JEE  >  NCERT Solutions: Sets (Ex - 1.4)

NCERT Solutions: Sets (Ex - 1.4) Notes | Study Additional Documents and Tests for JEE - JEE

Document Description: NCERT Solutions: Sets (Ex - 1.4) for JEE 2022 is part of Documents for Additional Documents and Tests for JEE preparation. The notes and questions for NCERT Solutions: Sets (Ex - 1.4) have been prepared according to the JEE exam syllabus. Information about NCERT Solutions: Sets (Ex - 1.4) covers topics like and NCERT Solutions: Sets (Ex - 1.4) Example, for JEE 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for NCERT Solutions: Sets (Ex - 1.4).

Introduction of NCERT Solutions: Sets (Ex - 1.4) in English is available as part of our Additional Documents and Tests for JEE for JEE & NCERT Solutions: Sets (Ex - 1.4) in Hindi for Additional Documents and Tests for JEE course. Download more important topics related with Documents, notes, lectures and mock test series for JEE Exam by signing up for free. JEE: NCERT Solutions: Sets (Ex - 1.4) Notes | Study Additional Documents and Tests for JEE - JEE
 1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you?

EXERCISE - 1.4
Q.1. Find the union of each of the following pairs of sets:
(i) X = {1, 3, 5} Y = {1, 2, 3}
(ii) A = {a, e, i, o, u} B = {a, b, c}
(iii) A = {x : x is a natural number and multiple of 3}
B = {x : x is a natural number less than 6}
(iv) A = {x : x is a natural number and 1 < x ≤ 6}
B = {x : x is a natural number and 6 < x < 10}
(v) A = {1, 2, 3}, B = Φ
Ans.
(i) X = {1, 3, 5} Y = {1, 2, 3}
X∪ Y= {1, 2, 3, 5}
(ii) A = {a, e, i, o, u} B = {a, b, c}
A∪ B = {a, b, c, e, i, o, u}
(iii) A = {x : x is a natural number and multiple of 3} = {3, 6, 9 …}
As B = {x : x is a natural number less than 6} = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}
A ∪ B = {1, 2, 4, 5, 3, 6, 9, 12 …}
∴ A ∪ B = {x : x = 1, 2, 4, 5 or a multiple of 3}
(iv) A = {x : x is a natural number and 1 < x ≤ 6} = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6}
B = {x : x is a natural number and 6 < x < 10} = {7, 8, 9}
A∪ B = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9}
∴ A∪ B = {x : x ∈ N and 1 < x < 10}
(v) A = {1, 2, 3}, B = Φ
A∪ B = {1, 2, 3}

Q.2. Let A = {a, b}, B = {a, b, c}. Is A ⊂ B? What is A ∪ B?
Ans. Here, A = {a, b} and B = {a, b, c}
Yes, A ⊂ B.
A∪ B = {a, b, c} = B

Q.3. If A and B are two sets such that A ⊂ B, then what is A ∪ B?
Ans. If A and B are two sets such that A ⊂ B, then A ∪ B = B.

Q.4. If A = {1, 2, 3, 4}, B = {3, 4, 5, 6}, C = {5, 6, 7, 8} and D = {7, 8, 9, 10}; find
(i) A ∪ B
(ii) A ∪ C
(iii) B ∪ C
(iv) B ∪ D
(v) A ∪ B ∪ C
(vi) A ∪ B ∪ D
(vii) B ∪ C ∪ D
Ans. A = {1, 2, 3, 4], B = {3, 4, 5, 6}, C = {5, 6, 7, 8} and D = {7, 8, 9, 10}
(i) A ∪ B = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}
(ii) A ∪ C = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8}
(iii) B ∪ C = {3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8}
(iv) B ∪ D = {3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10}
(v) A ∪ B ∪ C = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8}
(vi) A ∪ B ∪ D = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10}
(vii) B ∪ C ∪ D = {3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10}

Q.5. Find the intersection of each pair of sets:
(i) X = {1, 3, 5} Y = {1, 2, 3}
(ii) A = {a, e, i, o, u} B = {a, b, c}
(iii) A = {x: x is a natural number and multiple of 3}
B = {x: x is a natural number less than 6}
(iv) A = {x : x is a natural number and 1 < x ≤ 6}
B = {x : x is a natural number and 6 < x < 10}
(v) A = {1, 2, 3}, B = Φ
Ans.
(i) X = {1, 3, 5}, Y = {1, 2, 3}
X ∩ Y = {1, 3}
(ii) A = {a, e, i, o, u}, B = {a, b, c}
A ∩ B = {a}
(iii) A = {x : x is a natural number and multiple of 3} = (3, 6, 9 …}
B = {x : x is a natural number less than 6} = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}
∴ A ∩ B = {3}
(iv) A = {x : x is a natural number and 1 < x ≤ 6} = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6}
B = {x : x is a natural number and 6 < x < 10} = {7, 8, 9}
A ∩ B = Φ
(v) A = {1, 2, 3}, B = Φ
A ∩ B = Φ

