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How to Solve Analogies: Vocabulary Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

Document Description: How to Solve Analogies: Vocabulary for CAT 2022 is part of Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) preparation. The notes and questions for How to Solve Analogies: Vocabulary have been prepared according to the CAT exam syllabus. Information about How to Solve Analogies: Vocabulary covers topics like Introduction, Types of Analogies, Solved Questions and How to Solve Analogies: Vocabulary Example, for CAT 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for How to Solve Analogies: Vocabulary.

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Table of contents
Introduction
Types of Analogies
Solved Questions
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Introduction
How to Solve Analogies: Vocabulary Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

  • Questions involving analogies ask to find the relationship between the pairs of words. 
  • The relationship between the words in the question asked is similar (or dissimilar) to the options, you have to find out the correct option.

Types of Analogies

1. Completing Analogous Pair: Such questions give the relationship between a pair; first element of second pair is given and we have to find the second element of second pair based on similar relationship given by first pair.
Example: Oasis: Sand ∷ Island: ?
(a) River
(b) Sea
(c) Water
(d) Waves

Correct Answer is Option (c).

  • Here, first pair is ⇒ “Oasis: Sand” and second pair is “Island:?”. And, “∷” sign means first pair and second pair share similar relationship. ‘Oasis’ is a mass of water amidst ‘Sand’ similarly ‘Island’ is a mass of land amidst ‘water’.
  • Note: It’d be Island: Sea had the first pair been Oasis: Desert. We’re given the name of thing desert is made of i.e. Sand. So, we’ll use the name of thing Sea is made of i.e. Water.


2. Simple Analogy: In such questions, a simple statement is given where a relationship is given and we’re asked the second element for the term given in the question, like the example below:
Sweet is to Chocolate as Book is to….?
(a) Dictionary
(b) Library
(c) Encyclopedia
(d) Atlas

Correct Answer is Option (c).

  • Here, Chocolate can be sweet or bitter but ‘Sweet’ is the enlarged form of chocolate. 
  • Similarly, ‘Encyclopedia’ is an enlarged form of a ‘book’.


3. Choosing the Analogous Pair: In such questions, a pair is given in the question and we’ve to find a suitable pair from the options given that resembles the similar relationship as in the question like the examples below:
Borrow : Steal

(a) Enter: Trespass

(b) Tell: Speak

(c) Ask: Beg

(d) Hit: Kill

Correct Answer is option (a).

  • Here, for both ‘borrowing’ and ‘stealing’ we take someone else’s thing. The only difference being that the first thing we take is with the permission of another while the second thing is taken without the permission of another. 
  • Similarly, among all the options, we see this option is seen in ‘Enter: Trespass’ where we ‘enter’ after taking permit while ‘trespassing’ is done without any permit whatsoever.


4. Multiple Word Analogy: These are the type of questions discussed above with the only difference being that here three elements are given in a pair instead of two and we have to select the suitable option. Like the example below:
Music: Guitar: Performer
a) Dance: Tune: Instrument
b) Food: Recipe: Cook
c) Patient: Medicine: Doctor
d) Trick: Rope: Acrobat.

Correct Answer is option (d).

  • In, Music: Guitar: Performer, ‘Performer’ plays ‘Music’ on ‘Guitar’. So, III element is playing/doing I element on II element. 
  • From options, we can clearly see that this pattern is followed only in option d) i.e. Acrobat (An athlete who performs acts requiring skill) performs ‘Tricks’ on a ‘Rope’.


5. Number-based Analogy: Till now, we saw the analogy based on words now we’ve questions based on numbers too like shown below:

Choose the analogous pair: 
7 : 24
(a) 20 : 100

(b) 23 : 72
(c) 19 : 58
(d) 8 : 35

Correct Answer is option (b).

How to Solve Analogies: Vocabulary Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT


6. Alphabet-based Analogy: In these types of questions, two words that are group of random letters are related to each other in some way. We’re supposed to complete the analogous pair based on that relationship:

FJUL: BOQQ∷ LHRX: ?
(a) BKPR
(b) MNCC
(c) HRYY
(d) HMNC

Correct Answer is option (d).

The relationship between FJUL: BOQQ can be illustrated as:

How to Solve Analogies: Vocabulary Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT


7. Mixed Analogy: These types of questions mixed alphabet and number like shown

below: 

T/J : 2 :: X/H : ?
(a) 2
(b) 3
(c) 4
(d) 5

Correct Answer is option (b).

How to Solve Analogies: Vocabulary Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT


Three-Step Bridge Method for Solving Analogies

Step 1: Build a strong bridge (relationship) sentence relating the words in the question pair. The bridge should be as short and clear as possible.
Step 2: Use this bridge with each answer choice, inserting them in place of the words in the question pair.
Step 3: The answer will be the sentence that is the most logical. If after completing steps 1 and 2, you still have not found the answer pair that works, it may be necessary to adjust the bridge sentence.

Question for How to Solve Analogies: Vocabulary
Try yourself:Melt : Liquid :: Freeze : ?
View Solution


Example 1: Bad : Terrible
(a) hard : difficult
(b) hot : warm
(c) funny : hilarious
(d) right : wrong
(e) young : new

Correct Answer is Option (c).

Something that is extremely bad is terrible. Something that is extremely funny is hilarious.


Example 2: Candy : Sweet
(a) man : strong
(b) time : fast
(c) money : powerful
(d) movie : exciting
(e) fire : hot

Correct Answer is Option (e).

A characteristic of a candy is to be sweet. A characteristic of a fire is to be hot.


Example 3: Finger : Hand
(a) ball : game
(b) clock : room
(c) wheel : car
(d) hat : suit
(e) man : woman

Correct Answer is Option (c).

A finger is part of a hand. A wheel is part of a car.

Question for How to Solve Analogies: Vocabulary
Try yourself:Architect : Building :: Sculptor : ?
View Solution


Solved Questions

Q.1. Cup : Lip :: Bird : ?

(a)    Bush

(b)   Grass

(c)   Forest

(d)    Beak

Correct Answer is Option (d)

Cup is used to drink something with the help of lips. Similarly birds collects grass with the help of beak to make her nest.


Q.2. Flow : River :: Stagnant : ?

(a)   Rain

(b)   Stream

(c)   Pool

(d)  Canal

Correct Answer is Option (c)

As Water of a River flows similarly water of Pool is Stagnant. 


Q.3. Paw : Cat :: Hoof : ?

(a) Lamb

(b) Elephant

(c) Lion

(d) Horse

Correct Answer is Option (d)

As cat has Paw similarly Horse has Hoof. 


Q.4. Ornithologist : Bird :: Archaeologist : ?

(a)   Islands

(b)   Mediators

(c)   Archaeology

(d)   Aquatic

Correct Answer is Option (c)

As Ornithologist is a specialist of Birds similarly Archaeologist is a specialist of Archaeology.


Q.5. Peacock : India :: Bear : ?

(a) Australia

(b) America 

(c) Russia

(d) England

Correct Answer is Option (c)

As Peacock is the national bird of India, similarly Bear is the national animal of Russia 
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