Types of Resources
Resources are everything available in our environment, which satisfy our needs. In fact, human beings themselves are a part of the natural resources. They develop the available natural elements and transform them into ‘resources’ for use. These are the different types of resources based on various factors:
Based on their Origin: Biotic & Abiotic Resources
Based on their Exhaustibility: Renewable & Non-renewable
Based on Ownership: Individual, Community, National and International
Based on the Status of Development: Potential, Developed, Stock
Development of Resources
Fig: Classification of Resources
Nature has blessed us with so many natural resources. And, to add it, humans have learned to develop the gifts of nature and create man-made resources. But none of these come for free. Even though you might think that it occurs in nature, each of these resources will have to be developed, maintained and conserved so our future generations can get benefits from them, like we did.
Hence resource planning is essential to bring about sustainable existence, which is a part of sustainable development. Sustainable economic development refers to ‘development of resources without causing any harm to the environment. Also, such development should not compromise with the needs of the future generations.’
Resources and Development Planning
So, how do we plan the resources and development of the same? India is a land of rich natural resources and diversely so. However, while some regions are ahead in their resources and development, other regions lag behind. For example, states like Rajasthan, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Chhattisgarh, are blessed with minerals and metal ores.
However, they largely lack proper infrastructure and urban resources. In such cases, we need to consider resource planning at a national, state, regional and even local levels. Resource planning involves 3 steps:
Conservation of Resources
Land Utilization and Planning:
The land is the most important natural resource. Over the years, to make optimum utilization of our natural resources, human beings have caused a lot of damages to our land resources. About 95% of our basic needs –food, clothing, shelter come from land. Hence conservation of land resources and development of land is extremely crucial to our future generations can survive. There are different land planning and conservation measures we can take to protect this natural resource-
India’s natural landscape and geographical location make it blessed with a different variety of soils in different regions. Moreover, each of these soils yields plants endemic to the region they are found in. However, drastic farming and mass production lead to heavy soil erosion and reduced fertility of the soil. There are different methods of controlling soil erosion
SOLVED ANSWER TYPE QUESTION
Q.1. When people are considered as a resource, it is termed as _____?
(a) Renewable Resource
(b) Non-renewable Resource
(c) Human Resource
(d) None of the Above
Ans. The correct answer is option “C”. When people are considered as a resource they are called Human Resources. They are one of the most important resources because any resource can turn into a useful resource through a human resource.