1. Analogy, Quantitative Aptitude, Civil Service Examination, RPSC Notes | Study RAS RPSC Prelims Preparation - Notes, Study Material & Tests - UPSC

UPSC: 1. Analogy, Quantitative Aptitude, Civil Service Examination, RPSC Notes | Study RAS RPSC Prelims Preparation - Notes, Study Material & Tests - UPSC

The document 1. Analogy, Quantitative Aptitude, Civil Service Examination, RPSC Notes | Study RAS RPSC Prelims Preparation - Notes, Study Material & Tests - UPSC is a part of the UPSC Course RAS RPSC Prelims Preparation - Notes, Study Material & Tests.
All you need of UPSC at this link: UPSC

Analogy Level 1 

When you draw an analogy between two things we compare them for the purpose of explanation. If a scientist says that earth’s forest functions as human lungs then we instantly draw an explanation that both lungs and trees intake important elements from air. As far as SSC exam is concerned this is one of the trickiest section. We intend to comprehend it by solving as many different types of questions as is asked in papers. Presently in the level 1 exam a good aspirant must be able to solve at least 7 out of 10 questions given.


Solved Examples

Given below are a few sample questions on analogy based on the latest pattern.

 Q 1. From the given options, find the pair which is similar to the given pair: 8:4

  1. 27:9
  2. 216:32
  3. 72:24
  4. 45:5
  5. 37:13

Answer: (1) 27:9

Solution: 

The pattern followed is “Cube of a number: square of the same number”

So, (2×2×2) : (2×2) 

= 8:4

Similarly, (3×3×3) : (3×3)

= 27:9

Q 2. From the given options, choose the odd one out.

  1. Bangladesh: Taka
  2. Brazil: Real
  3. Cyprus: Dollar
  4. Iran: Rial
  5. Japan: Yen

Answer: (3) Cyprus: Dollar; All the other options given are correct in terms of country and their currency. The currency of Cyprus is Euro

Q 3. What shall come in place of (?) Questions mark? 

Flow : River :: Stagnant : ?

  1. Canal
  2. Dam
  3. Ocean
  4. Pool
  5. Sea

Answer: (4) Pool; Water in river flows whereas the water in a pool is stagnant

Q 4. Find the odd one out from the given options.

  1. Book: Author
  2. Art: Artist
  3. Invention: Scientist
  4. Potter: Potter
  5. Patients: Doctors

Answer: (5) Patients: Doctors;  In all the other options, the creation is given in the first half and the creator in the second half

Q 5. Find the odd one out from the given pairs.

  1. 5:15
  2. 24:70
  3. 33:99
  4. 121:363
  5. 1:3

Answer: (2)24:70

Solution:

The pattern followed is 3 multiplied by the first digit gives the second digit

5×3 = 15 which gives 5:15

24×3 = 72 and the given option is 24:70

33×3 = 99 which gives 33:99

121×3 = 363 which gives 121:363

1×3 = 3 which gives 1:3

Practice Questions 

In each of the following questions, select the related word/number from the given alternative:

1.  Flow : River :: Stagnant : ?

A. Rain                        B. Stream                    C. Pool                        D. Canal
 

2.  Ornithologist : Bird :: Archaeologist : ?

A. Islands                    B. Mediators              C. Archaeology          D. Aquatic
 

3.  Peacock : India :: Bear : ?

A. Australia                B. America                  C. Russia         D. England
 

4. Given set: (3,7,15)

A. 2,6,10         B. 4,8,18         C. 5,9,17          D. 7,12,19
 

5. Given set: (63,49,35)

A. 81,63,45                 B. 64,40,28                 C. 72,40,24                 D. 72,48,24
 

6.    3 : 243 ::  5 : ?

A. 405             B. 465             C. 3125                       D. 546
 

7.    5 : 36 ::  6 : ?

A. 48               B. 50               C. 49                D. 56
 

8. TALE : LATE :: ? : CAFE

A. FACE                       B. CAEF                       C. CAFA                       D. FEAC
 

9. AZBY : DWEV :: HSIR : ?

A. JQKO                       B. KPOL                      C. KPLO                       D. KOLP
 

10. DE : 45 :: BC : ?

A. 34               B. 23               C. 56                D. 43

 

Solutions 

1. Answer: Option C

Explanation: As Water of a River flows similarly water of Pool is Stagnant. Answer & Explanation
 

2. Answer: Option C

Explanation: As Ornithologist is a specialist of Birds similarly Archaeologist is a specialist of Archaeology.
 

3. Answer: Option C

Explanation: As Peacock is the national bird of India, similarly Bear is the national animal of Russia.
 

4. Ans. Option C

Explanation:  1st number+4 = 2nd number

                          2nd number+8= 3rd number
 

5. Ans. Option A

Explanation:  63= 7*9

                         49= 7*7

                         35= 7*5
 

6. Ans. Option C

Explanation: 3^5=243

                        5^5=3125
 

7. Ans. Option A

Explanation: 13^2+13=182

                        18^2+18=342

                        19^2+19=380
 

8. Ans. Option A

Explanation: The first and the third letters has been interchanged
 

9. Ans. Option C

Explanation: Pairs of opposite letter

 A&Z,  B&Y,  similarly H&S,  I&R,  K&P,  L&O
 

10. Ans. Option B

Explanation: D=4,  E=5,  similarly  B=2,  C=3

The document 1. Analogy, Quantitative Aptitude, Civil Service Examination, RPSC Notes | Study RAS RPSC Prelims Preparation - Notes, Study Material & Tests - UPSC is a part of the UPSC Course RAS RPSC Prelims Preparation - Notes, Study Material & Tests.
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