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UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - UPSC MCQ


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120 Questions MCQ Test UPSC EPFO Mock Test Series - UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 for UPSC 2024 is part of UPSC EPFO Mock Test Series preparation. The UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 below.
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UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 1

Which of the following statements is true regarding a whip?

  1. He/ she can expel a member at the time of defection
  2. He has the power to expel a member of the House in case of defection

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 1

The whip of any party can expel the member in case he/ she observes a defection.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 2

Consider the following statements

1. In order to safeguard the interests of the STs more effectively, it was proposed to set up a separate National Commission for STs by bifurcat-ning the existing combined National Commission for SCs and STs

2. This was done by passing the 65th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2003'

3. This Act further amended Article 338 and inserted a new Article 338-A in the Constitution Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 2

The correct answer is C: 1 and 3 Only.
Explanation:

1. Formation of a separate National Commission for STs:
- In order to safeguard the interests of the Scheduled Tribes (STs) more effectively, it was proposed to set up a separate National Commission for STs by bifurcating the existing combined National Commission for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and STs.
2. 89th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003:
- This was done by passing the 89th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2003 (not the 65th Constitutional Amendment Act as mentioned in statement 2).
- This Act further amended Article 338 and inserted a new Article 338-A in the Constitution.
Statement 2 is incorrect because it mentions the 65th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2003, while the correct Amendment Act is the 89th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2003.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 3

What is x squared plus x squared?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 3

In an algebraic expression, like terms are terms that contain the same variables raised to the same powers. Calculating x-squared plus x-squared is a matter of combining like terms. 

Now x2 + x2 = 2x2

Hence, x-squared plus x-squared is equal to 2 times x squared.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 4

Who among the following European forced to sell all their settlements in India to the British?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 4
  • The Danes formed an East India Company and arrived in India in 1616 AD.
  • They established settlements at Tranquebar (in Tamil Nadu) in 1620 AD and Serampore (Bengal) in 1676 AD.
  • However, they failed to strengthen themselves in India and were forced to sell all their settlements in India to the British.


Additional Information

  • The success of Dutch and English traders in the 17th century spice trade was a source of envy among Danish and Norwegian merchants. On March 17, 1616, Christian IV the King of Denmark-Norway, issued a charter creating a Danish East India Company with a monopoly on trade between Denmark-Norway and Asia for 12 years.
  • It would take an additional two years before sufficient capital had been raised to finance the expedition, perhaps due to lack of confidence on the part of Danish investors.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 5

Consider the following statements regarding Chikungunya.

  1. Chikungunya was first discovered in Tanzania in the 1950s.
  2. Tropical regions currently see the highest rates of the chikungunya virus.
  3. Asian tiger mosquito also transmits the chikungunya virus.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 5
  • First discovered in Tanzania in the 1950s, the viral disease has since spread to various parts of Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and South America.
  • Tropical regions currently see the highest rates of the virus, with Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia and Thailand most affected. However, climate change is driving disease-carrying mosquitos closer to the poles.
  • The Asian tiger mosquito, which transmits the virus, is spreading more and more. This mosquito species is already native to southern Europe, and it is becoming increasingly common in Germany.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 6

Consider the following statements regarding the difference between asteroids and comets?

  1. Asteroids are small rocky planetoids, while comets are formed of frozen gases held together by rocky and metallic material.
  2. Comets show a perceptible glowing tail, while asteroids do not.
  3. Asteroids are found mostly between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars, while comets are found only between Venus and Mercury.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 6

Statement 3 is incorrect.

  • Asteroids are rocky, irregularly shaped remnants both smaller and larger sizes that are leftovers from when the period of the formation of the solar system. The asteroid belt is a circumstellar ring of asteroids located between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
  • Comets are frozen leftovers from the formation of the solar system composed of dust, rock, and ices. They range from a few miles to tens of miles wide, but as they orbit closer to the Sun, they heat up and spew gases and dust into a glowing head that can be larger than a planet. This material forms a tail that stretches millions of miles. Comets are well spread over the entire solar system.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 7

1. killed

2. a

3. Jaswant

4. bear

5. wild
 

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 7

Jaswant killed a wild bear.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 8

In which of the following institutions Central Government prefers to place the labour policies for consultation?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 8

The Central Government in India frequently consults the I.L.C/S.L.C (Indian Labour Conference/ Standing Labour Committee) regarding labour policies. This is to ensure that the policies are fair, effective, and beneficial to the working class.

  • Role of I.L.C/S.L.C
    The I.L.C/S.L.C is a significant platform where the government, employers, and workers' representatives come together to discuss issues relating to labour. The discussions and consultations involve the formulation and application of labour policies, which are significant in ensuring that the interests of the working class are protected.
  • Why I.L.C/S.L.C?
    Representation: The I.L.C/S.L.C comprises representatives from the government, employers, and workers, thereby ensuring that all stakeholders are represented in the formulation of labour policies.
    Expertise: The I.L.C/S.L.C has extensive knowledge and understanding of the labour market and the needs of workers, making it the most suitable institution for such consultations.
    Balance of Interests: By consulting the I.L.C/S.L.C, the Central Government ensures that the interests of both employers and workers are balanced in the labour policies.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 9

Consider the following statements: 

  1. The Director of Central Bureau of Investigation as Inspector-General of Police, Delhi Special Police Establishment, is responsible for the administration of the organisation. 
  2. With the enactment of CVC Act, 2003, the superintendence of Delhi Special Police Establishment vests with the Central Government save investigations of offences under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, in which, the superintendence vests with the Central Vigilance Commission.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 9

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) was set up in 1963 by a resolution of the Ministry of Home Affairs. Later, it was transferred to the Ministry of Personnel and now it enjoys the status of an attached office . The Special Police Establishment (which looked into vigilance cases) setup in 1941 was also merged with the CBI. The establishment of the CBI was recommended by the Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption (1962–1964). The CBI is not a statutory body. It derives its powers from the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 10

Recombinant DNA technology (Genetic Engineering) allows genes to be transferred

  1. Across different species of plants.
  2. From microorganisms to higher organisms.
  3. From animals to plants.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 10

Recombinant DNA are DNA sequences which result from bringing genetic material form different sources. The genes can be transferred between any species that is across different species of plants from animals to plants and from microorganisms to higher organisms.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 11

 Cloves, used as a spice, are derived from which of the following plant parts? 

