CBSE Marking Scheme with Solution Psychology (2019-20) Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

Psychology Class 12

Created by: Uk Tiwary

Humanities/Arts : CBSE Marking Scheme with Solution Psychology (2019-20) Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


1 
 
    
PSYCHOLOGY (037) 
CLASS- XII 
SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER – 2019-2020 
MARKING SCHEME 
Time – 3 Hours                         Max Marks – 70 
 
General instructions 
 
? All questions are compulsory and answers should be brief and to the point. 
? Marks for each question are indicated against it. 
?  Question Nos. 1-17 in Part A are objective type questions carrying one mark each. You 
are requested to answer them as directed. 
? Question Nos. 18-21 in Part B are very short answer type questions carrying two marks 
each. Answer to each question should not exceed 30 words. 
? Question Nos. 22-24 in Part C are short answer type I questions carrying three marks 
each. Answer to each question should not exceed 60 words. 
? Question Nos. 25-30 in Part D are short answer type II questions carrying four marks 
each. Answer to each question should not exceed 100 words. 
? Question Nos. 31-32 in Part E are long answer type questions carrying six marks each. 
Answer to each question should not exceed 200 words. 
PART A 
 
Q1 Learning alphabets and digits is an example of simultaneous processing. 
True/False 
pg. 9 
1 
Q2. Calculate the MA of a 10-year-old boy who has an IQ of 120. 
MA= 12  
pg. 10 
1 
Q3. Ramesh is aspiring to head his company. He is very motivated and works hard. 
However, he is unable to relax and feels he is always short on time. This is an 
example of______ personality. 
 
a. a) Type B  
b. b) Type A, pg. 31 
c. c) Type D 
d. d) Type C  
1 
Q4. Children with high _________ self-esteem are more liked by their peers. 
 
a) academic 
b) athletic 
c) physical appearance 
d) social, pg. 27 
1 
Page 2


1 
 
    
PSYCHOLOGY (037) 
CLASS- XII 
SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER – 2019-2020 
MARKING SCHEME 
Time – 3 Hours                         Max Marks – 70 
 
General instructions 
 
? All questions are compulsory and answers should be brief and to the point. 
? Marks for each question are indicated against it. 
?  Question Nos. 1-17 in Part A are objective type questions carrying one mark each. You 
are requested to answer them as directed. 
? Question Nos. 18-21 in Part B are very short answer type questions carrying two marks 
each. Answer to each question should not exceed 30 words. 
? Question Nos. 22-24 in Part C are short answer type I questions carrying three marks 
each. Answer to each question should not exceed 60 words. 
? Question Nos. 25-30 in Part D are short answer type II questions carrying four marks 
each. Answer to each question should not exceed 100 words. 
? Question Nos. 31-32 in Part E are long answer type questions carrying six marks each. 
Answer to each question should not exceed 200 words. 
PART A 
 
Q1 Learning alphabets and digits is an example of simultaneous processing. 
True/False 
pg. 9 
1 
Q2. Calculate the MA of a 10-year-old boy who has an IQ of 120. 
MA= 12  
pg. 10 
1 
Q3. Ramesh is aspiring to head his company. He is very motivated and works hard. 
However, he is unable to relax and feels he is always short on time. This is an 
example of______ personality. 
 
a. a) Type B  
b. b) Type A, pg. 31 
c. c) Type D 
d. d) Type C  
1 
Q4. Children with high _________ self-esteem are more liked by their peers. 
 
a) academic 
b) athletic 
c) physical appearance 
d) social, pg. 27 
1 
2 
 
Q5. 
__________ are abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable 
individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life. 
Life skills, pg.64 
1 
Q6. Ramya is being provided with books and uniforms by the school. Identify the 
kind of support that she is receiving. 
 
a) Informational Support 
b) Tangible  Support, pg. 66 
c) Emotional Support 
d) Positive Support  
 
1 
Q7. A soldier from the army reported paralysis of his right hand. On investigation, no 
neurological cause could be identified. Name the disorder he is suffering from. 
Conversion Disorder, pg. 78 
1 
Q8. Rohit believes he is a secret agent and that a network of spies communicates with 
him through messages sent directly into his head. Identify the type of delusion he 
is experiencing. 
 
