UPSC : Laxmikanth Summary: Directive Principles of State Policy UPSC Notes | EduRev
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Part IV of Indian Constitution deals with Directive Principles of our State Policy (DPSP). The provisions contained in this Part cannot be enforced by any court, but these principles are fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws.
- ARTICLE 36: These are the constitutional instructions or recommendations to the State in legislative, executive and administrative matters. In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires, “the State" has the same meaning as in Part III.
- ARTICLE 37: (APPLICATION OF THE PRINCIPLES CONTAINED IN THIS PART)
The provisions contained in this Part shall not be enforced by any court, but the principles therein laid down are nevertheless fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws.
- DPSP can be classified in three categories:- Socialistic, Gandhian, Liberal-intellectual.
- ARTICLE 38: STATE TO SECURE A SOCIAL ORDER FOR THE PROMOTION OF THE WELFARE OF THE PEOPLE
(i) The State shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may a social order in which justice, social, economic and political, shall inform all the institutions of the national life.
(ii) The State shall, in particular, strive to minimise the inequalities in income, and endeavour to eliminate inequalities in status, facilities and opportunities, not only amongst individuals but also amongst groups of people residing in different areas or engaged in different vocations.
- ARTICLE 39: CERTAIN PRINCIPLES OF POLICY TO BE FOLLOWED BY THE STATE
The State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing -
(i) That the citizen, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means of livelihood;
(ii) That the ownership and control of the material resources of the community are so distributed as best to subserve the common good;
(iii) That the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment;
(iv) That there is equal pay for equal work for both men and women;
(v) That the health and strength of workers, men and women,
- ARTICLE 39A: EQUAL JUSTICE AND FREE LEGAL AID: The State shall secure that the operation of the legal system promotes justice, on a basis of equal opportunity, and shall, in particular, provide free legal aid, by suitable legislation or schemes or in any other way.
- ARTICLE 40: ORGANISATION OF VILLAGE PANCHAYATS: The State shall take steps to organise village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-government.
- ARTICLE 41: RIGHT TO WORK, TO EDUCATION AND TO PUBLIC ASSISTANCE IN CERTAIN CASES: The State shall, within the limits of its economic capacity and development, make effective provision for securing the right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement, and in other cases of undeserved want.
- ARTICLE 42: PROVISION FOR JUST AND HUMANE CONDITIONS OF WORK AND MATERNITY RELIEF: The State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.
- ARTICLE 43: LIVING WAGE, ETC., FOR WORKERS: The State shall endeavor to secure, by suitable legislation or economic organisation or in any other way, to all workers agricultural, industrial or otherwise, work, a living wage, conditions of work ensuring a decent standard of life and full enjoyment of social and cultural opportunities and, in particular, the State shall endeavour to promote cottage industries.
- ARTICLE 43 A: PARTICIPATION OF WORKERS IN MANAGEMENT OF INDUSTRIES: The State shall take steps, participation of workers in the management of undertakings, establishments or other organisation engaged in any industry.
- ARTICLE 44: UNIFORM CIVIL CODE FOR THE CITIZEN: The State shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India.
- ARTICLE 45: PROVISION FOR FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION FOR CHILDREN: The State shall endeavour to provide, within a period of ten years from the commencement of this Constitution, for free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years.
- ARTICLE 46: PROMOTION OF EDUCATIONAL AND ECONOMIC INTERESTS OF SCHEDULED CASTES, SCHEDULED TRIBES AND OTHER WEAKER SECTIONS: The State shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation.
- ARTICLE 47: DUTY OF THE STATE TO RAISE THE LEVEL OF NUTRITION AND THE STANDARD OF LIVING AND TO IMPROVE PUBLIC HEALTH: The State shall regard the raising of the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties and, in particular, the State shall endeavour to bring about prohibition of the consumption except for medicinal purpose of intoxicating drinks and of drugs which are injurious to health.
- ARTICLE 48: ORGANIZATION OF AGRICULTURE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY: The State shall endeavour to organize agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines and shall, in particular, take steps for preserving and improving the breeds, and prohibiting the slaughter, of cows and calves and other milch and draught cattle.
- ARTICLE 48A: PROTECTION AND IMPROVEMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND SAFEGUARDING OF FORESTS AND WILDLIFE: The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country.
- ARTICLE 49: PROTECTION OF MONUMENTS AND PLACES AND OBJECTS OFNATIONAL IMPORTANCE: It shall be the obligation of the State to protect every monument or place or object of artistic or historic interest, declared by or under law made by Parliament to be of national importance, from spoliation, disfigurement, destruction, removal, disposal or export, as the case may be.
- ARTICLE 50: SEPARATION OF JUDICIARY FROM THE EXECUTIVE: The State shall take steps to separate the judiciary from the executive in the public services of the State.
- ARTICLE 51: PROMOTION OF INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY: The State shall endeavour to promote international peace and security; maintain just and honourable relations between nations; encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration.