Ques 1: Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow.
Set in the declining but still green Western Ghats in the South-West of Karnataka, Coorg is the heart of India's coffee country, coffee being the world's most heavily traded commodity after crude oil.
Coorg boasts a land area four times larger than Hong Kong and seven times the area of Singapore, most of it is under tree cover because unlike tea plants, the coffee bush requires shade. India is acknowledged as the producer of the finest mild coffees.
With their tropical climate, high altitude, abundant rainfall and fertile soil, Coorg and the neighboring Chick magalur districts in Karnataka have consistently produced and exported high quality coffee for over 150 years. The coffee output of these two districts accounts for 70 per cent of the total coffee produced in the country.
Coorg coffee is valued for its blue colour, clean beans and fine liquoring qualities and hence is in demand in the international markets. In March and April is the coffee blossom time in Coorg. When blossoms transform in to berries, the bushes are cropped. The cherry-red fruit is then pulped; the seeds separated, dried and sent for curing.
Coorg or Kodagu is the district which is one of the largest producers of pepper, cardamom and honey in the world.
Answer the following questions.
(i) Where is Coorg located?
(ii) What is Coorg coffee valued for?
(iii) What is the other name for Coorg?
(iv) Which are the other produces of Coorg?
(v) Which are the coffee blossom months in Coorg?
(vi) How many times is the land area of Coorg larger than Hong Kong?
(vii) Name the district in Karnataka other than Coorg that has produced high quality coffee for over 150 years.
(viii) What climatic conditions are required to grow coffee?
Ans: (i) Coorg is located in the Western Ghats in the South-West of Karnataka.
(ii) Coorg coffee is valued for its blue colour, clean beans and fine liquoring qualities.
(iv) Other produces of the Coorg region are pepper, cardamom and honey.
(v) March and April are the coffee blossom months in Coorg.
(vi) The land area of Coorg is four times larger than Hong Kong,
(vii) Other than Coorg, Chick magalur has produced high quality coffee for over 150 years.
(viii) High altitude, plenty of rainfall and fertile soil.
Ques 2: Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow.
Highly creative people aren't afraid to ask what may seem to be naive or silly questions. They ask questions like, "Why don't spiders get tangled up in their own webs?" and, "Why do dogs turn in circles before lying down?" Such questions may seem childlike, and in a way they are.
Children have not yet had their innate creative energies channelled into culturally acceptable directions and can give full rein to their curiosity- the absolute prerequisite for full creative functioning, in both children and adults.
Unlike children, creative people appear to have vast stores of patience to draw upon. Months, years, even decades cm be devoted to a single problem. The home that encourages inquisitiveness contributes to creative development. The teacher who stresses questions rather than answers and rewards curiosity rather than restricting is teaching a child to be creative.
To be extremely intelligent is not the same as to be gifted in creative work. The Quiz kids are often referred to as geniuses. They would undoubtedly score high in memory functions. But it is doubtful whether they are also fluent in producing ideas.
Contrary to popular myths that glorify youth, more creative achievements are likely to occur when people grow older. While memory may falter with age, creativity is ageless.
A. Answer the following questions.
(i) Who are 'highly creative people'?
(ii) What kind of home can contribute to creative development?
(iii) Is being intelligent the same as being creative? Explain.
(iv) When is creative achievement likely to occur?
B. Tick the correct option.
(i) Children don't have
(a) a lot of patience
(b) much patience
(c) a little patience
(d) any patience
(ii) Memory may alter with age
(a) but it doesn't disappear
(b) but creativity never dies
(c) but it may slow down
(d) but it doesn't disappear all of a sudden
(iii) 'Glorify' means
(iv) Highly creative people
(a) are always bold
(b) are not afraid of asking even silly questions
(c) are always open to questions
(d) are always honest
Ans: A. (i) Highly creative people are those who are not afraid to ask what may seem to be silly questions. The yask questions like, "Why don't spiders get tangled up in their own webs?" and "Why do dogs turn in circles before lying down?"
(ii) Homes that encourage inquisitiveness contribute to creative development. The teacher who stresses questions rather than answers and rewards curiosity rather than restriction teaches a child to be creative.
(iii) Being intelligent is not the same as being creative. An intelligent person looks at things very practically whereas a creative person can look at things in abstract ways. But an intelligent person can be creative and a creative person can be intelligent too.
