who uses his intellect, imagination, time and resources to create something that does not exist. But this invention may or may not be of utility to the masses. It is the enterprising innovator who uses various resources, skills and time to make the invention available for use. The innovator might use the invention as it is, modify it or even blend two or more inventions to make one marketable product. A great example is that of the iPhone which is a combination of various inventions.

If an invention is the result of countless trials and errors, so can be the case with an innovation. Not every attempt to make an invention is successful. Not every innovation sees the light of the day. Benjamin Franklin had the belief that success doesn't come without challenge, mistake, and in a few cases failure.

One of the world's most famous innovators, Steve Jobs says, ''Sometimes when you innovate, you make mistakes. It is best to admit them quickly and get on with improving your other innovations.''

Thus, inventors and innovators have to be intrepid enough to take risks; consider failures as stepping stones and not stumbling blocks.

Some inventions are the result of a keen observation or a simple discovery. The inventor of Velcro, also called the zipless zipper, is the Swiss engineer George de Mestral. He was hiking in the woods when he found burrs clinging to his clothes and his dog's fur. Back at home, he studied the burrs. He discovered that each burr was a collection of tiny hooks which made it cling on to another object. A few years later, he made and patented the strips of fabric that came to us as Velcro.

The world of inventions and innovations is a competitive one. But the race does not end here; it is also prevalent in the case of getting intellectual property rights. There have been inventors who failed to get a single patent while there have been some who managed to amass numerous patents in their lifetime. Thomas Edison had 1,093 patents to his credit!

We relate the telephone with Alexander Graham Bell. It is believed that around the same time, Antonio Meucci had also designed the telephone, but due to lack of resources and various hardships, he could not proceed with the patent of his invention. It is also believed that Elisha Gray had made a design for the telephone and applied for the patent at the U.S. patent office on the same day as Graham Bell did. By sheer chance, Graham's lawyer's turn to file the papers came first. Hence, Graham was granted the first patent for the telephone.

It is not easy, and at times almost impossible, for an inventor to be an innovator too. There are very few like Thomas Edison who graduated from being an incredible inventor to a successful manufacturer and businessman with brilliant marketing skills.

While innovations that have helped to enhance the quality of life are laudable, equally laudable are the inventions that laid the foundation of these very innovations.

Q. The main idea of the author is to

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 45
Correct Answer: compare innovators to inventors.

The first sentence of the passage "The words invention and innovation are closely linked, but they are not interchangeable" indicates that the author has tried to compare the worlds of innovators and inventors. Throughout the passage, there are anecdotes and thorough explanations for the same.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 46

The words invention and innovation are closely linked, but they are not interchangeable. The inventor is a genius who uses his intellect, imagination, time and resources to create something that does not exist. But this invention may or may not be of utility to the masses. It is the enterprising innovator who uses various resources, skills and time to make the invention available for use. The innovator might use the invention as it is, modify it or even blend two or more inventions to make one marketable product. A great example is that of the iPhone which is a combination of various inventions.

If an invention is the result of countless trials and errors, so can be the case with an innovation. Not every attempt to make an invention is successful. Not every innovation sees the light of the day. Benjamin Franklin had the belief that success doesn't come without challenge, mistake, and in a few cases failure.

One of the world's most famous innovators, Steve Jobs says, ''Sometimes when you innovate, you make mistakes. It is best to admit them quickly and get on with improving your other innovations.''

Thus, inventors and innovators have to be intrepid enough to take risks; consider failures as stepping stones and not stumbling blocks.

Some inventions are the result of a keen observation or a simple discovery. The inventor of Velcro, also called the zipless zipper, is the Swiss engineer George de Mestral. He was hiking in the woods when he found burrs clinging to his clothes and his dog's fur. Back at home, he studied the burrs. He discovered that each burr was a collection of tiny hooks which made it cling on to another object. A few years later, he made and patented the strips of fabric that came to us as Velcro.

The world of inventions and innovations is a competitive one. But the race does not end here; it is also prevalent in the case of getting intellectual property rights. There have been inventors who failed to get a single patent while there have been some who managed to amass numerous patents in their lifetime. Thomas Edison had 1,093 patents to his credit!

