Facts That Matter - Pair of Linear Equations in TwoVariables Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Mathematics (Maths) Class 10

Class 10 : Facts That Matter - Pair of Linear Equations in TwoVariables Class 10 Notes | EduRev

The document Facts That Matter - Pair of Linear Equations in TwoVariables Class 10 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 10 Course Mathematics (Maths) Class 10.
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Facts that Matter

  • Linear Equation in Two Variable
    An equation which can be put in the form
    ax + by + c = 0
    where a, b and c are real numbers (a, b ≠ 0) is called a linear equation in two variables ‘x’ and ‘y’.
  • General Form of a Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variable
    General form of a linear pair of equations in two variables is:
    a1x + b1y + c= 0  and
    a2x + b2y + c2 = 0
    where a1, b1, c1, a2, b2, c2 are real numbers such that
    a12 + b12 ≠ 0  and  a22 + b22 ≠ 0
  • Solution of a Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
    The solution of a linear equation in two variables ‘x’ and ‘y’ is a pair of values (one for ‘x’ and other for ‘y’) which makes the two sides of the equation equal.
    There are two methods to solve a pair of linear equations:
    (i) algebraic method
    (ii) graphical method.
  • Algebraic Method
    We have already studied (i) Substitution method and (ii) Elimination method. Here, we will study cross-multiplication method also.
    If
    Facts That Matter - Pair of Linear Equations in TwoVariables Class 10 Notes | EduRev
    form a pair of linear equations, then the following three situations can arise:
    (i)   IfFacts That Matter - Pair of Linear Equations in TwoVariables Class 10 Notes | EduRev   ,      then the system is consistent.
    (ii)  If   Facts That Matter - Pair of Linear Equations in TwoVariables Class 10 Notes | EduRev  ,then the system is inconsistent.
    (iii)  If Facts That Matter - Pair of Linear Equations in TwoVariables Class 10 Notes | EduRev   , then the system is dependent and consistent.
  • Graphical Method of Solution of a Pair of Linear Equations
    (i) If the graphs of two equations of a system intersect at a point, the system is said to have a unique solution, i.e., the system is consistent.
    (ii) If the graphs of two equations of a system are two parallel lines, the system is said to have no solution, i.e., the system is inconsistent.
    (iii) When the graphs of two equations of a system are two coincident lines, the system is said to have infinitely many solutions, i.e., the system is consistent and dependent.
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