(iv) Contrary to popular myths that glorify youth, more creative achievements are likely to occur when people grow older. Memory may falter with age but creativity is ageless. It has nothing to do with youth.
B. (i) (b) much patience.
(ii) (b) but creativity never dies.
(iii) (d) praise.
(iv) (b) are not afraid of asking even silly questions.
Ques 3: You are Karthik/Kritika, Secretary of Dena Apartment's Welfare Association, Delhi. Write a letter to the Editor of 'The Herald' on the problems faced during the peak hours of traffic in and around yourlocality, giving suitable suggestions to minimize these problems. (100-120 words)
Massive poaching in the past 2 years has wiped out the entire tiger population at one of the tiger reserves in India, says one of the investigation reports. Look at the input given below and notice how the number of tigers in India is falling.
Using your own ideas and clues from your reading of the unit Environment, write an article in about 100-120 words for 'Eco-World' magazine expressing your concern on the issue. Falling numbers Official estimates of tigers in the Wildlife Sanctuary
Ans: Dena Apartments' Welfare Association Delhi-IIOOSI 25th April, 20XX The Editor
The Herald Delhi-11002 Subject Problems of Traffic During Peak Hours Sir, Through the columns of your esteemed newspaper, I want to draw the attention of the concerned authorities towards the problems faced during the peak hours of traffic both in the morning and the evening not only by the residents of Dena apartments but by the other passers by.
This road is connected to more than ten small colonies and most people use this road. It has become so congested that school going children and old people find it difficult to cross the roads. Even though there are traffic signals on the crossing yet the traffic is beyond control. To combat this problem, the road can be widened as there is enough space on both sides of the road.
Two zones can be created for easy flow of traffic. I hope my views will receive due recognition in your newspaper for the common well-being. Yours faithfully Kritika Secretary Dena Apartments' Welfare Association Or Save Tigers from Extinction Our planet Earth is blessed with such a huge variety of animals and other species. But why should even any one of the species become extinct due to human selfishness and many times due to various myths and legends.
It is really a matter of great concern and demands immediate remedial steps to prevent the situation from getting worse. Some official figures show the falling number of tigers, which reveals the fact that the tigers will soon be on the extinction list. In 1972, tiger population fell by 1827, in 1979 by 3015, in 1984 by 4005, in 1989 by 4334, in 1993 by 3750, in 1997 by 3508, in 2004by 3500, in 2008 by 2200 and in 2012 by another 1400.
If we go a little deeper behind tiger poaching, we find that all parts of a tiger's body are sold at a high rate in foreign countries. Our failure to protect the tiger population from the shots of the poachers is mainly responsible for their dwindling number.' Some fashion crazy people lust for fashion items from tiger hides.
Tiger body parts are like gold for their aphrodisiac qualities. We should initiate to open more tiger reserves and animal parks. Rigorous steps need to be taken to keep a vigil on the poachers in these reserves and the culprits should be punished severely, who are doing such a heinous crime to set an example for the rest. We should do whatever we can to prevent this beautiful species from extinction. XYZ
Ques 4: Write a short story in about 150-200 words starting from the sentence written below.
Once there lived a swan in a lake, in the forest of wonders........
Ans: He used to spend time doing various playful activities in the lake. The forest had all kinds of beautiful flowers and some trees were made of gold and precious gems. One day an owl visited him in the forest, and they soon became good friends.
They used to spend lots of time together. But the owl got bored of the place and told the swan, "I am going back to Lotus wood, and if you ever want, you can visit me there". One day the swan visited the owl in the Lotus wood.
On reaching Lotus wood, it could not find the owl. It was hiding in the dark hole. The owl asked the swan to take rest till daylight. Next morning, a group of merchants who had heard about the gold trees were passing by to collect some gold. The owl on looking at them started hooting.
Thinking that this was a bad omen, the merchants decided to shoot down the owl. But the owl had fled and taken refuge in a nearby hole. The swan did not move from its place. As a result, the arrow hit the swan and it was killed.
Ques 5: Complete the following sentences,
(i) She is one of the best mothers that.......... ever lived.
(ii) You are not the first man who .......... been deceived by appearances.
(iii) One of his many good traits that.......... to my mind was his modesty.
(iv) This is one of the things ..........kills ambition.
(v) Treasure Island is one of the best pirate stories that.......... ever written. (vi) Ambition is one of those passions that.......... never satisfied.