We relate the telephone with Alexander Graham Bell. It is believed that around the same time, Antonio Meucci had also designed the telephone, but due to lack of resources and various hardships, he could not proceed with the patent of his invention. It is also believed that Elisha Gray had made a design for the telephone and applied for the patent at the U.S. patent office on the same day as Graham Bell did. By sheer chance, Graham's lawyer's turn to file the papers came first. Hence, Graham was granted the first patent for the telephone.

It is not easy, and at times almost impossible, for an inventor to be an innovator too. There are very few like Thomas Edison who graduated from being an incredible inventor to a successful manufacturer and businessman with brilliant marketing skills.

While innovations that have helped to enhance the quality of life are laudable, equally laudable are the inventions that laid the foundation of these very innovations.

Q. Velcro can be best described as

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 46

The passage clearly states the story behind the invention of velcro. "Swiss engineer George de Mestral. He was hiking in the woods when he found burrs clinging ... fabric that came to us as Velcro." As we can see he did not seek out to invent something like the velcro, but accidentally came upon something that led him to invent velcro.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 47

The words invention and innovation are closely linked, but they are not interchangeable. The inventor is a genius who uses his intellect, imagination, time and resources to create something that does not exist. But this invention may or may not be of utility to the masses. It is the enterprising innovator who uses various resources, skills and time to make the invention available for use. The innovator might use the invention as it is, modify it or even blend two or more inventions to make one marketable product. A great example is that of the iPhone which is a combination of various inventions.

If an invention is the result of countless trials and errors, so can be the case with an innovation. Not every attempt to make an invention is successful. Not every innovation sees the light of the day. Benjamin Franklin had the belief that success doesn't come without challenge, mistake, and in a few cases failure.

One of the world's most famous innovators, Steve Jobs says, ''Sometimes when you innovate, you make mistakes. It is best to admit them quickly and get on with improving your other innovations.''

Thus, inventors and innovators have to be intrepid enough to take risks; consider failures as stepping stones and not stumbling blocks.

Some inventions are the result of a keen observation or a simple discovery. The inventor of Velcro, also called the zipless zipper, is the Swiss engineer George de Mestral. He was hiking in the woods when he found burrs clinging to his clothes and his dog's fur. Back at home, he studied the burrs. He discovered that each burr was a collection of tiny hooks which made it cling on to another object. A few years later, he made and patented the strips of fabric that came to us as Velcro.

The world of inventions and innovations is a competitive one. But the race does not end here; it is also prevalent in the case of getting intellectual property rights. There have been inventors who failed to get a single patent while there have been some who managed to amass numerous patents in their lifetime. Thomas Edison had 1,093 patents to his credit!

We relate the telephone with Alexander Graham Bell. It is believed that around the same time, Antonio Meucci had also designed the telephone, but due to lack of resources and various hardships, he could not proceed with the patent of his invention. It is also believed that Elisha Gray had made a design for the telephone and applied for the patent at the U.S. patent office on the same day as Graham Bell did. By sheer chance, Graham's lawyer's turn to file the papers came first. Hence, Graham was granted the first patent for the telephone.

It is not easy, and at times almost impossible, for an inventor to be an innovator too. There are very few like Thomas Edison who graduated from being an incredible inventor to a successful manufacturer and businessman with brilliant marketing skills.

While innovations that have helped to enhance the quality of life are laudable, equally laudable are the inventions that laid the foundation of these very innovations.

Q. Benjamin Franklin and Steve Jobs believe that

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 47
Correct Answer: making a mistake before finding success is not unusual.

The passage clearly states, "Benjamin Franklin had the belief that success doesn't come without challenge, mistake, and in a few cases failure. One of the world's most famous innovators, Steve Jobs says, ''Sometimes when you innovate, you make mistakes. It is best to admit them quickly and get on with improving your other innovations.''"

