NCERT Textbook: पाठ 11 - बालगोबिन भगत, क्षितिज II, हिंदी, कक्षा - 10 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 10

Class 10 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ 11 - बालगोबिन भगत, क्षितिज II, हिंदी, कक्षा - 10 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


f{kfrt
68
jk
15
eo`{k csuhiqjh dk tUe fcgkj osQ eqtÝ
+
I
+
kQjiqj f”kys osQ
csuhiqj xk¡o esa lu~ 1899 esa gqvkA ekrk&firk dk fuèku
cpiu esa gh gks tkus osQ dkj.k thou osQ vkjafHkd o"kZ
vHkkoksa&dfBukb;ksa vkSj la?k"kks± esa chrsA nloha rd dh f'k{kk
izkIr djus osQ ckn os lu~~ 1920 esa jk"Vªh; Lokèkhurk
vkanksyu ls lfØ; :i ls tqM+ x,A dbZ ckj tsy Hkh x,A
mudk nsgkolku lu~~ 1968 esa gqvkA
15 o"kZ dh voLFkk esa csuhiqjh th dh jpuk,¡ i=k&if=kdkvksa
eas Nius yxhaA os csgn izfrHkk'kkyh i=kdkj FksA mUgksaus vusd
nSfud] lkIrkfgd ,oa ekfld i=k&if=kdkvksa dk laiknu
fd;k] ftuesa r#.k Hkkjr] fdlku fe=k] ckyd] ;qod]
;ksxh] turk] tuok.kh vkSj u;h èkkjk mYys[kuh; gSaA
x| dh fofoèk foèkkvksa esa muosQ ys[ku dks O;kid
izfr"Bk feyhA mudk iwjk lkfgR; csuhiqjh jpukoyh osQ
vkB [kaMksa esa izdkf'kr gSA mudh jpuk&;k=kk osQ egÙoiw.kZ
iM+ko gSaµifrrksa osQ ns'k esa (miU;kl)_ fprk osQ iwQy
(dgkuh)_ vacikyh (ukVd)_ ekVh dh ewjrsa (js[kkfp=k)_
iSjksa esa ia[k ck¡èkdj (;k=kk&o`Ùkkar)_ ”kathjsa vkSj nhokjsa
(laLej.k) vkfnA mudh jpukvksa esa Lokèkhurk dh psruk]
euq";rk dh ¯prk vkSj bfrgkl dh ;qxkuq:i O;k[;k gSA
fof'k"V 'kSyhdkj gksus osQ dkj.k mUgsa ^dye dk tknwxj*
dgk tkrk gSA
jkeo`{k
csuhiqjh
11
Page 2


f{kfrt
68
jk
15
eo`{k csuhiqjh dk tUe fcgkj osQ eqtÝ
+
I
+
kQjiqj f”kys osQ
csuhiqj xk¡o esa lu~ 1899 esa gqvkA ekrk&firk dk fuèku
cpiu esa gh gks tkus osQ dkj.k thou osQ vkjafHkd o"kZ
vHkkoksa&dfBukb;ksa vkSj la?k"kks± esa chrsA nloha rd dh f'k{kk
izkIr djus osQ ckn os lu~~ 1920 esa jk"Vªh; Lokèkhurk
vkanksyu ls lfØ; :i ls tqM+ x,A dbZ ckj tsy Hkh x,A
mudk nsgkolku lu~~ 1968 esa gqvkA
15 o"kZ dh voLFkk esa csuhiqjh th dh jpuk,¡ i=k&if=kdkvksa
eas Nius yxhaA os csgn izfrHkk'kkyh i=kdkj FksA mUgksaus vusd
nSfud] lkIrkfgd ,oa ekfld i=k&if=kdkvksa dk laiknu
fd;k] ftuesa r#.k Hkkjr] fdlku fe=k] ckyd] ;qod]
;ksxh] turk] tuok.kh vkSj u;h èkkjk mYys[kuh; gSaA
x| dh fofoèk foèkkvksa esa muosQ ys[ku dks O;kid
izfr"Bk feyhA mudk iwjk lkfgR; csuhiqjh jpukoyh osQ
vkB [kaMksa esa izdkf'kr gSA mudh jpuk&;k=kk osQ egÙoiw.kZ
iM+ko gSaµifrrksa osQ ns'k esa (miU;kl)_ fprk osQ iwQy
(dgkuh)_ vacikyh (ukVd)_ ekVh dh ewjrsa (js[kkfp=k)_
iSjksa esa ia[k ck¡èkdj (;k=kk&o`Ùkkar)_ ”kathjsa vkSj nhokjsa
