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NCERT Solutions: Polynomials (Exercise 2.2) Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 10 - Class 10

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Q.1. Find the zeroes of the following quadratic polynomials and verify the relationship between the zeroes and the coefficients.

Solutions:
(i) x2–2x –8
⇒ x2– 4x+2x–8 = x(x–4)+2(x–4) = (x-4)(x+2)
Therefore, zeroes of polynomial equation x2–2x–8 are (4, -2)
Sum of zeroes = 4–2 = 2 = -(-2)/1 = -(Coefficient of x)/(Coefficient of x2)
Product of zeroes = 4×(-2) = -8 =-(8)/1 = (Constant term)/(Coefficient of x2)

(ii) 4s2–4s+1
⇒ 4s2–2s–2s+1 = 2s(2s–1)–1(2s-1) = (2s–1)(2s–1)
Therefore, zeroes of polynomial equation 4s2–4s+1 are (1/2, 1/2)
Sum of zeroes = (½)+(1/2) = 1 = -4/4 = -(Coefficient of s)/(Coefficient of s2)
Product of zeros = (1/2)×(1/2) = 1/4 = (Constant term)/(Coefficient of s)

(iii) 6x2–3–7x
⇒ 6x2–7x–3 = 6x– 9x + 2x – 3 = 3x(2x – 3) +1(2x – 3) = (3x+1)(2x-3)
Therefore, zeroes of polynomial equation 6x2–3–7x are (-1/3, 3/2)
Sum of zeroes = -(1/3)+(3/2) = (7/6) = -(Coefficient of x)/(Coefficient of x2)
Product of zeroes = -(1/3)×(3/2) = -(3/6) = (Constant term) /(Coefficient of x)

(iv) 4u2+8u
⇒ 4u(u+2)
Therefore, zeroes of polynomial equation 4u2 + 8u are (0, -2).
Sum of zeroes = 0+(-2) = -2 = -(8/4) = = -(Coefficient of u)/(Coefficient of u2)
Product of zeroes = 0×-2 = 0 = 0/4 = (Constant term)/(Coefficient of u)

(v) t2–15
⇒ t2 = 15 or t = ±√15
Therefore, zeroes of polynomial equation t2 –15 are (√15, -√15)
Sum of zeroes =√15+(-√15) = 0= -(0/1)= -(Coefficient of t) / (Coefficient of t2)
Product of zeroes = √15×(-√15) = -15 = -15/1 = (Constant term) / (Coefficient of t)

(vi) 3x2–x–4
⇒ 3x2–4x+3x–4 = x(3x-4)+1(3x-4) = (3x – 4)(x + 1)
Therefore, zeroes of polynomial equation3x2 – x – 4 are (4/3, -1)
Sum of zeroes = (4/3)+(-1) = (1/3)= -(-1/3) = -(Coefficient of x) / (Coefficient of x2)
Product of zeroes=(4/3)×(-1) = (-4/3) = (Constant term) /(Coefficient of x)

Q.2. Find a quadratic polynomial each with the given numbers as the sum and product of its zeroes respectively.
(i) 1/4 , -1
Solution:
From the formulas of sum and product of zeroes, we know,
Sum of zeroes = α+β
Product of zeroes = α β
Sum of zeroes = α+β = 1/4
Product of zeroes = α β = -1
∴ If α and β are zeroes of any quadratic polynomial, then the quadratic polynomial equation can be written directly as:
x2–(α+β)x +αβ = 0
x2–(1/4)x +(-1) = 0
4x2–x-4 = 0
Thus,4x2–x–4 is the quadratic polynomial.

(ii)√2, 1/3
Solution:
Sum of zeroes = α + β =√2
Product of zeroes = α β = 1/3
∴ If α and β are zeroes of any quadratic polynomial, then the quadratic polynomial equation can be written directly as:
x2–(α+β)x +αβ = 0
x2 –(√2)x + (1/3) = 0
3x2-3√2x+1 = 0
Thus, 3x2-3√2x+1 is the quadratic polynomial.

(iii) 0, √5
Solution:
Given,
Sum of zeroes = α+β = 0
Product of zeroes = α β = √5
∴ If α and β are zeroes of any quadratic polynomial, then the quadratic polynomial equation can be written directly as:
x2–(α+β)x +αβ = 0
x2–(0)x +√5= 0
Thus, x2+√5 is the quadratic polynomial.

(iv) 1, 1
Solution:
Given,
Sum of zeroes = α+β = 1
Product of zeroes = α β = 1
∴ If α and β are zeroes of any quadratic polynomial, then the quadratic polynomial equation can be written directly as:
x2–(α+β)x +αβ = 0
x2–x+1 = 0
Thus , x2–x+1is the quadratic polynomial.

(v) -1/4, 1/4
Solution:
Given,
Sum of zeroes = α+β = -1/4
Product of zeroes = α β = 1/4
∴ If α and β are zeroes of any quadratic polynomial, then the quadratic polynomial equation can be written directly as:
x2–(α+β)x +αβ = 0
x2–(-1/4)x +(1/4) = 0
4x2+x+1 = 0
Thus,4x2+x+1 is the quadratic polynomial.

(vi) 4, 1
Solution:
Given,
Sum of zeroes = α+β =
Product of zeroes = αβ = 1
∴ If α and β are zeroes of any quadratic polynomial, then the quadratic polynomial equation can be written directly as:
x2–(α+β)x+αβ = 0
x2–4x+1 = 0
Thus, x2–4x+1 is the quadratic polynomial.


Check out the NCERT Solutions of all the exercises of Polynomials: 

Exercise 2.1. NCERT Solutions: Polynomials

Exercise 2.3 NCERT Solutions: Polynomials

Exercise 2.4 NCERT Solutions: Polynomials

The document NCERT Solutions: Polynomials (Exercise 2.2) Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 10 - Class 10 is a part of the Class 10 Course Mathematics (Maths) Class 10.
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