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Indian Standard Soil Classification System(ISSCS) - Classification of Soil, Soil Mechanics - Notes | Study Soil Mechanics Notes- Agricultural Engineering - Agricultural Engineering

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Indian Standard Soil Classification System (ISSCS)

According to this system, the symbols of the various soils are as: Gravel (G), Sand (S), Silt or Silty (M), Clay or Clayey (C), Organic (O), Peat (Pt), Well graded (W), Poorly graded (P). To classify the fine-grained soil, plasticity chart (as shown in Figure 2) is used. The difference between the plasticity charts used for Unified Soil Classification System (USCS) and Indian Standard Soil Classification System (ISSCS) is that in USCS, the soil is classified as High Plasticity (if liquid limit >50%) or Low Plasticity (if liquid limit < 50%) soil, but in ISSCS, the soil is classified as High Plasticity (if liquid limit >50%) or Intermediate Plasticity (if liquid limit is in between 35% to 50%) or Low Plasticity (if liquid limit < 35%). For example, if a soil sample has liquid limit (wL) 45% and plasticity index (IP) 25, according to the Unified Soil Classification System (USCS) the point is above ‘A’ line (point A in Figure 4.1) and it is classified as CL. However, according to Indian Standard Soil Classification System (ISSCS) the point is also above ‘A’ line (point B in Figure 4.2), but it is classified as CI.
Figure 4.3 shows the flow chart to classify a soil according to the Indian Standard Soil Classification System. Figure 4.4 and Figure 4.5 show the classification of coarse-grained and fine-grained soil, respectively as per Indian Standard Soil Classification System.

Indian Standard Soil Classification System(ISSCS) - Classification of Soil, Soil Mechanics - Notes | Study Soil Mechanics Notes- Agricultural Engineering - Agricultural Engineering

Fig. 4.2. Plasticity chart as per Indian Standard Soil Classification System

(ISSCS).

 

Indian Standard Soil Classification System(ISSCS) - Classification of Soil, Soil Mechanics - Notes | Study Soil Mechanics Notes- Agricultural Engineering - Agricultural Engineering

Fig. 4.3. Flow chart to classify soil (as per ISSCS).


(a)
Indian Standard Soil Classification System(ISSCS) - Classification of Soil, Soil Mechanics - Notes | Study Soil Mechanics Notes- Agricultural Engineering - Agricultural Engineering

(b)
Indian Standard Soil Classification System(ISSCS) - Classification of Soil, Soil Mechanics - Notes | Study Soil Mechanics Notes- Agricultural Engineering - Agricultural Engineering


Fig. 4.4. Classification of coarse-grained soil: (a) Gravel (b) Sand (as per ISSCS).

 Indian Standard Soil Classification System(ISSCS) - Classification of Soil, Soil Mechanics - Notes | Study Soil Mechanics Notes- Agricultural Engineering - Agricultural Engineering

(a)

Indian Standard Soil Classification System(ISSCS) - Classification of Soil, Soil Mechanics - Notes | Study Soil Mechanics Notes- Agricultural Engineering - Agricultural Engineering

Fig. 4.5. Classification of fine-grained soil: (a) Silt or Organic matter (b) Clay (as per ISSCS).

The document Indian Standard Soil Classification System(ISSCS) - Classification of Soil, Soil Mechanics - Notes | Study Soil Mechanics Notes- Agricultural Engineering - Agricultural Engineering is a part of the Agricultural Engineering Course Soil Mechanics Notes- Agricultural Engineering.
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