NCERT Solutions - A Triumph of Surgery Class 10 Notes | EduRev

English Class 10: First Flight

Class 10 : NCERT Solutions - A Triumph of Surgery Class 10 Notes | EduRev

The document NCERT Solutions - A Triumph of Surgery Class 10 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 10 Course English Class 10: First Flight.
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Read and Find Out (Page 1)

Q1. Why is Mrs Pumphrey worried about Tricki?
Ans: Mrs Pumphrey was worried and upset about Tricki’s health as he was not eating anything. He refused to eat his favourite dishes and had bouts of vomiting. He spent all his time lying on a rug, panting and didn’t show any interest in going for daily walks too.

NCERT Solutions - A Triumph of Surgery Class 10 Notes | EduRev
Q2. What does she do to help him? Is she wise in this?
Ans: Initially, Mrs Pumphrey thought that Tricki had become listless(lacking energy or enthusiasm) as he seemed to have no energy. She assumed that he must be suffering from malnutrition(lack of proper nutrition), so she started giving him some little extras between meals to build him up, some malt and cod-liver oil and a bowl of Horlicks at night to make him sleep. She would also indulge him in cream cakes and chocolates unnecessarily(needlessly) and did not give him enough exercise. With all this pampering and indulgence, Tricki became hugely fat, like a bloated(excessive in size) sausage with a leg at each corner. It was absolutely not a wise decision on the part of his mistress to overfeed him that worsened his condition and made him more lazy and bulky(large). However, seeing his plight(dangerous or unfortunate situation) Mrs Pumphrey was distraught(worried and upset) and consulted a veterinary (relating to the treatment of animals) surgeon(medical practitioner qualified to practice surgery), Dr. Herriot to help improve Tricki’s health condition.

Q3. Who does ‘I’ refer to in this story?
Ans: In this story, ‘I’ refers to the veterinary (relating to the treatment of animals) surgeon (medical practitioner qualified to practice surgery), Mr Herriot.


Read and Find Out (Page 3)

Q1. Is the narrator as rich as Tricki’s mistress (a woman in a position of authority and control)?
Ans: 
Though not clearly stated, there are instances (examples) in the story which suggest that the narrator is not as rich as Tricki’s mistress, Mrs Pumphrey.

  • While the narrator is able to provide Tricki with a warm loose box as a bed, at Mrs Pumphrey’s house, Tricki has a daybed, a night bed, cushions, toys, rubber rings, a breakfast bowl, a lunch bowl, a supper (dinner) bowl, a whole wardrobe (clothes cupboard) of tweed (a rough-surfaced woollen cloth) coats and perhaps many more things.
  • When he arrives to take the dog with him, Mrs Pumphrey has her entire staff at her disposal (dumping) to transfer all of Tricki’s belongings to the doctor’s car.
  • On hearing from the doctor about Tricki’s gradual (progressing slowly) recovery, Mrs Pumphrey sends along two dozen eggs at a time, along with bottles of wine and brandy—all in order to help in Tricki’s speedy recovery.
  • Finally, when she calls upon the narrator to take her recovered dog back home, she comes in a chauffer (luxurious automobile driver) -driven “thirty feet of gleaming (reflecting light) black metal”, an obvious (easily understood) reference (mention of) to a limousine (large, spacious, comfortable automobile).

All these instances point to the fact that Mrs Pumphrey lived a luxurious (extremely comfortable) life.


Q2. How does he (the doctor) treat the dog?
Ans: 

  • Dr. Herriot did not indulge(allow (someone) to enjoy something desired) Tricki with unnecessary(not needed) food items, rather treated him like an overweight and lazy dog which needed sufficient exercise with a controlled diet. 
  • He cut down his food intake and kept him under strict observation for the first few days. 
  • In due course of time, he increased Tricki’s food intake with a balanced diet and set him free for physical activities to improve his health. 
  • Gradually, the dog's health started showing improvement and he did not require any kind of medicinal treatment and recovered from his illness soon.

NCERT Solutions - A Triumph of Surgery Class 10 Notes | EduRev


Q3. Why is he tempted (convinced) to keep Tricki on as a permanent guest?
Ans:

  • Mrs Pumphrey had started bringing around eggs to build Tricki’s strength. Later, even bottles of wine and brandy began to arrive. The narrator and his partners started enjoying the eggs, wine and brandy meant for Tricki. 
  • According to the narrator, they were days of deep content (state of peaceful happiness) for them—starting with the extra egg in the morning, then the midday (noon) wine, and finally finishing the day with brandy. This was the reason why the narrator was tempted (convinced) to keep Tricki on as a permanent guest.

Q4. Why does Mrs Pumphrey think the dog’s recovery is “A Triumph of Surgery”?
Ans:

  • Mrs Pumphrey thought that the dog’s recovery was “A Triumph (victory) of Surgery” because, in two weeks, Tricki had recovered completely and had been transformed into a hard-muscled (having well-developed muscles) animal. 
  • When Tricki saw her, it leapt (jumped to a great height) into her lap and licked her face. She was so excited that tears started rolling out of her eyes. She declared Tricki’s recovery as 'A Triumph of Surgery' to express her happiness and gratitude (quality of being thankful) towards the doctor.