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 11

Cloves are the rich, brown, dried, unopened flower buds of Syzygium aromaticum, an evergreen tree in the myrtle family. The name comes from the French "clou" meaning nail. Cloves come from Madagascar, Indonesia and Sri Lanka. Cloves are used in spice cookies and cakes.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 12

Instructions: In each question below a sentence broken into five or six parts. Join these parts to make a meaningful sentence. The correct order of parts is the answer.
Q.
1. left
2. the
3. house
4. he
5. suddenly

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 12

" He suddenly left the house".

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 13

_______ is the maximum length of DOS command using an optional parameter.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 13

127 characters is the maximum length of a DOS command using an optional parameter.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 14

Consider the following states.

  1. The Union and State governments concurrently levy GST on commodities with 50% as Central GST (CGST) and 50% as State GST (SGST).
  2. In India, the Union government has exclusive power to levy excise duty on petroleum products.
  3. In India, the States have exclusive power to levy excise duty and sales tax on liquor.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 14
  • The Union and State governments concurrently levy GST on commodities with 50% as Central GST (CGST) and 50% as State GST (SGST). There is an Integrated GST (IGST) on inter-State trade, so that 50% of it goes to the final destination State. The GST is a harmonised tax on commodities across the country. Individual States have little power to unilaterally change this tax. Though conceptually, the Union government could not do so either, the GST Council gives the Union government a veto to thrust its preferences on the States.
  • The Union government has exclusive power to levy excise duty on petroleum products, and the States have exclusive power to levy excise duty and sales tax on liquor. 
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 15

Which of the following is not a valid version of MS Office?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 15

Windows Vista is an operating system developed by Microsoft.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 16

The grocer

P: did not listen to the protests of customer
Q: who was in the habit of weighing less
R: whom he had cheated
S: with great audacity

The Proper sequence should be:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 16

The correct order will be:
The grocer → who was in the habit of weighing less (Q)→ did not listen to the protests of customer (P)→ whom he had cheated (R)→ with great audacity. (S)

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 17

Consider the following statements.

1. The American Vice President succeeds to the presidency when it falls vacant, and remains President for the unexpired term of his predecessor. 

2. The Indian Vice-President, on the other hand, does not assume the office of the President when it falls vacant for the unexpired term. 

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 17
Though the office of the Indian Vice-President is modelled on the lines of the American Vice- President, there is a difference. The American Vice-President succeeds to the presidency when it falls vacant, and remains President for the unexpired term of his predecessor. The Indian Vice-President, on the other hand, does not assume the office of the President when it falls vacant for the unexpired term. He merely serves as an acting President until the new President assumes charge. From the above, it is clear that the Constitution has not assigned any significant function to the Vice-President in that capacity.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 18

Find the correctly spelt word from the following?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 18

The correct answer is Rehabilitation

  • Rehabilitation meaning - the action of restoring someone to health or normal life through training and therapy after imprisonment, addiction, or illness.
  • Crystallization meaning - the process of forming crystals.
  • Interrogation meaning - a process of asking someone a lot of questions for a long time in order to get information, sometimes using threats or violence.
  • Controversial meaning - giving rise or likely to give rise to controversy or public disagreement.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 19

Which of the following are the features of Indicative planning? 

1. It is followed by socialist economies. 

2. It replaces the price system and works through the market.

3. Qualitative targets of growth are set up. 

Choose from the following options.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 19
  • Every economy following the indicative planning were mixed economies. 

  • Unlike a centrally planned economy (countries following imperative planning) indicative planning works through the market (price system) rather than replaces it. 

  • Side by side setting numerical/quantitative targets (similar to the practice in the imperative planning) a set of economic policies of indicative nature is also announced by the economies to realise the plan targets. 

  • The indicative nature of economic policies, which are announced in such planning, basically encourages or discourages the private sector in its process of economic decision making.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 20

Which of the following prohibits formation or continuance of company unions?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 20

The "Inter-union code of conduct" is the correct answer. This code is designed to regulate relations between different trade unions, primarily to prevent conflicts between them. However, it does not directly prohibit the formation or continuance of company unions.

  • Company Unions: These are labor organizations that are established, financed, or controlled by the employer. They are designed to resolve disputes between the company and its employees, establish wages and working conditions, and otherwise manage labor relations.
  • Inter-union Code of Conduct: This is a set of rules developed by trade unions to guide their interactions with each other. It aims to promote unity, cooperation, and mutual respect among different unions. It also seeks to prevent conflicts and disputes among unions. However, it doesn't explicitly forbid the formation or continuation of company unions.
  • Code of Discipline in Industry: This is a set of guidelines for behavior in the workplace. It outlines the responsibilities and obligations of both employers and employees. It's designed to maintain order, prevent disputes, and promote productivity. But, this code does not prohibit the formation or continuance of company unions.
  • Code of Efficiency and Welfare: This refers to a set of guidelines that aim to enhance productivity and welfare in the workplace. It may include measures to improve working conditions, provide benefits, and promote employee satisfaction. Nevertheless, it does not expressly prohibit the formation or continuance of company unions.