(a) Delusion of reference 
(b)Delusion of control, pg..82 
(c) Delusion of grandeur 
(d) Delusion of persecution 
 
1 
Q9. Choose the features of attitudes from the options given below: 
 
a) Extremeness and Centrality, pg. 109 
b) A-B-C Components  
c) Schemas and Stereotypes 
d) Values and Beliefs 
1 
Q10. The Nazis committed atrocities against the Jews. This is an example of _______. 
 
a) Prejudice 
b) Discrimination, pg. 118 
c) Stereotype 
d) Scapegoating 
1 
Q11. ________ and __________ are two alternative therapies. 
yoga, meditation, pranayam, vipassana, asanas, SKY, kundalini yoga 
(any two)                                                                                                      pg. 103 
 
1 
Q12. A collection of people who may be present at a place by chance is called 
a__________. 
1 
Page 3


1 
 
    
PSYCHOLOGY (037) 
CLASS- XII 
SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER – 2019-2020 
MARKING SCHEME 
Time – 3 Hours                         Max Marks – 70 
 
General instructions 
 
? All questions are compulsory and answers should be brief and to the point. 
? Marks for each question are indicated against it. 
?  Question Nos. 1-17 in Part A are objective type questions carrying one mark each. You 
are requested to answer them as directed. 
? Question Nos. 18-21 in Part B are very short answer type questions carrying two marks 
each. Answer to each question should not exceed 30 words. 
? Question Nos. 22-24 in Part C are short answer type I questions carrying three marks 
each. Answer to each question should not exceed 60 words. 
? Question Nos. 25-30 in Part D are short answer type II questions carrying four marks 
each. Answer to each question should not exceed 100 words. 
? Question Nos. 31-32 in Part E are long answer type questions carrying six marks each. 
Answer to each question should not exceed 200 words. 
PART A 
 
Q1 Learning alphabets and digits is an example of simultaneous processing. 
True/False 
pg. 9 
1 
Q2. Calculate the MA of a 10-year-old boy who has an IQ of 120. 
MA= 12  
pg. 10 
1 
Q3. Ramesh is aspiring to head his company. He is very motivated and works hard. 
However, he is unable to relax and feels he is always short on time. This is an 
example of______ personality. 
 
a. a) Type B  
b. b) Type A, pg. 31 
c. c) Type D 
d. d) Type C  
1 
Q4. Children with high _________ self-esteem are more liked by their peers. 
 
a) academic 
b) athletic 
c) physical appearance 
d) social, pg. 27 
1 
2 
 
Q5. 
__________ are abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable 
individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life. 
Life skills, pg.64 
1 
Q6. Ramya is being provided with books and uniforms by the school. Identify the 
kind of support that she is receiving. 
 
a) Informational Support 
b) Tangible  Support, pg. 66 
c) Emotional Support 
d) Positive Support  
 
1 
Q7. A soldier from the army reported paralysis of his right hand. On investigation, no 
neurological cause could be identified. Name the disorder he is suffering from. 
Conversion Disorder, pg. 78 
1 
Q8. Rohit believes he is a secret agent and that a network of spies communicates with 
him through messages sent directly into his head. Identify the type of delusion he 
is experiencing. 
 