Ans: (i) have
Ques 6: In the following passage, one word has been omitted in each line. Mark the place where you think aword has been omitted using '/'. Write the word you think has been omitted in the space provided. The first correction has been done as example.
Last night/thief broke into my house, e.g., a He broke the lock of an almirah, when it not open. The boxed double bed was
(a) .............. ransacked, woollen clothes were stolen,
(b) .............. By the time, I awoke the thief disappeared
(c) .............. in the darkness of the night.
I suffered a loss about twenty thousand rupees,
Ans: (a) it/not - did
(b) ransacked/woollen - and
(c) thief/disappeared - had
(d) loss/about - of
Ques 7: Rearrange the/allowing words and phrases to form meaningful sentences and write them in youranswer sheet
Marco Polo / in / was / Croatia / born Marco Polo was born in Croatia.
(i) Venice / Marco Polo / a / citizen / was / of
(ii) he/travellers/ was/of the / greatest/one/European
(iii) he / the / Mongol Emperor / the / court / visited / of
Ans: (i) Marco Polo was a citizen of Venice.
(ii) He was one of the greatest European travellers.
(iii) He visited the court of the Mongol Emperor.
Ques 8: Read the extracts given below and answer the questions that follow.
'Well' I said', we're leaving on Monday, is there anything I can do for you before we go?
(i) What did Jacopo ask the author to do?
(ii) What was Nicola's reaction to his brother's demand?
(iii) Why did the author ask the boy, if he could do anything before he went away?
Elizabeth's that sharp that she'll see I'm after it and she'll drive a hard bargain over it. Eh, what it is tohave a low money grubbing spirit!
(i) Over what will Elizabeth drive a hard bargain?
(ii) What does the phrase 'drive hard bargain ' mean?
(iii) Find the irony in the statement ? 'what it is to have a low money grubbing spirit.'
Ans: (i) He asked the author to take them to padua in his car.
(ii) He glared at his younger brother in vexation.
(iii) The author knew that they were in need of help.
(i) She would drive a hard bargain over grandfather's bureau.
(ii) It means to argue in an aggressive manner and force somebody to agree to the best possible outcome.
(iii) The statement is ironical because Mrs Slater herself is a very greedy and selfish woman.
Ques 9: Answer the following questions in 30-40 words each.
(i) 'Tortured by doubt and remorse, he sat down in the glow of the charcoal sigri to wait.' Who is tortured bydoubt and remorse? Why? What is he waiting for?
(ii) What did Mrs Packletide do to overawe Loona Bimberton after the tiger hunt? How did Loona Bimberton react to it?
(iii) What do the Slaters and the Jordans discuss immediately after arrival for the mourning at the Slater's? What does it show of their character?
(iv) It is not the mirror but the woman herself who is responsible for the pain that she experiences.
Ans: (i) It is the postmaster who is tortured by doubt and remorse because he felt he had hurt Ali by being rude to him. He is filled with regret at his behavior. He sits down to wait for a letter from his daughter who is sick. Now, when he is struck with the same problem he realizes the pain Ali had suffered.
(ii) Mrs Packletide extended herself a lot to overawe Loona Bimberton. She got herself photographed forvarious magazines. She offered a tiger-claw brooch and invited her to a luncheon party. On the contrary, Loona Bimberton declined the offer and coldly sent Mrs Packletide a letter of thanks for the gift.
(iii) Immediately after arriving Mrs Jordan talks about the mourning dress to be worn at father's cremation. She expresses that it's a great relief for her to get into the black dress. Mrs Slater tells that she has ordered for their new mourning dresses. This shows how selfish and inhuman they are. They are very materialistic and care the least for human values and sentiments.
(iv) It is not the mirror but the woman herself who is responsible for the pain that she is experiencing. The mirror is reflecting her image faithfully. It is she herself who, unable to accept her ageing gracefully, indulges in self-pity, bringing about suffering upon herself.
Ques 10: Answer any one of the following questions in about 80-100 words.
Two Gentlemen of Verona have grown prematurely due to adverse circumstances. What values inspire you to be successful in your work?
"But when the evening of his life was drowning in, he left his old ways and suddenly took a new turn."What was the change in Ali's nature towards the end of his life? What was responsible for this transformation?
Ans: Work must be accomplished in adverse circumstances with great commitment and passion. Jacopo and Nicola faced life with courage and believed in their own power. Their brave approach towards all problems enabled them to tide over difficult times. One should develop positive thinking.