In conclusion, none of the options explicitly prohibits the formation or continuance of company unions. However, the practice of company unions is generally discouraged under most labor laws because it can undermine the independence and bargaining power of workers' unions.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 21

Which statement is not correct in the context of Article 75(3)?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 21

Minister will hold office till the pleasure of the President of India.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 22

The average score of a cricket player after 48 innings is 49 and in the 49th innings the player scores 98 runs. In the 50th innings the minimum number of runs required to increase his average score by 2 than it was before the 50th innings?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 22

Average score of Dhoni after 48th Innings = 49
Average score of Dhoni after 49th Innings = (48*49 + 98)/49 = 50
Average score of Dhoni after 50th Innings ⇒ 50 + 2 = 52
Score in 50th Innings = (50 * 52) – (49 * 50) = 150

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 23

Arun will be half as old as Lilly in 3 years. Arun will also be one-third as old as James in 5 years. If James is 15 years older than Lilly, how old is Arun?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 23

let age of Arun =x, Lilly =y James = z
(x+3) =1/2 *(y+3) so we have 2x-y =-3 -(1)
(x+5) =1/3 * (z+5) ; ⇒ 3x-z=-10 -(2)
From (1)&(2) we get, x+y-z =-7 -(3)
we have z =15+y – (4)
from equation 3 and 4 we get x=8

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 24

The Origin, growth and development of employment’s organizations in India can be identified as:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 24

Origin, Growth, and Development of Employment Organizations in India before 1933

  • The growth and development of employment organizations in India traces back to the pre-independence era, significantly before 1933. The evolution of these organizations can be categorized into four main phases.

The Initial Phase (1850 - 1890)

  • During this phase, the primary focus was on the regulation of trade and industry for ensuring better working conditions in factories. The Factories Act of 1881 was a landmark development that aimed at improving worker conditions in the factories.

The Organizational Phase (1890 - 1918)

  • In this phase, there was a rise in labor unrest due to the poor working conditions and low wages. This led to the formation of various labor associations and unions for the protection of labor rights. The Bombay Millhands Association established in 1890 was one of the first labor unions in India.

The Legislative Phase (1918 - 1933)

  • This phase was characterized by the implementation of several labor legislations. The Royal Commission on Labor was appointed in 1929 which recommended several measures for labor welfare. This led to the enactment of the Trade Unions Act in 1926, which provided legal recognition to the trade unions.

The Institutional Phase (After 1933)

  • This phase marked the establishment of employment organizations on an institutional level. The International Labour Organization (ILO) was established in 1919, and India became a member in 1922. The ILO recommended the establishment of labor welfare centers, which led to the formation of the Central Advisory Council for Industries in 1933.

In conclusion, the origin, growth, and development of employment organizations in India occurred well before 1933, and it was a gradual process influenced by the socio-economic conditions of the time.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 25

Arrange the subsidized states chronologically under the subsidiary Alliance of Wellesley?

1. Hyderabad 

2. Peshwa 

3. Jaipur 

4. Bharatpur 

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 25
Subsidiary Alliance of Wellesley: Subsidised States: Hyderabad (1798; 1800) Mysore (1799) Tanjore (October 1799) Awadh (November 1801) Peshwa (December 1801) Bhonsle of Berar (December 1803) Sindhia (February 1804) Jodhpur (1818) Jaipur (1818) Macheri (1818) Bundi (1818) Bharatpur (1818)
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 26

From the following details find out credit sales during the financial year 2010-2011: 
1. Opening balance of sundry debtors on 1.4.10 Rs. 12,000. 
2. Bills receivable accepted by customer Rs. 13,000 
3. Closing balance of Sundry Debtors on 31.3.11 Rs. 14,000. 
4. Cash received from debtors during the year Rs. 38,400

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 26

Credit sale = total credit - total debit
so, 65400-12000=53400

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 27

Which of the following is not a Legislative power of Governor? 

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 27
He can make rules specifying how the Orders and other instruments made and executed in his name shall be authenticated. Option (a), (b) and (d) are the Governor's Legislative power. But, Option (c) is Governor's Executive power

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 28

In which year the formation of the National Renewal Fund to protect the interest of the workers was announced:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 28
  • The National Renewal Fund (NRF) was announced in the year 1991. It was a step taken by the Government of India to protect the interest of the workers in the face of the new economic reforms.
  • The economic reforms were launched in India in 1991, which opened up the Indian economy to foreign investments. This led to increased competition and technological advancements.
  • To keep up with these changes, many industries and businesses had to restructure and modernize their operations. This process often resulted in job losses and displacement of existing workers.
  • Keeping in view the hardships faced by these workers, the government announced the setting up of the National Renewal Fund. The main objective of this fund was to provide a safety net for the workers who were affected by these changes.
  • The fund was used to finance measures like retraining and redeployment of workers, voluntary retirement schemes, and other welfare measures. It was aimed at helping the workers adjust to the new economic environment.
  • In addition, the fund was also used to provide financial assistance to small-scale industries and public sector undertakings which were facing difficulties due to the economic reforms.
  • The National Renewal Fund was thus a crucial step taken by the government to ensure that the benefits of the economic reforms reached all sections of the society, and that no one was left behind in the process of economic transformation.
  • The NRF was managed by the Ministry of Labour, Government of India, and was in operation till 2000.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 29

"Could you fill me in?" means :

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 29

Fill someone in (on someone or something).
To tell someone the details about someone or something.
Example: 
(i) Please fill me in on what happened last night.
(ii) Please fill in the committee on the details.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 30

