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Visual Case Based Type Questions: Chemical Reactions & Equations - 1 Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10

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Read the following and answer any questions:
Marble’s popularity began in ancient Rome and Greece, where white and off-white marble were used to construct a variety of structures, from handheld sculptures to massive pillars and buildings.
Visual Case Based Type Questions: Chemical Reactions & Equations - 1 Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10

Question 1:
The substance not likely to contain CaCO3 is
(a) Dolomite
(b) A marble statue
(c) Calcined gypsum
(d) Sea shells.

Correct Answer is Option (c)
Let’s write the Chemical formula for all of them
Dolomite → (CaMg(CO3)2)
A marble statue → Recrystallized carbonate minerals commonly calcite (CaCO3) or dolomite (CaMg(CO3)2)
Calcined Gypsum →  CaSO4.2H2O;
Sea shells → CaCO3


Question 2:
Gas A, obtained above is a reactant for a very important biochemical process which occurs in the presence of sunlight. Identify the name of the process -
(a) Respiration
(b) Photosynthesis
(c) Transpiration
(d) Photolysis

Correct Answer is Option (b)
The following reaction takes place when CaCO3 is heated;
CaCO3 → CaO + CO2
Answer is (b) photosynthesis
CO2 is the gas formed and it is utilized in the process of photosynthesis


Question 3:
Calcium oxide can be reduced to calcium, by heating with sodium metal. Which compound would act as an oxidizing agent in the above process? 
(a) sodium
(b) sodium oxide
(c) calcium
(d) calcium oxide

Correct Answer is Option (d)
Visual Case Based Type Questions: Chemical Reactions & Equations - 1 Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10
Here, Calcium Oxide is losing Oxygen and undergoing reduction
A substance that undergoes reduction is an oxidising agent.
Thus Calcium Oxide is the oxidising agent


Chemistry in Automobiles:
For an internal combustion engine to move a vehicle down the road, it must convert the energy stored in the fuel into mechanical energy to drive the wheels. In your car, the distributor and battery provide this starting energy by creating an electrical "spark", which helps in combustion of fuels like gasoline. Below is the reaction depicting complete combustion of gasoline in full supply of air:
2C8H18(l) + 25O2(g) → 16 'X' + Y
Question 4:
Identify the types of chemical reaction occurring during the combustion of fuel: 
(a) Oxidation & Endothermic reaction
(b) Decomposition & Exothermic reaction
(c) Oxidation & Exothermic reaction
(d) Combination & Endothermic reaction

Correct Answer is Option (c)
Here
Decomposition Reaction:  The reaction in which complex compounds are broken down into simpler ones i.e. AB → A + B
Oxidation Reaction: The reaction in which an oxygen atom is gained i.e. A + O2 → AO2
Combination Reaction: When two or more substances combine to form a single product i.e. A + B → AB
And,
Endothermic Reaction: Endo means in and thermic means heat. In these reactions, heat is absorbed.
Exothermic Reaction: Exo means out and thermic means heat. In these reactions, heat is released.
Since in Combustion
Energy is released
Oxygen is gained
Thus, it is an oxidation and exothermic reaction
So, the correct answer is (c)


Question 5: 
A student while walking on the road observed that a cloud of black smoke belched out from the exhaust stack of moving trucks on the road.’ Choose the correct reason for the production of black smoke:
(a) Limited supply of air leads to incomplete combustion of
(b) Rich supply of air leads to complete combustion of fuel.
(c) Rich supply of air leads to a combination reaction.
(d) Limited supply of air leads to complete combustion of fuel.

Correct Answer is Option (a)
In the presence of limited supply of air, there isn’t enough oxygen to carry out complete combustion of fuels. Therefore, incomplete combustion takes place and a black sooty flame is observed Behind black smoke from car
Visual Case Based Type Questions: Chemical Reactions & Equations - 1 Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10


The physical states of the reactants and products can be represented by using the symbols (s) for solids, (l) for liquids, (g) for gases and (aq) for aqueous solution along with their respective formulae. The word aqueous is written if the reactant or product is present as a solution in water. Precipitate can also be represented by using an arrow pointing downwards (↓) instead of using symbol (s).
In the same way, the gaseous state of an evolved gas can be represented by using an arrow pointing upward direction (↑) instead of using symbol (g). The specific condition of the reaction like temperature, pressure, catalyst etc. is written above or below the arrow in the chemical equation.

Question 6: 
If the reactant or product is present as a solution of water, it is represented as: 
(a) (s)
(b) (l)
(c) (aq)
(d) 

Correct Answer is Option (c)
Reaction of Silver Nitrate with Sodium Chloride
Visual Case Based Type Questions: Chemical Reactions & Equations - 1 Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10


Question 7:
Complete the missing variable given as X and Y in the following reaction:
2Na (s) + 2H2O (l) → 2NaOH (X) + H2 (Y)
(a) (aq) and (g)
(b) (s) and (g)
(c) (g) and  (l)
(d) (g) and (aq)

Correct Answer is Option (a)
Here,
Since Na is reacting with water, the NaOH produced will be in aqueous medium, hence (aq) symbol will be used.
H2 is a gas which is evolved during the reaction, so we use the symbol (g) for it.
So, the correct answer is (a) (aq) and (g)


