Chapter 7 - Dakiye ki kahani, Kanwar Singh ki jubani, NCERT Textbook of CBSE Class 5 Hindi Class 5 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 5

Class 5 : Chapter 7 - Dakiye ki kahani, Kanwar Singh ki jubani, NCERT Textbook of CBSE Class 5 Hindi Class 5 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


58 58
Mkfd, dh dgkuh] o¡Qojflag dh t
+
qckuh Mkfd, dh dgkuh] o¡Qojflag dh t
+
qckuh
f'keyk dh eky jksM ij tujy iksLV vkWfI
+
kQl gSA mlh iksLV vkWfI
+
kQl osQ
,d dejs esa Mkd Nk¡Vus dk dke py jgk gSA lqcg osQ 11%30 cts gSa]
f[kM+dh ls xquxquh èkwi Nudj vk jgh gSA bl èkwi dk e”kk ysrs g
q
, nks iSdj
vkSj rhu efgyk Mkfd;k iQVkiQV Mkd Nk¡Vus dk dke dj jgs gSaA ogha ij
eSaus ljdkj ls iqjLdkj ikus okys Mkfd;k o¡Qoj¯lg th ls ckr dhA ;gh
ckrphr vkxs nh tk jgh gSA
• vkidk 'kqHk uke\
esjk uke o¡Qojflag gSA eSa fgekpy izns'k osQ f'keyk f”kys osQ usjok xk¡o dk
fuoklh gw¡A esjh mez iSarkyhl lky gSA
• vkiosQ ifjokj esa dkSu&dkSu gSa\ muosQ ckjs esa oqQN crkb,A
esjs pkj cPps gSaA rhu yM+fd;k¡ vkSj ,d yM+dkA nks yM+fd;ksa dh 'kknh gks
pqdh gSA esjk ,d vkSj csVk Hkh FkkA og esjs xk¡o esa ,d igkM+h ls ydfM+;k¡
ykrs gq, fxj x;k ftlls mldh ekSr gks xbZA
• vkiosQ csVs osQ lkFk tks g
q
vk] mldk gesa cg
q
r nq[k gSA vkiosQ bykosQ
esa bl rjg dh ?kVuk,¡ D;k vDlj gksrh gSa\
th] ,slh ?kVukvksa dk gksuk vlkèkkj.k ugha gSA ;gk¡ gj lky frjNh <ykuksa
;k <kadksa ls ?kkl dkVrs gq, dbZ vkSjrsa fxj dj ej tkrh gSaA fiQj Hkh ;gk¡
,sls gh jkLrksa ls pyuk iM+rk gS D;ksafd nwljs dksbZ jkLrs gksrs gh ughaA
gekjs xk¡o esa vHkh rd cl ugha ig
q
¡p ikrh gSA fgekpy esa gT
+
kkjksa ,sls xk¡o
gSa tgk¡ iSny pydj gh igq¡p ldrs gSaA
• fiQj vkiosQ cPps i<+us oSQls tkrs gksaxs\
esjs cPps xk¡o osQ LowQy esa i<+us tkrs gSaA LowQy yxHkx ik¡p fdyksehVj nwj
gSA esjh ,d yM+dh nloha rd i<+h gS] nwljh ckjgoha rdA rhljh yM+dh
ckjgoha d{kk esa i<+ jgh gSA csVk nloha esa i<+rk gSA
7
Page 2


58 58
Mkfd, dh dgkuh] o¡Qojflag dh t
+
qckuh Mkfd, dh dgkuh] o¡Qojflag dh t
+
qckuh
f'keyk dh eky jksM ij tujy iksLV vkWfI
+
kQl gSA mlh iksLV vkWfI
+
kQl osQ
,d dejs esa Mkd Nk¡Vus dk dke py jgk gSA lqcg osQ 11%30 cts gSa]
f[kM+dh ls xquxquh èkwi Nudj vk jgh gSA bl èkwi dk e”kk ysrs g
q
, nks iSdj