(laLej.k) vkfnA mudh jpukvksa esa Lokèkhurk dh psruk]
euq";rk dh ¯prk vkSj bfrgkl dh ;qxkuq:i O;k[;k gSA
fof'k"V 'kSyhdkj gksus osQ dkj.k mUgsa ^dye dk tknwxj*
dgk tkrk gSA
jkeo`{k
csuhiqjh
11
jkeo`{k csuhiqjh
69
ckyxksfcu Hkxr js[kkfp=k osQ ekè;e ls ys[kd us ,d ,sls foy{k.k pfj=k dk
mn~?kkVu fd;k gS tks euq";rk] yksd laLÑfr vkSj lkewfgd psruk dk izrhd gSA
os'kHkw"kk ;k cká vuq"Bkuksa ls dksbZ laU;klh ugha gksrk] laU;kl dk vkèkkj thou osQ
ekuoh; ljksdkj gksrs gSaA ckyxksfcu Hkxr blh vkèkkj ij ys[kd dks laU;klh yxrs
gSaA ;g ikB lkekftd :f<+;ksa ij Hkh izgkj djrk gSA bl js[kkfp=k dh ,d fo'ks"krk
;g gS fd ckyxksfcu Hkxr osQ ekè;e ls xzkeh.k thou dh ltho >k¡dh ns[kus dks
feyrh gSA
Page 3


f{kfrt
68
jk
15
eo`{k csuhiqjh dk tUe fcgkj osQ eqtÝ
+
I
+
kQjiqj f”kys osQ
csuhiqj xk¡o esa lu~ 1899 esa gqvkA ekrk&firk dk fuèku
cpiu esa gh gks tkus osQ dkj.k thou osQ vkjafHkd o"kZ
vHkkoksa&dfBukb;ksa vkSj la?k"kks± esa chrsA nloha rd dh f'k{kk
izkIr djus osQ ckn os lu~~ 1920 esa jk"Vªh; Lokèkhurk
vkanksyu ls lfØ; :i ls tqM+ x,A dbZ ckj tsy Hkh x,A
mudk nsgkolku lu~~ 1968 esa gqvkA
15 o"kZ dh voLFkk esa csuhiqjh th dh jpuk,¡ i=k&if=kdkvksa
eas Nius yxhaA os csgn izfrHkk'kkyh i=kdkj FksA mUgksaus vusd
nSfud] lkIrkfgd ,oa ekfld i=k&if=kdkvksa dk laiknu
fd;k] ftuesa r#.k Hkkjr] fdlku fe=k] ckyd] ;qod]
;ksxh] turk] tuok.kh vkSj u;h èkkjk mYys[kuh; gSaA
x| dh fofoèk foèkkvksa esa muosQ ys[ku dks O;kid
izfr"Bk feyhA mudk iwjk lkfgR; csuhiqjh jpukoyh osQ
vkB [kaMksa esa izdkf'kr gSA mudh jpuk&;k=kk osQ egÙoiw.kZ
iM+ko gSaµifrrksa osQ ns'k esa (miU;kl)_ fprk osQ iwQy
(dgkuh)_ vacikyh (ukVd)_ ekVh dh ewjrsa (js[kkfp=k)_
iSjksa esa ia[k ck¡èkdj (;k=kk&o`Ùkkar)_ ”kathjsa vkSj nhokjsa
(laLej.k) vkfnA mudh jpukvksa esa Lokèkhurk dh psruk]
euq";rk dh ¯prk vkSj bfrgkl dh ;qxkuq:i O;k[;k gSA
fof'k"V 'kSyhdkj gksus osQ dkj.k mUgsa ^dye dk tknwxj*
dgk tkrk gSA
jkeo`{k
csuhiqjh
11
jkeo`{k csuhiqjh
69
ckyxksfcu Hkxr js[kkfp=k osQ ekè;e ls ys[kd us ,d ,sls foy{k.k pfj=k dk
mn~?kkVu fd;k gS tks euq";rk] yksd laLÑfr vkSj lkewfgd psruk dk izrhd gSA
os'kHkw"kk ;k cká vuq"Bkuksa ls dksbZ laU;klh ugha gksrk] laU;kl dk vkèkkj thou osQ
ekuoh; ljksdkj gksrs gSaA ckyxksfcu Hkxr blh vkèkkj ij ys[kd dks laU;klh yxrs
gSaA ;g ikB lkekftd :f<+;ksa ij Hkh izgkj djrk gSA bl js[kkfp=k dh ,d fo'ks"krk
;g gS fd ckyxksfcu Hkxr osQ ekè;e ls xzkeh.k thou dh ltho >k¡dh ns[kus dks
feyrh gSA
f{kfrt
70
ckyxksfcu Hkxr
ckyxksfcu Hkxr e¡>ksys dn osQ xksjs&fp^s vkneh FksA lkB ls Åij osQ gh gksaxsA cky id