Question 8:
Which of the following reactions is correct?
(a) 
Mg (aq) + H2SO4 (aq) → MgSO4 (aq) + H2
(b) 
Mg (s) + H2SO4 (aq) → MgSO4 (aq) + H2
(c) 
Mg (s) + H2SO4 (l) → MgSO4 (l) + H2(g)
(d) 
Mg (s) + H2SO4 (l) → MgSO4 (s) + H2

Correct Answer is Option (b)
A balanced chemical equation is one in which the number of atoms of both reactants and products are equal.
In reaction I:
Visual Case Based Type Questions: Chemical Reactions & Equations - 1 Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10
In reaction II:
Visual Case Based Type Questions: Chemical Reactions & Equations - 1 Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10
Since the number of all atoms in reactants and products is equal, it is a balanced equation.
In reaction III:
Visual Case Based Type Questions: Chemical Reactions & Equations - 1 Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10
In Reaction IV:
Visual Case Based Type Questions: Chemical Reactions & Equations - 1 Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10


In the following chemical reaction ‘‘zinc oxide reacts with carbon to produce zinc metal and carbon monoxide.’’ Answer any four question from I to V.
ZnO + C → Zn + CO

Question 9:
Name the substance getting oxidised and reduced in the above reaction:
(a) C and ZnO
(b) Zn and C
(c) ZnO and CO
(d) CO and  ZnO

Correct Answer is Option (a)
Oxidation and Reduction Reaction Example
Visual Case Based Type Questions: Chemical Reactions & Equations - 1 Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10
Now,
Addition of oxygen is known as oxidation
Removal of oxygen is known as reduction.
Since in the equation
Oxygen is being removed from ZnO
and is added to C.
Therefore, C is undergoing oxidation and ZnO reduction.
So, the correct answer is (a) C and ZnO


Question 10:
The reduction reaction involves:  
(a)
gain of electrons
(b) 
loss of electrons
(c) 
increase in oxidation state
(d) 
addition of oxygen

Correct Answer is Option (a)
Reduction is the transfer of electrons between species in a chemical reaction where there is a process of gaining electrons or a decrease in the oxidation state by an element. A reduction chemical reaction involves increasing electrons associated with a single atom or a group of atoms.


Question 11:
The reactions used in black and white photography:  
(i) Decomposition of silver bromide 
(ii) Decomposition of silver chloride 
(iii) Both 
(iv) None of the above

Correct Answer is Option (c)
Black and white photography is looks like
The photographic papers are prepared by using silver chloride and silver bromide which are initially white in color.
On exposure to air, AgCl and AgBr decompose and lose their color and black and white images are obtained.
So, the correct answer is (c) Both
Reactions Involved In Black And White Photography
Visual Case Based Type Questions: Chemical Reactions & Equations - 1 Notes | Study Science Class 10 - Class 10


P, Q and R are 3 elements which undergo chemical reactions according to the following equations Answer any four question from I to V:
(i) P2O3 + 2Q → Q2O3 + 2P
(ii) 3RSO4 + 2Q → Q2(SO4)3 + 3R
(iii) 3RO + 2P → P2O3 + 3R
Question 12:
The most reactive and the least reactive elements are:
(a) Q and P
(b) Q and R
(c) R and Q
(d) R and P

Correct Answer is Option (b)
In the first reaction , Q is able to replace P from its salt i.e. P2 O3, Q is more reactive than P.
In the second reaction, Q is also able to replace R from its salt solution i.e. RSO4, Q is more reactive than R.
In the third reaction, P is able to replace r from its oxide, so, P is more reactive than R
Therefore, the r eactivity order is: Q > P > R (Q being the most reactive and R being the least)
Thus,
Most Reactive is Q 
Least Reactive is R
So, the correct answer is (b)


Question 13:
3RSO4 + 2Q → Q2(SO4)3 + 3R
The given reaction shows:
(a) Q is more reactive than R
(b) Q is less reactive than R
(c) Q and R are equally reactive
(d) none of the above

Correct Answer is Option (a)
Since in this reaction, Q is able to replace R from its salt RSO 4, Therefore, Q is more reactive than R.
So, the correct answer is (a)


Question 14:
Na2SO4 (aq) + BaCl2(aq) → BaSO4 (s) + 2NaCl(aq)
The above reaction is an example of:
(a) Double displacement reaction.
(b) Displacement reaction.
(c) Can be both.
(d) None of the above.

Correct Answer is Option (a)
Since in this reaction the two reacting compounds are switching their positive and negative ions, it is a double displacement reaction.
So, the correct answer is (a)


Question 15:
The type of reaction is:
(a) Displacement reaction
(b) Combination reaction
(c) Neutralisation reaction
(d) Substitution reaction

Correct Answer is Option (a)
Let’s look at all the options
Displacement Reaction: Reaction in which more reactive element takes the place of less reactive element.
Combination Reaction: When two or more substances react to form a single product, it is known as combination reaction.
Neutralisation reaction: A reaction in which acid and base react to form salt and water
Substitution Reaction: In this reaction, one functional group in a chemical compound is replaced by another.
Since in the above mentioned reactions, the more reactive elements (Q, P) are replacing the less reactive element (R), this is a displacement reaction.
So, the correct answer is (a) Displacement reaction

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