vkSj rhu efgyk Mkfd;k iQVkiQV Mkd Nk¡Vus dk dke dj jgs gSaA ogha ij
eSaus ljdkj ls iqjLdkj ikus okys Mkfd;k o¡Qoj¯lg th ls ckr dhA ;gh
ckrphr vkxs nh tk jgh gSA
• vkidk 'kqHk uke\
esjk uke o¡Qojflag gSA eSa fgekpy izns'k osQ f'keyk f”kys osQ usjok xk¡o dk
fuoklh gw¡A esjh mez iSarkyhl lky gSA
• vkiosQ ifjokj esa dkSu&dkSu gSa\ muosQ ckjs esa oqQN crkb,A
esjs pkj cPps gSaA rhu yM+fd;k¡ vkSj ,d yM+dkA nks yM+fd;ksa dh 'kknh gks
pqdh gSA esjk ,d vkSj csVk Hkh FkkA og esjs xk¡o esa ,d igkM+h ls ydfM+;k¡
ykrs gq, fxj x;k ftlls mldh ekSr gks xbZA
• vkiosQ csVs osQ lkFk tks g
q
vk] mldk gesa cg
q
r nq[k gSA vkiosQ bykosQ
esa bl rjg dh ?kVuk,¡ D;k vDlj gksrh gSa\
th] ,slh ?kVukvksa dk gksuk vlkèkkj.k ugha gSA ;gk¡ gj lky frjNh <ykuksa
;k <kadksa ls ?kkl dkVrs gq, dbZ vkSjrsa fxj dj ej tkrh gSaA fiQj Hkh ;gk¡
,sls gh jkLrksa ls pyuk iM+rk gS D;ksafd nwljs dksbZ jkLrs gksrs gh ughaA
gekjs xk¡o esa vHkh rd cl ugha ig
q
¡p ikrh gSA fgekpy esa gT
+
kkjksa ,sls xk¡o
gSa tgk¡ iSny pydj gh igq¡p ldrs gSaA
• fiQj vkiosQ cPps i<+us oSQls tkrs gksaxs\
esjs cPps xk¡o osQ LowQy esa i<+us tkrs gSaA LowQy yxHkx ik¡p fdyksehVj nwj
gSA esjh ,d yM+dh nloha rd i<+h gS] nwljh ckjgoha rdA rhljh yM+dh
ckjgoha d{kk esa i<+ jgh gSA csVk nloha esa i<+rk gSA
7
59 59
• vki tgk¡ dke djrs gSa ogk¡ vkiosQ vykok vkSj
dkSu&dkSu gSa\ D;k vkidks Mkfd;k gh dgdj
cqykrs gSa\
igys eSa Hkkjrh; Mkd lsok esa xzkeh.k Mkd lsod FkkA vc
eSa iSdj cu x;k gw¡A ij gw¡ ogh uhyh onhZ okyk Mkd
lsodA
• Mkd lsod dks djuk D;k&D;k gksrk gS\
eq>s ! eq>s cgqr oqQN djuk gksrk gSA fpf_;k¡] jftLVjh i=k]
iklZy] fcy] cw<+s yksxksa dh isa'ku vkfn NksM+us xk¡o&xk¡o tkrk gw¡A
• D;k ;g lc vHkh Hkh djuk iM+rk gS\ D;ksafd vc rks lwpuk vkSj
lans'k nsus osQ cg
q
r ls u, rjhosQ vk x, gSaA
'kgjksa esa Hkys gh vkt lans'k nsus osQ dbZ lk/u vk x, gSa] tSls I
+
kQksu] eksckby]
bZ&esy oxSjg] ysfdu xk¡o esa rks vkt Hkh lans'k ig
q
¡pkus dk lcls cM+k
T
+
kfj;k Mkd gh gSA blfy, xk¡o esa yksx Mkfd, dk cM+k vknj vkSj lEeku
djrs gSaA viuh fp_h vkfn ikus osQ fy, Mkfd, dk bartkj djrs gSaA
• geus lquk gS fd gekjh Mkd lsok nqfu;k dh lcls cM+h Mkd lsok gS]
;g Hkyk oSQls\
lquk rks vkius fcYoqQy Bhd gSA gekjs ns'k dh Mkd lsok vkt Hkh nqfu;k