x, FksA yach nk<+h ;k tVktwV rks ugha j[krs Fks] ¯drq ges'kk mudk psgjk lI
+
ksQn ckyksa ls
gh txex fd, jgrkA diM+s fcyoqQy de igursA dej esa ,d yaxksVh&ek=k vkSj flj
esa dchjiafFk;ksa dh&lh duiQVh VksihA tc tkM+k vkrk] ,d dkyh deyh Åij ls vks<+s
jgrsA eLrd ij ges'kk pedrk gqvk jkekuanh panu] tks ukd osQ ,d Nksj ls gh] vkSjrksa
osQ VhosQ dh rjg] 'kq: gksrkA xys esa rqylh dh tM+ksa dh ,d csMkSy ekyk ck¡èks jgrsA
Åij dh rLkohj ls ;g ugha ekuk tk, fd ckyxksfcu Hkxr lkèkq FksA ugha] fcyoqQy
x`gLFk! mudh x`fg.kh dh rks eq>s ;kn ugha] muosQ csVs vkSj irksgw dks rks eSaus ns[kk FkkA FkksM+h
[ksrhckjh Hkh Fkh] ,d vPNk lkI
+
kQ&lqFkjk edku Hkh FkkA
¯drq] [ksrhckjh djrs] ifjokj j[krs Hkh] ckyxksfcu Hkxr lkèkq Fksµlkèkq dh lc
ifjHkk"kkvksa esa [kjs mrjusokysA dchj dks ^lkgc* ekurs Fks] mUgha osQ xhrksa dks xkrs] mUgha
osQ vkns'kksa ij pyrsA dHkh >wB ugha cksyrs] [kjk O;ogkj j[krsA fdlh ls Hkh nks&Vwd ckr
djus esa ladksp ugha djrs] u fdlh ls [kke[kkg >xM+k eksy ysrsA fdlh dh ph”k ugha
Nwrs] u fcuk iwNs O;ogkj esa ykrsA bl fu;e dks dHkh&dHkh bruh ckjhdh rd ys tkrs
fd yksxksa dks oqQrwgy gksrk!µdHkh og nwljs osQ [ksr esa 'kkSp osQ fy, Hkh ugha cSBrs! og
x`gLFk Fks_ ysfdu mudh lc ph”k ^lkgc* dh FkhA tks oqQN [ksr esa iSnk gksrk] flj ij
ykndj igys mls lkgc osQ njckj esa ys tkrsµtks muosQ ?kj ls pkj dksl nwj ij Fkkµ,d
dchjiaFkh eB ls eryc! og njckj esa ^HksaV* :i j[k fy;k tkdj ^izlkn* :i esa tks
mUgsa feyrk] mls ?kj ykrs vkSj mlh ls xq”kj pykrs!
bu lcosQ Åij] eSa rks eqXèk Fkk muosQ eèkqj xku ijµtks lnk&loZnk gh lquus dks
feyrsA dchj osQ os lhèks&lkns in] tks muosQ oaQB ls fudydj ltho gks mBrsA
vklk<+ dh fjef>e gSA lewpk xk¡o [ksrksa esa mrj iM+k gSA dgha gy py jgs gSa_ dgha
jksiuh gks jgh gSA èkku osQ ikuh&Hkjs [ksrksa esa cPps mNy jgs gSaA vkSjrsa dysok ysdj esaM+
Page 4


f{kfrt
68
jk
15
eo`{k csuhiqjh dk tUe fcgkj osQ eqtÝ
+
I
+
kQjiqj f”kys osQ
csuhiqj xk¡o esa lu~ 1899 esa gqvkA ekrk&firk dk fuèku
cpiu esa gh gks tkus osQ dkj.k thou osQ vkjafHkd o"kZ
vHkkoksa&dfBukb;ksa vkSj la?k"kks± esa chrsA nloha rd dh f'k{kk
izkIr djus osQ ckn os lu~~ 1920 esa jk"Vªh; Lokèkhurk
vkanksyu ls lfØ; :i ls tqM+ x,A dbZ ckj tsy Hkh x,A
mudk nsgkolku lu~~ 1968 esa gqvkA
15 o"kZ dh voLFkk esa csuhiqjh th dh jpuk,¡ i=k&if=kdkvksa
eas Nius yxhaA os csgn izfrHkk'kkyh i=kdkj FksA mUgksaus vusd
nSfud] lkIrkfgd ,oa ekfld i=k&if=kdkvksa dk laiknu
fd;k] ftuesa r#.k Hkkjr] fdlku fe=k] ckyd] ;qod]
;ksxh] turk] tuok.kh vkSj u;h èkkjk mYys[kuh; gSaA
x| dh fofoèk foèkkvksa esa muosQ ys[ku dks O;kid
izfr"Bk feyhA mudk iwjk lkfgR; csuhiqjh jpukoyh osQ
