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Introduction: A Triumph of Surgery Notes | Study English Class 10 - Class 10

Document Description: Introduction: A Triumph of Surgery for Class 10 2022 is part of A Triumph of Surgery for English Class 10 preparation. The notes and questions for Introduction: A Triumph of Surgery have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus. Information about Introduction: A Triumph of Surgery covers topics like James Herriot – A Short Biography, Introduction , Word - Meanings  and Introduction: A Triumph of Surgery Example, for Class 10 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for Introduction: A Triumph of Surgery.

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Table of contents
James Herriot – A Short Biography
Introduction 
Word - Meanings 
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James Herriot – A Short Biography

  • James Alfred Wight (Herriot) was an English veterinary surgeon and writer. He was born on 3 October 1916 in Sunderland, England. 
  • James Herriot was his pen name (an assumed name used by a writer instead of their real name). 
  • Being a noted veterinary surgeon, he utilised his vast experience in writing stories about animals. He wrote a series of books of stories about animals and their masters. James Alfred Wight (James Herriot) died on 23 February 1995, at the age of 78. 

Introduction 

James Herriot was a vet surgeon. He had many great experiences of curing pet dogs and cats. He has given a very interesting and touching expression of his experiences. In this lesson, he has given the description of a dog’s disease. Mrs. Pumphrey’s dog Tricki was seriously ill. James Herriot treated the dog without medicine or surgery. 

Theme of the Story

  • The story ‘A Triumph of Surgery’ revolves around an ill dog named Tricki and his mistress, Mrs. Pumphrey. The dog was hugely fat. His eyes were blood-red and rheumy (watery). 
  • Mrs. Pumphrey gave her malt (barely that has been germinated), cod-liver oil and bowl of Horlicks. Still, Tricki had no energy. 
  • The doctor advised her to cut down on sweet things. Tricki left eating and kept vomiting. He was hospitalized. The doctor gave Tricki nothing to eat for the first two days except water. 
  • On the third day, there were signs of improvement. He started taking food properly. The doctor didn’t give him any medical treatment. Tricki used to run around and play with the other dogs cheerfully. 
  • Soon, he recovered completely. Mrs. Pumphrey continued enquiring about Tricki on the phone. When she came to collect the dog, tears were shining in her eyes. She called this magical recovery: ‘A Triumph of Surgery’. 

Word - Meanings 

Pulled up = stopped (रोक दी)
Shocked = sudden attack  (अचानक आघात पंहुचा)
Hugely = excessive(अत्यधिक)
Bloated = swollen(फूला हुआ)  
Bloodshot = red coloured (लाल रंग का)
Sausage = unbaked meat (कवाब)
Started = to look with fixed eyes(घूरना)
Lolled = hanged out the tongue (लपकना)
Listless = careless (असावधान)
Malnutrition = lack of proper diet (कुपोषढ़)
Malt = barley (जौ)
Rheumy = a body disease (गाठिआग्रस्त)
Relent = to feel sorry (पछिताना)
Tackle = to seize (पकड़ना ,सुलझाने का प्रयास करना)
Wondered = surprised (हैरान होना)
Mentioned = referred(बताना)
Lumbago = backache (कमर दर्द, कटिवात)
Severe = hard, (कठोर)
Strict = hard (कठोर)
Wrung = twisted (मरोड़ना)
Set off = started (चल दिया)
Determined = with a set mind (डरः निश्चय के साथ)
Regime = rule (नियम)
Immediately = just then (तुरंत)
Concern = anxiety(चिंता)
Tottering= staggering (लड़खड़ाना)
Wardrobe = cupboard (अलमारी)
Drooping = hanging down (झुकना)
Harness = ornamental clothes (साज-सज्जा के वस्त्र)
Distraught = upset (परेशान)
Bouts = fits (बार -बार होना)

Panting = gasping (हाफना)
Swooned = fainted (वेहोश हो जाना)
Pine = to lament (विलाप करना)
Wailings = moanings (कराहते) 
Marched out = walked out (बाहर चले जाना)
Wrapped = covered (लिपटा हुआ)
Pith roused = awoke (जगा दिया)
With maids = lady servants; (नौकरानियाँ) 
Stuff = things (वस्तुऍ)
Glanced = gave a rapid look (सरसरी नजर से देखना)
Pathetic = full of pity  (करूद्धजनक)

Gasping = panting (हाँफते हुए)
Wag = shake(हिलाना)
Surgery = operation (शल्य -चिकित्शा)
Surged = crowded (उमड़ पढ़ना)
Carpet = fabric for covering the floor (कालीन)
Sniffing = breathing through nose (सूघना)
Ignored = overlooked (अबहेलना करना)
Made up = prepared (तैयार किया)
Kept an eye = observed (नजर रखना)
Whimper = mutering (रिरियाना, कम आवाज में रोना)
Engulfed = encircled (घिरा हुआ)
Greyhound = hunter dog (स्लेटी रंग का कुत्ता)
Slightly = a little bit, (थोड़ा सा)
Slopped = spilled (छलकाना)
Jostling = pushing (धकेलना)
Rapid = fast (तीब्र)
Scrimmages = fight (झगड़ा)
Tramped = crushed (कुचलना)
Squashed = defeated (पराजित हुआ)
Accepted = approved (स्युईकार किया)
Gang = group (समूह )
Crew = group (दल)
Hovered = hungover (मड़राना)
Anxiously = curiously (उत्सुकतापूर्वक)
Bulletins = news (समाचार)
Dodged = avoided (टालना)
Convalescing = gaining health (स्यास्थ्य लाभ होा )
Dawn on = to appear (प्रकट होना)
Ceremonial = festival (ऊत्सव)
Occasion= opportunity  (अवसर) 
Constitution = physical structure  (शारीरिक ढांचा)
Inhaled = to breath through nose (भांप लेना)

Reverently = with respect (सम्मान पूर्वक)
Sustained = maintained (बनाए रखना)
Temptation = attraction (आकर्षड़)
Gleaming = shining (चमकदार)
Chauffeur = driver (चालक)
Interior = inner (अंदर)
Clasped = seized firmly  (कसकर पकड़ना)
Hurtling = running with speed  (तेज़ी से भागना)
Flapping = waving (फड़फड़ाना)
Transformed = changed (परिवर्तित होना)
Lithe = elastic (लचीला)
Passage = sideway (गलियारा) 
Tremendous = huge (विशाल)
Leap = jump (कूदना)
Startled = surprised (हैरान)
Chauffeur = a motor car driver (चालक)

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