dh lcls cM+h Mkd lsok gS vkSj lcls lLrh HkhA osQoy ik¡p #i, esa ns'k
osQ fdlh Hkh dksus esa ge fp_h Hkst ldrs gSaA iksLVdkMZ rks osQoy ipkl iSls
dk gh gSA ;kuh ipkl iSls esa Hkh ge ns'k osQ gj dksus esa viuk lans'k Hkst
ldrs gSaA
• vkidks viuh ukSdjh esa et
+
k rks cg
q
r vkrk gksxkA
eq>s viuh ukSdjh cgqr vPNh yxrh gSA tc eSa nwj ukSdjh djus okys flikgh
dk euhvkWMZj ysdj mlosQ ?kj igq¡pkrk g
w
¡ rks mlosQ cw<+s ek¡&cki dk [kq'kh Hkjk
psgjk ns[krs gh curk gSA ,sls gh tc fdlh dk jftLVjh i=k igq¡pkrk g
w
¡ ftlesa
dHkh fjT
+
kYV] dHkh fu;qfDr i=k gksrk gS rks yksx cgqr [kq'k gksrs gSaA cw<+s nknk
vkSj cw<+h ukuh rks isa'ku osQ iSls feyus ij cgqr gh [kq'k gksrs gSaA Ng eghuksa
rd os esjk blosQ fy, barT
+
kkj djrs gSaA fgekpy esa cw<+s yksxksa dks iaas'ku gj
Ng eghuksa osQ ckn bd_h gh nh tkrh gSA
Page 3


58 58
Mkfd, dh dgkuh] o¡Qojflag dh t
+
qckuh Mkfd, dh dgkuh] o¡Qojflag dh t
+
qckuh
f'keyk dh eky jksM ij tujy iksLV vkWfI
+
kQl gSA mlh iksLV vkWfI
+
kQl osQ
,d dejs esa Mkd Nk¡Vus dk dke py jgk gSA lqcg osQ 11%30 cts gSa]
f[kM+dh ls xquxquh èkwi Nudj vk jgh gSA bl èkwi dk e”kk ysrs g
q
, nks iSdj
vkSj rhu efgyk Mkfd;k iQVkiQV Mkd Nk¡Vus dk dke dj jgs gSaA ogha ij
eSaus ljdkj ls iqjLdkj ikus okys Mkfd;k o¡Qoj¯lg th ls ckr dhA ;gh
ckrphr vkxs nh tk jgh gSA
• vkidk 'kqHk uke\
esjk uke o¡Qojflag gSA eSa fgekpy izns'k osQ f'keyk f”kys osQ usjok xk¡o dk
fuoklh gw¡A esjh mez iSarkyhl lky gSA
• vkiosQ ifjokj esa dkSu&dkSu gSa\ muosQ ckjs esa oqQN crkb,A
esjs pkj cPps gSaA rhu yM+fd;k¡ vkSj ,d yM+dkA nks yM+fd;ksa dh 'kknh gks
pqdh gSA esjk ,d vkSj csVk Hkh FkkA og esjs xk¡o esa ,d igkM+h ls ydfM+;k¡
ykrs gq, fxj x;k ftlls mldh ekSr gks xbZA
• vkiosQ csVs osQ lkFk tks g
q
vk] mldk gesa cg
q
r nq[k gSA vkiosQ bykosQ
esa bl rjg dh ?kVuk,¡ D;k vDlj gksrh gSa\
th] ,slh ?kVukvksa dk gksuk vlkèkkj.k ugha gSA ;gk¡ gj lky frjNh <ykuksa
;k <kadksa ls ?kkl dkVrs gq, dbZ vkSjrsa fxj dj ej tkrh gSaA fiQj Hkh ;gk¡
,sls gh jkLrksa ls pyuk iM+rk gS D;ksafd nwljs dksbZ jkLrs gksrs gh ughaA
gekjs xk¡o esa vHkh rd cl ugha ig
q
¡p ikrh gSA fgekpy esa gT
+
kkjksa ,sls xk¡o
gSa tgk¡ iSny pydj gh igq¡p ldrs gSaA
• fiQj vkiosQ cPps i<+us oSQls tkrs gksaxs\
esjs cPps xk¡o osQ LowQy esa i<+us tkrs gSaA LowQy yxHkx ik¡p fdyksehVj nwj
