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Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - UPSC MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test - Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3

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Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 1

Which article of the Constitution of India describes the organization of village panchayats?

Detailed Solution for Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 1

The correct answer is Article 40.

  • Article 40- Organize village panchayats and giving them necessary powers and authority.
  • Article 41-To secure citizens-
    • Right to education
    • Right to work
    • Right to public assistance
  • Article 42- to make provisions for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief.
  • Article 43-Secure a living wage, a decent standard of living and social and cultural opportunities for all workers.
Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 2

Which one of the following Directive Principles is not based on socialistic principles?

Detailed Solution for Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 2

The correct answer is Uniform civil code.

Key Points

  • Article 44 Uniform civil code is not a Socialistic Principle.
  • Uniform civil code is the liberal principle.
Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 3

The Directive Principles of State Policy in the Constitution of India were borrowed from the _________ Constitution.

Detailed Solution for Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 3

The correct answer is Irish.
Key Points

  • The Directive Principles of State Policy in the Constitution of India were borrowed from the Irish Constitution.
  • The constituent assembly took 2 years 11 months and 18 days to frame the constitution of India.
  • The constitution of India was adopted by the constituent assembly on 26th November 1949.
  • The constitution of India came into force on 26th January 1950.
  • India borrowed many features from different countries while preparing its constitution.
  • Suspension of fundamental rights during emergencies was borrowed from the Weimar Republic of Germany.
  • Amendment to the constitution is adopted from South Africa.
  • The important features borrowed from the Republic of Ireland are:
    • Presidential election.
    • Nomination of the members to the Rajya sabha.
    • Directive principle of state policy.
Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 4

Which part of the Constitution of India declares the ideal of Welfare State ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 4

The Correct Answer is Directive Principles of State Policy.
Key Points

  • The welfare state is a concept of government in which the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social well-being of its citizens.
  • The government ensures the availability of a social security net which may include education, housing, sustenance, healthcare, etc.
  •  The Indian Constitution declares the concept of the welfare state in the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP).
Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 5

Under the Indian Constitution, concentration of wealth is the violation of

Detailed Solution for Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 5

The correct answer is the Directive Principles of State Policy.
Key Points

According to article 39 (c) of the Directive Principles of the Indian Constitution, the operation of the economic system should not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment. Hence the concentration of wealth infringes Directive Principles of State Policy. Hence, Option 2 is correct.

Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 6

Which of the following is the Directive Principle of State?

Detailed Solution for Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 6

The correct answer is Formation of Gram Panchayats.

  • Article 40 of the Constitution which states one of the Directive Principles of State Policy lays down that the State shall take steps to organize village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-government
  • The Directive Principles of State Policy are guidelines to the central and state governments of India, to be kept in mind while framing laws and policies.
Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 7

The Panchayati Raj institutions are established as per Constitutional directions of the

Detailed Solution for Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 7

The correct answer is option 3, i.e Directive Principle of State Policy.

Key Points

  • Directive Principle of State Policy (DPSP):
    • The DPSP is taken from the Irish Constitution.
    • The DPSP is very essential for the social, economical and political development of the country.
    • There are 15 DPSP in our constitution, i.e from articles 36 to 51.
    • The DPSP are non-justiciable in nature.
    • The Directive principle of state policy under article 40, gives details about the formation of Village Panchayat as a unit of self-government.
  • Fundamental Rights:
    • The concept of a fundamental right is taken from the American constitution.
    • There are 6 fundamental rights in our constitution.
    • These are justiciable in nature, so one can approach the supreme court in case of violation of their fundamental rights directly.
  • Fundamental Duties:
    • The fundamental duties are taken from the USSR constitution.
    • These are recommended after the Sardar Swaran Singh Committee.
    • There are 11 duties provided in the constitution, which citizens must follow as being responsible for the country.
Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 8

Article ______ of the Constitution of India defines Uniform Civil Code.

Detailed Solution for Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 8

The correct answer is Article 44.

Key Points

  •  A Uniform Civil Code is a code that involves a common set of laws governing subjects like marriage, divorce, succession, and adoption for all Indians, rather than allowing different personal laws for people of different faiths.
  • The aim of such uniformity is meant to be ensuring equality and justice for women in particular, who are often denied their rights in marriage, divorce and inheritance under patriarchal personal laws.
  • Article 44 of the Constitution lies within Part IV of the document that is one of the Directive Principles of State Policy.
  • The text of the article says that "The State shall endeavor to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India."
  • The Directive Principles of State Policy constitute Part IV(Article 36-51) of the Indian Constitution. These Principles are fundamental in order to govern any country and it shall be the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws. 
  • The DPSP,s cannot be enforced by any court.
Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 9

Which of the following Parts is related to the Directive Principles of State Policy?

Detailed Solution for Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 9

The correct answer is Part IV.

Key Points

  • Part IV of the Indian constitution is related to the Directive Principles of State Policy. 
  • Directive Principles of State Policy(Article 36 to 51): 
    • Dr B.R. Ambedkar who is the father of the constitution said that the Directive Principles of State Policy is a ‘novel feature’ of our Constitution.
    • It was classified into three major segments.that are Gandhian, Socialistic, & liberal intellectual.
    • DPSP were basically introduced to establish a ‘welfare state’ in India.
    • Its vision was to promote the idea of economic & social democracy. 
Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 10

The ideal of 'Welfare State' in the Indian Constitution is enshrined in its

Detailed Solution for Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 10

The correct answer is Directive Principles of State Policy.

