Polity - MCQ Online Test (2)


25 Questions MCQ Test Polity and Constitution (Prelims) by IAS Masters | Polity - MCQ Online Test (2)


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Attempt Polity - MCQ Online Test (2) | 25 questions in 30 minutes | Mock test for UPSC preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Polity and Constitution (Prelims) by IAS Masters for UPSC Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

2.    Consider the following statements:
 1. The fundamental Rights and Directive Principles together have been described as the ‘conscience of the Constitution’ by Granville Austin
 2. DPSP are in the nature of directives to all governments of the country, Central, State as well as local.
Choose the correct options among the following-

Solution:

The DPSP are mentioned in Part IV of the Constitution from Articles 36 to 511. The framers of the Constitution borrowed this idea from the Irish Constitution of 1937, which had copied it from the Spanish Constitution. Dr B R Ambedkar described these principles as ‘novel features’ of the Indian Constitution.
The Directive Principles along with the Fundamental Rights contain the philosophy of the Constitution and is the soul of the Constitution. Granville Austin has described the Directive Principles and the Fundamental Rights as the ‘Conscience of the Constitution’

QUESTION: 2

 With reference to Directive Principles of State Policy, consider the following statements:

1.    The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) has been taken from the constitution of Ireland

2.    97th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2011 has included Art. 43-B, the state shall endeavour to promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of Co-operative societies

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

Correct Answer:C

The concept of Directive Principles of State Policy was borrowed from the Irish Constitution. 

97th Amendment Act, 2011

As per the amendment the changes done to constitution are:-

In Part IIIof the constitution, after words “or unions” the words “Cooperative Societies” was added.

In Part IVa new Article 43B was inserted, which says: The state shall endeavour to promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of the co-operative societies”.

QUESTION: 3

Choose the false statement among the following statements:

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

Which article under DPSP proposes for the separation of the Judiciary from executive?

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

Consider the following statements:

  1. Article 75 provides information on the appointment and selection of Prime Minister
  2. A person must always prove his majority in Lok Sabha BEFORE his appointment as Prime Minister by the President
  3. A person may be appointed as Prime Minister by the President who must prove his majority later
  4. A person who is not a member of Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha can be appointed as Prime Minister

Which among them are true?

Solution:

Answer: b

Article 75 of the Constitution specifies that the appointment of the Prime Minister will always be done by the President. And according to Delhi High Court's decision in 1980, a person may be appointed as Prime Minister by the President who must prove his majority later within a reasonable period. Also, in 1997 the Supreme Court declared that A person who is not a member of Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha can be appointed as Prime Minister who must get appointed (either elected or nominated) to either of the Houses within 6 months.

QUESTION: 6

Which among the following is NOT within the power of the Prime Minister?

Solution:

Answer: c

The Prime Minister does not “directly” appoint the Council of Ministers, but he advices the President on who should be appointed and it is the President who does the task of direct appointing.

QUESTION: 7

Consider the following statements.

  1. It is the sole discretion of the President to choose the Council of Ministers
  2. The President can reject to act on the advice of the Council of Ministers
  3. The President can ask the Council of Ministers to reconsider the advice given to him by Council of Ministers, but has to act in accordance with the advice that is generated after such reconsideration
  4. It is the duty of the Prime Minister to communicate to the President any decisions of the council of ministers that relate to the administrative affairs of the Union

Which among the above are true?

Solution:

Answer: b

The Prime Minister does not “directly” appoint the Council of Ministers, but he advices the President on who should be appointed and it is the President who does the task of direct appointing.
As per Article 75, The President can ask the Council of Ministers to reconsider the advice given to him by Council of Ministers, but has to act in accordance with the advice that is generated after such reconsideration. Article 78 makes it necessary for the Prime Minister to communicate to the President any decisions of the council of ministers that relate to the administrative affairs of the Union

QUESTION: 8

Which of the 3 words were added LATER to the Preamble?

Solution:

Answer: b

These words were added through the 42nd amendment Act in 1976.

QUESTION: 9

Which among the following statements is/are false?

Solution:

Answer: b

The qualifying age for Lok Sabha is minimum 25 years, and for Rajya Sabha it is minimum 30 years.

Representation of People Act (1951) prohibits a person from being a member of both Houses simultaneously.
The anti-defection law can be used to disqualify a member of either of the Houses votes against the directions given by his party.

Answer: b

The qualifying age for Lok Sabha is minimum 25 years, and for Rajya Sabha it is minimum 30 years.

