Q1. Multiple choice questions
(i) Which one of the following industries uses bauxite as a raw material?
Ans: (a) Aluminium
(ii) Which one of the following industries manufactures telephones, computer, etc?
(d) Information Technology
Ans: (b) Electronic
Q2. Answer the following briefly in not more than 30 words.
(i) What is manufacturing?
(ii) What are basic industries? Give an example.
(i) Production of goods in large quantities after processing from raw materials to more valuable products is called manufacturing. For example, paper is manufactured from wood.
(ii) Basic industries are those industries which supply their products or raw materials to manufacture other goods e.g., iron and steel and copper smelting, aluminium smelting industries.
Q3. Write the answers to the following questions in 120 words.
(i) How do industries pollute the environment?
Ans: Industries pollute the environment in four ways as given below:
(a) Air pollution:
(b) Water pollution:
(c) Thermal pollution:
(d) Noise pollution:
Industries Pollute the Environment
(ii) Discuss the steps to be taken to minimise environmental degradation by industry?
Ans: Steps to minimise environmental degradation:
Minimise Environment Degradation by Industry
|1. What is the importance of manufacturing industries in the economy?|
|2. How does globalization affect manufacturing industries?|
|3. What are the challenges faced by manufacturing industries in terms of sustainability?|
|4. How does technology impact manufacturing industries?|
|5. What are the government initiatives to promote manufacturing industries?|