FAQs on Key Concepts: Forest & Wildlife Resources - Social Studies (SST) Class 10
|1. What are forest resources and why are they important?
Ans. Forest resources refer to the various components of forests, including trees, plants, animals, and minerals, that are utilized by humans for various purposes. They are important as they provide essential goods like timber, fuelwood, and medicinal plants, as well as ecosystem services such as carbon sequestration, water regulation, and biodiversity conservation.
|2. How does deforestation affect wildlife?
Ans. Deforestation leads to the destruction of forest habitats, which directly impacts wildlife. It results in the loss of food sources, nesting sites, and shelter for many species. Additionally, deforestation fragments habitats, making it difficult for wildlife to move and migrate. This can lead to a decline in wildlife populations and even extinction of certain species.
|3. What are the measures taken to conserve forest and wildlife resources?
Ans. Several measures are taken to conserve forest and wildlife resources. These include:
- Establishing protected areas, national parks, and wildlife sanctuaries to preserve biodiversity.
- Implementing strict laws against illegal hunting, poaching, and trade of wildlife and their products.
- Promoting sustainable forest management practices to ensure the long-term availability of forest resources.
- Reforestation and afforestation efforts to restore and expand forest cover.
- Creating awareness among the public about the importance of forest and wildlife conservation through education and campaigns.
|4. How does urbanization impact forest and wildlife resources?
Ans. Urbanization has a significant impact on forest and wildlife resources. The expansion of cities and infrastructure leads to the conversion of forests into urban areas, resulting in habitat loss for wildlife. Urbanization also increases pollution, noise, and disturbance, which can disrupt the natural behaviors and breeding patterns of wildlife. Furthermore, urban development often requires the extraction of resources from forests, leading to their depletion.
|5. What are the economic benefits of forest and wildlife resources?
Ans. Forest and wildlife resources provide various economic benefits. Forests contribute to the economy by providing timber for construction, furniture, and paper industries. They also offer non-timber forest products such as resins, gums, medicinal plants, and fruits, which have commercial value. Wildlife resources contribute to ecotourism, attracting tourists and generating revenue for local communities. Additionally, forests and wildlife play a crucial role in maintaining the ecological balance, which indirectly supports agriculture, fisheries, and other industries.