Representation of People Act (1951) prohibits a person from being a member of both Houses simultaneously.
The anti-defection law can be used to disqualify a member of either of the Houses votes against the directions given by his party.

QUESTION: 10

Consider the following two statements regarding the implementation of anti-defection law:

  1. If an elected member voluntarily gives up his membership of a political party;
  2. If an elected member votes or abstains from voting in such House contrary to any direction issued by his political party or anyone authorized to do so, without obtaining any prior permission.

Which of the above 2 statements is a criteria for the anti-defection law?

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

Consider the following statement about the whip:

  1. He can expel a member from the party when there is defection
  2. He can expel a member from the House when there is defection

Which of the above statements is true?

Solution:
QUESTION: 12

How many proportions of the members of a party have to be in favour of a "merger" for it to have validity in the eyes of the law?

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

Which one of the following article deals with the tenure of the President?

Solution:

Article 56 in The Constitution Of India 1949

Term of office of President

(1) The President shall hold office for a term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office:

Provided that

(a) the President may, by writing under his hand addressed to the Vice President, resign his office;

(b) the President may, for violation of the constitution, be removed from office by impeachment in the manner provided in Article 61:

(c) the President shall, notwithstanding the expiration of his term, continue to hold office until his successor enters upon his office

(2) Any resignation addressed to the Vice President under clause (a) of the proviso to clause ( 1 ) shall forthwith be communicated by him to the Speaker of the House of the People

QUESTION: 14

Which among the following is NOT a Standing Committee?

Solution:

Answer: c

There are two types of Parliamentary Committees: Standing and Ad-hoc.

Standing Committee is a permanent committee while an ad-hoc committee is one which dissolves after the task is complete.

Railway Convention Committee is an ad-hoc committee whereas the rest of them are all Standing Committees.

QUESTION: 15

Consider the following statements. Which among them is true?

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

Consider the following statements about the Public Undertakings Committee.

  1. Public Undertakings committee was first created in 1964
  2. It consists of 15 members from Lok Sabha and 7 members from Rajya Sabha
  3. It's Chairman is strictly a member of the Lok Sabha
  4. The main function of the Public Undertakings Committee is to analyze the accounts of Public Undertakings and examine reports of CAG on public undertakings

Which among them is/are true?

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

What is the tenure of office for the Chief Election Commissioner?

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

Who was the first woman to become a Chief Election Commissioner of India?

Solution:

Answer: a

V.S. Ramadevi was the first woman to become a Chief Election Commissioner, and she occupied the office from 26 November 1990 to 11 December 1990

QUESTION: 19

Consider the following duties, roles and functions. Which of them is/are NOT belong to Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG)?

  1. Upholding the Constitution of India and laws of Parliament in terms of financial administration
  2. Auditing accounts related to Consolidated Fund of India
  3. Audits transactions of the Center and state governments related to debts
  4. Conduct audit of secret service expenditure
Solution:

Answer: d

The expenditure of secret service is out of the purview of CAG. And if at all it wants to audit some parts, it needs permission from the competent authority.

QUESTION: 20

If a question asked by a member of parliament is a starred one,he will get

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

Dispute relating to allotment of the symbols to Political Parties is decided by:

Solution:

Answer: d

Dispute relating to allotment of the symbols to Political Parties is decided by the Election Commission.

QUESTION: 22

Who has the authority to decide whether a bill is money bill or not?

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

Which of the following are ex officio members of NHRC?

  1. Chairmen of National Commission for Scheduled Caste
  2. Chairmen of National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
  3. Chairmen of National Commission for Minorities
  4. Chairmen of National Commission for Women.

Choose the correct answer:

Solution:

Answer: d

The NHRC (National Human Rights Commission) consists of: A Chairperson ,One Member who is, or has been, a Judge of the Supreme Court of India ,One Member who is, or has been, the Chief Justice of a High Court ,Two Members to be appointed from among persons having knowledge of, or practical experience in, matters relating to human rights. In addition, the Chairpersons of four National Commissions of (1.Minorities 2.SC 3.ST 4.Women) serve as ex officio members.

QUESTION: 24

Consider the following statements

  1. The Attorney General has the right of audience in all Courts in India
  2. He can participate in the proceedings of the Parliament
  3. He could vote in parliament.

Which of the above statements are correct?

Solution:

Answer: a

He can participate in the proceedings of the Parliament but cannot vote.

QUESTION: 25

A writ issued by the Supreme Court or High Court to order an authority to perform the duty it (the authority) is not performing?

Solution:
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