Thus, we can say that both Benjamin Franklin and Steve Jobs believe that making a mistake before finding success is not unusual.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 48

The words invention and innovation are closely linked, but they are not interchangeable. The inventor is a genius who uses his intellect, imagination, time and resources to create something that does not exist. But this invention may or may not be of utility to the masses. It is the enterprising innovator who uses various resources, skills and time to make the invention available for use. The innovator might use the invention as it is, modify it or even blend two or more inventions to make one marketable product. A great example is that of the iPhone which is a combination of various inventions.

If an invention is the result of countless trials and errors, so can be the case with an innovation. Not every attempt to make an invention is successful. Not every innovation sees the light of the day. Benjamin Franklin had the belief that success doesn't come without challenge, mistake, and in a few cases failure.

One of the world's most famous innovators, Steve Jobs says, ''Sometimes when you innovate, you make mistakes. It is best to admit them quickly and get on with improving your other innovations.''

Thus, inventors and innovators have to be intrepid enough to take risks; consider failures as stepping stones and not stumbling blocks.

Some inventions are the result of a keen observation or a simple discovery. The inventor of Velcro, also called the zipless zipper, is the Swiss engineer George de Mestral. He was hiking in the woods when he found burrs clinging to his clothes and his dog's fur. Back at home, he studied the burrs. He discovered that each burr was a collection of tiny hooks which made it cling on to another object. A few years later, he made and patented the strips of fabric that came to us as Velcro.

The world of inventions and innovations is a competitive one. But the race does not end here; it is also prevalent in the case of getting intellectual property rights. There have been inventors who failed to get a single patent while there have been some who managed to amass numerous patents in their lifetime. Thomas Edison had 1,093 patents to his credit!

We relate the telephone with Alexander Graham Bell. It is believed that around the same time, Antonio Meucci had also designed the telephone, but due to lack of resources and various hardships, he could not proceed with the patent of his invention. It is also believed that Elisha Gray had made a design for the telephone and applied for the patent at the U.S. patent office on the same day as Graham Bell did. By sheer chance, Graham's lawyer's turn to file the papers came first. Hence, Graham was granted the first patent for the telephone.

It is not easy, and at times almost impossible, for an inventor to be an innovator too. There are very few like Thomas Edison who graduated from being an incredible inventor to a successful manufacturer and businessman with brilliant marketing skills.

While innovations that have helped to enhance the quality of life are laudable, equally laudable are the inventions that laid the foundation of these very innovations.

Q. The author believes that

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 48
Correct Answer: innovators enhance the utility of inventions.

The sentence "It is the enterprising innovator who uses various resources, skills and time to make the invention available for use" leads us to the belief of the author that innovators enhance the utility of inventions.

The other options are clearly not what the author believes.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 49

In 2021, SBI Cards, in a bid to target fitness and health enthusiasts, launched a first of a kind credit card that offers a host of fitness and health related benefits. Name the card.

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 49
SBI Cards, in a bid to target fitness and health enthusiasts, in 2021 launched a first of a kind credit card 'SBI Card PULSE' that offers a host of fitness and health related benefits.

The contactless card comes with an annual membership fee of Rs. 1,499 and has been launched on Visa Signature platform. The renewal fee waiver is applicable on achieving annual spend milestone of Rs. 2 lakh within the card membership year.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 50

Who was named Time magazine's Person of the Year for 2021?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 50
Tesla Chief Executive Officer Elon Musk was named Time magazine's Person of the Year for 2021, a year that saw his electric car company become the most valuable carmaker in the world and his rocket company soar to the edge of space with an all-civilian crew.

Musk is also the founder and CEO of rocket company SpaceX, and leads brain-chip startup Neuralink and infrastructure firm The Boring Company.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 51

Name the spacecraft which in 2021, for the first time in history, touched the Sun.

