Government Schemes in News: January 2021 Current Affairs Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

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Current Affairs : Government Schemes in News: January 2021 Current Affairs Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

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84                                                                               www.visionias.in                                                                        ©Vision IAS  
10. GOVERNMENT SCHEMES IN NEWS 
10.1. PRADHAN MANTRI KAUSHAL VIKAS YOJANA (PMKVY 3.0) 
Why in news? 
The third phase of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY 3.0) was launched by Ministry of Skill 
Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) 
Background 
• The first version PMKVY scheme was launched in 2015 to encourage and promote skill development in the 
country by providing free short duration skill training and incentivizing this by providing monetary rewards to 
youth for skill certification. The overall idea was to boost employability of youth corresponding to the industrial 
demand. 
o It aimed at training 24 lakh people with monetary reward of INR 8000 for each successful trainee. 
o It was successful in training 19.85 lakh candidates. 
• PMKVY 2.0 (2016-20) was launched by scaling up sectors, geographies and by greater alignment with other 
missions / programs of Government of India such as ‘Make in India’, ‘Digital India’ and ‘Swachh Bharat 
Mission’. 
o The scheme has been extended for one year for skilling of migrant workers 
Objectives Key Features 
• Create an ecosystem 
for the youth to 
make informed 
choices on the 
available skilling 
avenues. 
• Provide support to 
youth for skill 
training and 
certification. 
• Promote 
sustainable Skill 
Centres for greater 
participation of 
private sector. 
• Benefit 8 lakh youth 
over the scheme 
period (2020-21). 
• The basic premise for the scheme is to create skilled and certified workforce, who not 
only contribute towards the growth of India but also drive the country into becoming 
the global skills capital. 
• Core principles of the scheme 
o Major focus on up-skilling / re-skilling with a focus on future skills (industry 4.0) 
courses to increase productivity of existing workforce. 
o Provision of add-on bridge courses and language courses for making scheme 
compatible internationally, to provide international employment opportunities to the 
Indian youth. 
o Focus on Online / Digital mode of Training for wider coverage. 
o Planning from below, with District-level plans being the fundamental instruments for 
implementation 
o Skill gap survey and analysis on a continuous basis to address the industry needs and 
contemporary market demand. 
o Private sector participation in the PMKVY 3.0 to be further encouraged with a greater 
focus on training in industries. 
o Greater cross utilization of available infrastructure with Universities / Colleges / ITIs 
/Polytechnics / Schools. 
o Preferential target allocation shall be done for Aspirational, Left-wing Extremism 
(LWE), North Eastern Regions (NER), Hilly Regions and any other focused districts / 
regions as identified by the Government of India 
o Providing monetary reward to youth post skill certification 
o PMKVY 3.0 shall also aim for phase-wise introduction of vocational courses in school 
curriculum in coordination with Ministry of Education (MoE) through technical 
support under the scheme. 
• Training Target: PMKVY 3.0, being a demand-driven scheme, training target may be 
dynamically fixed as per recommendations of Steering Committee. 
o A Steering Committee shall be constituted by MSDE, at the apex level, for broad policy 
direction. 
• Implementation Structure: This scheme will have two components:  
o Centrally Sponsored Centrally Managed (CSCM) known as the Central Component to 
be implemented by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).  
o Centrally Sponsored State Managed (CSSM) known as the State Component to be 
implemented by the State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs) / respective 
Departments of the States / UTs. 
Page 2


