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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Exercise 13.1 Page No. 263

Q1: List any four symmetrical objects from your home or school.
Ans: The four symmetrical objects are the blackboard, tabletop, pair of scissors, and computer disc.

Q2: For the given figure, which one is the mirror line, l1 or l2?

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Ans: l2 is the mirror line of the figure. When the given figure is folded about the line l2, the left part exactly covers the right part and vice versa.

Q3: Identify the shapes given below. Check whether they are symmetric or not. Draw the line of symmetry as well.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Ans:
(a) Yes, it is symmetric
(b) Yes, it is symmetric
(c) No, it is not symmetric
(d) Yes, it is symmetric
(e) Yes, it is symmetric
(f) Yes, it is symmetric
The figures given below are the line of symmetry:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry


Q4: Copy the following on a square paper (The square paper is what you would have used in your arithmetic notebook in earlier classes). Then, complete them such that the dotted line is the line of symmetry. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Ans: To make the dotted line as a line of symmetry, the given figure may be drawn as follows:
(a)

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(b) 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(c) 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(d) 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(e) 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(f) 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry


Q5: In the figure, l is the line of symmetry. Complete the diagram to make it symmetric. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Ans: The below figure is the exact diagram to make it symmetric:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry


Q6: In the figure, l is the line of symmetry. Draw the image of the triangle and complete the diagram so that it becomes symmetric. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Ans:

The required triangle can be drawn as follows to make it symmetric:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Exercise 13.2 Page No. 267


Q1: Find the number of lines of symmetry for each of the following shapes :

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Ans: 
(a) For the given figure, there are 4 lines of symmetry.
(b) For the given figure, there are 4 lines of symmetry.
(c) For the given figure, there are 4 lines of symmetry.
(d) For the given figure, there is only 1 line of symmetry.
(e) For the given figure, there are 6 lines of symmetry.
(f) For the given figure, there are 6 lines of symmetry.
(g) For the given figure, there is no line of symmetry.
(h) For the given figure, there is no line of symmetry.
(i) For the given figure, there are 3 lines of symmetry.
Now, we can observe the lines of symmetry in the above figures as follows:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry


Q2: Copy the triangle in each of the following figures on squared paper. In each case, draw the line(s) of symmetry, if any, and identify the type of triangle. (Some of you may like to trace the figures and try paper-folding first!) 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Ans: (a) The given triangle is an isosceles triangle. So, there will be only 1 line of symmetry.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(b) The given triangle is an isosceles triangle. So, there will be only 1 line of symmetry. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(c) The given triangle is a right-angled triangle. So, there will be only 1 line of symmetry.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(d) The given triangle is a scalene triangle. So, there will be no line of symmetry.

Q3: Complete the following table.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Ans: The given table can be completed as follows:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

In the case of circles, we can find infinite lines. Here, some lines of symmetry are drawn. Similarly, we can draw more symmetric lines for the circle.

Q4: Can you draw a triangle which has
(a) exactly one line of symmetry?
(b) exactly two lines of symmetry?
(c) exactly three lines of symmetry?
(d) no lines of symmetry?
Sketch a rough figure in each case.
Ans: (a) Yes, we can draw an isosceles triangle which has only 1 line of symmetry.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(b) No, we cannot draw a triangle which has 2 lines of symmetry.
(c) Yes, we can draw an equilateral triangle which has 3 lines of symmetry.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(d) Yes, we can draw a scalene triangle which has no line of symmetry. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry


Q5: On a squared paper, sketch the following:
(a) A triangle with a horizontal line of symmetry but no vertical line of symmetry.
(b) A quadrilateral with both horizontal and vertical lines of symmetry.
(c) A quadrilateral with a horizontal line of symmetry but no vertical line of symmetry.
(d) A hexagon with exactly two lines of symmetry.
(e) A hexagon with six lines of symmetry.
Ans: (a) A triangle with a horizontal line of symmetry but no vertical line of symmetry can be drawn as follows:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(b) A quadrilateral with both horizontal and vertical lines of symmetry can be drawn as follows: 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(c) A quadrilateral with a horizontal line of symmetry but no vertical line of symmetry can be sketched as follows: 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(d) A hexagon with exactly two lines of symmetry may be drawn as follows: 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(e) A hexagon with 6 lines of symmetry may be drawn as follows: 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry


