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Chapter Notes - Role of the Government in Health Notes | Study Chapter Notes For Class 7 - Class 7

Document Description: Chapter Notes - Role of the Government in Health for Class 7 2022 is part of Chapter Notes For Class 7 preparation. The notes and questions for Chapter Notes - Role of the Government in Health have been prepared according to the Class 7 exam syllabus. Information about Chapter Notes - Role of the Government in Health covers topics like What is Health?, Healthcare in India, Public and Private Healthcare, Public Health Services  , Private Health Facilities, Healthcare and Equality: Is Adequate healthcare available to all?, FAQ's and Chapter Notes - Role of the Government in Health Example, for Class 7 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for Chapter Notes - Role of the Government in Health.

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Table of contents
What is Health?
Healthcare in India
Public and Private Healthcare
Public Health Services  
Private Health Facilities
Healthcare and Equality: Is Adequate healthcare available to all?
FAQ's
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What is Health?

Health means our ability to remain free of illness and injuries. Apart from disease, there are other factors that affect our health such as dullness, inactivity, anxiety, or being scared for long stretches of time.

Chapter Notes - Role of the Government in Health Notes | Study Chapter Notes For Class 7 - Class 7

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Healthcare in India

  • To prevent and treat illnesses, we need appropriate healthcare facilities such as health centers, hospitals, laboratories for testing, ambulance services, blood banks, etc. These facilities can provide the care and services that a patient needs. 
  • To run such facilities we need health workers, nurses, qualified doctors, and other health professionals who can advise, diagnose and treat illnesses. We also need medicines and equipment that are necessary for treating patients. 

Chapter Notes - Role of the Government in Health Notes | Study Chapter Notes For Class 7 - Class 7

  • India has a large number of doctors, clinics, and hospitals. Public Healthcare System is a system of hospitals and health centers run by the government. It has the ability to look after the health of a large section of its population scattered over hundreds of thousands of villages. 
  • However, even after having public healthcare systems, the government is not able to provide proper healthcare facilities to people.

Public and Private Healthcare

The health care facilities are divided into 2 categories: 

  1. Public Health Services
  2. Private Health Facilities

Chapter Notes - Role of the Government in Health Notes | Study Chapter Notes For Class 7 - Class 7

Public Health Services  

The public health service is a chain of health centers and hospitals run by the government. They are linked together so that they cover both rural and urban areas. 

  • At the village level, there are health centers where there is a nurse and a village health worker. They are trained in dealing with common illnesses and work under the supervision of doctors at the Primary Health Centre (PHC). Such a center covers many villages in rural areas.
  • At the district level, there is a District Hospital that supervises all the health centers.
  • Large cities have many government hospitals and also specialized government hospitals.

Question for Chapter Notes - Role of the Government in Health
Try yourself:What does PHC mean?
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The health service is called ‘public’ for many reasons as mentioned below:

  • The government has established hospitals and health centers for everyone.
  • The medical facilities are provided at a low cost so that the poor can also seek treatment.

The function of Public health services is to take action to prevent the spread of diseases such as TB, malaria, jaundice, cholera, diarrhea, chikungunya, etc. The government must safeguard the Right to Life of every person. According to our Constitution, it is the primary duty of the government to ensure the welfare of the people and provide health care facilities to all.


Private Health Facilities

  • There is a wide range of private health facilities that exist in our country. 
  • There are hospitals and nursing homes that are privately owned. Private health facilities are not owned or controlled by the government
  • Patients have to pay a lot of money for every service that they use.

Question for Chapter Notes - Role of the Government in Health
Try yourself:Which type of healthcare facility is Costly?
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Healthcare and Equality: Is Adequate healthcare available to all?

Chapter Notes - Role of the Government in Health Notes | Study Chapter Notes For Class 7 - Class 7

  • In India, private services are increasing fast but public services are the same. There is no increase in public service. So, people have access mainly to private services. 
  • The cost of private services is very high. Some private services encourage incorrect practices to earn more money.
  • For a middle-class family, medical expenses cause hardship. For the poor, every illness in the family is a cause of great anxiety and distress. The expenses of illness make their situation even worse.

What can be done?

It is the responsibility of the government to provide quality healthcare services to all its citizens, especially the poor and the disadvantaged. It is important to work on public health facilities as well as on basic amenities in order to improve the health situation of our people. Let us take two examples to understand this in a better way.


1) The Kerala experience

In 1996, the Kerala government allocated 40% of the total Kerala budget to the panchayats. This made it possible for a village to make sure that proper planning was done for water, food, women’s development, and education. Health centers were also improved.

Chapter Notes - Role of the Government in Health Notes | Study Chapter Notes For Class 7 - Class 7


2) The Costa Rican approach

Costa Rica is considered to be one of the healthiest countries in Central America. Several years ago, Costa Rica took the decision not to have an army. This helped the Costa Rican government to spend the money that the army would have used, on health, education, and other basic needs of the people. The Costa Rican government provides basic services and amenities to all Costa Ricans.


FAQ's

Q.1 What is a ‘District hospital’?

Ans. A district hospital typically is the major health care facility in its region, with many beds for intensive care. It comes under the Secondary Level of Care.


Q.2 Where is 'Costa Rica' located?

Ans. Costa Rica is a republic in Central America on the Isthmus of Panama. It has borders with the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.


Q.3 What are the functions of a ‘Primary health center’?

Ans. 1. Medical care

 2. Maternal-child health care 

3. Safe water supply 

4. Prevention of local endemics

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