Read the following instructions very carefully and strictly follow them:
Q.1. Your school’s web address is www.littlebuds.com. You want to create a link to this website from your web page. Write the HTML code you will use to do this. Also, explain the <A> tag.
<a href="www.littlebuds.com">My School </a>
The <a> tag (anchor tag) in HTML is used to create a hyperlink on the webpage. This hyperlink is used to link the webpage to other web pages. It's either used to provide an absolute reference or a relative reference as its "href" value.
Q.2. What is SMS?
Write the full form of Cc and Bcc (used in e-mail communication). Explain the difference between them.
Short Message Service (SMS) is a text messaging service component of phone, web, or mobile communication systems, using standardized communications protocols that allow the exchange of short text messages between fixed line or mobile phone devices. Including spaces, text messages traditionally can't exceed 160 characters.
Cc stands for Carbon Copy
Bcc stands for Blind Carbon Copy
The difference between Cc and Bcc:
Through Carbon copy (Cc), every recipient can check who else has received the mail while through Blind carbon copy (Bcc), no recipient can check who else has received the e-mail.
Q.3. Write the code to create an image named “Heritage.gif ” as a hyperlink to “India.html”.
Q.4. List some advantages of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS).
Advantages of CSS are:
(i) It controls layout of many documents from one single style sheet.
(ii) It has more precise control of layout.
(iii) It applies different layouts to different media types.
(iv) It has numerous advanced and sophisticated techniques to be applied on web pages.
Q.5. Define Internet and write its two uses in our daily life. How is it different from the World Wide Web (www).
Internet is a world-wide network of interconnected computer networks and other devices. It provides us with a very easy, fast and convenient way to access any type of information. It uses the standard Internet Protocol (TCP/IP).
(i) To access any educational site example : khan academy.
(ii) To send and receive emails using an email service. The world wide web, or web for short, are the pages you see when you're at a device and you're online whereas the internet is the network of connected computers that the web works on.
Q.6. What is e-learning? Explain any two merits of e-learning
e-learning can be defined as a learning system which makes use of electronic resources mainly computers and the internet. It encompasses everything from traditional classrooms that incorporate basic technology to online schools and universities.
Merits: Since in e-learning teachers use technology to teach, it is highly engaging. Students can learn anywhere, anytime according to their convenience thus saving a lot of time and money.
Q.7. “A web browser is different from a web server ”. Explain any two differences in web browser and web server with suitable example of each.
Explain any two differences between 3G and 4G mobile technologies.
A Web Browser is a software that can be used to browse and display pages available over internet whereas a web server is a software which provides these documents when requested by web browsers. A web browser sends request to web servers for web services etc. and a web server responds to these requests by providing the required documents. Google chrome is an example of a web browser whereas Apache server is an example of a web server.
The main difference between a 3G and 4G mobile technology is the speed:
Q.8. Read the case study given below and attempt any 4 sub-questions (out of 5).
For communication over the Internet, the communicating devices must follow certain rules. These rules are called Internet protocols. For email communication, we use SMTP and POP. For communication between browser and server HTTP and HTTPS protocols are used. We can use TELNET to access services available on a remote computer.
(i) Rahul who is using protocol doesn't know the term POP Can you help him to know about POP?
(ii) Which internet protocol provides secure data transmission between server and browser with the help of encryption?
(iii) Which protocol is used for delivering data from the source to the destination?
(iv) Naina a friend of Rahul is also working with him. She wants to know the use of SMTP Help her.
(v) In order to gather some information on protocols, Mr. Rahul has to do some research. He can do this in which he wants to try to get the full form of TELNET.
(i) Post Office Protocol (POP) is an application-layer Internet standard protocol used by e-mail clients to retrieve e-mail from a mail server.
(ii) HTTPS (HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure)
(iii) SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
(iv) Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is used to deliver e-mail messages over the internet.
(v) TELNET stands for Terminal Network
Q.9. Write the HTML code to design the web page as shown below, considering the specifications as given below. Students can write code for any 4 specifications out of the given 5 specifications
Specification-1: The HTML code structure should be proper. Text in first row of heading and Background color of this row should be Yellow.
Specification-2: The value of the table border attribute should be 3. Table header tag should be used wherever required.
Specification-3: The table should exactly contain 3 rows and 4 columns. The data in each cell should be as shown in the above table.
Specification-4: Attribute rowspan should be used wherever required.
Specification-5: Attribute colspan should be used wherever required.
<TABLE border= "3">
<TH colspan="4"> Marks</TH>