What does the writ of habeas corpus mean?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 30
The arrested person must be brought before the court that holds the right to set the person free if the grounds of arrest are found to be faulty.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 31

The debts, which are to be repaid within a short period (year or less) are known as

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 31

The debts which are to be repaid within a short period (year or less) are known as Current liabilities. Current liabilities are a company's debts or obligations that are due within one year or within a normal operating cycle.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 32

The state legislature may:

1. Authorise a panchayat to levy, collect and appropriate taxes, duties, tolls and fees

2. Assign to a panchayat taxes, duties, tolls and fees levied and collected by the state government

3. Provide for making grants-in-aid to the panchayats from the consolidated fund of the state

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 32
The state legislature may 

(a) authorize a panchayat to levy, collect and appropriate taxes, duties, tolls and fees; 

(b) assign to a panchayat taxes, duties, tolls and fees levied and collected by the state government; 

(c) provide for making grants-in-aid to the panchayats from the consolidated fund of the state; and 

(d) provide for the constitution of funds for crediting all money of the panchayats.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 33

The article in Indian Constitution that imposes prohibition on traffic in human beings, beggar and other similar forms of forced labour is

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 33

Explanation of Article 23 of the Indian Constitution
Article 23 of the Indian Constitution imposes a prohibition on traffic in human beings, beggar, and other similar forms of forced labour. Here is a detailed explanation:
Prohibition of Traffic in Human Beings and Forced Labour

  • Article 23 is a provision in the Indian Constitution that falls under the Right to Freedom, which is a fundamental right.
  • This article prohibits traffic in human beings, begar and other similar forms of forced labour.
  • Any contravention of this provision shall be an offence punishable in accordance with the law.

Components of Article 23

  • Article 23(1): This prohibits traffic in human beings and forced labour. It protects the individual not only against the State but also against private citizens.
  • Article 23(2): This permits the State to impose compulsory service for public purposes. But this does not include anything which amounts to forced labour.

Scope of Article 23

  • It extends to the whole of India and applies to every form of forced labour, such as bonded labour, child labour, compulsory labour, etc.
  • It not only protects citizens of India but also protects non-citizens from exploitation.

Therefore, the main objective of Article 23 is to prohibit human trafficking, forced labour, and other similar practices that are contrary to human dignity and freedom. It aims to provide everyone the right to live with dignity, free from exploitation.


     

     
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 34

Before the outbreak of the revolt of 1857 at Meerut Mangal Pandey had become a martyr on 29 March 1857(he was hanged) at

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 34

D is the correct option.Mangal Pandey was arrested and sentenced to death after he attacked British officers in Barrackpore on March 29, 1857. Anticipating a revolt, British authorities moved up his initial execution date from April 18 to April 8, when he was hanged.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 35

RNAi is used to produce resistance against the nematode____.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 35

RNA interference (RNAi) is present in all eukaryotic organisms as a method of cellular defense. This method involves silencing of a specific mRNA due to complementary dsRNA molecules that binds and prevents translation of the mRNA.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 36

Globalization is ruthless, rootless, jobless, fruitless was stated by:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 36

The statement "Globalization is ruthless, rootless, jobless, fruitless" was made by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
Context:

  • The statement is a critique of the negative impacts of globalization.
  • The UNDP is an organization that focuses on the development aspects of the United Nations, such as economic, social, and environmental development.

Meaning of the Statement:

  • Ruthless: Globalization is considered ruthless because it often prioritizes market needs over the welfare of individuals. This can lead to exploitation and inequalities.
  • Rootless: Globalization can lead to the loss of cultural identity as global norms and values often overshadow local customs and traditions.
  • Jobless: Globalization can lead to job losses in certain sectors, especially in developed countries where industries move their operations to developing countries for cheaper labor.
  • Fruitless: Despite the promise of economic growth and development, globalization often fails to deliver these benefits to everyone. The benefits are often skewed towards the rich and powerful.


UNDP's Role in Addressing these Issues:

  • The UNDP works to mitigate the negative impacts of globalization and ensure that the benefits are shared more equitably. This includes advocating for fair trade practices, promoting sustainable development, and working to reduce poverty and inequality.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 37

Which of the following is a Fiscal Policy tool in India?
1. Goods and Services Tax
2. Repo rate
3. Corporate tax 
4. Public infrastructure spending
Select the correct option using the code  given below:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 37

Fiscal policy relates to government spending and taxation. Repo rate does come under fiscal measures. It is a monetary policy tool

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 38

Hemozoin is released into blood during the infection of Plasmodium vivax every _________.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 38

Plasmodium vivax protozoa cause malaria in human beings having high fever and chill effect at the regular interval of time.
Hemozoin is released in the bloodstream by plasmodium that causes a high fever at the interval of 48 hours.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 39

B is eight years older than A and 8 years younger than C. 12 years hence, respective ratio of the ages of A and C will be 5:9. what is the sum of present ages of A, B and C?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 39

B = A + 8
B = C – 8
C – 8 = A + 8
C – A = 16
4x = 16
x = 4
12 years hence, A = 5x, C = 9x B = A + C ⇒ A= 20, B = 28, C = 36
Sum of present ages of A, B and C = 20 + 28 + 36 – 36 = 48 years.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 40

 

It is not, therefore

P :that I pay a tribute

Q :to conductors as a class

R :with any feeling of unfriendliness

S :to a particular member of that class

The Proper sequence should be:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 40

It is not, therefore with any feeling of unfriendliness to a particular member of that class that I pay tribute to conductors as a class.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 41

What is the default top margin in a Word document?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 41

By default, all the documents created in Word have 1 inch margins at the top/bottom and 1.25 on the left/right.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 42