vkB [kaMksa esa izdkf'kr gSA mudh jpuk&;k=kk osQ egÙoiw.kZ
iM+ko gSaµifrrksa osQ ns'k esa (miU;kl)_ fprk osQ iwQy
(dgkuh)_ vacikyh (ukVd)_ ekVh dh ewjrsa (js[kkfp=k)_
iSjksa esa ia[k ck¡èkdj (;k=kk&o`Ùkkar)_ ”kathjsa vkSj nhokjsa
(laLej.k) vkfnA mudh jpukvksa esa Lokèkhurk dh psruk]
euq";rk dh ¯prk vkSj bfrgkl dh ;qxkuq:i O;k[;k gSA
fof'k"V 'kSyhdkj gksus osQ dkj.k mUgsa ^dye dk tknwxj*
dgk tkrk gSA
jkeo`{k
csuhiqjh
11
jkeo`{k csuhiqjh
69
ckyxksfcu Hkxr js[kkfp=k osQ ekè;e ls ys[kd us ,d ,sls foy{k.k pfj=k dk
mn~?kkVu fd;k gS tks euq";rk] yksd laLÑfr vkSj lkewfgd psruk dk izrhd gSA
os'kHkw"kk ;k cká vuq"Bkuksa ls dksbZ laU;klh ugha gksrk] laU;kl dk vkèkkj thou osQ
ekuoh; ljksdkj gksrs gSaA ckyxksfcu Hkxr blh vkèkkj ij ys[kd dks laU;klh yxrs
gSaA ;g ikB lkekftd :f<+;ksa ij Hkh izgkj djrk gSA bl js[kkfp=k dh ,d fo'ks"krk
;g gS fd ckyxksfcu Hkxr osQ ekè;e ls xzkeh.k thou dh ltho >k¡dh ns[kus dks
feyrh gSA
f{kfrt
70
ckyxksfcu Hkxr
ckyxksfcu Hkxr e¡>ksys dn osQ xksjs&fp^s vkneh FksA lkB ls Åij osQ gh gksaxsA cky id
x, FksA yach nk<+h ;k tVktwV rks ugha j[krs Fks] ¯drq ges'kk mudk psgjk lI
+
ksQn ckyksa ls
gh txex fd, jgrkA diM+s fcyoqQy de igursA dej esa ,d yaxksVh&ek=k vkSj flj
esa dchjiafFk;ksa dh&lh duiQVh VksihA tc tkM+k vkrk] ,d dkyh deyh Åij ls vks<+s
jgrsA eLrd ij ges'kk pedrk gqvk jkekuanh panu] tks ukd osQ ,d Nksj ls gh] vkSjrksa
osQ VhosQ dh rjg] 'kq: gksrkA xys esa rqylh dh tM+ksa dh ,d csMkSy ekyk ck¡èks jgrsA
Åij dh rLkohj ls ;g ugha ekuk tk, fd ckyxksfcu Hkxr lkèkq FksA ugha] fcyoqQy
x`gLFk! mudh x`fg.kh dh rks eq>s ;kn ugha] muosQ csVs vkSj irksgw dks rks eSaus ns[kk FkkA FkksM+h
[ksrhckjh Hkh Fkh] ,d vPNk lkI
+
kQ&lqFkjk edku Hkh FkkA
¯drq] [ksrhckjh djrs] ifjokj j[krs Hkh] ckyxksfcu Hkxr lkèkq Fksµlkèkq dh lc
ifjHkk"kkvksa esa [kjs mrjusokysA dchj dks ^lkgc* ekurs Fks] mUgha osQ xhrksa dks xkrs] mUgha
osQ vkns'kksa ij pyrsA dHkh >wB ugha cksyrs] [kjk O;ogkj j[krsA fdlh ls Hkh nks&Vwd ckr
djus esa ladksp ugha djrs] u fdlh ls [kke[kkg >xM+k eksy ysrsA fdlh dh ph”k ugha
Nwrs] u fcuk iwNs O;ogkj esa ykrsA bl fu;e dks dHkh&dHkh bruh ckjhdh rd ys tkrs
fd yksxksa dks oqQrwgy gksrk!µdHkh og nwljs osQ [ksr esa 'kkSp osQ fy, Hkh ugha cSBrs! og
x`gLFk Fks_ ysfdu mudh lc ph”k ^lkgc* dh FkhA tks oqQN [ksr esa iSnk gksrk] flj ij
ykndj igys mls lkgc osQ njckj esa ys tkrsµtks muosQ ?kj ls pkj dksl nwj ij Fkkµ,d
dchjiaFkh eB ls eryc! og njckj esa ^HksaV* :i j[k fy;k tkdj ^izlkn* :i esa tks
mUgsa feyrk] mls ?kj ykrs vkSj mlh ls xq”kj pykrs!