gSA esjh ,d yM+dh nloha rd i<+h gS] nwljh ckjgoha rdA rhljh yM+dh
ckjgoha d{kk esa i<+ jgh gSA csVk nloha esa i<+rk gSA
7
59 59
• vki tgk¡ dke djrs gSa ogk¡ vkiosQ vykok vkSj
dkSu&dkSu gSa\ D;k vkidks Mkfd;k gh dgdj
cqykrs gSa\
igys eSa Hkkjrh; Mkd lsok esa xzkeh.k Mkd lsod FkkA vc
eSa iSdj cu x;k gw¡A ij gw¡ ogh uhyh onhZ okyk Mkd
lsodA
• Mkd lsod dks djuk D;k&D;k gksrk gS\
eq>s ! eq>s cgqr oqQN djuk gksrk gSA fpf_;k¡] jftLVjh i=k]
iklZy] fcy] cw<+s yksxksa dh isa'ku vkfn NksM+us xk¡o&xk¡o tkrk gw¡A
• D;k ;g lc vHkh Hkh djuk iM+rk gS\ D;ksafd vc rks lwpuk vkSj
lans'k nsus osQ cg
q
r ls u, rjhosQ vk x, gSaA
'kgjksa esa Hkys gh vkt lans'k nsus osQ dbZ lk/u vk x, gSa] tSls I
+
kQksu] eksckby]
bZ&esy oxSjg] ysfdu xk¡o esa rks vkt Hkh lans'k ig
q
¡pkus dk lcls cM+k
T
+
kfj;k Mkd gh gSA blfy, xk¡o esa yksx Mkfd, dk cM+k vknj vkSj lEeku
djrs gSaA viuh fp_h vkfn ikus osQ fy, Mkfd, dk bartkj djrs gSaA
• geus lquk gS fd gekjh Mkd lsok nqfu;k dh lcls cM+h Mkd lsok gS]
;g Hkyk oSQls\
lquk rks vkius fcYoqQy Bhd gSA gekjs ns'k dh Mkd lsok vkt Hkh nqfu;k
dh lcls cM+h Mkd lsok gS vkSj lcls lLrh HkhA osQoy ik¡p #i, esa ns'k
osQ fdlh Hkh dksus esa ge fp_h Hkst ldrs gSaA iksLVdkMZ rks osQoy ipkl iSls
dk gh gSA ;kuh ipkl iSls esa Hkh ge ns'k osQ gj dksus esa viuk lans'k Hkst
ldrs gSaA
• vkidks viuh ukSdjh esa et
+
k rks cg
q
r vkrk gksxkA
eq>s viuh ukSdjh cgqr vPNh yxrh gSA tc eSa nwj ukSdjh djus okys flikgh
dk euhvkWMZj ysdj mlosQ ?kj igq¡pkrk g
w
¡ rks mlosQ cw<+s ek¡&cki dk [kq'kh Hkjk
psgjk ns[krs gh curk gSA ,sls gh tc fdlh dk jftLVjh i=k igq¡pkrk g
w
¡ ftlesa
dHkh fjT
+
kYV] dHkh fu;qfDr i=k gksrk gS rks yksx cgqr [kq'k gksrs gSaA cw<+s nknk
vkSj cw<+h ukuh rks isa'ku osQ iSls feyus ij cgqr gh [kq'k gksrs gSaA Ng eghuksa
rd os esjk blosQ fy, barT
+
kkj djrs gSaA fgekpy esa cw<+s yksxksa dks iaas'ku gj
Ng eghuksa osQ ckn bd_h gh nh tkrh gSA
60 60
• vki D;k 'kq: ls blh Mkd?kj esa dke dj jgs gSa\
'kq: esa rks eSaus ykgkSy Lihfr ftys osQ fdCcj xk¡o esa rhu lky rd ukSdjh
dh gSA ;g fgekpy dk lcls Å¡pk xk¡o gSA blosQ ckn ik¡p lky rd blh
ftys osQ dkT
+
kk esa vkSj ik¡p lky rd fdUukSj ftys esa ukSdjh dh gSA ml oDr
bu xk¡o esa VsyhiQksu ugha FksA clsa Hkh flI