(a) Delusion of reference 
(b)Delusion of control, pg..82 
(c) Delusion of grandeur 
(d) Delusion of persecution 
 
1 
Q9. Choose the features of attitudes from the options given below: 
 
a) Extremeness and Centrality, pg. 109 
b) A-B-C Components  
c) Schemas and Stereotypes 
d) Values and Beliefs 
1 
Q10. The Nazis committed atrocities against the Jews. This is an example of _______. 
 
a) Prejudice 
b) Discrimination, pg. 118 
c) Stereotype 
d) Scapegoating 
1 
Q11. ________ and __________ are two alternative therapies. 
yoga, meditation, pranayam, vipassana, asanas, SKY, kundalini yoga 
(any two)                                                                                                      pg. 103 
 
1 
Q12. A collection of people who may be present at a place by chance is called 
a__________. 
1 
3 
 
crowd  
pg. 131 
Q13. The school dramatics team is in the final stage of presenting their play. Identify 
the stage of group formation the team is at. 
 
a) Forming 
b) Storming 
c) Norming 
d) Performing  
pg. 133 
 
1 
Q14. The minimalistic perspective suggests that the physical environment exists 
mainly for use by human beings. True/False 
pg. 154 
1 
Q15. You were interviewed by your school selection team for the post of head 
boy/head girl. Identify the interpersonal distance in this situation. 
 
a) Intimate distance 
b) Public distance   
c) Personal distance 
d) Social Distance 
pg. 161 
1 
Q16. _____________ means that your behavioural expressions are consistent with 
what you value, the way you feel and relate to your inner self-image. 
 
(a) empathy 
(b) positive regard 
(c) self-concept 
(d) authenticity, pg.192 
1 
Q17 A major advantage of the observation method is that the events being observed 
are subject to bias due to the feelings of the observer involved. True/False 
pg. 181,182 
1 
 PART B  
Q18. Discuss the main limitation of Hans Selye’s model of stress. 
Selye’s model has been criticized for assigning limited role to psychological 
factors 
 OR 
Emphasis on physiological & biological factors  
pg. 59 
2 
Q19 A) Describe the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder.  
Page 4


1 
 
    
PSYCHOLOGY (037) 
CLASS- XII 
SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER – 2019-2020 
MARKING SCHEME 
Time – 3 Hours                         Max Marks – 70 
 
General instructions 
 
? All questions are compulsory and answers should be brief and to the point. 
? Marks for each question are indicated against it. 
?  Question Nos. 1-17 in Part A are objective type questions carrying one mark each. You 
are requested to answer them as directed. 
? Question Nos. 18-21 in Part B are very short answer type questions carrying two marks 
each. Answer to each question should not exceed 30 words. 
? Question Nos. 22-24 in Part C are short answer type I questions carrying three marks 
each. Answer to each question should not exceed 60 words. 
? Question Nos. 25-30 in Part D are short answer type II questions carrying four marks 
each. Answer to each question should not exceed 100 words. 
? Question Nos. 31-32 in Part E are long answer type questions carrying six marks each. 
Answer to each question should not exceed 200 words. 
PART A 
 
Q1 Learning alphabets and digits is an example of simultaneous processing. 
True/False 
pg. 9 
1 
Q2. Calculate the MA of a 10-year-old boy who has an IQ of 120. 
MA= 12  
pg. 10 
1 
Q3. Ramesh is aspiring to head his company. He is very motivated and works hard. 
However, he is unable to relax and feels he is always short on time. This is an 
example of______ personality. 
 
a. a) Type B  
b. b) Type A, pg. 31 
c. c) Type D 
d. d) Type C  
1 
Q4. Children with high _________ self-esteem are more liked by their peers. 
 
a) academic 
b) athletic 
c) physical appearance 
d) social, pg. 27 
1 
2 
 
Q5. 
__________ are abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable 
individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life. 
Life skills, pg.64 
1 
Q6. Ramya is being provided with books and uniforms by the school. Identify the 
kind of support that she is receiving. 
 
a) Informational Support 
b) Tangible  Support, pg. 66 
c) Emotional Support 
d) Positive Support  
 
1 
Q7. A soldier from the army reported paralysis of his right hand. On investigation, no 
neurological cause could be identified. Name the disorder he is suffering from. 
Conversion Disorder, pg. 78 
1 
Q8. Rohit believes he is a secret agent and that a network of spies communicates with 
him through messages sent directly into his head. Identify the type of delusion he 
is experiencing. 
 