Which of the following statements is / are true?
(a) Labour Legislation is part of Social legislation.
(b) Social Legislation is part of Labour Legislation.
(c) Government is the regulatory authority in case of Social Legislation and Labour Legislation.
(d) Civil Law judgement is based on earlier judgements and labour law judgement is based on workers welfare.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 42
  • Labour Legislation and Social Legislation
    Labour legislation is indeed a part of social legislation. Social legislation is a broader term that includes any law or regulation that affects the welfare of the people, such as laws related to education, housing, social security, etc. Labour legislation is a specific type of social legislation that focuses on the conditions, rights, and responsibilities of workers and employers. Therefore, statement (a) is true, but statement (b) is not true.
  • Role of the Government
    The government is indeed the primary regulatory authority for both social and labour legislation. It is the duty of the government to ensure the welfare of its citizens and maintain a balance between the interests of different social groups. The government enacts and enforces laws to protect the rights of workers, regulate the conduct of businesses, and provide social services. So, statement (c) is true.
  • Civil Law and Labour Law Judgements
    Civil law judgements are typically based on the principle of precedent, which means that they are influenced by previous judgements in similar cases. On the other hand, labour law judgements are guided by the principle of workers' welfare. They aim to protect the rights and interests of workers and ensure fair treatment. So, statement (d) is also true.

Therefore, statements (a), (c), and (d) are true.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 43

Bill has been absent for 3 weeks so he'll have to _________________ his work.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 43

Bill has been absent for 3 weeks so he'll have to CATCH UP ON his work.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 44

Accounting has universal application for recording _______ and events and presenting suitable information for decision making

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 44

Accounting has universal application for recording transactions and events and presenting suitable information for decision making. The correct answer is b. Let me provide more details about the importance and uses of accounting in recording transactions.

Transaction Recording

  • A transaction is any economic activity or event that impacts the financial position of a business.
  • Accounting allows businesses to record and classify transactions in a systematic and organized manner.
  • By recording transactions, businesses can keep track of their financial activities, which helps in managing and controlling their financial resources.

Importance of Accounting in Recording Transactions

  • Accurate financial records: Accounting helps maintain accurate financial records of a business, which is crucial for decision-making and compliance with tax and regulatory requirements.
  • Performance evaluation: Recording transactions allows businesses to track their financial performance, compare it with previous periods, and make informed decisions to improve their financial position.
  • Budgeting and forecasting: Accurate transaction recording aids in creating budgets and forecasts, which are essential for planning and achieving growth.
  • Cash flow management: Accounting helps businesses monitor their cash inflows and outflows, allowing them to maintain sufficient liquidity and ensure smooth operations.
  • Stakeholder communication: Recording transactions and preparing financial statements provides useful information to various stakeholders, such as investors, creditors, and employees, to assess the financial health of a business.

In conclusion, accounting plays a vital role in recording transactions to provide accurate and relevant financial information for decision-making. By maintaining proper records, businesses can effectively manage their financial resources and achieve growth.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 45

1. bag?

2. you

3. seen

4. have

5. my
 

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 45

Have you seen my bag?

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 46

Consider the following statements in respect of a jet engine and a rocket:
1. A jet engine uses the surrounding air for its oxygen supply and so is unsuitable for motion in space.
2. A rocket carries its own supply of oxygen in the gas form as a fuel.

Q. Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 46

In respect of a jet engine and a rocket, both the given statements are correct.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 47

If the president of India exercises his power under article 356 of the constitution in the respect of a particular state, then -

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 47

Explanation:

Article 356 of the Indian Constitution is also known as "President's Rule." It grants the President of India the authority to take direct control of a state's administration if the state government is unable to function according to the provisions of the Constitution. This usually happens when the state government loses its majority in the legislative assembly or when there is a breakdown of the Constitutional machinery in the state.

When the President exercises this power, the following things happen:

1. Article 19 is NOT suspended in that state. This provision guarantees the right to freedom of speech and expression, and assembly, among others. The President's Rule does not automatically lead to the suspension of these fundamental rights in the affected state.

2. The assembly of that state is NOT dissolved automatically. Instead, the President may either suspend or dissolve the state legislative assembly. The decision to dissolve the assembly or keep it in suspended animation depends on the specific situation and the President's discretion.

3. The President does NOT get the powers of the state high courts. The judiciary remains independent and continues to function as usual. The high courts and the Supreme Court still retain their power of judicial review over the actions taken by the President and the central government during President's Rule.

4. Parliament assumes the power to legislate on subjects in the state list. This means that during President's Rule, the Parliament can make laws on any subject that falls under the jurisdiction of the state government. The central government, acting through the President, takes over the state's executive powers, and Parliament assumes the role of the state legislature.

In summary, when the President of India exercises his power under Article 356 in respect of a particular state, Parliament assumes the power to legislate on subjects in the state list.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 48

Total of Sales Book will be posted :

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 48

Sales book is a subsidiary book that records all the credit sales of the goods. It is totalled normally on a monthly basis and the total will be posted to the credit side of  the Sales A/c. The total of the Sales book is not entered but posted to the Sales A/c because it is transferred from the sales book.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 49

Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below the lists:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 49

Plague is a deadly infectious disease, caused by the enterobacteria Yersinia pestis. Until 2007, plague, yellow fever, and cholera were the three epidemic diseases reported to WHO. AIDS is caused by human immunodeficiency virus. Baldness can be caused by a fungus Microsporum audouinii, a common cause of ringworm and associated hair loss. Malaria is mosquito-borne infectious disease of humans caused by protozoa of genus Plasmodium.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 50

Consider the following statements:

1. GNP = GDP + Net factor income from abroad

2. Net National Product at factor cost is “National Income”

3. National Disposable Income=Net National product at market prices + other current transfers from the rest of the world.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?  

