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Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - UPSC MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC CSE - Test: Major Domains Of The Earth

Test: Major Domains Of The Earth for UPSC 2024 is part of Geography for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Major Domains Of The Earth questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Major Domains Of The Earth MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Major Domains Of The Earth below.
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Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 1

The mountain range that separates Europe from Asia is

Detailed Solution for Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 1

The mountain range that separates Europe from Asia is A: The Urals
The Urals are a mountain range that stretches approximately 2,500 kilometers from the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River, located in Russia. These mountains form a natural boundary between the continents of Europe and Asia.
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Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 2

Which gas is responsible for global warming?

Detailed Solution for Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 2

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the primary greenhouse gas responsible for global warming due to its ability to trap heat in the Earth's atmosphere. The increasing concentration of CO2, largely caused by human activities, has resulted in an enhanced greenhouse effect and subsequent climate change.

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Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 3

The major constituent of atmosphere by percent is

Detailed Solution for Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 3

Nitrogen is the major constituent of Earth's atmosphere by percent. It makes up about 78% of the atmosphere. Oxygen is the second most abundant gas, constituting about 21%. Hydrogen and carbon are present in much smaller amounts in the atmosphere.

Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 4

Which of the following is NOT among the major domains of the earth?

Detailed Solution for Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 4

The major domains of the Earth are:

A: Lithosphere - The solid outer layer of the Earth, including the crust and uppermost part of the mantle.

B: Hydrosphere - All the water on Earth's surface, including oceans, lakes, rivers, groundwater, and atmospheric water vapor.

D: Atmosphere - The layer of gases surrounding the Earth, composed primarily of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other trace gases.

The stratosphere is a specific layer within the atmosphere, above the troposphere and below the mesosphere. It is not considered one of the major domains of the Earth.

Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 5

Name the strait between India and Srilanka.

Detailed Solution for Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 5
  • The strait between India and Sri Lanka is known as the Palk Strait.
  • It separates the Indian state of Tamil Nadu from the northernmost point of Sri Lanka.
  • It is named after a British officer, Captain H.R. Palk, who surveyed the area in the early 19th century.
Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 6

Which one of the following is the largest continent in size?

Detailed Solution for Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 6
  • By area, Asia is the largest continent in size at 44,391,162 square km.
  • It is also the largest by population with more than 4 billion people.
Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 7

What is the solid portion of the earth called?

Detailed Solution for Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 7

The solid part of the earth where we live is called the Lithosphere. It includes rocks of the earth's crust and a thin layer of soil. So, the correct answer is Option A, Lithosphere. The Lithosphere is like the hard shell of the earth where we stand and build our homes.

Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 8

The gaseous layers that surround the earth is the _______.

Detailed Solution for Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 8

The gaseous layers that surround the earth, where oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and other gases are found, is called the Atmosphere. It's like a big blanket of air covering the earth to protect all living things.

Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 9

The Pacific Ocean is the ______ ocean on Earth.

Detailed Solution for Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 9

The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean, which means it is the biggest one among all the oceans on Earth.

Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 10

State whether the following statement is True or False:

The atmosphere is made up of only two gases - nitrogen and oxygen.

Detailed Solution for Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 10
  • The atmosphere is not made up of only two gases. While nitrogen and oxygen are the main gases in the atmosphere, there are other gases like carbon dioxide, argon, and others that make up a small part of the atmosphere. These gases, though in smaller amounts, play important roles in maintaining the balance of our planet's atmosphere.
Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 11
Which ocean encircles the continent of Antarctica?
Detailed Solution for Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 11
The Southern Ocean encircles the continent of Antarctica. It extends northward to 60 degrees south latitude and is the fourth largest ocean in the world.
Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 12
Which river is the longest in the world?
Detailed Solution for Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 12
The Nile River is the longest river in the world, flowing over 6,650 kilometers through northeastern Africa to drain into the Mediterranean Sea. It has been a vital water source for civilizations throughout history.
Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 13
What is the name of the narrow strip of land that connects North America and South America?
Detailed Solution for Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 13
The Isthmus of Panama is the narrow strip of land that connects North America to South America. This land bridge plays a crucial role in the migration of species and human travel between the two continents.
Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 14
Which of the following is the second largest continent?
Detailed Solution for Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 14
Africa is the second largest continent after Asia. It is crossed by the Equator, the Tropic of Cancer, and the Tropic of Capricorn, making it a continent with diverse climates and ecosystems.
Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 15
What is the highest mountain peak in the world?
Detailed Solution for Test: Major Domains Of The Earth - Question 15
Mt. Everest, standing at 8,848 meters above sea level, is the highest mountain peak in the world. It is located in the Himalayas on the border between Nepal and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China.
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