Polity - MCQ Online Test (3)


25 Questions MCQ Test Polity and Constitution (Prelims) by IAS Masters | Polity - MCQ Online Test (3)


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Attempt Polity - MCQ Online Test (3) | 25 questions in 30 minutes | Mock test for UPSC preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Polity and Constitution (Prelims) by IAS Masters for UPSC Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

1st Supreme Court was established by

Solution:

Answer: a

The Regulating Act, 1773 empowered the crown to establish by Charter a Supreme Court for justice of all subjects in Bengal (1st Supreme Court was constituted in 1774 with Elijah Impey as Chief Justice).

QUESTION: 2

Company’s monopoly of trade with India was ended by which Act?

Solution:

Charter Act of 1813 ended Company’s monopoly of trade with India but monopoly of tea trade with China was allowed.

 

QUESTION: 3

Government of India act 1861 provided for which of the following?

Solution:

Answer: a

  • Government of India Act 1861 provided that the Governor’s executive council should include certain additional non-official members. The members were nominated and their functions were confined to a consideration of legislative proposals placed before it by the Governor- General.
  • It initiated the process of decentralization by restoring the legislative powers to the Bombay and Madras Presidencies.
  • It accorded the statutory recognition to the portfolio system.
QUESTION: 4

In India the Governor of the states are appointed by

Solution:

Answer: d

Article 155 provides for appointment of Governor. It states that the Governor of a State shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal.

QUESTION: 5

How many languages have recongnised by the Constitution?

Solution:

Answer: c

Schedule VIII of the Constitution provides for 22 languages and English is not a language specified in the VIIIth schedule.

QUESTION: 6

The office of Governor General of India was created by

Solution:

Answer: b

Charter Act of 1833 provided for:

  • Monopoly of tea trade with China was abolished. Company was only to have political functions.
  • President of Board of Council became the Minister for Indian affairs.
  • A law member without power to vote was added to the Executive Council of Governor general (Lord Macvallay was 1st law member).
  • Competition exams were introduced for recruitment to the coveted services.
  • Rs.1 lakh to be spent on education in India.
  • It made the Governor-General of Bengal as the Governor-General of India (Lord William Bentinck was the first Governor-General of India).
QUESTION: 7

On whose recommendation was the Constituent Assembly formed?

Solution:

Answer: a

Cabinet mission was sent who put forward his own proposals on 16 May 1946.The broad features of the scheme were:

  1. There would be a union of India comprising both British India and States.
  2. The Union would have an Executive and a legislature constituted of representatives of    the provinces and States.
  3. The proposal also contained a plan to elect Constituent Assembly by indirect elections, to frame constitution.

For forming the Constituent Assembly election were held which were joined by Muslims League. On 9th December 1946, first meeting of Constituent Assembly was held which was not attended by Muslim league.

 

QUESTION: 8

The speaker can ask a member of the house to stop speaking and let another member speak. This is known as

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

Which one of the following schedules of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection Act?

Solution:

Answer: b

There are 12 Schedules in Indian Constitution. Schedules can be added to the constitution by amendment.

  1. States and Union Territories;
  2. Emoluments for High-Level Officials;
  3. Relates to different forms of Oaths;
  4. Allocation of the number of seats in the Rajya Sabha (Council of States - the upper house of Parliament) per State or Union Territory;
  5. Provisions for the administration and control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes;
  6. Provisions for the administration of tribal areas in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram;
  7. Relates to three types of lists: The Union (central government), State, and Concurrent (dual) lists;
  8. The Official Languages Recognised under the constitution ( There are 22 languages in this schedule; English is not mentioned in this schedule).
  9. Article 31B-Validity excluded from Court’s Review (land and tenure reforms; the association of Sikkim with India). It was added by 1st Constitution Amendment Act in 1951. It is largest schedule of the constitution.
  10. Anti-Defection provisions for Members of Parliament and Members of the State Legislatures (added by 52nd Constitution Amendment Act in 1985).                         
  11. It relates to functions of Panchayats (Rural Development); added by 73rd Constitution Amendment Act in 1992.
  12. It relates to functions of Municipalities (Urban Planning); added by Constitution Amendment Act in 1992.
QUESTION: 10

Which one of the following is part of the Electoral College for the election of the President of India but does not form part of the forum for his impeachment?