  • welfare state is a concept of government where the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social welfare of its citizens.
  • DPSPs promote the ideal of the welfare state by emphasizing the state to promote the welfare of people by providing them with basic facilities like shelter, food, and clothing.

Key Points

  • Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP):
    • Articles 36-51 of Part-IV of the Indian Constitution deals with Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP). 
    • They are borrowed from the constitution of Ireland. 
    • They act as directives to the government to create any law.
    • They act as the ‘instrument of instructions’.
Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 11

Consider the following statements about the Directive Principles of State Policy enshrined in the Indian Constitution:
1. They are borrowed from the Irish Constitution.
2. They seek to provide social and economic base to democracy.
3. It is mandatory for the government to implement all directives.
4. Some of the directives were added by Constitution 42nd and 86th Amendment.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 11

The Directive Principles of State Policy are contained in Part IV, Articles 36-51 of the Indian Constitution. The idea of directives being included in the constitution was borrowed from the constitution of Ireland. They are non-enforceable and merely act as guidelines for the government while making policies. The directive regarding education of children was added by the 86th Amendment Act, 2002 and the directive, regarding protection of forests and wildlife was added by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976.

Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 12

Consider the following statements about Directive Principles of State Policy
1. They promote the welfare of the individual.
2. The courts can declare a law violative of any of the Directive Principles as unconstitutional and invalid.
3. The 44th Amendment Act of 1978 added one Directive Principle, which requires the State to minimise inequalities in income, status, facilities and opportunities.
4. They aim at establishing social and political democracy in the country.

Q. How many of the above statements is/are correct? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 12

They promote the welfare of the individual. - This statement is correct. The Directive Principles of State Policy aim to promote the welfare of the people by securing a social order through which justice - social, economic, and political - informs all institutions of national life.

The courts can declare a law violative of any of the Directive Principles as unconstitutional and invalid. - This statement is incorrect. The Directive Principles, although fundamental in the governance of the country, are not enforceable by any court. The Constitution itself expressly provides that the Directive Principles shall not be enforceable by any court. Therefore, a law cannot be declared unconstitutional solely because it violates any of the Directive Principles.

The 44th Amendment Act of 1978 added one Directive Principle, which requires the State to minimise inequalities in income, status, facilities and opportunities. - This statement is incorrect. The 44th Amendment Act of 1978 did not add any Directive Principles related to minimizing inequalities. Instead, it was the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 that introduced the Directive Principle which requires the State to minimize inequalities in income and strive to eliminate inequalities in status, facilities, and opportunities, not only amongst individuals but also amongst groups of people residing in different areas or engaged in different vocations.

They aim at establishing social and political democracy in the country. - This statement is correct. The Directive Principles are guidelines for the framing of laws by the government. These principles aim at creating a social and economic democracy through a welfare state, thus aiming at establishing social and political democracy.

Hence 1 and 4 statements are correct.

Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 13

The purpose of the inclusion of Directive Principles of State Policy in the Indian Constitution is to establish

Detailed Solution for Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 13

The correct answer is Social and economic democracy.

Key Points

Directive Principles of State Policy​

  • Directive Principles of State Policy have been borrowed from the Irish Constitution.
  • Part IV and Articles 36 to 51 of the Indian Constitution deal with the Directive Principles of State Policy.
  • But the Directive Principles of State Policy are not justiciable in nature.
  • The framers of the constitution wanted the DPSPs to be used as the guiding principles in both legislative as well as executive procedures.
  • The Directive Principles of the State Policy (DPSPs) lay down the guidelines for the state and are reflections of the overall objectives laid down in the Preamble of the Constitution.
  • DPSPs are incorporated to attain the ultimate ideals of preamble i.e. Justice, Liberty, Equality, and fraternity.
  • The Directive Principles of State Policy of India are the guidelines for the court, but the principles laid down therein are considered in the governance of the country, making it the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws to establish a just society in the country.
  • The principles have been inspired by the Directive Principles given in the Constitution of Ireland which is related to social justice, economic welfare, foreign policy, and legal and administrative matters.
  • Hence, from the above discussion, it is clear that the purpose of the inclusion of Directive Principles of State Policy in the Indian Constitution is to establish social and economic democracy. whereas Political democracy is ensured by Fundamental Right executions.
Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 14

With reference to the Directive Principles of State Policy of the Indian Constitution, which of the following statements is correct?
I. They are not enforceable by any court.
II. These elements are applied to make laws in a state.
III. Article 51 expresses the last Directive Principle in the Constitution.

Detailed Solution for Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 14

The correct answer is I, II and III.

Key Points

  • Directive Principles of State Policy are stated in Part IV of the Indian Constitution.
  • It contains Articles 36 to 51.
  • DPSP are non-binding in nature which means they are not enforceable by the courts for their violation.
  • These principles emphasise that the State shall try to promote the welfare of the people by providing them basic facilities like shelter, food and clothing.
  • It denotes the ideals that the State should keep in mind while formulating policies and enacting laws.
  • Article 51 is the last Directive Principle of State Policy in the constitution.
Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 15

In India, separation of judiciary from the executive is enjoined by

Detailed Solution for Test: Directive Principles of State Policy - 3 - Question 15

The Correct Answer is a directive Principle of State Policy.

Key Points

  • Article 36 to Article 51 of our Constitution deals with the Directive Principles of the State Policy.
  • Article 50 prescribes the Separation of the judiciary from the executive.
  • Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) is not enforceable.
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