+
kZQ eq[;ky;ksa rd gh tkrh FkhA vHkh
Hkh dbZ ,sls xk¡o gSa tgk¡ u rks cl tkrh gS vkSj u gh ogk¡ VsyhiQksu gSA ,slh
txg esa xzkeh.k Mkdlsod dk cgqr eku fd;k tkrk gSA
• vki igkM+h bykosQ esa jgrs gSaA t
+
kfgj gS Mkd ig
q
¡pkuk vklku dke rks
ugha gksxkA
gk¡] eqf'dysa rks vkrh gh gSA tc eSa fdUukSj ftys osQ eq[;ky; fjdkaxfivks
esa ukSdjh djrk Fkk rks lqcg Ng cts esjh M~;wVh 'kq: gks tkrh FkhA eSa Ng
cts lqcg f'keyk tkus okyh cl esa Mkd dk cksjk j[krk Fkk vkSj jkr dks vkB
cts f'keyk ls vkus okyh cl ls Mkd dk cksjk mrkjrk FkkA iSdj dks ;s lc
dke djus iM+rs gSaA fdUukSj vkSj ykgkSy Lihfr fgekpy izns'k osQ cg
q
r BaMs
rFkk Å¡ps ftys gSaA bu ftyksa esa vizSy eghus esa Hkh cI
+
kZQckjh gks tkrh gSA cI
+
kZQ
esa pyrs gq, iSjksa dks BaM ls cpkuk iM+rk gSA ojuk LuksckbV gks tkrs gSa ftlls
iSj uhys iM+ tkrs gSa vkSj muesa xSaxjhu gks tkrh gS ftlls m¡xfy;k¡ >M+ ldrh
gSaA bu ftyksa esa eq>s ,d ?kj ls nwljs ?kj rd Mkd igq¡pkus osQ fy, yxHkx
26 fdyksehVj jkst
+
kuk pyuk iM+rk FkkA fgekpy esa ,d xk¡o ls nwljs xk¡o
dh nwjh yxHkx pkj ;k ik¡p fdyksehVj rd gksrh gSA fgekpy osQ xk¡o
NksVs&NksVs gksrs gSaA ,d xk¡o esa cl vkB ls nl ;k dHkh&dHkh Ng&lkr ?kj
gh gksrs gSaA blhfy, pyuk dkI
+
kQh iM+rk gSA pyuk rks [kSj gekjh vknr esa gh
'kkfey gks pqdk gS xzkeh.k Mkfd, dh ¯”knxh esa rks pyuk gh pyuk gSA
• vkius crk;k Fkk fd igys vki Mkd lsod Fks] vc iSdj gSa] blosQ
vkxs Hkh dksbZ izeks'ku gS D;k\
iSdj osQ ckn Mkfd;k cu ldrs gSa cl ,d bfErgku ikl djuk iM+rk gSA
vHkh rks dke osQ fglkc ls gekjk osru dkI
+
kQh de jgrk gSA lkjk fnu oqQlhZ
ij cSBdj dke djus okys ckcw dk osru dgha T
+
;knk gksrk gSA iSdj dk osru
ckcw osQ ftruk gh gks tkrk gSA vc rks Mkfd, dh ukSdjh esa yxuk Hkh cgqr
Page 4


58 58
Mkfd, dh dgkuh] o¡Qojflag dh t
+
qckuh Mkfd, dh dgkuh] o¡Qojflag dh t
+
qckuh
f'keyk dh eky jksM ij tujy iksLV vkWfI
+
kQl gSA mlh iksLV vkWfI
+
kQl osQ
,d dejs esa Mkd Nk¡Vus dk dke py jgk gSA lqcg osQ 11%30 cts gSa]
f[kM+dh ls xquxquh èkwi Nudj vk jgh gSA bl èkwi dk e”kk ysrs g
q
, nks iSdj
vkSj rhu efgyk Mkfd;k iQVkiQV Mkd Nk¡Vus dk dke dj jgs gSaA ogha ij
eSaus ljdkj ls iqjLdkj ikus okys Mkfd;k o¡Qoj¯lg th ls ckr dhA ;gh
ckrphr vkxs nh tk jgh gSA
• vkidk 'kqHk uke\
