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Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - UPSC MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC CSE - Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2

Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 for UPSC 2024 is part of Geography for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 below.
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Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 1

Some examples of minerals are given below, pick out the one that is not a metallic mineral

Detailed Solution for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 1

The metal ores itself can be considered as a mineral. Some common metal minerals include Iron, Copper, Gold, Silver, etc.

Non-Metallic Minerals do not contain metal elements in their inorganic chemical formula. Some common examples include; Clay, Diamond, Dolomite, Gypsum, Mica, Limestone, Amethyst and Quartz, etc.

Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 2

Give two examples of non- metallic mineral fuels from the options given below:

Detailed Solution for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 2
Examples of non-metallic mineral fuels:
- Coal: Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock that is primarily used as a fuel source. It is composed mainly of carbon, along with various other elements such as hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen. Coal is used to generate electricity, heat buildings, and produce steel and cement.
- Petroleum: Petroleum, also known as crude oil, is a fossil fuel that is formed from the remains of ancient marine organisms. It is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons and is used as a fuel source for various purposes, including transportation, heating, and electricity generation. Petroleum is refined to produce gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, and other petroleum products.
Explanation:
- Manganese Ore and Bauxite (Option A) are not examples of non-metallic mineral fuels. Manganese ore is used primarily in the production of steel, while bauxite is the main source of aluminum.
- Gold and Silver (Option B) are precious metals and not considered as mineral fuels. They are primarily used in jewelry and as a store of value.
- Iron Ore and Bauxite (Option D) are minerals used in the production of metals, but they are not considered as mineral fuels. Iron ore is the main source of iron for steel production, while bauxite is the primary source of aluminum.
- Coal and Petroleum (Option C) are examples of non-metallic mineral fuels. They are widely used for energy generation and various industrial processes.
Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 3

Which of these methods are widely used for extracting minerals 
(i) Mining
(ii) Drilling
(III) Quarrying

Detailed Solution for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 3

Correct Answer :- d

Explanation : Mineral extraction sites, which include strip mines, quarries, and underground mines, contribute to surface and groundwater pollution, erosion, and sedimentation. The mining process involves the excavation of large amounts of waste rock to remove the desired mineral ore. The ore is then crushed into finely ground tailings for chemical processing and separation to extract the target minerals. After the minerals are processed, the waste rock and mine tailings are stored in large, above-ground piles and containment areas.

Drilling fluids, which contain many different components, can be oil based, consisting of crude oil or other mixtures of organic substances such as diesel oil and paraffin oils, or water based, consisting of freshwater or seawater with bentonite (clay) and barite (BaSO4).

Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 4

From the following options given, pick out the correct reason as to why impurities should be removed from mineral ores?

Detailed Solution for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 4

The ores contain a lot of impurities that need to be filtered to obtain useful material. The filtration of these impurities from ores is known as concentration.

Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 5

Apart from the given two methods, name one more method that is used for Extraction of Minerals 

Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 6

Name the process of taking out minerals from rocks buried under the surface of the earth.

Detailed Solution for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 6
Mining, process of extracting useful minerals from the surface of the Earth, including the seas. A mineral, with a few exceptions, is an inorganic substance occurring in nature that has a definite chemical composition and distinctive physical properties or molecular structure. 
Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 7

Name this process of extracting minerals. Here minerals that lie at shallow depths are taken out by removing the surface layer from an open pit. 

Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 8

From the image attached identify the method used to extract minerals. Deep bores have to be made to reach mineral deposits that lie at great depths. 

Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 9

Name the method used to extract Petroleum and natural gas wherein deep wells are bored to take them out. 

Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 10

Name the country with the largest reserve of iron ore.

Detailed Solution for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 10

Obviously Russia , far East region of Russia has many minerals , natural gas etc .Recently India PM visited the far East region .China also visited the region and Russia also proposed a 4000km natural gas pipe line to eastern China recently.

Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 11

A few examples of minerals found in different areas are given below. Pick out the one that is not an example of mineral found in igneous and metamorphic rocks

Detailed Solution for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 11

In nature, manganese is concentrated in various manganese rocks of sedimentary.

Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 12

Listed below are a few examples of minerals found in different areas . Pick out the one that is not an example of mineral found in sedimentary strata.

Detailed Solution for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 12

Nickel is obtained from two main types of deposits from the mineral garnierite (Ni-silicate) in nickel-rich laterite formed by weathering of ultramafic rocks in tropical climates. It also is mined from Ni-sulfide concentrations, mainly from pentlandite in igneous mafic rocks.

Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 13

Name the country where there are no known mineral deposits in the world

Detailed Solution for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 13
Country with no known mineral deposits:


Explanation:
There are several countries in the world that have extensive mineral deposits, but there is no country that is completely devoid of minerals. However, some countries have very limited or negligible mineral resources compared to others.
Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 14

Name the two countries known to have large iron ore deposits in Asia.

Detailed Solution for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 14
Answer:
The two countries known to have large iron ore deposits in Asia are India and China.
Explanation:
Iron ore is a crucial mineral resource used in various industries, including steel production. In Asia, India and China are the primary countries known for their large iron ore deposits. Here is a detailed explanation:
India:
- India is one of the leading iron ore producers in Asia and the world.
- The major iron ore deposits in India are located in the states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, and Goa.
- Odisha, also known as Orissa, is the largest iron ore producing state in India and contributes significantly to the total iron ore production in the country.
China:
- China is the largest producer and consumer of iron ore in the world.
- The major iron ore deposits in China are primarily located in the provinces of Liaoning, Hebei, Shanxi, and Shandong.
- The country's vast iron ore reserves and its high demand for steel production make it a significant player in the global iron ore market.
Therefore, the correct answer is C: India and China.
Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 15

Which among the following is a leading producer of tin in the world?

Detailed Solution for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 15

China tops the list in tin production as the country produces 125,000 metric tons each year, while Indonesia produces 84,000 metric tons, Peru 23,700 metric tons, Bolivia 18,000 metric tons.

Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 16

Which country leads in production of lead, antimony and tungsten?

Detailed Solution for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 16

China is the leading producer of more than  half of the minerals listed in the British Geological Survey.Thanks to cheap labor, high demand and capital, China taps its resources more aggressively than any nation.While total reserves may in the longer term mean more, the country that manages the supply of output controls in the short term.In terms of production as per last survey China's production stood at 1851000 tonnes in lead, 52000 tonnes of Tungsten, and 129831 tonnes of Antimony

Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 17

Which of the following countries do not have huge reserves of Petroleum and natural gas?

Detailed Solution for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 17

5 major countries that have huge reserves in petroleum and natural gas are Venezuela, Saudi arabia, Canada, Iran, Iraq.

Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 18

Which continent on the world has rich deposits of manganese, bauxite, nickel, zinc and copper?

Detailed Solution for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 18

China and India have large iron ore deposits.
The continent produces more than half of the world’s tin.China, Malaysia and Indonesia are among the world’s
leading tin producers. China also leads in production of
lead, antimony and tungsten. Asia also has deposits of
manganese, bauxite, nickel, zinc and copper.

Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 19

Direct Solar energy is used for

Detailed Solution for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 19

Direct Solar Energy is the heat and light energy that is directly put into use. The light component of the solar energy is used by plants and other photosynthetic organisms to make food. The heat component of the solar energy is used for heating water directly, and also for drying any food or clothing articles.

Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 20

Name the country in Europe where the Ruhr Valley is situated. Rich in coal deposits, this region is today one of the most populated industrial regions.

Detailed Solution for Test: Mineral And Power Resources - 2 - Question 20

Germany, also referred to as Ruhr area, Ruhr district, Ruhr region, or Ruhr valley, is a polycentric urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia.

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