Ques 1: Imagine you have to interview an archaeologist. Prepare a list of five questions that you would like to ask her/him.
Ans: List of five questions are:
1. What is archaeology?
2. What is the importance of archaeology?
3. How do archaeologists gather data?
4. What are the various types of archaeology?
5. How archaeologist determine time-period of any finding?
Ques 1: Match the following:
|Narmada Valley||The first big kingdom|
|Magadha||Hunting and gathering|
|Garo hills|| Cities about 2500 years ago|
|Indus and its tributaries||Early agriculture|
|Ganga Valley||The first cities|
|Narmada Valley||Hunting and gathering|
|Magadha||The first big kingdom|
|Garo hills||Early agriculture|
|Indus and its tributaries||The first cities|
|Ganga Valley||Cities about 2500 years ago|
Ques 2. List one major difference between manuscripts and inscriptions.
Ans:Fig. Judeo-Persian manuscript
Manuscripts are written by hand which were usually written on palm leaf, or on the specially prepared bark of a tree while inscriptions were engraved either on hard surfaces such as stone and metal.
Ques 3: Return to Rasheeda’s question. Can you think of some answers to it?
Ans: Rasheeda’s question is, “How could anyone know what had happened so many years ago?” We can know what had happened so many years ago by reading books which were based upon findings by historians and archaeologists through past remains such as manuscripts, inscriptions, tools, weapons, etc.
Ques 4: Make a list of all the objects that archaeologists may find. Which of these could be made of stone?
Ans: List of all the objects that archaeologists may find are:
1. Remains of buildings
2. Paintings and sculpture
8. Bones of birds, animals, fish etc.
9. Tools, weapons, sculpture, could be made of stone.Fig. Archaeologists tool kit
Ques 5: Why do you think ordinary men and women did not generally keep records of what they did?
Ans: The ordinary men and women did not generally keep records of what they did because they weren’t doing any notable works. They are living their ordinary life also they didn’t know about reading and writing.
Ques 6: Describe at least two ways in which you think the lives of kings would have been different from those of farmers.
Ans: Two ways in which the lives of kings are different from farmers:
1. Farmers had to work in their field while king’s duty was to protect his citizen.
2. Kings fought battles and kept records of their victories while farmers led their ordinary life and they didn’t keep any record.
Ques 7: Find the word crafts persons on page 1. List at least five different crafts that you know about today. Are the crafts persons — (a) men (b) women (c) both men and women?
Ans: Weaving, Carpentry, Dyeing, Pottery-making, Carpet-making are five crafts that exist today. In today’s world, both men and women are crafts persons.
Ques 8: What were the subjects on which books were written in the past? Which of these would you like to read?
Ans: The books which are in the past dealt with all kinds of subjects such as religious beliefs and practices, the lives of kings, medicine and science. Also, epics, poems and plays were written. I would like to read (name of your book).