esjk uke o¡Qojflag gSA eSa fgekpy izns'k osQ f'keyk f”kys osQ usjok xk¡o dk
fuoklh gw¡A esjh mez iSarkyhl lky gSA
• vkiosQ ifjokj esa dkSu&dkSu gSa\ muosQ ckjs esa oqQN crkb,A
esjs pkj cPps gSaA rhu yM+fd;k¡ vkSj ,d yM+dkA nks yM+fd;ksa dh 'kknh gks
pqdh gSA esjk ,d vkSj csVk Hkh FkkA og esjs xk¡o esa ,d igkM+h ls ydfM+;k¡
ykrs gq, fxj x;k ftlls mldh ekSr gks xbZA
• vkiosQ csVs osQ lkFk tks g
q
vk] mldk gesa cg
q
r nq[k gSA vkiosQ bykosQ
esa bl rjg dh ?kVuk,¡ D;k vDlj gksrh gSa\
th] ,slh ?kVukvksa dk gksuk vlkèkkj.k ugha gSA ;gk¡ gj lky frjNh <ykuksa
;k <kadksa ls ?kkl dkVrs gq, dbZ vkSjrsa fxj dj ej tkrh gSaA fiQj Hkh ;gk¡
,sls gh jkLrksa ls pyuk iM+rk gS D;ksafd nwljs dksbZ jkLrs gksrs gh ughaA
gekjs xk¡o esa vHkh rd cl ugha ig
q
¡p ikrh gSA fgekpy esa gT
+
kkjksa ,sls xk¡o
gSa tgk¡ iSny pydj gh igq¡p ldrs gSaA
• fiQj vkiosQ cPps i<+us oSQls tkrs gksaxs\
esjs cPps xk¡o osQ LowQy esa i<+us tkrs gSaA LowQy yxHkx ik¡p fdyksehVj nwj
gSA esjh ,d yM+dh nloha rd i<+h gS] nwljh ckjgoha rdA rhljh yM+dh
ckjgoha d{kk esa i<+ jgh gSA csVk nloha esa i<+rk gSA
7
59 59
• vki tgk¡ dke djrs gSa ogk¡ vkiosQ vykok vkSj
dkSu&dkSu gSa\ D;k vkidks Mkfd;k gh dgdj
cqykrs gSa\
igys eSa Hkkjrh; Mkd lsok esa xzkeh.k Mkd lsod FkkA vc
eSa iSdj cu x;k gw¡A ij gw¡ ogh uhyh onhZ okyk Mkd
lsodA
• Mkd lsod dks djuk D;k&D;k gksrk gS\
eq>s ! eq>s cgqr oqQN djuk gksrk gSA fpf_;k¡] jftLVjh i=k]
iklZy] fcy] cw<+s yksxksa dh isa'ku vkfn NksM+us xk¡o&xk¡o tkrk gw¡A
• D;k ;g lc vHkh Hkh djuk iM+rk gS\ D;ksafd vc rks lwpuk vkSj
lans'k nsus osQ cg
q
r ls u, rjhosQ vk x, gSaA
'kgjksa esa Hkys gh vkt lans'k nsus osQ dbZ lk/u vk x, gSa] tSls I
+
kQksu] eksckby]
bZ&esy oxSjg] ysfdu xk¡o esa rks vkt Hkh lans'k ig
q
¡pkus dk lcls cM+k
T
+
kfj;k Mkd gh gSA blfy, xk¡o esa yksx Mkfd, dk cM+k vknj vkSj lEeku
djrs gSaA viuh fp_h vkfn ikus osQ fy, Mkfd, dk bartkj djrs gSaA
• geus lquk gS fd gekjh Mkd lsok nqfu;k dh lcls cM+h Mkd lsok gS]
;g Hkyk oSQls\
lquk rks vkius fcYoqQy Bhd gSA gekjs ns'k dh Mkd lsok vkt Hkh nqfu;k
dh lcls cM+h Mkd lsok gS vkSj lcls lLrh HkhA osQoy ik¡p #i, esa ns'k
osQ fdlh Hkh dksus esa ge fp_h Hkst ldrs gSaA iksLVdkMZ rks osQoy ipkl iSls
dk gh gSA ;kuh ipkl iSls esa Hkh ge ns'k osQ gj dksus esa viuk lans'k Hkst