bu lcosQ Åij] eSa rks eqXèk Fkk muosQ eèkqj xku ijµtks lnk&loZnk gh lquus dks
feyrsA dchj osQ os lhèks&lkns in] tks muosQ oaQB ls fudydj ltho gks mBrsA
vklk<+ dh fjef>e gSA lewpk xk¡o [ksrksa esa mrj iM+k gSA dgha gy py jgs gSa_ dgha
jksiuh gks jgh gSA èkku osQ ikuh&Hkjs [ksrksa esa cPps mNy jgs gSaA vkSjrsa dysok ysdj esaM+
jkeo`{k csuhiqjh
71
ij cSBh gSaA vkleku ckny ls f?kjk_ èkwi dk uke ughaA BaMh iqjokbZ py jghA ,sls gh le;
vkiosQ dkuksa esa ,d Loj&rjax >adkj&lh dj mBhA ;g D;k gSµ;g dkSu gS! ;g iwNuk
u iM+sxkA ckyxksfcu Hkxr lewpk 'kjhj dhpM+ esa fyFkM+s] vius [ksr esa jksiuh dj jgs gSaA
mudh v¡xqyh ,d&,d èkku osQ ikSèks dks] iafDrc¼] [ksr esa fcBk jgh gSA mudk oaQB
,d&,d 'kCn dks laxhr osQ thus ij p<+kdj oqQN dks Åij] LoxZ dh vksj Hkst jgk gS
vkSj oqQN dks bl i`Foh dh fe^h ij [kM+s yksxksa osQ dkuksa dh vksj! cPps [ksyrs gq, >we
mBrs gSa_ esaM+ ij [kM+h vkSjrksa osQ gksaB dk¡i mBrs gSa] os xquxqukus yxrh gSa_ gyokgksa osQ
iSj rky ls mBus yxrs gSa_ jksiuh djusokyksa dh v¡xqfy;k¡ ,d vthc Øe ls pyus yxrh
gSa! ckyxksfcu Hkxr dk ;g laxhr gS ;k tknw!
Hkknks dh og va¡èksjh vèkjfr;kA vHkh] FkksM+h gh nsj igys eqlyèkkj o"kkZ [kRe gqbZ gSA
cknyksa dh xjt] fctyh dh rM+i esa vkius oqQN ugha lquk gks] ¯drq vc f>Yyh dh
>adkj ;k nknqjksa dh VjZ&VjZ ckyxksfcu Hkxr osQ laxhr dks vius dksykgy esa Mqcks ugha
ldrhaA mudh [k¡tM+h fMed&fMed ct jgh gS vkSj os xk jgs gSaµ¶xksnh esa fi;ok] ped
mBs lf[k;k] fpg¡qd mBs uk!¸
gk¡] fi;k rks xksn esa gh gS] ¯drq
og le>rh gS] og vosQyh gS]
ped mBrh gS] fpgq¡d mBrh
gSA mlh Hkjs&cknyksa okys Hkknks
dh vkèkh jkr esa mudk ;g
xkuk v¡èksjs esa vdLekr dkSaèk
mBus okyh fctyh dh rjg
fdls u pkSadk nsrk\ vjs] vc
lkjk lalkj fuLrCèkrk esa lks;k
gS] ckyxksfcu Hkxr dk laxhr
tkx jgk gS] txk jgk gS!µrsjh
xBjh esa ykxk pksj] eqlkfI
+
kQj
tkx ”kjk!
