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**Facts that Matter: **Let us remember that Mean, Median and Mode are measures of central tendency i.e., numerical representatives of the given data. Let us also note the following points.

2. Mean of grouped data:

(i) Using direct method:

(ii) Using the assumed mean method:

(iii) Using the step deviation method:

3. The mode for grouped data is found by using the formula:

where, l = lower limit of the modal class.

h = size of the class interval.

f_{1} = frequency of the modal class.

f_{0} = frequency of the class preceding the modal class.

f_{2} = frequency of the class succeeding the modal class.

**4. Cumulative frequency **of a class is the frequency obtained by adding the frequencies of all the classes preceding the given class.

**5. Median** of the given grouped data is obtained using the formula:

where, l = lower limit of median class.

n = number of observations.

cf = cumulative frequency of class preceding the median class

f = frequency of median class

h = class size

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