Infrastructure is back bone of any economy. The brilliant conceptualization and infrastructure made Las Vegas what it is today from a desert, and this is a lesson for Rajasthan.
Transport network plays a backbone for the economic growth of the state. Following facts are important for RAS/RTS Prelims:-
Major National Highways:-
Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje in the Budget 2014-15 speech also announced to develop six roads of 1,000 km as East-West Corridor, establishment of Rajasthan State Highway Authority, output and performance based road contract system (OPRC system) for proper maintenance and development of one road in every Panchayat under 'Garmin Gaurav Path Scheme'.
Road Development Policy 2013 of Rajasthan was enacted for the development of roadways within the state.
Road Infrastructure Development Company of Rajasthan (RIDCOR), which is a 50:50 joint venture between Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services and Rajasthan government
The Rajasthan MEGA HIGHWAYS PROJECT is premised on the Government of Rajasthan's vision of creating world-class infrastructure facilities in the State with the aim of making it the most favoured investment and tourism destination in the country
On its part, RIDCOR has set for itself the mission of delivering the Rajasthan MEGA HIGHWAYS PROJECT within cost, time and quality. RIDCOR's success in implementing the Project would enable it to obtain additional mandates from Government of Rajasthan, Government of India and National Highways Authority of India
Rajasthan ranks fourth in the list of Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects in the country. As per a report released by the Ascham, there are seven major urban development projects worth over Rs 1,400 crore currently being undertaken in construction sector in PPP mode and several others in rural areas.
The state government, with its strong inclination for developing infrastructure through support from private sector, has fast-tracked various projects under PPP. Some of the projects in the ongoing scheme in urban areas include:-
These have been taken up with VGF (viability gap fund) assistance for state highways having a length 294 km and costing Rs 354 crore.
"To develop the necessary infrastructure in the state, it has become necessary to engage private sector. It reduces the financial burden at the same time provides needed services," said Sahnti Dhariwal, UDH minister.
However, the major projects in PPP mode has been initiated in power sector.
"The road and power sector are capital intensive projects. Apart from it consumes lot of time and resources and at present no government in the country is equipped to carry mega projects at one go. Managing them is a big issue given the scarcity of engineers in the government," said a senior official of the planning department.
"The government itself is not equipped with so much of resources to carry it on its own. That is why we now have a separate policy on PPP both at centre and state level," he added.