dkfrd vk;k ugha fd
ckyxksfcu Hkxr dh izHkkfr;k¡
'kq: gqb±] tks iQkxqu rd pyk
djrhaA bu fnuksa og lcsjs gh
Page 5


f{kfrt
68
jk
15
eo`{k csuhiqjh dk tUe fcgkj osQ eqtÝ
+
I
+
kQjiqj f”kys osQ
csuhiqj xk¡o esa lu~ 1899 esa gqvkA ekrk&firk dk fuèku
cpiu esa gh gks tkus osQ dkj.k thou osQ vkjafHkd o"kZ
vHkkoksa&dfBukb;ksa vkSj la?k"kks± esa chrsA nloha rd dh f'k{kk
izkIr djus osQ ckn os lu~~ 1920 esa jk"Vªh; Lokèkhurk
vkanksyu ls lfØ; :i ls tqM+ x,A dbZ ckj tsy Hkh x,A
mudk nsgkolku lu~~ 1968 esa gqvkA
15 o"kZ dh voLFkk esa csuhiqjh th dh jpuk,¡ i=k&if=kdkvksa
eas Nius yxhaA os csgn izfrHkk'kkyh i=kdkj FksA mUgksaus vusd
nSfud] lkIrkfgd ,oa ekfld i=k&if=kdkvksa dk laiknu
fd;k] ftuesa r#.k Hkkjr] fdlku fe=k] ckyd] ;qod]
;ksxh] turk] tuok.kh vkSj u;h èkkjk mYys[kuh; gSaA
x| dh fofoèk foèkkvksa esa muosQ ys[ku dks O;kid
izfr"Bk feyhA mudk iwjk lkfgR; csuhiqjh jpukoyh osQ
vkB [kaMksa esa izdkf'kr gSA mudh jpuk&;k=kk osQ egÙoiw.kZ
iM+ko gSaµifrrksa osQ ns'k esa (miU;kl)_ fprk osQ iwQy
(dgkuh)_ vacikyh (ukVd)_ ekVh dh ewjrsa (js[kkfp=k)_
iSjksa esa ia[k ck¡èkdj (;k=kk&o`Ùkkar)_ ”kathjsa vkSj nhokjsa
(laLej.k) vkfnA mudh jpukvksa esa Lokèkhurk dh psruk]
euq";rk dh ¯prk vkSj bfrgkl dh ;qxkuq:i O;k[;k gSA
fof'k"V 'kSyhdkj gksus osQ dkj.k mUgsa ^dye dk tknwxj*
dgk tkrk gSA
jkeo`{k
csuhiqjh
11
jkeo`{k csuhiqjh
69
ckyxksfcu Hkxr js[kkfp=k osQ ekè;e ls ys[kd us ,d ,sls foy{k.k pfj=k dk
mn~?kkVu fd;k gS tks euq";rk] yksd laLÑfr vkSj lkewfgd psruk dk izrhd gSA
os'kHkw"kk ;k cká vuq"Bkuksa ls dksbZ laU;klh ugha gksrk] laU;kl dk vkèkkj thou osQ
ekuoh; ljksdkj gksrs gSaA ckyxksfcu Hkxr blh vkèkkj ij ys[kd dks laU;klh yxrs
gSaA ;g ikB lkekftd :f<+;ksa ij Hkh izgkj djrk gSA bl js[kkfp=k dh ,d fo'ks"krk
;g gS fd ckyxksfcu Hkxr osQ ekè;e ls xzkeh.k thou dh ltho >k¡dh ns[kus dks
feyrh gSA
f{kfrt
70
ckyxksfcu Hkxr
ckyxksfcu Hkxr e¡>ksys dn osQ xksjs&fp^s vkneh FksA lkB ls Åij osQ gh gksaxsA cky id
x, FksA yach nk<+h ;k tVktwV rks ugha j[krs Fks] ¯drq ges'kk mudk psgjk lI
+
ksQn ckyksa ls
gh txex fd, jgrkA diM+s fcyoqQy de igursA dej esa ,d yaxksVh&ek=k vkSj flj
esa dchjiafFk;ksa dh&lh duiQVh VksihA tc tkM+k vkrk] ,d dkyh deyh Åij ls vks<+s
jgrsA eLrd ij ges'kk pedrk gqvk jkekuanh panu] tks ukd osQ ,d Nksj ls gh] vkSjrksa
osQ VhosQ dh rjg] 'kq: gksrkA xys esa rqylh dh tM+ksa dh ,d csMkSy ekyk ck¡èks jgrsA
Åij dh rLkohj ls ;g ugha ekuk tk, fd ckyxksfcu Hkxr lkèkq FksA ugha] fcyoqQy
x`gLFk! mudh x`fg.kh dh rks eq>s ;kn ugha] muosQ csVs vkSj irksgw dks rks eSaus ns[kk FkkA FkksM+h
[ksrhckjh Hkh Fkh] ,d vPNk lkI
+
kQ&lqFkjk edku Hkh FkkA
¯drq] [ksrhckjh djrs] ifjokj j[krs Hkh] ckyxksfcu Hkxr lkèkq Fksµlkèkq dh lc
ifjHkk"kkvksa esa [kjs mrjusokysA dchj dks ^lkgc* ekurs Fks] mUgha osQ xhrksa dks xkrs] mUgha
osQ vkns'kksa ij pyrsA dHkh >wB ugha cksyrs] [kjk O;ogkj j[krsA fdlh ls Hkh nks&Vwd ckr
djus esa ladksp ugha djrs] u fdlh ls [kke[kkg >xM+k eksy ysrsA fdlh dh ph”k ugha
Nwrs] u fcuk iwNs O;ogkj esa ykrsA bl fu;e dks dHkh&dHkh bruh ckjhdh rd ys tkrs
fd yksxksa dks oqQrwgy gksrk!µdHkh og nwljs osQ [ksr esa 'kkSp osQ fy, Hkh ugha cSBrs! og
x`gLFk Fks_ ysfdu mudh lc ph”k ^lkgc* dh FkhA tks oqQN [ksr esa iSnk gksrk] flj ij
ykndj igys mls lkgc osQ njckj esa ys tkrsµtks muosQ ?kj ls pkj dksl nwj ij Fkkµ,d
dchjiaFkh eB ls eryc! og njckj esa ^HksaV* :i j[k fy;k tkdj ^izlkn* :i esa tks
mUgsa feyrk] mls ?kj ykrs vkSj mlh ls xq”kj pykrs!