ldrs gSaA
• vkidks viuh ukSdjh esa et
+
k rks cg
q
r vkrk gksxkA
eq>s viuh ukSdjh cgqr vPNh yxrh gSA tc eSa nwj ukSdjh djus okys flikgh
dk euhvkWMZj ysdj mlosQ ?kj igq¡pkrk g
w
¡ rks mlosQ cw<+s ek¡&cki dk [kq'kh Hkjk
psgjk ns[krs gh curk gSA ,sls gh tc fdlh dk jftLVjh i=k igq¡pkrk g
w
¡ ftlesa
dHkh fjT
+
kYV] dHkh fu;qfDr i=k gksrk gS rks yksx cgqr [kq'k gksrs gSaA cw<+s nknk
vkSj cw<+h ukuh rks isa'ku osQ iSls feyus ij cgqr gh [kq'k gksrs gSaA Ng eghuksa
rd os esjk blosQ fy, barT
+
kkj djrs gSaA fgekpy esa cw<+s yksxksa dks iaas'ku gj
Ng eghuksa osQ ckn bd_h gh nh tkrh gSA
60 60
• vki D;k 'kq: ls blh Mkd?kj esa dke dj jgs gSa\
'kq: esa rks eSaus ykgkSy Lihfr ftys osQ fdCcj xk¡o esa rhu lky rd ukSdjh
dh gSA ;g fgekpy dk lcls Å¡pk xk¡o gSA blosQ ckn ik¡p lky rd blh
ftys osQ dkT
+
kk esa vkSj ik¡p lky rd fdUukSj ftys esa ukSdjh dh gSA ml oDr
bu xk¡o esa VsyhiQksu ugha FksA clsa Hkh flI
+
kZQ eq[;ky;ksa rd gh tkrh FkhA vHkh
Hkh dbZ ,sls xk¡o gSa tgk¡ u rks cl tkrh gS vkSj u gh ogk¡ VsyhiQksu gSA ,slh
txg esa xzkeh.k Mkdlsod dk cgqr eku fd;k tkrk gSA
• vki igkM+h bykosQ esa jgrs gSaA t
+
kfgj gS Mkd ig
q
¡pkuk vklku dke rks
ugha gksxkA
gk¡] eqf'dysa rks vkrh gh gSA tc eSa fdUukSj ftys osQ eq[;ky; fjdkaxfivks
esa ukSdjh djrk Fkk rks lqcg Ng cts esjh M~;wVh 'kq: gks tkrh FkhA eSa Ng
cts lqcg f'keyk tkus okyh cl esa Mkd dk cksjk j[krk Fkk vkSj jkr dks vkB
cts f'keyk ls vkus okyh cl ls Mkd dk cksjk mrkjrk FkkA iSdj dks ;s lc
dke djus iM+rs gSaA fdUukSj vkSj ykgkSy Lihfr fgekpy izns'k osQ cg
q
r BaMs
rFkk Å¡ps ftys gSaA bu ftyksa esa vizSy eghus esa Hkh cI
+
kZQckjh gks tkrh gSA cI
+
kZQ
esa pyrs gq, iSjksa dks BaM ls cpkuk iM+rk gSA ojuk LuksckbV gks tkrs gSa ftlls
iSj uhys iM+ tkrs gSa vkSj muesa xSaxjhu gks tkrh gS ftlls m¡xfy;k¡ >M+ ldrh
gSaA bu ftyksa esa eq>s ,d ?kj ls nwljs ?kj rd Mkd igq¡pkus osQ fy, yxHkx
26 fdyksehVj jkst
+
kuk pyuk iM+rk FkkA fgekpy esa ,d xk¡o ls nwljs xk¡o
dh nwjh yxHkx pkj ;k ik¡p fdyksehVj rd gksrh gSA fgekpy osQ xk¡o
NksVs&NksVs gksrs gSaA ,d xk¡o esa cl vkB ls nl ;k dHkh&dHkh Ng&lkr ?kj
gh gksrs gSaA blhfy, pyuk dkI
+
kQh iM+rk gSA pyuk rks [kSj gekjh vknr esa gh
'kkfey gks pqdk gS xzkeh.k Mkfd, dh ¯”knxh esa rks pyuk gh pyuk gSA
