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Test: Resources & Development - 1 - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC CSE - Test: Resources & Development - 1

Test: Resources & Development - 1 for UPSC 2024 is part of Geography for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Resources & Development - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Resources & Development - 1 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Resources & Development - 1 below.
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Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 1

Why are non-renewable resources considered exhaustible?

Detailed Solution for Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 1

Non-renewable resources are deemed exhaustible because they take millions of years to form and cannot be readily replaced within human timescales. This characteristic underscores the importance of sustainable resource management practices to mitigate the depletion of finite resources and their long-term environmental implications.

Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 2

What do we call resources that have been surveyed and can be used with present technology but whose use has not been started?

Detailed Solution for Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 2

Potential resources are the resources which are currently not fully utilised. We do have the technology to extract them but their extraction has not been started yet at a larger level

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Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 3

Why is resource planning considered essential for sustainable existence?

Detailed Solution for Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 3

Resource planning is essential for sustainable existence to conserve resources for the benefit of future generations. By planning and managing resources effectively, we ensure that they are used wisely and preserved for the needs of future generations. This approach contributes to sustainable development by balancing present needs with the long-term availability of resources.

Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 4

In the context of resource planning, what is the first step involved in the process?

Detailed Solution for Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 4

The first step in resource planning involves mapping and estimating the available resources across different regions. This includes surveying, mapping, and both qualitative and quantitative estimation of the resources present. By understanding and documenting the resources available, planners can make informed decisions about their utilization and development strategies.

Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 5

What role do relief features play in the distribution of land resources in India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 5

Relief features such as mountains, plateaus, and plains significantly influence the distribution of land resources in India by determining land productivity. Different landforms offer varying conditions for agriculture, settlement, and economic activities. For instance, the fertile plains are ideal for agriculture, while mountainous regions may pose challenges for cultivation. Understanding these relief features is essential for effective land use planning and resource allocation.

Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 6

What primary purpose does the plain region, constituting approximately 43% of the land area, serve in the country?

Detailed Solution for Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 6

The plain region, which covers about 43% of the land area in the country, primarily facilitates agricultural activities. This vast expanse of flat land provides essential resources for agricultural development, supporting the country's food production and economy.

Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 7

What is a key method suggested for stabilizing sand dunes, as per the information provided?

Detailed Solution for Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 7

Stabilization of sand dunes by growing thorny bushes is a recommended method to control land degradation caused by shifting sand dunes. Thorny bushes help anchor the sand, prevent erosion, and promote the formation of stable dune structures. This technique is particularly useful in arid and semi-arid regions where sand dunes are prevalent and can pose a threat to surrounding ecosystems and human settlements.

Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 8

Which soil type in India is renowned for its moisture retention capacity and is often referred to as black cotton soil?

Detailed Solution for Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 8

Black Soil, also known as black cotton soil, is celebrated for its exceptional moisture retention capacity. This soil type, found in regions like Maharashtra, Saurashtra, and Madhya Pradesh, is ideal for crops like cotton due to its ability to hold moisture well. The clayey nature of black soil contributes to its moisture retention properties, making it a valuable resource for agriculture in specific regions of India.

Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 9

In which type of soil are the feature differences based on location?

Detailed Solution for Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 9

Forest Soils exhibit feature differences based on location. These soils are found in hilly and mountainous areas where sufficient rain forests are available. The texture of Forest Soils can vary, being loamy and silty in valley sides and coarse-grained in the upper slopes. In the lower parts of the valleys, particularly on river terraces and alluvial fans, the soil tends to be fertile.

Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 10

Which of the following human activities can contribute to soil erosion?

Detailed Solution for Test: Resources & Development - 1 - Question 10

Human activities such as deforestation and over-grazing can contribute significantly to soil erosion. When trees are removed or grazed excessively, the land loses its protective cover, making it vulnerable to erosion by wind and water. These activities highlight the importance of sustainable land management practices to prevent soil degradation.

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