Chapter Notes - Human Geography Nature And Scope, Class 12, Geography | EduRev Notes

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Humanities/Arts : Chapter Notes - Human Geography Nature And Scope, Class 12, Geography | EduRev Notes

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CHAPTER -1
 1. HUMAN GEOGRAPHY NATURE AND SCOPE

GIST OF THE LESSON :

  • Geography is a field of study is integrative, empirical and practical
  • it studies each and every event on the earth over the space and time
  • human geography studies the relationship between man and nature
  • Geo. Can be studied through law making or descriptive
  •  There are two approaches of geography
    1. systematic approach
    2. Regional approach
  • physical and human phenomena are described in metaphors using symbols from the human anatomy
  • definition of human geography Human Geography Defined
    • “Human geography is the synthetic study of relationship between human societies and earth‟s surface”. Ratzel Synthesis has been emphasized in the above definition
    • “Human geography is the study of “the changing relationship between the un-resting man and the unstable earth.”Ellen C. Semple Dynamism in the relationship is the keyword in Semple‟s definition.
    • “Conception resulting from a more synthetic knowledge of the physical laws governing our earth and of the relations between the living beings which inhabit it”. Paul Vidal de la Blache

Chapter Notes - Human Geography Nature And Scope, Class 12, Geography | EduRev Notes

NATURE OF HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

1. Human geography studies the inter relationship between the physical environment and socio-cultural environment created by man.
2. Elements of physical are land, water, soil, climate , vegetation, fauna
3. Elements of cultural are transport and communication , settlements, crops

NATURALISATION OF HUMANS

  1. Man interact with nature with the help of technology
  2. It is not important that what he creates but with what tools he used to create
  3. Technology indicates the level of cultural development of society
  4.  Understanding the nature helps to create technology
    • understanding of friction and heat helped to discover fire
    • understanding DNA helped to eradicate diseases
    • laws of thermodynamics helped to develop fast planes
    • knowledge about nature is extremely important to develop technology and technology loosens the shackles of environment on human being .
    • The interaction between primitive society and nature is called ENVIRONMENTAL DETERMINISM.


HUMANISATION OF NATURE
1. With the development of technology people understood the nature well
2. They move from state of necessity to state of possibilities
3. Human activities created cultural landscape
4. so it is called as possibilism

NEO DETERMINISM/ STOP AND GO DETERMINISM 

1.Developed by Griffith Taylor

2.It is a middle path between environmental determinism and possibilism

3. The concept shows that neither is there a situation of absolute necessity nor is there a condition of absolute freedom .

4. sustainable development is the main aim

5. the Neo determinism maintains balance between development and nature

HUMAN GEOGRAPHY THROUGH THE CORRIDORS OF TIME 

Schools of human geography

WELFARE SCHOOL 

Concerned with social well being of the people a. housing b. Health c. Education

RADICAL SCHOOL 

Concerned with causes of poverty, deprivation and social Inequality

BEHAVIOURAL SCHOOL

Given importance to lived experience, perception of space by Social categories

STAGES THROUGH  CORRIDORS OF TIME

Chapter Notes - Human Geography Nature And Scope, Class 12, Geography | EduRev Notes

FIELDS AND SUBFIELDS OF GEOGRAPHY

Chapter Notes - Human Geography Nature And Scope, Class 12, Geography | EduRev Notes

Chapter Notes - Human Geography Nature And Scope, Class 12, Geography | EduRev Notes

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