Q6: Trace each figure and draw the lines of symmetry, if any: 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Ans: (a) The given figure is an isosceles triangle. Hence, there will be 1 line of symmetry.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(b) The given figure has two lines of symmetry. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(c) The given figure has 4 lines of symmetry.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(d) The given figure is octagonal, which has 2 lines of symmetry.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(e) The given figure has only 1 line of symmetry. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(f) The given figure has 4 lines of symmetry. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Q7: Consider the letters of the English alphabet, A to Z. List among them the letters which have
(a) vertical lines of symmetry (like A)
(b) horizontal lines of symmetry (like B)
(c) no lines of symmetry (like Q)
Ans: 
(a) Vertical lines of symmetry are A, H, I, M, O, T, U, V, W, X, Y.
(b) Horizontal lines of symmetry are B, C, D, E, H, I, K, O, X.
(c) No lines of symmetry are F, G, J, L, N, P, Q, R, S, Z.

Q8: Given here are figures of a few folded sheets and designs drawn about the fold. In each case, draw a rough diagram of the complete figure that would be seen when the design is cut off.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Ans: We can draw the diagrams of the complete figures as follows:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Exercise 13.3 Page No. 271


Q1: Find the number of lines of symmetry in each of the following shapes. How will you check your answers?

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Ans: (a) For the given figure, there are 4 lines of symmetry.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(b) For the given figure, there is only 1 line of symmetry. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(c) For the given figure, there are 2 lines of symmetry. 
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(d) For the given figure, there are 2 lines of symmetry. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(e) For the given figure, there is only 1 line of symmetry. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

(f) For the given figure, there are 2 lines of symmetry. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Q2: Copy the following drawing on squared paper. Complete each one of them such that the resulting figure has two dotted lines as two lines of symmetry. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

How did you go about completing the picture?
Ans: We can complete these figures by drawing similar parts as shown in these figures. First, about the vertical line of symmetry and then about the horizontal line of symmetry, or first about the horizontal line of symmetry and then about the vertical line of symmetry.
The completed figures are as follows:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry


Q3: In each figure, a letter of the alphabet is shown along with a vertical line. Take the mirror image of the letter in the given line. Find which letters look the same after reflection (i.e., which letters look the same in the image) and which do not. Can you guess why?
Try for O E M N P H L T S V X

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

Ans: The mirror images of these figures are as follows

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

The letters having vertical lines of symmetry will have the same mirror images. These letters are O, M, H, T, V, and X, and thus these letters will look the same. 

The document NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry is a part of the Class 6 Course Mathematics (Maths) Class 6.
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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Symmetry

1. What is symmetry?
Ans. Symmetry is a concept in mathematics that refers to a balanced arrangement of objects or shapes where one half is a mirror image of the other half. It is the property of an object or a shape that remains unchanged even after a transformation such as reflection, rotation, or translation.
2. How is symmetry related to class 6 NCERT syllabus?
Ans. Symmetry is an important topic covered in the class 6 NCERT syllabus for mathematics. Students learn about different types of symmetry, such as line symmetry and rotational symmetry, and how to identify and draw symmetrical figures. It helps in developing spatial understanding and problem-solving skills.
3. How do we identify line symmetry in a figure?
Ans. To identify line symmetry in a figure, we need to check if there is a line that divides the figure into two equal halves, such that one half is the mirror image of the other half. We can do this by folding the figure along a line and checking if the two halves overlap perfectly. If they do, the figure has line symmetry.
4. What is rotational symmetry?
Ans. Rotational symmetry is a type of symmetry where a figure can be rotated by a certain angle and still look the same. In other words, if we can rotate a figure less than 360 degrees and it appears unchanged, then the figure has rotational symmetry. The angle of rotation at which the figure looks the same is called the angle of symmetry.
5. How is symmetry used in real-life applications?
Ans. Symmetry is used in various real-life applications. For example, architects and designers use symmetry to create aesthetically pleasing structures and patterns. Symmetry is also seen in nature, such as in the arrangement of petals in a flower or the design of a snowflake. It is used in art, fashion, and even in the design of computer graphics. Understanding symmetry helps in appreciating and creating visually appealing designs.
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