It is important to gain control over life by learning and then successfully applying a number of self-determination skills such as goal-setting, understanding our abilities and disabilities' and problem solving. Self-determination enables a person to engage in self-regulated behavior towards the achievement of the goal.
Ali gave searching completely for his only child Miriam who was now married and had left him. He had grown old and after Miriam's marriage he was left alone. He had no other child. In Miriam's absence he felt and understood the meaning of love, of life and of separation. He could no longer enjoy the sportsman's pleasure in hunting.
He now thought of partridges which were left alone. Such loneliness haunted him badly. To avoid it he used to go to the post office daily to receive a letter from Miriam. Thus anew kind of wisdom in his loneliness brought this change in his nature.
Ques 11: Answer any one of the following questions in about 150-200 words,
Mr van Daan had to face a severe shortage of money. How did he come to solve his problem? (The Diary of a Young Giri)
Draw a character sketch of Mr Otto Frank.
(The Diary of a Young Girl) Helen was naughty and she indulged in pranks unmindful of their consequences. Describe the incidents when she locked up her mother and her teacher. (The Story of My Life)
What impression do you form of Mr Anagnos? (The Story of My Life)
Ans: The Diary of a Young Girl Mr van Daan lost his last hundred guilders in the warehouse. The money was badly needed for house hold expenses. The menfolk discussed the matter and wondered how Mr van Daan lost the money. They failed to understand how a hundred guilders came to be lost in the ware house on a Monday morning. They were puzzled asto who could have stolen the money.
Peter's bike was put to sale to get some money, but the bike came back as there was no buyer for it. Mr van Daan had piles of dresses, but they were of no value. At last she had to agree to sell her fur coat. The coat was made of rabbit skin. It was with her for seventeen years for which she got 325 guilders, which was a big amount. But she refused to part with the money.
Mr van Daan got angry. He had to persuade her with much difficulty to give the money for house hold expenses. She agreed after a lot of shouting and screaming.
Otto Frank was originally from Germany. He migrates to Holland when the atrocities against the Jews worsened. Being a resourceful and talented businessman, he established himself decently. He became the managing director of the Dutch Opekta Company.
In Anne's eyes, he is the kindest, smartest, most gentle and thoughtful father. He is generous and kind hearted. He is level headed while the other adults in the annexe were harsh, moody, impulsive and emotional. His benevolent nature makes him save the best food for his children. He himself takes the smallest portion.
He is a caring and protective father. He is a peacemaker in the annexe and tries his best to defuse tense situations from cropping up. Even when there is a quarrel between Anne and her elder sister, he tries to calm down the situation. Anne feels more close to her father than her mother. She thinks that her father understands her.
When her father stops doing business due to laws imposed on the Jews, Anne is not able to comprehend this and thinks that her father just idles away his time at home. The Story of My Life Helen, when she was young, did not understand the consequences of her acts and indulged in childish pranks.
With the passage of time, Helen came to know many things and one of them was how to use a key. One day she locked her mother in the pantry for three hours. Her mother kept pounding on the door and Helen laughed with glee, as she felt the vibration of the bounding. Because of this incident her parents thought that she should be taught as soon as possible. Hence, Miss Sullivan was called.
Once Helen's mother gave her something to give to Miss Sullivan. But she gave the thing to the latter, locked Miss Sullivan in her room and hid the key under the wardrobe in the hall. She was implored to tell where the key was but she did not speak of it. Her father brought a ladder and took Miss Sullivan out through the window and Helen enjoyed the drama a lot. Months later she produced the key. These were innocent pranks and Helen was learning the lessons of life through them.
Mr Anagnos was the Director of the Perkins Institution for the blind. He sent Anne Sullivan to the Keller home asa teacher for Helen. He and Helen became friends and he had her sit on his knee when she first visited the Institution. But the incident of 'The Frost King' soured their relationship. Helen wrote a story titled 'The Frost King'. Writing that story and sending it to her friend made her very excited.
Mr Anagnos delightedly published it. It was discovered that a story similar to The Frost King' called 'The Frost fairies' by Miss Can by had appeared in a book called- 'Birdie and his Friends'. The stories were much alike in thought and language. And so Helen's story was considered a case of plagiarism.
At first, Mr Anagnos accepted Helen's word that if she had copied the idea for the story, it was done unknowingly. But later he changed his mind and came to believe that the story was intentionally plagiarized and their friendship was forever ruined.