(a) Delusion of reference 
(b)Delusion of control, pg..82 
(c) Delusion of grandeur 
(d) Delusion of persecution 
 
1 
Q9. Choose the features of attitudes from the options given below: 
 
a) Extremeness and Centrality, pg. 109 
b) A-B-C Components  
c) Schemas and Stereotypes 
d) Values and Beliefs 
1 
Q10. The Nazis committed atrocities against the Jews. This is an example of _______. 
 
a) Prejudice 
b) Discrimination, pg. 118 
c) Stereotype 
d) Scapegoating 
1 
Q11. ________ and __________ are two alternative therapies. 
yoga, meditation, pranayam, vipassana, asanas, SKY, kundalini yoga 
(any two)                                                                                                      pg. 103 
 
1 
Q12. A collection of people who may be present at a place by chance is called 
a__________. 
1 
3 
 
crowd  
pg. 131 
Q13. The school dramatics team is in the final stage of presenting their play. Identify 
the stage of group formation the team is at. 
 
a) Forming 
b) Storming 
c) Norming 
d) Performing  
pg. 133 
 
1 
Q14. The minimalistic perspective suggests that the physical environment exists 
mainly for use by human beings. True/False 
pg. 154 
1 
Q15. You were interviewed by your school selection team for the post of head 
boy/head girl. Identify the interpersonal distance in this situation. 
 
a) Intimate distance 
b) Public distance   
c) Personal distance 
d) Social Distance 
pg. 161 
1 
Q16. _____________ means that your behavioural expressions are consistent with 
what you value, the way you feel and relate to your inner self-image. 
 
(a) empathy 
(b) positive regard 
(c) self-concept 
(d) authenticity, pg.192 
1 
Q17 A major advantage of the observation method is that the events being observed 
are subject to bias due to the feelings of the observer involved. True/False 
pg. 181,182 
1 
 PART B  
Q18. Discuss the main limitation of Hans Selye’s model of stress. 
Selye’s model has been criticized for assigning limited role to psychological 
factors 
 OR 
Emphasis on physiological & biological factors  
pg. 59 
2 
Q19 A) Describe the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder.  
4 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
B) 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
? Unable to control their preoccupation with specific ideas (obsessive 
behavior) 
? unable to prevent themselves from repeatedly carrying out a 
particular act or series of acts that affect their ability to carry out 
normal activity (compulsive behavior)  
If only example is given – 1 mark 
pg. 77,78 
OR 
What is separation anxiety disorder? List any 2 symptoms. 
Separation anxiety disorder is an anxiety disorder in which individuals are 
fearful and anxious about separation from attachment figures. 
Explanation as given above and any two of the following points 
? children with SAD may have difficulty in being in a room by 
themselves 
? they have difficulty in going to school alone 
? fearful of entering new situations 
? cling to and shadow their parents every move 
? to avoid separation, children with SAD may fuss and scream 
? throw severe tantrums  
? make suicidal gestures  
pg. 77,78 
(1 +1) 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1 + ½ 
+½) 
 
Q20. How can faulty behavior be modified with token economy? Elucidate with the 
help of an example. 
Token economy is a form of positive reinforcement. 
Every time a desired behavior occurs the individual is given a token and 
these tokens are collected and exchanged for a reward 
For eg. if five tokens are collected for using the dustbin; then it is exchanged 
for a reward like going to the park or any other relevant example  
Pg. 98 
 
 
 
 
(½+1+ 
½) 
Q21. Why do people obey? Give any two reasons for obedience to take place. 
? because they feel they are not responsible for their own actions 
? authority possesses symbols of status which people find difficult to 
resist 
? authority increases commands from lesser to greater levels and initial 
obedience binds the followers for commitment. 
? Events are moving at such a fast speed that one has no time to think 
(any two of the above)  
Any other relevant points to be considered                                  pg. 143,144 
 
 
 
(1+1) 
 
 
 