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 50

Gross national product (GNP) is an estimate of total value of all the final products and services turned out in a given period by the means of production owned by a country's residents. 

Net National Product at factor cost is also called as national income. Net National Product at factor cost is equal to sum total of value added at factor cost or net domestic product at factor cost and net factor income from abroad.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 51

Find the machinery which is not method of settlement of industrial dispute:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 51

It's not a formal method of settlement of industrial disputes. However, it plays an important role in maintaining good relations between management and labor by preventing disputes from arising in the first place. The other options, Works Committee, Conciliation, and Adjudication are formal methods of settlement of industrial disputes.
Consultation

  • Consultation refers to the process by which management and employees or their representatives discuss and negotiate over various issues. These issues may include terms and conditions of employment, working practices and organizational change.
  • It is not a formal method of settlement but it is a proactive approach to prevent industrial disputes. It helps in maintaining good relations between management and labor.
  • However, this method may not always be successful in resolving disputes if the parties are not willing to compromise or if there are major disagreements between them.

Works Committee

  • A Works Committee is a statutory body composed of representatives of employers and workers. It is designed to promote good industrial relations by providing a forum for discussing matters of common interest.
  • It is a formal method of dispute resolution that is based on dialogue and consensus.

Conciliation

  • Conciliation is a voluntary process where a neutral third party, known as a conciliator, helps the disputing parties to reach a mutually acceptable solution.
  • The conciliator does not make a decision but facilitates discussion and proposes solutions for consideration by the parties.

Adjudication

  • Adjudication is a legal process by which an arbitrator or judge reviews evidence and argumentation including legal reasoning set forth by opposing parties to come to a decision which determines rights and obligations between the parties involved.
  • It is a formal and binding method of dispute resolution.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 52

Which of the following are the causes for the tribal revolts under British rule? 

1. The mainland tribal rebellions were sparked off by several factors, an important one concerned with the tribal lands or forests 

2. The British's land settlements affected the joint ownership tradition among the tribals and disrupted their social fabric. 

3. As agriculture was extended in a settled form by the Company government, the tribals lost their land 

4. There was an influx of non-tribals to these areas. 

5. Shifting cultivation in forests was curbed 

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 52
 
  • The tribal movements can be analysed better if categorised into mainland tribal revolts and frontier tribal revolts concentrated mainly in India's north-eastern part. 

  • Several factors sparked the mainland tribal rebellions, an important one concerned with the tribal lands or forests.

  • The British's land settlements affected the joint ownership tradition among the tribals and disrupted their social fabric. 

  • As agriculture was extended in a settled form by the Company government, the tribals lost their land, and there was an influx of non-tribals to these areas. 

  • Shifting cultivation in forests was curbed and this added to the tribals' problems. The government further extended its control over the forest areas by setting up reserved forests and restricting timber use and grazing. 

  • This was the result of the increasing demand from the Company for timber for shipping and the railways—exploitation by the police, traders and money lenders.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 53

Operating System is otherwise known as ______.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 53

An operating system (OS) is the program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all of the other application programs in a computer. The operating system is the best-known example of system software.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 54

The principal advantage of having a clear cut objective of business is that it does not derail; the enterprise does not stray ...(1)... the direct route that it has set for ...(2)... Enterprises with well-defined objectives can conveniently undertake ...(3)... and follow long range development policies. Recognition of objectives ...(4)... the temptation to compromise long range ...(5)... for short term gains and improves coordination in work and consistency in policy.

 

What will come in option five?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 54

Objectives for short term gains and improves coordination in work and consistency in policy.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 55

Under which depreciation method the amount of depreciation expenses remains same throughout the useful life of a fixed asset

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 55

Under straight line method of depreciation the amount of depreciation expenses remains same in the entire useful life of fixed asset because, under straight line method the depreciation is charged on the original cost of the asset and not on diminishing value of the asset.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 56

Mr. A sells goods for Rs. 3,00,000 to Mr. B and Mr. B accepts a bill of exchange for the same amount. Mr. A endorses the bill to his supplier, Mr. C. If Mr. B dishonours the bill on the due date, the entry to be passed in Mr. A’s books (ignoring noting charges) would be:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 56

Bill of Exchange - The Negotiable Instruments Act of 1881 defines a bill of exchange as a written document with an unconditional command, signed by the maker, directing someone to pay a specific amount of money solely to, or at the direction of, another person or to the holder of the document.
Dishonors of bill - A bill of exchange must be accepted by the drawee when it is presented; however, if this does not happen, it will be considered dishonorable.
Entry for dishonoured of endorsed bill will be as follows - 

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 57

Consider the following statements.

1. It is the duty of every minister to stand by the cabinet decisions and support them both within and outside the state legislature.

2. If any minister disagrees with a cabinet decision and is not prepared to defend it, he must resign

Which of these statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 57
The principle of collective responsibility also means that the cabinet decisions bind all cabinet ministers (and other ministers) even if they deferred in the cabinet meeting. It is the duty of every minister to stand by the cabinet decisions and support them both within and outside the state legislature. If any minister disagrees with a cabinet decision and is not prepared to defend it, he must resign. Several ministers have resigned in the past owing to their differences with the cabinet.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 58

The first to introduce the term collective bargaining:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 58

Introduction of the term "Collective Bargaining"

  • Sidney and Beatrice Webb, a British sociologist and economist couple, are credited with introducing the term "collective bargaining". They first used this term in their historical studies of trade unions.

