Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)

Electrical Engineering (EE): Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)

The document Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE) is a part of the Electrical Engineering (EE) Course Control Systems.
All you need of Electrical Engineering (EE) at this link: Electrical Engineering (EE)

Block Diagram Algebra in Control Systems

Block represents the mathematical operation on the incoming signal. Arrows are used to indicate the direction of signal flow. Also, a system can be represented by more than one type of a block diagram. Once represented, systems can be analyzed further for various parameters like stability, system gain, etc. It is the basic tool used for the mathematical modeling of the systems. The various points for analyzing and reduction of these units are explained below.  
Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)

Basic Blocks in a Control System
The elements used for the connectivity in a block diagram are given as follows.

  1. Summing point: It refers to the summing operation on the incoming signals.(i) Summing Point Representation in a Block Diagram:Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE) 
    It should be noted that the dimensions of the incoming signals on which the summing operation is performed, must be same.
  2. Branch point: It is the point from where the signal goes concurrently to the other place in block diagram.
    (i) Branch Point Representation in a Block Diagram:Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)(ii) Block Diagram of a Closed Loop Transfer Function:Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)The output C(s) of the system is fed back to the input through H(s). Before comparing the output to the input, the form of output has to be changed and made alike input, for this purpose H(s) is used.   

Block Diagram Algebra

When a number of blocks are connected in block diagram then overall transfer function can be obtained by block diagram reduction technique.  

Rules for Block Diagram Reduction

  1. Blocks in Cascade Reduction:
    Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)We can calculate:
    Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)
  2. Blocks in Parallel Reduction:
    Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)
  3. Moving a Take-off Point After the Block:
    Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)While transforming the block diagram we have to keep in mind that the signals at points must not change. As we can see that signal at (1) is R(s) and signal at (3) is again
    Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)
  4. Moving a Take-off Point Before the Block:
    Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)
  5. Moving a Summing Point Before the Block:
    Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)
  6. Moving a Summing Point After the Block:  
    Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)
  7. Interchanging Two Summing Points:
    Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)
  8. Moving a Take-Off Point Before a Summing Point:
    Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)
  9. Moving a Take-Off Point After a Summing Point:
    Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)
  10. Eliminating Feedback Loop:
    Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE)
The document Block Diagrams Notes | Study Control Systems - Electrical Engineering (EE) is a part of the Electrical Engineering (EE) Course Control Systems.
All you need of Electrical Engineering (EE) at this link: Electrical Engineering (EE)

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