Page 5


1 
 
    
PSYCHOLOGY (037) 
CLASS- XII 
SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER – 2019-2020 
MARKING SCHEME 
Time – 3 Hours                         Max Marks – 70 
 
General instructions 
 
? All questions are compulsory and answers should be brief and to the point. 
? Marks for each question are indicated against it. 
?  Question Nos. 1-17 in Part A are objective type questions carrying one mark each. You 
are requested to answer them as directed. 
? Question Nos. 18-21 in Part B are very short answer type questions carrying two marks 
each. Answer to each question should not exceed 30 words. 
? Question Nos. 22-24 in Part C are short answer type I questions carrying three marks 
each. Answer to each question should not exceed 60 words. 
? Question Nos. 25-30 in Part D are short answer type II questions carrying four marks 
each. Answer to each question should not exceed 100 words. 
? Question Nos. 31-32 in Part E are long answer type questions carrying six marks each. 
Answer to each question should not exceed 200 words. 
PART A 
 
Q1 Learning alphabets and digits is an example of simultaneous processing. 
True/False 
pg. 9 
1 
Q2. Calculate the MA of a 10-year-old boy who has an IQ of 120. 
MA= 12  
pg. 10 
1 
Q3. Ramesh is aspiring to head his company. He is very motivated and works hard. 
However, he is unable to relax and feels he is always short on time. This is an 
example of______ personality. 
 
a. a) Type B  
b. b) Type A, pg. 31 
c. c) Type D 
d. d) Type C  
1 
Q4. Children with high _________ self-esteem are more liked by their peers. 
 
a) academic 
b) athletic 
c) physical appearance 
d) social, pg. 27 
1 
2 
 
Q5. 
__________ are abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable 
individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life. 
Life skills, pg.64 
1 
Q6. Ramya is being provided with books and uniforms by the school. Identify the 
kind of support that she is receiving. 
 
a) Informational Support 
b) Tangible  Support, pg. 66 
c) Emotional Support 
d) Positive Support  
 
1 
Q7. A soldier from the army reported paralysis of his right hand. On investigation, no 
neurological cause could be identified. Name the disorder he is suffering from. 
Conversion Disorder, pg. 78 
1 
Q8. Rohit believes he is a secret agent and that a network of spies communicates with 
him through messages sent directly into his head. Identify the type of delusion he 
is experiencing. 
 
(a) Delusion of reference 
(b)Delusion of control, pg..82 
(c) Delusion of grandeur 
(d) Delusion of persecution 
 
1 
Q9. Choose the features of attitudes from the options given below: 
 
a) Extremeness and Centrality, pg. 109 
b) A-B-C Components  
c) Schemas and Stereotypes 
d) Values and Beliefs 
1 
Q10. The Nazis committed atrocities against the Jews. This is an example of _______. 
 
a) Prejudice 
b) Discrimination, pg. 118 
c) Stereotype 
d) Scapegoating 
1 
Q11. ________ and __________ are two alternative therapies. 
yoga, meditation, pranayam, vipassana, asanas, SKY, kundalini yoga 
(any two)                                                                                                      pg. 103 
 
1 
Q12. A collection of people who may be present at a place by chance is called 
a__________. 
1 
3 
 
crowd  
pg. 131 
Q13. The school dramatics team is in the final stage of presenting their play. Identify 
the stage of group formation the team is at. 
 
a) Forming 
b) Storming 
c) Norming 
d) Performing  
pg. 133 
 
1 
Q14. The minimalistic perspective suggests that the physical environment exists 
mainly for use by human beings. True/False 
pg. 154 
1 
Q15. You were interviewed by your school selection team for the post of head 
boy/head girl. Identify the interpersonal distance in this situation. 
 
a) Intimate distance 
b) Public distance   
c) Personal distance 
d) Social Distance 
pg. 161 
1 
Q16. _____________ means that your behavioural expressions are consistent with 
what you value, the way you feel and relate to your inner self-image. 
 
