CAT Exam  >  CAT Notes  >  Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC)  >  Active and Passive Voice

Active and Passive Voice | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT PDF Download

Download, print and study this document offline
Please wait while the PDF view is loading
 Page 1


Verbs and Voice 
? Voice is the form a verb takes to 
indicate whether the subject of 
the verb performs or receives 
the action. 
? There are two types of voice:  
active voice and passive voice. 
Page 2


Verbs and Voice 
? Voice is the form a verb takes to 
indicate whether the subject of 
the verb performs or receives 
the action. 
? There are two types of voice:  
active voice and passive voice. 
Active Voice 
? Active Voice – indicates that the 
subject of the verb is acting 
 
? Because the subject does or 
"acts upon" the verb in such 
sentences, the sentences are 
said to be in the active voice. 
Page 3


Verbs and Voice 
? Voice is the form a verb takes to 
indicate whether the subject of 
the verb performs or receives 
the action. 
? There are two types of voice:  
active voice and passive voice. 
Active Voice 
? Active Voice – indicates that the 
subject of the verb is acting 
 
? Because the subject does or 
"acts upon" the verb in such 
sentences, the sentences are 
said to be in the active voice. 
Active Voice 
? These examples show that the subject 
is  doing the verb's action. 
? The dog jumped onto the boy. 
? The dog (subject) is doing the jumping (verb). 
 
? Kristy will give a book report to the class. 
? Kristy (subject) is doing the giving (verb). 
 
? The computer ate my paper. 
? The computer (subject) is doing the eating (verb). 
 
Page 4


Verbs and Voice 
? Voice is the form a verb takes to 
indicate whether the subject of 
the verb performs or receives 
the action. 
? There are two types of voice:  
active voice and passive voice. 
Active Voice 
? Active Voice – indicates that the 
subject of the verb is acting 
 
? Because the subject does or 
"acts upon" the verb in such 
sentences, the sentences are 
said to be in the active voice. 
Active Voice 
? These examples show that the subject 
is  doing the verb's action. 
? The dog jumped onto the boy. 
? The dog (subject) is doing the jumping (verb). 
 
? Kristy will give a book report to the class. 
? Kristy (subject) is doing the giving (verb). 
 
? The computer ate my paper. 
? The computer (subject) is doing the eating (verb). 
 
Passive Voice 
? In a passive voice sentence, the subject and 
object flip-flop. The subject becomes the 
passive recipient of the action. 
 
? Because the subject is being "acted upon" (or 
is passive), such sentences are said to be in 
the passive voice. 
 
 
Page 5


Verbs and Voice 
? Voice is the form a verb takes to 
indicate whether the subject of 
the verb performs or receives 
the action. 
? There are two types of voice:  
active voice and passive voice. 
Active Voice 
? Active Voice – indicates that the 
subject of the verb is acting 
 
? Because the subject does or 
"acts upon" the verb in such 
sentences, the sentences are 
said to be in the active voice. 
Active Voice 
? These examples show that the subject 
is  doing the verb's action. 
? The dog jumped onto the boy. 
? The dog (subject) is doing the jumping (verb). 
 
? Kristy will give a book report to the class. 
? Kristy (subject) is doing the giving (verb). 
 
? The computer ate my paper. 
? The computer (subject) is doing the eating (verb). 
 
Passive Voice 
? In a passive voice sentence, the subject and 
object flip-flop. The subject becomes the 
passive recipient of the action. 
 
? Because the subject is being "acted upon" (or 
is passive), such sentences are said to be in 
the passive voice. 
 
 
Passive Voice 
? These examples show the subject being 
acted upon by the verb.   
? The boy was jumped on by the dog.  
? Boy (subject)  was being jumped on (verb) 
? A book report will be given by Kristy to the 
class. 
? Report (subject) will be given (verb). 
? My paper was eaten by the computer.  
? Paper (subject) was being eaten (verb). 
 
Read More
126 videos|422 docs|177 tests

FAQs on Active and Passive Voice - Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

1. What is active voice?
Ans. Active voice is a grammatical structure in which the subject of a sentence performs the action stated by the verb. In active voice sentences, the subject is the doer of the action, and the object receives the action.
2. What is passive voice?
Ans. Passive voice is a grammatical structure in which the subject of a sentence receives the action stated by the verb. In passive voice sentences, the subject is the receiver of the action, and the doer or agent is often placed at the end of the sentence or omitted altogether.
3. How can I identify if a sentence is in active or passive voice?
Ans. To identify if a sentence is in active or passive voice, you can check the placement of the subject and the object. In active voice, the subject comes before the verb, while in passive voice, the subject comes after the verb or is omitted.
4. When should I use active voice in my writing?
Ans. Active voice is generally preferred in writing as it tends to be more direct, concise, and engaging. It is commonly used when the doer of the action is important or when the focus is on the subject performing the action rather than the action itself.
5. Are there any instances where passive voice is more appropriate than active voice?
Ans. Yes, there are instances where passive voice is more appropriate. Passive voice is often used when the doer of the action is unknown, unimportant, or intentionally omitted. It can also be used to create a more formal or objective tone, especially in scientific or academic writing.
126 videos|422 docs|177 tests
Download as PDF
Explore Courses for CAT exam

How to Prepare for CAT

Read our guide to prepare for CAT which is created by Toppers & the best Teachers
Signup for Free!
Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days! Learn & Practice with 1000+ FREE Notes, Videos & Tests.
10M+ students study on EduRev
Download the FREE EduRev App
Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!
Related Searches

Exam

,

video lectures

,

study material

,

mock tests for examination

,

MCQs

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Extra Questions

,

Active and Passive Voice | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

,

Sample Paper

,

practice quizzes

,

pdf

,

Summary

,

Semester Notes

,

Active and Passive Voice | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

,

Free

,

Objective type Questions

,

Important questions

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Active and Passive Voice | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

,

past year papers

,

Viva Questions

,

ppt

;