Table of contents  
SectionII: Subjective Questions  
Trigonometry  
Calculus  
Graphs  
Significant Figures  
Error Analysis  
Vernier Callipers and Screw Gauge 
Q1. Find the value of
(a) cos 120°
(b) sin 240°
(c) tan (60°)
(d) cot 300°
(e) tan 330°
(f) cos (60°)
(g) sin (150°)
(h) cos (120°)
(e) tan 330°
(f) cos (60°)
(g) sin (150°)
(h) cos (120°)
Ans.
Solution:
(a) Cos 120° = cos(180° – 60°) = – cos 60° = ½ (since cos(180° – x) = – cos x)
Cos 120° = cos(90° + 30°) = – sin 30° = ½ (we know that cos (90° + x) = sin x)
(b)
(c) tan(60°) = tan 60°
= √3
(d) cot300º = cot(360−60)º =−cot60º
cot300º=−1√3
(e)
Q2. Find the value of
(a) sec^{2}θ  tan^{2}θ
(b) cosec^{2}θ  cot^{2}θ  1
(c) 2 sin 45°cos 45°
(d) 2sin 15°cos 45°
Ans.
Q3. Differentiate the following functions with respect to x
(a) x^{4} + 3x^{2}  2x
(b) x^{2} cos x
(c) (6x + 7 )^{4}
(d) e^{x}x^{5}
(e) (1 + x) / e^{x}
Ans.
(a) 4x^{3} + 6x  2
(b) 2x cosx  x^{2} sinx
(c) 24(6x + 7)^{3}
(d) 5e^{x}x^{4} + e^{x}x^{5}
(e) xe^{x}
Q4. Integrate the following functions with respect to t
(a) ∫(3t^{2}  2t)dt
(b) ∫(4 cos t + t^{2}) dt
(c) ∫(2t  4)^{4} dt
(d) ∫ dt / (6t  1)
Ans.
(a) t^{3}  t^{2} + C
Q5. Integrate the following functions
Ans.
(a) 4
(b) (√3  1) / 2
(c) In (5/2)
(d) Zero
(e)  1
Q6. Find maximum/minimum value of y in the functions given below
(a) y = 5  (x  1)^{2}
(b) y = 4x^{2}  4x + 7
(c) y = x^{3}  3x
(d) y = x^{3}  6x^{2} + 9x+ 15
(e) v = (sin 2x  x),
Ans.
(a) y_{max} = 5 at x = 1
(b) y_{min} = 6 at x = 1/2
(c) y_{min} =  2 at x = 1 and y_{max} = 2 at x =  1
(d) y_{min }= 15 at x = 3 and y_{max} = 19 at x = 1
Q7. Draw the graphs corresponding to the equations
(a) y = 4x
(b) y =  6x
(c) y = x + 4
(d) y = 2x + 4
(e) y = 2x  4
(f) y = 4x  6
Ans.
Q8. For the graphs given below, write down their xy equations
Ans.
(a) y = x
(d) y =  x + 2
Q9. For the equations given below, tell the nature of graphs.
(a) y = 2x^{2}
(b) y = 4x^{2} +6
(c) y = 6e ^{4}^{x}
(d) y = 4 (1  e ^{2x})
(e) y = 4/x
Ans.
(a) parabola passing through origin
(b) parabola not passing through origin
(c) exponentially decreasing graph
(d) exponentially increasing graph
(e) Rectangular hyperbola in first and third quadrant
(f) Rectangular hyperbola in second and fourth quadrant
Q10. Value of y decreases exponentially from y = 10 to y = 6 Plot an xy graph.
Ans.
Q11. Value of y increases exponentially from y = 4 to y = +4. Plot an x y graph.
Ans.
Q12. The graph shown in the figure is exponential. Write down the equation corresponding to the graph.
Ans.
y = 4 + 8e ^{Kx }Here, K is a positive constant
Q13. The graph shown in the figure is exponential. Write down the equation corresponding to the graph.
Ans.
y =  4 + 10(1  e^{Kx})Here, K is positive constant
Q14. Write down the number of significant figures in the following.
(a) 6428
(b) 62.00 m
(c) 0.0628 cm
(d) 1200 N
Ans.
(a) Four
(b) Four
(c) Three
(d) Four
Q15. Round off to four significant figures.
(a) 45.689
(b) 2.0082
Ans.
(a) 45.69
(b) 2.008
Q16. Add 6.75 x 10^{3} cm and 4.52x 10^{2} cm with due regards to significant figures.
Ans. 7.20 x 10^{3 }cm
Q17. A thin wire has length of 21.7 cm and radius 0.46 mm. Calculate the volume of the wire to correct significant figures.
Ans. 0.14 cm^{3}
Q18. A cube has a side of length of 2.342 m. Find volume and surface area in correct significant figures.
Ans. Area= 5.485 m^{2}, volume= 12.85 m^{3}
Q19. Find density when a mass of 9.23 kg occupies a volume of 1.1m^{3}. Take care of significant figures.
Ans. Density = 8.4 kg/m^{3}
Q20. Length, breadth and thickness of a rectangular slab are 4.234 m, 1.005 m and 2.01 cm respectively. Find surface area and volume to correct significant figures.
Ans. Area= 4.255 m^{2}, volume = 8.55 m^{3}
Q21. Solve with due regards to significant figures
(4.0 x 10^{4} 2.5 x 10^{6})
Ans. 4.0 x 10^{4}
Q22. The refractive index (n) of glass is found to have the values 1.49, 1.50, 1.52,1.54 and 1.48. Calculate
(a) the mean value of refractive index
(b) absolute error is each measurement
(c) fractional error and
(d) percentage error
Ans.
(a) 1.51
(b) + 0.02,+ 0.01, 0.01, 0.03,+ 0.03
(c) ± 0.0132
(d) ± 1.32%
Q23. The radius of a sphere is measured to be (2.1 + 0.5)cm. Calculate its surface area with error limits.
Ans.
(55.4±26.4) cm^{2}
Q24. Calculate focal length of a spherical mirror from the following observations. Object distance u = (50.1 + 0.5) cm and image distance v = (20.1 ± 0.2) cm.
Ans. (14.3 ± 0.4) cm
Q25. Find the percentage error in specific resistance given by where r is the radius having value (0.2+ 0.02)cm, R is the resistance of (60 ± 2) ohm and l is the length of (150 ± 0.1)cm.
Ans. 3.4%
Q26. A physical quantity ρ is related to four variables α, β, γ and η as
The percentage errors of measurements in α, β, γ and η are 1%, 3%, 4% and 2% respectively. Find the percentage error in ρ.
Ans. 3%
Q27. The period of oscillation of a simple pendulum is Length L is about 10 cm and is known to 1 mm accuracy. The period of oscillation is about 0.5 s. The time of 100 oscillations is measured with a wristwatch of 1 s time period. What is accuracy in the determination of g?
Ans. 5%
Q28. 19 divisions on the main scale of a vernier callipers coincide with 20 divisions on the vernier scale. If each division on the main scale is of 1 cm, determine the least count of instrument.
Ans. 0.05 cm
Q29. The pitch of a screw gauge is 1 mm and there are 100 divisions on the circular scale. While measuring the diameter of a wire, the linear scale reads 1 mm and 47th division on the circular scale coincides with the reference line. The length of the wire is 5.6 cm. Find the curved surface area (in cm^{2}) of the wire inappropriate number of significant figures.
Ans. 2.6 cm^{2}
Q30. The edge of a cube is measured using vernier callipers. [9 divisions of the main scale are equal to 10 divisions of vernier scale and 1 main scale division is 1 mm]. The main scale division reading is 10 and 1 division of the vernier scale was found to be coinciding with the main scale. The mass of the cube is 2.736 g. Calculate the density in g/cm^{3} upto correct significant figures.
Ans. 2.66 g/cm^{3}
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