 
84                                                                               www.visionias.in                                                                        ©Vision IAS  
10. GOVERNMENT SCHEMES IN NEWS 
10.1. PRADHAN MANTRI KAUSHAL VIKAS YOJANA (PMKVY 3.0) 
Why in news? 
The third phase of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY 3.0) was launched by Ministry of Skill 
Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) 
Background 
• The first version PMKVY scheme was launched in 2015 to encourage and promote skill development in the 
country by providing free short duration skill training and incentivizing this by providing monetary rewards to 
youth for skill certification. The overall idea was to boost employability of youth corresponding to the industrial 
demand. 
o It aimed at training 24 lakh people with monetary reward of INR 8000 for each successful trainee. 
o It was successful in training 19.85 lakh candidates. 
• PMKVY 2.0 (2016-20) was launched by scaling up sectors, geographies and by greater alignment with other 
missions / programs of Government of India such as ‘Make in India’, ‘Digital India’ and ‘Swachh Bharat 
Mission’. 
o The scheme has been extended for one year for skilling of migrant workers 
Objectives Key Features 
• Create an ecosystem 
for the youth to 
make informed 
choices on the 
available skilling 
avenues. 
• Provide support to 
youth for skill 
training and 
certification. 
• Promote 
sustainable Skill 
Centres for greater 
participation of 
private sector. 
• Benefit 8 lakh youth 
over the scheme 
period (2020-21). 
• The basic premise for the scheme is to create skilled and certified workforce, who not 
only contribute towards the growth of India but also drive the country into becoming 
the global skills capital. 
• Core principles of the scheme 
o Major focus on up-skilling / re-skilling with a focus on future skills (industry 4.0) 
courses to increase productivity of existing workforce. 
o Provision of add-on bridge courses and language courses for making scheme 
compatible internationally, to provide international employment opportunities to the 
Indian youth. 
o Focus on Online / Digital mode of Training for wider coverage. 
o Planning from below, with District-level plans being the fundamental instruments for 
implementation 
o Skill gap survey and analysis on a continuous basis to address the industry needs and 
contemporary market demand. 
o Private sector participation in the PMKVY 3.0 to be further encouraged with a greater 
focus on training in industries. 
o Greater cross utilization of available infrastructure with Universities / Colleges / ITIs 
/Polytechnics / Schools. 
o Preferential target allocation shall be done for Aspirational, Left-wing Extremism 
(LWE), North Eastern Regions (NER), Hilly Regions and any other focused districts / 
regions as identified by the Government of India 
o Providing monetary reward to youth post skill certification 
o PMKVY 3.0 shall also aim for phase-wise introduction of vocational courses in school 
curriculum in coordination with Ministry of Education (MoE) through technical 
support under the scheme. 
• Training Target: PMKVY 3.0, being a demand-driven scheme, training target may be 
dynamically fixed as per recommendations of Steering Committee. 
o A Steering Committee shall be constituted by MSDE, at the apex level, for broad policy 
direction. 
• Implementation Structure: This scheme will have two components:  
o Centrally Sponsored Centrally Managed (CSCM) known as the Central Component to 
be implemented by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).  
o Centrally Sponsored State Managed (CSSM) known as the State Component to be 
implemented by the State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs) / respective 
Departments of the States / UTs. 
 
85                                                                               www.visionias.in                                                                        ©Vision IAS  
• Components of the Scheme: 
o Short Term Training (STT): STT is imparted to school/college dropouts or 
unemployed. 
? Training is carried out according to the National Skills Qualification Framework 
(NSQF). 
? Successfully certified candidates shall be provided placement /entrepreneurship 
/ apprenticeship assistance. 
o Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL): Individuals with prior learning experience or 
skills are assessed and certified under this component  
? It aims to align the competencies of the unregulated workforce of the country 
to the NSQF. 
o Special Projects: This component is meant for projects that require some deviation 
from the terms and conditions of Short-Term Training under PMKVY depending on 
special needs in terms of geography, demography and social groups. 
• Branding: It aims to ensure greater visibility and accurate communication of scheme. 
• A candidate may enroll not more than twice for training under PMKVY in the same sector 
(the second time to be for a higher NSQF aligned job role only), or, for a fresh training of a 
different course in the scheme. 
• Unspent balance of PMKVY2.0, may be utilized for PMKVY3.0. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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