Think About it (Page 6)

Q1. What kind of a person do you think the narrator, a veterinary surgeon, is? Would you say he is tactful as well as full of common sense?
Ans: The narrator, a veterinary surgeon, was a very wise and tactful doctor. He handled Tricki properly with compassion as he understood that the dog was not suffering from any illness. From the dog’s lazy condition, he could make out that he had become bulky due to overfeeding by his mistress. Thus, he did not perform any surgery on him, rather cured him by altering his diet and engaging him in physical activities. Under the doctor’s supervision, Tricki recovered from his illness within a span of two weeks.
Yes, Dr. Herriot was a tactful person as he could convince Mrs Pumphrey to hospitalise Tricki for a surgery. He knew exactly how to treat her pet effectively and make him a lively animal. Upon the dog’s recovery, he informed Mrs Pumphrey to come and collect Tricki even though he was tempted to keep her pet as a permanent guest for the luxurious inflow of expensive food items sent by his mistress from time to time.

Q2. Do you think Tricki was happy to go home? What do you think will happen now?
Ans:

  • Yes, Tricki was very happy to go home. Tricki was also happy at the surgery. When the dog was brought into the surgery, it was ill. 
  • But in spite of the dog got cured in two days without any medication (a medicine used for medical treatment). The proper diet and regular exercise helped a lot in its speedy recovery. The dog regained (recover) its best health and was no longer listless (lack of enthusiasm).
  • Now, I think the same pampering (kindness and too much attention) will start again. Mrs. Pumphrey will take excessive care of the dog. There is no doubt it was her love, but excess of anything is harmful.
    NCERT Solutions - A Triumph of Surgery Class 10 Notes | EduRev


Q3. Do you think this is a real-life episode or mere fiction? Or is it a mixture of both?
Ans: This story could be a mixture of both: real-life episode and mere fiction (literature in the form of prose). Mrs Pumphrey is a rich lady and has a pet dog. It is because of her pampering (kindness and too much attention and care) that she overfeeds her dog which results in its illness. Although she has good intentions in her mind, excess of everything is bad. This episode can be treated as fiction who do not take it seriously. It can be called real life for those parents who take excessive (extreme) care of their child.


Talk About it (Page 7)

Q1. This episode describes the silly behaviour of a rich woman who is foolishly indulgent (kind and caring), Perhaps because she is lonely. Do you think such people are merely (simply) silly, or Can their actions cause harm to others?
Ans: This episode describes the silly (irresponsible) behaviour of a rich woman who is foolish. This may be because of her loneliness (lack of friends). They are ignorant about the results of their actions. They show their excessive lone (distinct) and affection for someone without knowing the consequences (result). There is no doubt that their intentions (aim/purpose) are good, and don’t have any sort of ill-will (hatred), but they are not aware their action can cause harm to others.  

Q2. Do you think there are also parents like Mrs. Pumphrey?
Ans: Yes, there are parents who are too possessive (overprotective) about their kids. The sense of overindulgence (the action of having too much of something) can go in either way. There are examples of parents spoiling their child by meeting each and every demand of the child. There are also examples of strict parents who put unnecessary pressure on their child for study and particular behaviour patterns.


Q3. What would you have done if you were:
(i) a member of the staff in Mrs Pumphrey’s household,
(ii) a neighbour? 
What would your life have been like, in general?
Ans:
(i) If I were a member of the staff in her household I would have not followed Mrs Pumphrey’s orders to feed Tricki blindly. In fact, I would have fed him according to the vet’s advice and ensured that he gets enough physical exercise which helps him to stay active and healthy. I would have also skipped sending the unnecessary stuff like toys, cushions etc to the hospital.
My life would have been a very busy one, as I would have had to take care of the household chores and meet Tricki’s demands on time.
(ii) If I were Mrs Pumphrey’s neighbour, I would have advised her to maintain a strict diet and engage Tricki in physical activities such as playing, running or going for walks. If his condition would have deteriorated, I would have asked her to consult a veterinary doctor and follow his advice strictly to keep her pet’s health in check. I would have also been supportive and kind in such a critical situation when Tricki was supposed to be hospitalised.
My life as Mrs Pumphrey’s neighbour would have been full of surprises and gifts as Mrs Pumphrey was a loving lady.


Q4. What would you have done if you were in the narrator’s place?
Ans: If I were in the narrator’s place, I would have treated Tricki with a similar amount of compassion and love. I would have been equally caring as Mr James Herriot towards Tricki. I would have just been a little more stern(strict) while advising Mrs Pumphrey to put Tricki on a strict diet knowing her love for the pet. I would have also not consumed Tricki’s share of eggs, wine and brandy sent by Mrs Pumphrey and resisted the temptation of keeping Tricki as my permanent guest in my hospital.

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