bu lcosQ Åij] eSa rks eqXèk Fkk muosQ eèkqj xku ijµtks lnk&loZnk gh lquus dks
feyrsA dchj osQ os lhèks&lkns in] tks muosQ oaQB ls fudydj ltho gks mBrsA
vklk<+ dh fjef>e gSA lewpk xk¡o [ksrksa esa mrj iM+k gSA dgha gy py jgs gSa_ dgha
jksiuh gks jgh gSA èkku osQ ikuh&Hkjs [ksrksa esa cPps mNy jgs gSaA vkSjrsa dysok ysdj esaM+
jkeo`{k csuhiqjh
71
ij cSBh gSaA vkleku ckny ls f?kjk_ èkwi dk uke ughaA BaMh iqjokbZ py jghA ,sls gh le;
vkiosQ dkuksa esa ,d Loj&rjax >adkj&lh dj mBhA ;g D;k gSµ;g dkSu gS! ;g iwNuk
u iM+sxkA ckyxksfcu Hkxr lewpk 'kjhj dhpM+ esa fyFkM+s] vius [ksr esa jksiuh dj jgs gSaA
mudh v¡xqyh ,d&,d èkku osQ ikSèks dks] iafDrc¼] [ksr esa fcBk jgh gSA mudk oaQB
,d&,d 'kCn dks laxhr osQ thus ij p<+kdj oqQN dks Åij] LoxZ dh vksj Hkst jgk gS
vkSj oqQN dks bl i`Foh dh fe^h ij [kM+s yksxksa osQ dkuksa dh vksj! cPps [ksyrs gq, >we
mBrs gSa_ esaM+ ij [kM+h vkSjrksa osQ gksaB dk¡i mBrs gSa] os xquxqukus yxrh gSa_ gyokgksa osQ
iSj rky ls mBus yxrs gSa_ jksiuh djusokyksa dh v¡xqfy;k¡ ,d vthc Øe ls pyus yxrh
gSa! ckyxksfcu Hkxr dk ;g laxhr gS ;k tknw!
Hkknks dh og va¡èksjh vèkjfr;kA vHkh] FkksM+h gh nsj igys eqlyèkkj o"kkZ [kRe gqbZ gSA
cknyksa dh xjt] fctyh dh rM+i esa vkius oqQN ugha lquk gks] ¯drq vc f>Yyh dh
>adkj ;k nknqjksa dh VjZ&VjZ ckyxksfcu Hkxr osQ laxhr dks vius dksykgy esa Mqcks ugha
ldrhaA mudh [k¡tM+h fMed&fMed ct jgh gS vkSj os xk jgs gSaµ¶xksnh esa fi;ok] ped
mBs lf[k;k] fpg¡qd mBs uk!¸
gk¡] fi;k rks xksn esa gh gS] ¯drq
og le>rh gS] og vosQyh gS]
ped mBrh gS] fpgq¡d mBrh
gSA mlh Hkjs&cknyksa okys Hkknks
dh vkèkh jkr esa mudk ;g
xkuk v¡èksjs esa vdLekr dkSaèk
mBus okyh fctyh dh rjg
fdls u pkSadk nsrk\ vjs] vc
lkjk lalkj fuLrCèkrk esa lks;k
gS] ckyxksfcu Hkxr dk laxhr
tkx jgk gS] txk jgk gS!µrsjh
xBjh esa ykxk pksj] eqlkfI
+
kQj
tkx ”kjk!
