NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Mathematics (Maths) Class 10

Class 10 : NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev

The document NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 10 Course Mathematics (Maths) Class 10.
All you need of Class 10 at this link: Class 10

Q.1. If a pole 6 m high casts a shadow 2√3 m long on the ground, find the Sun’s elevation.
Ans.
 NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
⇒ θ = 60°

Q.2. If the angle of elevation of a tower from a distance of 100 m from its foot is 60°, then what will be the height of the tower?
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
Ans.
Let h be the height of the tower.
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
h = 100√3 m

Q.3. A spherical balloon of radius r subtends an angle θ at the eye of an observer. If the angle of elevation of its centre is φ, find the height of the centre of the balloon.
Ans.
In Fig. 11.55, O is the centre of balloon, whose radius OP = r and ∠PAQ = θ. Also, ∠OAB = φ. Let the height of the centre of the balloon be h. Thus OB = h.
In ΔOAP, we have
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
Also in ΔOAB,
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev ...(ii)
From (i) and (ii), we get
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev or 

NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Q.4. If the angle of elevation of a cloud from a point h metres above a lake is α and the angle of depression of its reflection in the lake is β, prove that the height of the cloud is NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
Ans.
Let AB be the surface of the lake and let P be a point of observation (Fig. 11.58) such that AP = h metres. Let C be the position of the cloud and C' be its reflection in the lake. Then, CB = C'B. Let PM be perpendicular from P on CB. Then, ∠CPM = α and ∠MPC‘ = β. Let CM = x.
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
Then, CB = CM + MB = CM + PA = x + h
In ΔCPM, we have
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev 

NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
⇒ AB = x cot α
In ΔPMC’, we have
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev 

NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
⇒ AB = (x + 2h) cotβ ...(ii)
From (i) and (ii), we have
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
Hence, the height CB of the cloud is given by
CB = x + h ⇒ NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev 

Q.5. The lower window of a house is at a height of 2 m above the ground and its upper window is 4 m vertically above the lower window. At certain instant the angles of elevation of a balloon from these windows are observed to be 60° and 30° respectively. Find the height of the balloon above the ground.
Ans.
Let height of balloon = h m
In rt. ΔGDC,
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev ...(i)
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
According to question
DC = EF
NCERT Exemplar - Some Application of Trigonometry Class 10 Notes | EduRev
Height of the balloon above the ground is 8 m.

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