(a) empathy 
(b) positive regard 
(c) self-concept 
(d) authenticity, pg.192 
1 
Q17 A major advantage of the observation method is that the events being observed 
are subject to bias due to the feelings of the observer involved. True/False 
pg. 181,182 
1 
 PART B  
Q18. Discuss the main limitation of Hans Selye’s model of stress. 
Selye’s model has been criticized for assigning limited role to psychological 
factors 
 OR 
Emphasis on physiological & biological factors  
pg. 59 
2 
Q19 A) Describe the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder.  
4 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
B) 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
? Unable to control their preoccupation with specific ideas (obsessive 
behavior) 
? unable to prevent themselves from repeatedly carrying out a 
particular act or series of acts that affect their ability to carry out 
normal activity (compulsive behavior)  
If only example is given – 1 mark 
pg. 77,78 
OR 
What is separation anxiety disorder? List any 2 symptoms. 
Separation anxiety disorder is an anxiety disorder in which individuals are 
fearful and anxious about separation from attachment figures. 
Explanation as given above and any two of the following points 
? children with SAD may have difficulty in being in a room by 
themselves 
? they have difficulty in going to school alone 
? fearful of entering new situations 
? cling to and shadow their parents every move 
? to avoid separation, children with SAD may fuss and scream 
? throw severe tantrums  
? make suicidal gestures  
pg. 77,78 
(1 +1) 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1 + ½ 
+½) 
 
Q20. How can faulty behavior be modified with token economy? Elucidate with the 
help of an example. 
Token economy is a form of positive reinforcement. 
Every time a desired behavior occurs the individual is given a token and 
these tokens are collected and exchanged for a reward 
For eg. if five tokens are collected for using the dustbin; then it is exchanged 
for a reward like going to the park or any other relevant example  
Pg. 98 
 
 
 
 
(½+1+ 
½) 
Q21. Why do people obey? Give any two reasons for obedience to take place. 
? because they feel they are not responsible for their own actions 
? authority possesses symbols of status which people find difficult to 
resist 
? authority increases commands from lesser to greater levels and initial 
obedience binds the followers for commitment. 
? Events are moving at such a fast speed that one has no time to think 
(any two of the above)  
Any other relevant points to be considered                                  pg. 143,144 
 
 
 
(1+1) 
 
 
 
5 
 
PART C 
 
Q22. Why is emotional intelligence receiving increasing attention of educators? 
? Definition of emotional intelligence/ any two characteristics of 
emotional intelligence  
? beneficial effects on academic achievement 
?  encourages cooperative behaviour and reduces antisocial activities 
?   very useful in preparing students to face the challenges of life 
outside the classroom 
         (any three points)   
Any other relevant points to be considered                                               pg. 17 
 
 
 
 
(1+1+1) 
Q23. Ankita’s job requires her to shift cities very frequently. With reference to 
secondary appraisal, suggest ways in which she will interpret the situation? 
? Explanation of secondary appraisal, which is the assessment of one’s 
coping abilities and resources and whether they will be sufficient to 
meet the harm, threat or challenge of the event. 
?  These resources may be mental, physical, personal or social. If one 
thinks one has a positive attitude, health, skills and social support to 
deal with the crises s/he will feel less stressed.  
? Appraisals are subjective and depend upon past experience and 
controllability 
pg. 53,54 
(1+1+1) 
Q24.A) 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     B) 
 
Two sections of Class XII of your school are at conflict over shared resources 
such as activity room, football ground and audio-visual center. Suggest possible 
solutions to reduce and resolve this conflict. 
? introduction of super-ordinate goals 
? altering perceptions 
? increasing intergroup contacts 
? redrawing group boundaries 
? negotiations 
? respect for other group’s norms 
(explanation of any three points and all explanations should be related to the 
given situation)                                                                            
pg 148,149 
OR 
 
Your school is organizing a picnic. Using techniques of compliance, suggest a 
plan to get your parents to agree to send you for this picnic. 
? Concept of compliance 
? The foot –in- the –door technique 
? The deadline technique 
 
 
(1+1+1) 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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