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 51
In 2021, for the first time in history, a spacecraft touched the Sun. NASA's Parker Solar Probe flew through the Sun's upper atmosphere – the corona – and sampled particles and magnetic fields there. The new milestone marked one major step for Parker Solar Probe and one giant leap for solar science. The Parker Solar Probe was launched in 2018 to explore the mysteries of the Sun by traveling closer to it than any spacecraft before. Three years after launch and decades after first conception, Parker finally arrived.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 52

Who, in January 2022, was crowned Mrs. World 2022?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 52
Shaylyn Ford was crowned as the winner of Mrs. World 2022. She was crowned by the outgoing queen Kate Schneider from Ireland. Mrs. Jordan Jaclyn Stapp and Mrs. UAE Debanjali Kamstra were the runners up. Shaylyn Ford represented America in the pageant and battled out 57 other contestants from across the globe to claim the title. This is the 8th time an American representative won the title of Mrs. World.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 53

Which cricketer was appointed the brand ambassador of Uttarakhand in 2021?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 53
Indian wicketkeeper-batter Rishabh Pant was in 2021 appointed the brand ambassador of Uttarakhand with an aim to promote sports and create mental health awareness among the state's youth.

Pant was born in the state's Roorkee town in Haridwar district.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 54

The James Webb Space Telescope, which was launched in 2021, is an international partnership between NASA, ESA and

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 54
The James Webb Space Telescope, an international partnership between NASA, ESA and Canadian Space Agency (CSA) was launched on an Ariane 5 rocket from Europe's Spaceport in French Guiana, South America in 2021. Following launch and separation from the rocket, Webb's mission operations centre in Baltimore, the United States, confirmed that the spacecraft deployed its solar array and was in good condition, marking the launch a success.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 55

Which UT, in January 2022, became the first Union Territory in the country to have a Good Governance Index?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 55
Union Home Minister Amit Shah, in January 2022, virtually launched the District Good Governance Index (DGGI) in Jammu and Kashmir.

This is in continuation with Prime Minister Narendra Modi's commitment to providing a transparent and people-friendly administration to the people of Jammu and Kashmir.

This move makes Jammu and Kashmir the first Union Territory in the country to have a Good Governance Index.

The event was organised jointly by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG) and Jammu and Kashmir Institute of Management, Public Administration and Rural Development in association with the Centre for Good Governance, Hyderabad.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 56

In which state was the first drone fair in the country organised in 2021?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 56
In Madhya Pradesh, the first drone fair in the country was organised at Gwalior in 2021. Gwalior Drone Mela was organised jointly by the Ministry of Civil Aviation, the Government of India, the Government of Madhya Pradesh, and the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI).
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 57

In January 2022, who was appointed as the Chairman and Managing Director of Air India Limited?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 57
Senior bureaucrat Vikram Dev Dutt was appointed as the Chairman and Managing Director of Air India Limited as part of a senior-level bureaucratic reshuffle effected by the Centre, in January 2022.

Dutt, a 1993-batch IAS officer of AGMUT (Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Mizoram and Union Territory) cadre, is Principal Secretary (Tourism) in Delhi government.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 58

In 2022, astronomers spotted a super-sized moon orbiting a Jupiter-sized planet beyond our solar system. Name the planet.

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 58
In 2022, astronomers spotted a super-sized moon orbiting a Jupiter-sized planet beyond our solar system. The sighting means that exomoons are as common in the universe as exoplanets, and that big or small, such moons are a feature of planetary systems.

The team spotted the giant exomoon candidate orbiting the planet Kepler 1708b, a world 5,500 light-years from Earth in the direction of the Cygnus and Lyra constellations.

SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 59

A book titled 'Bachelor Dad' is the debut book of which Bollywood actor?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 59
In 2021, Tusshar Kapoor released his first book titled 'Bachelor Dad'. The actor became a single father to son Laksshya Kapoor via surrogacy in 2016. He shared his journey of being a single father in the new book. The actor shared his journey of the 'slightly unconventional road to fatherhood' in his debut book.
SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 60

Meta, in January 2022, appointed Meghna Apparao as the Director of e-commerce in India. What was Meta formerly known as?

Detailed Solution for SLAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 60

Meta (formerly Facebook) in January 2022 appointed Meghna Apparao as the Director of e-commerce in India to lead the strategy and solutioning that is focused on the company's e-commerce advertisers.

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