The document Ex 13.1 NCERT Solutions- Surface Areas and Volumes Class 10 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 10 Course Mathematics (Maths) Class 10.

All you need of Class 10 at this link: Class 10

[Unless stated otherwise, take Ï€ = 22/7]

**Q.1. Two cubes each of volume 64 cm ^{3} are joined end to end. Find the surface area of the resulting cuboid.**

âˆ´ Total volume of the two cubes = 2 Ã— 64 cm

Let the edge of each cube = x

âˆ´ x

â‡’ x =4 cm

â–º Now, Length of the resulting cuboid 'l' = 2x cm

â–º Breadth of the resulting cuboid 'b' = x cm

â–º Height of the resulting cuboid 'h' = x cm

= 2 [(2x Â· x) + (x Â· x) + (x Â· 2x)]

= 2 [(2 Ã— 4 Ã— 4) + (4 Ã— 4) + (4 Ã— 2 Ã— 4)] cm

= 2 [32 + 16 + 32] cm

__ ____For the cylindrical part__

â–º Radius (r) = 7 cm

â–º Height (h) = 6 cm

âˆ´ Curved surface area

= 2Ï€rh__For hemispherical part__â–º Radius (r) = 7 cm

âˆ´ Surface area = 2Ï€r

âˆ´ Total surface area

= (264 + 308) cm

âˆ´ h = (15.5 âˆ’ 3.5) cm = 12.0 cm

â–º Surface area of the conical part = Ï€rl

â–º Surface area of the hemispherical part = 2Ï€r

**Q.4. A cubical block of side 7 cm is surmounted by a hemisphere. What is the greatest diameter the hemisphere can have? Find the surface area of the solid.****Sol. **Side of the block = 7 cm

â‡’ The greatest diameter of the hemisphere = 7 cm__Surface area of the solid:__= [Total S.A. of the cubical block] + [S.A. of the hemisphere] âˆ’ [Base area of the hemisphere]

= (6 Ã— l

**Q.5. A hemispherical depression is cut out from one face of a cubical wooden block such that the diameter l of the hemisphere is equal to the edge of the cube. Determine the surface area of the remaining solid.****Sol.** Let â€˜lâ€™ be the side of the cube.

âˆ´ The greatest diameter of the curved hemisphere = l

â‡’ Radius of the curved hemisphere

âˆ´ Surface area of hemisphere = 2Ï€r^{2}

**Base area of the hemisphere **

Surface area of the cube = 6 Ã— l^{2} = 6l^{2}**âˆ´ Surface area of the remaining solid****Q.6. A medicine capsule is in the shape of a cylinder with two hemispheres stuck to each of its ends (see Fig.). The length of the entire capsule is 14 mm and the diameter of the capsule is 5 mm. Find its surface area.****Sol.** Radius of the hemispherical part

= 5/2 mm = 2.5 mm**âˆ´ Surface area of one hemispherical part** = 2Ï€r^{2}

â‡’ Surface area of both hemispherical parts

Area of cylindrical part = **âˆ´ Total surface area**

**Q.7. A tent is in the shape of a cylinder surmounted by a conical top. If the height and diameter of the cylindrical part are 2.1 m and 4 m respectively, and the slant height of the top is 2.8 m, find the area of the canvas used for making the tent. Also, find the cost of the canvas of the tent at the rate of Rs 500 per m ^{2}. (Note that the base of the tent will not be covered with canvas.)**

__For cylindrical part:__â–º Radius (r) = 4/2 m = 2 m

â–º Height (h) = 2.1 m

âˆ´ Curved surface area = 2Ï€rh =

â–º Base radius (r)= 2m

âˆ´ Curved surface area

= [Surface area of the cylindrical part] + [Surface area of conical part]

Cost of 1 m

âˆ´ Cost of 44 m

__ For cylindrical part:__â–º Height = 2.4 cm

â–º Diameter = 1.4 cm

â‡’ Radius (r) = 0.7 cm

â–º Height (h) = 2.4 cm

âˆ´ Slant height

âˆ´ Curved surface area of the conical part

Base area of the conical part

Height of the cylinder (h) = 10 cm

âˆ´ Total surface area = 2Ï€rh + 2Ï€r

Base area of a hemisphere = Ï€r

âˆ´ Total surface area of the remaining solid

= 297 cm

= (451 âˆ’ 77) cm

Offer running on EduRev: __Apply code STAYHOME200__ to get INR 200 off on our premium plan EduRev Infinity!

165 videos|291 docs|103 tests