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

Which among the following is not matched correctly?

 

Solution:

Answer: c

Procedure established by law has been taken from Japan.

QUESTION: 12

The primary function of the Finance Commission in India is to

Solution:

The following are the main functions of the Finance Commission of India: The finance commission is responsible for the distribution of net proceeds of taxes between Center and the States. This distribution is made on the basis of the respective contributions of the States to the taxes.

QUESTION: 13

Which one of the following statements correctly describes the Fourth Schedule of the Constitution of India?

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

The salaries and allowances of the Judges of the High Court are charged to the

Solution:

Article 266 (1) of our Indian constitution,  tells about the consolidated fund of the state. This is a charged expenditure where no voting is required. They have to be paid anyhow. And, the pay is fixed and can only be increased by the consolidated fund. Every state has its own fund.

QUESTION: 15

Which one of the following Bills must be passed by each House of the Indian Parliament separately, by special majority?

Solution:

Answer :d)

  As per the procedure laid down in the Constitution, Constitution Amendment Bills can be of three types viz.,
   (i) requiring simple majority for their passage in each House;
   (ii) requiring special majority for their passage in each House i.e., a majority of the total membership of a House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting (article 368); and
   (iii) requiring special majority for their passage and ratification  by Legislatures of not less than one-half of the States by resolutions to  that effect passed by those Legislatures (proviso to clause (2) of article 368).  A Constitution Amendment Bill under article 368 can be introduced in either House of Parliament and has to be passed by each House by special majority.

(ix)      Under provisions of article 108 of the Constitution, if after a Bill passed by one House and transmitted to the other House:-
(a)    is rejected by the other House; or
(b)    the Houses have finally disagreed as to the amendments to be made in the Bill; or
(c)    more than six months elapse from the date of its receipt by the other House without the Bill being passed by it,   

the President may, unless the Bill has elapsed by reason of a dissolution of the Lok Sabha, summon them to meet in a joint sitting for the purpose of deliberating and voting on the Bill.  If at the joint sitting of the two Houses, the Bill, with such amendments, if any, as are agreed to in joint sitting, is passed by a majority of the total number of members of both Houses present and voting, it shall be deemed to have been passed by both Houses.  However there is no provision of joint sittings on a Money Bill or a Constitution Amending Bill.

QUESTION: 16

The resolution for removing the Vice-President of India can be moved in the

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

Which among the following is incorrect?

Solution:

Answer: b

The feature of judicial review has been taken from USA.

 

QUESTION: 18

Consider the following statements:

1.    The parliament of India consists of three parts viz. the President, the Council of states and the House of the people.

2.    The President of India is not a member of either House of Parliament.

3.    The Parliament is the legislative organ of the Union Government.

Which of the Statements given below is/are correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

Consider the following statements:

1.    The fourth schedule of the constitution deals with the allocation of seats in the Rajya Sabha to the states and Union territories.

2.    Rajya Sabha has 245 members; out of these 6 members represent the Union territories.

Which of the Statements given below is/are correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

Which of the following statements is true with respect to 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act?

1.    Fundamental Duties were incorporated into the Constitution of India by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976

2.    Ten Fundamental Duties were included by this Amendment

3.    The 11th Fundamental Duty was incorporated by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

Fundamental Duties were added on the recommendation of which committee?

Solution:
QUESTION: 22

Consider the following statements:

1.    The duties enumerated in Art. 51-A are non-statutory duties and are not enforceable by law.

2.    Violation of the Fundamental Duties can be met with Punishment but constitution doesn’t mention any penalty for its violation.

3.    Parliament can prescribe penalty for the violation of Specific Duties

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

Solution:

The duties enumerated in Art. 51-A are statutory duties and are enforceable by law

 

QUESTION: 23

Which of the following is/are a Fundamental Duty?

1.    To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India

2.    To exercise our Universal Adult Franchise at the time of general elections

3.    To value and preserve rich heritage of our composite culture

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

Solution:
QUESTION: 24

The 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002 puts duty on parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his Child or Ward in the age of

Solution:
QUESTION: 25

Which of the following is not correctly matched?

Solution:
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