• vkius crk;k Fkk fd igys vki Mkd lsod Fks] vc iSdj gSa] blosQ
vkxs Hkh dksbZ izeks'ku gS D;k\
iSdj osQ ckn Mkfd;k cu ldrs gSa cl ,d bfErgku ikl djuk iM+rk gSA
vHkh rks dke osQ fglkc ls gekjk osru dkI
+
kQh de jgrk gSA lkjk fnu oqQlhZ
ij cSBdj dke djus okys ckcw dk osru dgha T
+
;knk gksrk gSA iSdj dk osru
ckcw osQ ftruk gh gks tkrk gSA vc rks Mkfd, dh ukSdjh esa yxuk Hkh cgqr
61 61
eqf'dy gks pqdk gSA geesa ls ftrus Mkfd,
fjVk;j gks pqosQ gSa mudh txg u, Mkfd;ksa dks
ugha j[kk tk jgk gSA blls iqjkus Mkfd;ksa ij dke
dk cks> fnu&izfrfnu c<+rk gh tk jgk gSA u
tkus] vkus okyk le; oSQlk gksxk\
• dke osQ nkSjku dHkh dksbZ cg
q
r [+kkl ckr
gqbZ gks\
,d ?kVuk vkidks lqukrk g
w
¡A esjk rcknyk
f'keyk osQ tujy iksLV vkWfI
+
kQl esa gks x;k FkkA
ogk¡ eq>s jkr osQ le; jSLV gkml vkSj iksLV vkWfI
+
kQl pkSdhnkjh dk dke
fn;k x;k FkkA ;g 1998 dh ckr gSA 29 tuojh dks jkr yxHkx lk<+s nl
cts dk le; FkkA ckgj ls fdlh us iksLV vkWfI
+
kQl dk njokT
+
kk [kV[kVk;kA
eSaus iwNk ^dkSu gS\* tcko vk;k ^njokT
+
kk [kksyks rqe ls ckr djuh gS*A eSaus
njokT
+
kk [kksyk rks vpkud ik¡p&Ng yksx vanj ?kqls vkSj eq>s ihVuk 'kq:
dj fn;kA eSaus iwNk D;ksa ihV jgs gSa rks mUgksaus dksbZ tcko ugha fn;kA lkjs
vkWfI
+
kQl dh ykbVsa can dj nhaA blls igys fd eSa oqQN le> ikrk esjs flj
ij fdlh Hkkjh ph”k ls dbZ ckj ekjk ftlls esjk flj iQV x;kA eSa yxkrkj
fpYykrk jgkA mlosQ ckn eSa csgks'k gks x;k vkSj eq>s oqQN Hkh irk u pykA
vxys fnu tc eq>s gks'k vk;k rks eSa f'keyk osQ bafnjk xka/h esfMdy dkWyst
osQ vLirky esa nkf[ky FkkA flj esa Hk;adj nnZ gks jgk FkkA mu fnuksa esjk
17 lky dk csVk esjs lkFk gh jgrk FkkA mlh ls irk pyk fd esjs fpYykus
dh vkokT
+
k lqudj yM+dk vkSj vkWfI
+
kQl osQ nwljs yksx tks u”knhd gh jgrs
Fks] njokT
+
kksa osQ 'kh'ks rksM+dj vanj vk, vkSj eq>s vLirky ig
q
¡pk;kA esjs flj
ij dbZ Vk¡osQ yxs FksA mldh otg ls vkt Hkh esjh ,d vk¡[k ls fn[kkbZ
ugha nsrkA
ljdkj us eq>s tku ij [ksy dj Mkd dh ph”ksa cpkus osQ fy, ^cSLV iksLVeSu*
dk buke fn;kA ;g buke 2004 esa feykA bl buke esa 500 #i;s vkSj iz'kfLr
i=k fn;k tkrk gSA eSa vkSj esjk ifjokj cgqr [kq'k gq,A vkt Hkh eSa xoZ ls dgrk
gw¡ & ¶eSa csLV iksLV eSu gw¡A¸
izfrek 'kekZ
Read More
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