Petroleum, natural gas, coal, nitrogen, uranium and water power are examples of conventional sources of energy. They're also called non-renewable sources of energy and are mainly fossil fuels, except water power. Rising growth of population has created a tremendous pressure on the conventional resources of energy and thus the concept of sustainable development get prominent position. Rajasthan has great source of conventional energy resources which have played a key role in the modern agricultural, industrial and economic development.
Rajasthan is poor in coal resources and lignite coal of tertiary era is found in the state. Major lignite deposits of Rajasthan are:-
Oil and Natural Gas
The extensive occurrences of petroleum basins in Western Rajasthan have made it a large potential region for hydrocarbons. With the untiring efforts of State Government, a total of 400.00 million tons of crude oil prospectus and 11.79 billion cubic meters of gas have been proved in the State, which has opened the path of rapid economic development of the State.
These have the potential of hydrocarbon and lignite deposits. These three basins are now recognized as Category-Ion the basis of their proven commercial productivity.
Various projects started by government are:-
Import of oil and natural gas has been a major burden on Indian economy and the production of hydrocarbons from the basins of Rajasthan has been a boon for the nation
Non-conventional Energy Resources of Rajasthan
Development of non-conventional sources of energy is of prime importance for the sustainable and inclusive growth in the state. Conventional energy resources are depleting at an accelerated rate and non-conventional resources could play a leading role in energy security in the state. Non-Conventional energy resources could minimise the transmission cost and energy divide between the remote locations
Various uses of solar energy are:-
Tribes: Their history, geographical location, economy and their customs
Geographical location and populations
History and lineage
Social and Family life
Constitute about 51.20% of population and concentrated in districts of Jaipur,Dausa, SawaiMadhopur, Rajsamand and Udaipur
Word meena means fish, Chandrabhardai states their origin to the kingdom south of alwar,dausa and bharatpur prior to Rajput rule
They are divided into the Zamindars and Chaukidars.
Chaukidarmeens consider themselves to be superior and are seldom involved in criminal activities.
Bhrama,Gandharva and Rakshasha
form of marriage were prevalent in
meenas. Divorce is not common but
husband can tear a piece of dupatta
and put in palm of wife to divorce.
Family is patrilineal and joint in nature.
Largely settled in Banswara,Bhilwara, Dungapur, Udaipur,Sirohi and Chitorgarh Districts
Anthropologists consider them to be decedents of Mundas, Col. Tod consider them to be the aboriginal inhabitants of aravali area of then Mewar state.
They were traditionally nomadic but now they practice Chaimata(Burnig of hill slopes for cereals,pulses and vegetables cultivation) and Dajia(felling forest of plains) type of Agriculture.
They wrap Falu around their wriest.
Their houses are known as Koo
Village chief is called Tadvi and Banso.
They eat non vegiteranian food and are habitual drinker of Mahua(local wine)
Mainly in Udaipur District
Decendents of Chauhans and rajputs.
Mainly depends on agriculture and cattle rearing
They have patrilineal family.
Three form of marriage (i)MorBandhiya (ii)Paharwana (iii) Tanna are prevalent.
Widow remarriage is prevalent.
Trace to person named Sansmal
They live nomadic life, small scale handicrafts and cottage industries
They don’t have permanent residence and are exogamous in nature.
Widow marriage is not allowed.
Farming and cattle breading.
Their villages are known sahrol
They are peace loving
Sagotra marriage is forbidden
Thievery, Dacoit and highway robbery
They worship “Pati Manga” before their criminal activities.
Head is known as Patel.
They take oath of Hakam raja
Non vegetarian and alcoholic
Kotari Tehsil in Baran
Seeemalwarapanchayat of Dungarpur
Trace their origin to Rajput’s
They are non-vegetarian and drink alcohol.
Widow goes for Nataie informal marriage with some person.
Child Mundan is prevalent.
Highly Superstitious and believes in ghosts and magic