Q.6. If A = {3, 5, 7, 9, 11}, B = {7, 9, 11, 13}, C = {11, 13, 15} and D = {15, 17}; find
(i) A ∩ B
(ii) B ∩ C
(iii) A ∩ C ∩ D
(iv) A ∩ C
(v) B ∩ D
(vi) A ∩ (B ∪ C)
(vii) A ∩ D
(viii) A ∩ (B ∪ D)
(ix) (A ∩ B) ∩ (B ∪ C)
(x) (A ∪ D) ∩ (B ∪ C)
Ans.
(i) A ∩ B = {7, 9, 11}
(ii) B ∩ C = {11, 13}
(iii) A ∩ C ∩ D = { A ∩ C} ∩ D = {11} ∩ {15, 17} = Φ
(iv) A ∩ C = {11}
(v) B ∩ D = Φ
(vi) A ∩ (B ∪ C) = (A ∩ B) ∪ (A ∩ C)
= {7, 9, 11} ∪ {11} = {7, 9, 11}
(vii) A ∩ D = Φ
(viii) A ∩ (B ∪ D) = (A ∩ B) ∪ (A ∩ D)
= {7, 9, 11} ∪ Φ = {7, 9, 11}
(ix) (A ∩ B) ∩ (B ∪ C) = {7, 9, 11} ∩ {7, 9, 11, 13, 15} = {7, 9, 11}
(x) (A ∪ D) ∩ (B ∪ C) = {3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 15, 17) ∩ {7, 9, 11, 13, 15}
= {7, 9, 11, 15}

Q.7. If A = {x : x is a natural number}, B ={x : x is an even natural number}
C = {x : x is an odd natural number} and D = {x : x is a prime number}, find
(i) A ∩ B
(ii) A ∩ C
(iii) A ∩ D
(iv) B ∩ C
(v) B ∩ D
(vi) C ∩ D
Ans.
A = {x : x is a natural number} = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5 …}
B ={x : x is an even natural number} = {2, 4, 6, 8 …}
C = {x : x is an odd natural number} = {1, 3, 5, 7, 9 …}
D = {x : x is a prime number} = {2, 3, 5, 7 …}
(i) A ∩B = {x : x is a even natural number} = B
(ii) A ∩ C = {x : x is an odd natural number} = C
(iii) A ∩ D = {x : x is a prime number} = D
(iv) B ∩ C = Φ
(v) B ∩ D = {2}
(vi) C ∩ D = {x : x is odd prime number}

Q.8. Which of the following pairs of sets are disjoint
(i) {1, 2, 3, 4} and {x : x is a natural number and 4 ≤ x ≤ 6}
(ii) {a, e, i, o, u} and {c, d, e, f}
(iii) {x : x is an even integer} and {x : x is an odd integer}
Ans.
(i) {1, 2, 3, 4}
{x : x is a natural number and 4 ≤ x ≤ 6} = {4, 5, 6}
Now, {1, 2, 3, 4} ∩ {4, 5, 6} = {4}
Therefore, this pair of sets is not disjoint.
(ii) {a, e, i, o, u} ∩ (c, d, e, f} = {e}
Therefore, {a, e, i, o, u} and (c, d, e, f} are not disjoint.
(iii) {x : x is an even integer} ∩ {x : x is an odd integer} = Φ
Therefore, this pair of sets is disjoint.

Q.9. If A = {3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21},
B = {4, 8, 12, 16, 20},
C = {2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16},
D = {5, 10, 15, 20}; find
(i) A – B
(ii) A – C
(iii) A – D
(iv) B – A
(v) C – A
(vi) D – A
(vii) B – C
(viii) B – D
(ix) C – B
(x) D – B
(xi) C – D
(xii) D – C
Ans.
(i) A – B = {3, 6, 9, 15, 18, 21}
(ii) A – C = {3, 9, 15, 18, 21}
(iii) A – D = {3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 21}
(iv) B – A = {4, 8, 16, 20}
(v) C – A = {2, 4, 8, 10, 14, 16}
(vi) D – A = {5, 10, 20}
(vii) B – C = {20}
(viii) B – D = {4, 8, 12, 16}
(ix) C – B = {2, 6, 10, 14}
(x) D – B = {5, 10, 15}
(xi) C – D = {2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 14, 16}
(xii) D – C = {5, 15, 20}

Q.10. If X = {a, b, c, d} and Y = {f, b, d, g}, find
(i) X – Y
(ii) Y – X
(iii) X ∩ Y
Ans.
(i) X – Y = {a, c}
(ii) Y – X = {f, g}
(iii) X ∩ Y = {b, d}

Q.11. If R is the set of real numbers and Q is the set of rational numbers, then what is R – Q?
Ans.
R: set of real numbers
Q: set of rational numbers
Therefore, R – Q is a set of irrational numbers.

Q.12. State whether each of the following statement is true or false. Justify your answer.
(i) {2, 3, 4, 5} and {3, 6} are disjoint sets.
(ii) {a, e, i, o, u } and {a, b, c, d} are disjoint sets.
(iii) {2, 6, 10, 14} and {3, 7, 11, 15} are disjoint sets.
(iv) {2, 6, 10} and {3, 7, 11} are disjoint sets.
Ans.
(i) False
As 3 ∈ {2, 3, 4, 5}, 3 ∈ {3, 6}
⇒ {2, 3, 4, 5} ∩ {3, 6} = {3}
(ii) False
As a ∈ {a, e, i, o, u}, a ∈ {a, b, c, d}
⇒ {a, e, i, o, u } ∩ {a, b, c, d} = {a}
(iii) True
As {2, 6, 10, 14} ∩ {3, 7, 11, 15} = Φ
(iv) True
As {2, 6, 10} ∩ {3, 7, 11} = Φ

The document NCERT Solutions: Sets (Ex - 1.4) Notes | Study Additional Documents and Tests for JEE - JEE is a part of the JEE Course Additional Documents and Tests for JEE.
All you need of JEE at this link: JEE

Additional Documents and Tests for JEE

11 videos|159 docs|14 tests
 Use Code STAYHOME200 and get INR 200 additional OFF

Additional Documents and Tests for JEE

11 videos|159 docs|14 tests

Top Courses for JEE

Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

;