Q.1. Sometimes when we do heavy exercise, anaerobic respiration takes place in our muscle cells. What is produced during this process?
(a) alcohol and lactic acid
(b) alcohol and CO2
(c) lactic acid and CO2
(d) lactic acid only
During exercise oxygen gets used up faster, to meet the energy requirement our body shifts to anaerobic respiration because of which lactic acid is produced in place of pyruvic acid.
Q.2. Yeast is used in the wine and beer industries because it respires
(a) aerobically producing oxygen.
(b) aerobically producing alcohol.
(c) anaerobically producing alcohol.
(d) anaerobically producing CO2.
Yeast respires anaerobically to produce ethanol and CO2. Due to this property, it is used in the production of ethanol and alcoholic drinks.
Q.3. During the process of exhalation, the ribs move
(a) down and inwards.
(b) up and inwards.
(c) down and outwards.
(d) up and outward.
During exhalation, the diaphragm moves up and ribs move downwards and inwards, decreasing the space in the chest cavity, this increases the air pressure inside the lungs and forces the air out of the lungs.
Q.4. Breathing is a process that
(i) provides O2 to the body.
(ii) breaks down food to release energy.
(iii) helps the body to get rid of CO2.
(iv) produces water in the cells.
Which of the following gives the correct combination of functions of breathing?
(a) (i) and (ii)
(b) (ii) and (iii)
(c) (i) and (iii)
(d) (ii) and (iv)
Breathing is a process oxygen-rich air is taken inside the body and carbon-di-oxide rich air is expelled from the body with the help of respiratory organs.
Q.5. Fish breathe with the help of gills which are richly supplied with blood vessels. The gills help the fish to
(a) take in oxygen from the air.
(b) take in oxygen dissolved in water.
(c) absorb nutrients present in water.
(d) release waste substances in water.
Fishes use gills for the exchange of gases. As the water enters through mouth it flows through gills. Capillaries in the gills absorb oxygen dissolved in water and also help in expelling out CO2 from the body.
Q.6. Earthworms and frogs breathe through their skin because of which the skin of both the organisms is
(a) moist and rough.
(b) dry and rough.
(c) dry and slimy.
(d) moist and slimy.
Exchange of gases in earthworms and frogs take place by diffusion through moist body hence their skin appears moist and slimy.
Q.1. Mark the following statements as True or False. Correct the false statements.
(a) Oxygen breaks down glucose outside the cells of organisms.
(b) Frogs can breathe through their skin as well as lungs.
(c) Insects have spiracles on the lower surface of the body.
(d) Exhaled air has more percentage of CO2 than inhaled air.
a) False- Oxygen breaks down glucose inside the cells of organisms.
c) False- Insects have spiracles on the sides of the body.
Q.2. Fill in the blanks with suitable words. (a) The roots of a plant take up oxygen from the ______ trapped between the ________ particles. (b) Diaphragm forms the ___________ of the chest cavity. (c) Exchange of gases in the leaves takes place with the help of __________. (d) Cockroaches breathe with the help of air tubes called ___________.
(a) The roots of a plant take up oxygen from the Air trapped between the soil particles. (b) The diaphragm forms the floor of the chest cavity. (c) Exchange of gases in the leaves takes place with the help of stomata. (d) Cockroaches breathe with the help of air tubes called tracheae.
Q.1. Pick the odd-one-out from each of the groups given below on the basis of respiratory organs. Give a reason for your answer.
(a) cockroach, grasshopper, snail, ant
(b) lizard, cow, earthworm, snake
(c) crocodile, whale, dolphin, fish
(d) snake, tadpole, crow, goat
a) Snail- Because snail does not breathe by trachea whereas cockroach, grasshopper and ants breathe by the trachea
b) Earthworm-because it breathes through its skin and it does not have lungs.
c) Fish- because fish don’t have lungs and they breathe by their gills.
d) Tadpoles- because tadpoles don’t have lungs and they breathe by their gills.
Q.2. Which gas present in the air is essential for aerobic respiration? What is the role of oxygen during respiration?
Ans: Atmospheric oxygen is essential for the process of aerobic respiration. Respiration is important because oxygen breaks down food and releases energy.
Q.3. On average, an adult human being at rest breathes 15–18 times per minute. The breathing rate, however, may differ under different conditions. Arrange the following activities given in the box in order of increasing breathing rates and give a reason for your answer.
sleeping, cycling, brisk walk, watching T.V.
sleeping > watching T.V. > brisk walk > cycling
When a person performs a physical activity, breathing becomes faster. Because of which more oxygen is required by the cells to get more energy.
Q.3. On a very cold morning, Boojho and Paheli were talking with each other as they walked down to their school. They observed that the air coming out of their mouth looked like smoke. They were amused and wondered how it happened. Help them find the answer.
Ans: When the climate is cold warm and moist air exhaled by us condenses into mist when it comes in contact with the cold air of the atmosphere. This looks like smoke coming out of our mouth.
Q.4. Whenever we feel drowsy or sleepy, we start yawning. Does yawning help us in any way?
Ans: When we feel the sleepy rate of respiration slows down. Because of this lungs will not get enough oxygen and we yawn. Yawning bring extra oxygen to the lungs and helps us in being awake.
Q.5. Insects and leaves of a plant have pores through which they exchange gases with the atmosphere. Can you write two points of differences between these pores with respect to their position, number and extension into the body?
Q.6. Paheli participated in a 400 m race competition held at her school and won the race. When she came home she had mixed feelings of joy and pain as she had cramps in her leg muscles. After a massage, she was relieved of the pain. Answer the following questions related to the situation.
Q.7. Observe Figure carefully and answer the following questions.
Q.8. Observe Figure carefully and answer the following questions.
Q.9. A food stall owner was preparing dough for making bhaturas. He added a pinch of yeast and sugar to the dough and left it in a warm place. After few hours, the dough had risen. There was a sour smell too.
(a) Why did the dough rise?
(b) Why did the dough smell sour?
(c) Why was sugar added to the dough?
(d) What would have happened if the dough was kept in the refrigerator, soon after it was prepared?
a) CO2 produced by yeast during respiration makes the dough rise
b) During anaerobic respiration yeast produces alcohol. This gives sour smell to the dough.
c) Sugar acts as food for yeast
d) If kept in the refrigerator, yeast will not respire and multiply and the dough will not rise and will not produce a sour smell.
Q.10. Observe the figures given in Figure (A) and (B) and answer the following.
(a) Which of the figures A or B indicates the process of inhalation and which the process of exhalation?
(b) In the figure label the arrows and indicate the direction of
a) Fig. (A) indicates inhalation, and Fig. (B) indicates exhalation.
Q.11. Match the names of organisms in Column I with their organs of breathing given in Column II.