The Concept of Collective Bargaining

  • Collective bargaining is a process of negotiation between employers and a group of employees aimed at agreements to regulate working conditions.
  • The interests of the employees are commonly presented by representatives of a trade union to which the employees belong.

Sidney and Beatrice Webb's Contribution

  • The Webbs were pioneers in documenting labor history and trade union development in England.
  • They used the term collective bargaining in their book "Industrial Democracy", published in 1897.
  • In their work, they outlined the importance of collective bargaining as a tool to equalize the bargaining power between workers and employers.

Legacy of the Webbs

  • The Webbs' work has had a profound influence on both the theory and practice of industrial relations.
  • They founded the London School of Economics and Political Science in 1895 with the aim of bettering society by promoting the scientific study of social, political and economic problems.
  • Today, their contributions to the concept of collective bargaining are still widely recognized and studied in the fields of labor relations and economics.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 59

The first commission to recommend tripartism consultation in India was

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 59

The Royal Commission on Labour in India was a milestone that served as the foundation for the growth and development of labour legislation in India. The concept of tripartism was first recommended by this commission.

  • Formation and Objectives of the Commission:
  • The Royal Commission on Labour was established in 1929 by the British Government.
  • The main objective of the commission was to investigate the conditions of labour in India, especially in the industrial and agricultural sectors.
  • The commission was also tasked with examining existing legislation affecting conditions of labour and to recommend necessary changes.

Recommendation of Tripartism:

  • The Royal Commission on Labour was the first to introduce the concept of tripartism in India.
  • Tripartism is a consultative approach towards policy-making that involves three key stakeholders: the government, employers, and employees.
  • The commission believed that the active participation of these three entities would help to address labour issues more effectively and efficiently.

Significance of the Recommendation:

  • This recommendation laid the groundwork for the Indian Labour Conference, which is a tripartite consultative committee in the Ministry of Labour in India.
  • It also set the stage for the development of modern labour laws that involve consultation and cooperation between these three key stakeholders.
  • The recommendation of tripartism has been instrumental in mitigating labour disputes, promoting industrial peace, and improving working conditions in the country.

Impact of the Recommendation:

  • The concept of tripartism has been widely adopted in India and has greatly influenced the country's labour policies and regulations.
  • It has led to the creation of numerous tripartite bodies at the national and state levels.
  • It has also played a significant role in shaping the Indian labour market and in promoting social dialogue on labour issues.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 60

Consider the following statements:

1. All transgenic organisms are Genetically Modified Organism (GMOs), but not all GMOs are transgenic.

2. In India, only Cotton is currently commercially cultivated as a GM crop.

3. The regulation of all activities related to GMOs and products are regulated by the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare. How many of the statements given above are not correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 60

Correct Answer: B
Explanation
Transgenic Crops:

  • About:
    • Transgenic crops are plants that have been modified through genetic engineering
    • techniques. These crops have had specific genes inserted into their DNA to give them new characteristics or traits that are not naturally found in the species through traditional breeding methods.
  • GMO vs Transgenic Organisms:
    • Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) and transgenic organism are two terms that are used interchangeably.
    • However, there is a slight difference between GMO and transgenic organism.
    • Although both have altered genomes, a transgenic organism is a GMO containing a DNA  sequence or a gene from a different species. While a GMO is an animal, plant, or microbe whose DNA has been altered using genetic engineering techniques.
    • Thus, all transgenic organisms are GMOs, but not all GMOs are transgenic. Hence, statement 1 is correct.

 

  • Status in India:
    • In India, only Cotton is currently commercially cultivated as a GM crop. Trials are
      underway for other crops like brinjal, tomato, maize, and chickpea using transgenic
      technology. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
    • The GEAC approved the environmental release of GM mustard hybrid DMH-11, bringing it
      closer to full commercial cultivation.
    • In India, the regulation of all activities related to GMOs and products are regulated by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
    • Hence, statement 3 is not correct.
      However, there is an ongoing legal case in the Supreme Court questioning the permission for transgenic food crops. They seek a stay on GM mustard, citing concerns about farmers using banned herbicides. Previous instances include the GEAC's approval of GM mustard in 2017 with additional tests and the government's indefinite moratorium on GM brinjal in 2010.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 61

Which of the following are the features of the marginal cost of funds based lending rate (MCLR)?

1. It is to be reviewed every month on a pre-announce date.

2. Existing borrowers will have the option to move to it.

3. It will be a tenor linked internal benchmark, to be reset every month.

Choose from the following options.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 61

The main features of the MCLR are-

  • it will be a tenor linked internal benchmark, to be reset on an annual basis.

  • actual lending rates will be fixed by adding a spread to the MCLR

  • to be reviewed every month on a pre-announced date.

  • existing borrowers will have the option to move to it.

  • banks will continue to review and publish ‘Base Rate' as hitherto

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 62

A company prepares statement of Profit and Loss in the form prescribed in the Companies Act of

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 62

Companies Act, 1956 (The Act) which provides the instructions for the preparation of the Balance Sheet and Statement of the Profit & Loss of the Company. The purpose for revising the reporting format of the financial accounts of the Company was mainly to bring it in par with the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 63

Instructions: In each question below a sentence broken into five or six parts. Join these parts to make a meaningful sentence. The correct order of parts is the answer.
Q.
1. medicine
2. a
3. Neeta
4. given
5. was

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 63

Neeta was given a medicine

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 64

Which of the following formulae is used for determining Minimum wages?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 64

Dr. Aykroid’s formula, also known as the Need-Based Minimum Wage formula, is a widely accepted formula used to calculate the minimum wages for workers. This formula was proposed by the Indian Labour Conference in 1957.
The formula takes into account the following factors:

  • Minimum Food Requirements: According to this formula, the minimum wage should cover the cost of an adequate diet consisting of 2,700 calories per average Indian adult. This includes cereals, pulses, milk, vegetables, and fruit.
  • Clothing Requirements: The formula also provides for clothing expenses. It recommends a provision of 72 yards per annum for a family.
  • Housing Standards: The formula suggests that the minimum wage should also include the cost of minimum housing requirements, which is defined as the rent corresponding to the area of a minimum type of house decided by the government's industrial housing scheme.
  • Miscellaneous Expenses: The formula takes into consideration other miscellaneous expenses, which should be 20% of the total minimum wage.