dkfrd vk;k ugha fd
ckyxksfcu Hkxr dh izHkkfr;k¡
'kq: gqb±] tks iQkxqu rd pyk
djrhaA bu fnuksa og lcsjs gh
f{kfrt
72
mBrsA u tkus fdl oDr txdj og unh&Luku dks tkrsµxk¡o ls nks ehy nwj! ogk¡ ls
ugk&èkksdj ykSVrs vkSj xk¡o osQ ckgj gh] iks[kjs osQ m¡Qps ¯HkMs ij] viuh [k¡tM+h ysdj tk
cSBrs vkSj vius xkus Vsjus yxrsA eSa 'kq: ls gh nsj rd lksusokyk gw¡] ¯drq] ,d fnu] ek?k
dh ml nk¡r fdVfdVkusokyh Hkksj esa Hkh] mudk laxhr eq>s iks[kjs ij ys x;k FkkA vHkh
vkleku osQ rkjksa osQ nhid cq>s ugha FksA gk¡] iwjc esa yksgh yx xbZ Fkh ftldh ykfyek
dks 'kqØ rkjk vkSj c<+k jgk FkkA [ksr] cxhpk] ?kjµlc ij oqQgklk Nk jgk FkkA lkjk
okrkoj.k vthc jgL; ls vko`r ekywe iM+rk FkkA ml jgL;e; okrkoj.k esa ,d oqQ'k
dh pVkbZ ij iwjc eq¡g] dkyh deyh vks<s+] ckyxksfcu Hkxr viuh [k¡tM+h fy, cSBs FksA
muosQ eq¡g ls 'kCnksa dk rk¡rk yxk Fkk] mudh v¡xqfy;k¡ [k¡tM+h ij yxkrkj py jgh FkhaA
xkrs&xkrs brus eLr gks tkrs] brus lq:j esa vkrs] mÙksftr gks mBrs fd ekywe gksrk] vc
[kM+s gks tk,¡xsA deyh rks ckj&ckj flj ls uhps ljd tkrhA eSa tkM+s ls o¡QioQ¡ik jgk Fkk]
¯drq rkjs dh Nk¡o esa Hkh muosQ eLrd osQ Je¯cnq] tc&rc] ped gh iM+rsA
xfeZ;ksa esa mudh ^la>k* fdruh melHkjh 'kke dks u 'khry djrh! vius ?kj osQ
vk¡xu esa vklu tek cSBrsA xk¡o osQ muosQ oqQN izseh Hkh tqV tkrsA [ka¡tfM+;ksa vkSj djrkyksa
dh Hkjekj gks tkrhA ,d in ckyxksfcu Hkxr dg tkrs] mudh izseh&eaMyh mls nqgjkrh]
frgjkrhA èkhjs&èkhjs Loj m¡Qpk gksus yxrkµ,d fuf'pr rky] ,d fuf'pr xfr lsA ml
rky&Loj osQ p<+ko osQ lkFk Jksrkvksa osQ eu Hkh Åij mBus yxrsA èkhjs&èkhjs eu ru ij
gkoh gks tkrkA gksrs&gksrs] ,d {k.k ,slk vkrk fd chp esa [k¡tM+h fy, ckyxksfcu Hkxr
ukp jgs gaS vkSj muosQ lkFk gh lcosQ ru vkSj eu u`R;'khy gks mBs gaSA lkjk vk¡xu u`R;
vkSj laxhr ls vksrizksr gS!
ckyxksfcu Hkxr dh laxhr&lkèkuk dk pje mRd"kZ ml fnu ns[kk x;k ftl fnu
mudk csVk ejkA bdykSrk csVk Fkk og! oqQN lqLr vkSj cksnk&lk Fkk] ¯drq blh dkj.k
ckyxksfcu Hkxr mls vkSj Hkh ekursA mudh le> esa ,sls vknfe;ksa ij gh ”;knk u”kj
j[kuh pkfg, ;k I;kj djuk pkfg,] D;ksafd ;s fuxjkuh vkSj eqgCcr osQ ”;knk gdnkj gksrs
gaSA cM+h lkèk ls mldh 'kknh djkbZ Fkh] irksgw cM+h gh lqHkx vkSj lq'khy feyh FkhA ?kj
dh iwjh izcafèkdk cudj Hkxr dks cgqr oqQN nqfu;knkjh ls fuo`Ùk dj fn;k Fkk mlusA
mudk csVk chekj gS] bldh [kcj j[kus dh yksxksa dks dgk¡ I
+
kqQjlr! ¯drq ekSr rks viuh
vksj lcdk è;ku [khapdj gh jgrh gSA geus lquk] ckyxksfcu Hkxr dk csVk ej x;kA
oqQrwgyo'k muosQ ?kj x;kA ns[kdj nax jg x;kA csVs dks vk¡xu esa ,d pVkbZ ij fyVkdj
,d lI
+
ksQn diM+s ls <k¡d j[kk gSA og oqQN iwQy rks ges'kk gh jksirs jgrs] mu iwQyksa esa
ls oqQN rksM+dj ml ij fc[kjk fn, gSa_ iwQy vkSj rqylhny HkhA fljgkus ,d fpjkx tyk
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