In summary, Dr. Aykroid’s formula for determining minimum wages ensures that the wages are sufficient to cover the basic necessities of life, including food, clothing, housing, and other miscellaneous expenses.
Please note that the actual calculation of minimum wages can vary based on local cost of living, the type of work, and other factors. Therefore, it is always best to refer to the relevant government guidelines or consult with a labor law expert.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 65

Recently, there has been an upsurge in the NPAs of the public sector banks, which of the following is/are the factor(s) responsible? 
1. Lower economic growth in the country.
2. Aggressive lending by banks in the past, especially during good times.
3. Lack of right loan-recovery legal provisions.
4. Banks switching over to a system based identification of NPAs.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 65
  1. Lower economic growth in the country is one of the factors that can contribute to an increase in Non-Performing Assets (NPAs) of public sector banks. A slowdown in the economy can lead to an increase in default rates among borrowers, which can cause NPAs to rise.

  2. Aggressive lending by banks in the past, especially during good times, is another factor that can contribute to an increase in NPAs. When banks lend too freely during times of economic prosperity, it can lead to an oversupply of credit, which can result in borrowers defaulting on their loans when the economy slows down.

  3. Lack of right loan-recovery legal provisions, is one of the factors that contribute to the upsurge of NPAs. When the legal framework is not conducive to the recovery of loans, it can be difficult for banks to recover the money they are owed, which can lead to an increase in NPAs.

  4. Banks switching over to a system based identification of NPAs, Is not the factor for the rise of NPAs. In fact, this is a step towards better identification and management of NPAs, as it ensures that any problem assets are identified and addressed in a timely manner.

  5. It's important to note that the factors causing the NPA is multifaceted, it could also be due to factors such as lack of adequate collateral, borrower's mismanagement or fraud, sector-specific issues and global economic factors etc.

     

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 66

A Bike is available at 40% discount at showroom “A” and the same is available at only 25% discount at showroom “B”. Mr. Arun has just sufficient amount of Rs. 60,000 to purchase it at showroom “A”.

Quantity I: Difference between Marked Price and SP at Show Room “A”
Quantity II: Difference between Marked Price and SP at Show Room “B”

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 66

Let the marked price be x.
Cost price (CP) = 40 % discount on MP = 0.6y = 60000
⇒ y= Rs.100000 MP
SP at Show Room “A” = Rs. 60000
SP at Show Room “B” = 100000 X 0.75 = 75000
Difference between Marked Price and SP at Show Room “A” = 40000
Difference between Marked Price and SP at Show Room “B” = 25000

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 67

People

P: at his dispensary
Q: went to him
R: of all professions
S: for medicine and treatment

The Proper sequence should be:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 67

The correct order will be:
People → of all professions (R)→ went to him (Q)→ for medicine and treatment (S)→ at his dispensary.(P)

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 68

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement. (All the numbers are two digit numbers)

Input : talk 47 12 rise at 99 75 32 wise joke high 28 56 be
Step I :12 talk 47 rise 99 75 32 wise joke high 28 56 be at
Step II : 28 12 talk 47 rise 99 75 32 wise joke high 56 at be
Step III :32 28 12 talk 47 rise 99 75 wise joke 56 at be high
Step IV :47 32 28 12 talk rise 99 75 wise 56 at be high joke
Step V : 56 47 32 28 12 talk 99 75 wise at be high joke rise
Step VI : 75 56 47 32 28 12 99 wise at be high joke rise talk
Step VII: 99 75 56 47 32 28 12 at be high joke rise talk wise
Step VIII: is the last step of the above rearrangement as the desired arrangement is obtained.

Input: 83 why sit 14 32 no be ink feet 50 27 vain 67 92 

Which word/number would be at fifth position from the right in Step V?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 68

Input: 83 why sit 14 32 no be ink feet 50 27 vain 67 92.

Step I: 14 83 why sit 32 no ink feet 50 27 vain 67 92 be.

Step II: 27 14 83 why sit 32 no ink 50 vain 67 92 be feet.

Step III: 32 27 14 83 why sit no 50 vain 67 92 be feet ink.

Step IV : 50 32 27 14 83 why sit vain 67 92 be ink feet no.

Step V: 67 50 32 27 14 83 why sit 92 be feet ink no vain.

Step VI: 83 67 50 32 27 14 why 92 be feet ink no vain sit.

Step VII: 92 83 67 50 32 27 14 be feet ink no vain sit why.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 69

_________ is a startup sequence that starts the operating system of a computer when it is turned on.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 69

Booting is a startup sequence that starts the operating system of a computer when it is turned on.The initial collection of tasks that the computer carries out when it is turned on is known as the boot sequence.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 70

A Joint Consultative Board (J.C.B.) of industry and labour was set up in 1951 with the initiative of:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 10 - Question 70

Initiative of G.L. Nanda in setting up the Joint Consultative Board

  • Introduction of G.L. Nanda:
    Gulzarilal Nanda, popularly known as G.L. Nanda, was an Indian economist and politician who had a significant influence on the econ