NCERT Textbook - राम लक्ष्मण परशुराम संवाद Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 10

Class 10 : NCERT Textbook - राम लक्ष्मण परशुराम संवाद Class 10 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


f{kfrt
10
rq
rqylhnkl
2
ylhnkl dk tUe mÙkj izns'k osQ ck¡nk f”kys osQ jktkiqj
xk¡o esa lu~~ 1532 esa gqvk FkkA oqQN fo}ku mudk
tUeLFkku lksjksa (f”kyk&,Vk) Hkh ekurs gSaA rqylh dk cpiu
cgqr la?k"kZiw.kZ FkkA thou osQ izkjafHkd o"kks± esa gh ekrk&firk
ls mudk fcNksg gks x;kA dgk tkrk gS fd xq#Ñik ls mUgsa
jkeHkfDr dk ekxZ feykA os ekuo&ewY;ksa osQ mikld dfo FksA
jkeHkfDr ijaijk esa rqylh vrqyuh; gSaA jkepfjrekul
dfo dh vuU; jkeHkfDr vkSj muosQ l`tukRed dkS'ky dk
euksje mnkgj.k gSA muosQ jke ekuoh; e;kZnkvksa vkSj
vkn'kks± osQ izrhd gSa ftuosQ ekè;e ls rqylh us uhfr] Lusg]
'khy] fou;] R;kx tSls mnkÙk vkn'kks± dks izfrf"Br fd;kA
jkepfjrekul mÙkjh Hkkjr dh turk osQ chp cgqr yksdfiz;
gSA ekul osQ vykok dforkoyh] xhrkoyh] nksgkoyh]
Ñ".kxhrkoyh] fou;if=kdk vkfn mudh izeq[k jpuk,¡
gSaA voèkh vkSj czt nksuksa Hkk"kkvksa ij mudk leku vfèkdkj
FkkA lu~ 1623 esa dk'kh esa mudk nsgkolku gqvkA
rqylh us jkepfjrekul dh jpuk voèkh esa vkSj
fou;if=kdk rFkk dforkoyh dh jpuk cztHkk"kk esa dhA
ml le; izpfyr lHkh dkO; :iksa dks rqylh dh jpukvksa
esa ns[kk tk ldrk gSA jkepfjrekul dk eq[; Nan pkSikbZ
gS rFkk chp&chp esa nksgs] lksjBs] gfjxhfrdk rFkk vU; Nan
fijks, x, gSaA fou;if=kdk dh jpuk xs; inksa esa gqbZ gSA
dforkoyh esa loS;k vkSj dfoÙk Nan dh NVk ns[kh tk
ldrh gSA mudh jpukvksa esa izcaèk vkSj eqDrd nksuksa izdkj
osQ dkO;ksa dk mRÑ"V :i gSA
Page 2


f{kfrt
10
rq
rqylhnkl
2
ylhnkl dk tUe mÙkj izns'k osQ ck¡nk f”kys osQ jktkiqj
xk¡o esa lu~~ 1532 esa gqvk FkkA oqQN fo}ku mudk
tUeLFkku lksjksa (f”kyk&,Vk) Hkh ekurs gSaA rqylh dk cpiu
cgqr la?k"kZiw.kZ FkkA thou osQ izkjafHkd o"kks± esa gh ekrk&firk
ls mudk fcNksg gks x;kA dgk tkrk gS fd xq#Ñik ls mUgsa
jkeHkfDr dk ekxZ feykA os ekuo&ewY;ksa osQ mikld dfo FksA
jkeHkfDr ijaijk esa rqylh vrqyuh; gSaA jkepfjrekul
dfo dh vuU; jkeHkfDr vkSj muosQ l`tukRed dkS'ky dk
euksje mnkgj.k gSA muosQ jke ekuoh; e;kZnkvksa vkSj
vkn'kks± osQ izrhd gSa ftuosQ ekè;e ls rqylh us uhfr] Lusg]
'khy] fou;] R;kx tSls mnkÙk vkn'kks± dks izfrf"Br fd;kA
jkepfjrekul mÙkjh Hkkjr dh turk osQ chp cgqr yksdfiz;
gSA ekul osQ vykok dforkoyh] xhrkoyh] nksgkoyh]
Ñ".kxhrkoyh] fou;if=kdk vkfn mudh izeq[k jpuk,¡
gSaA voèkh vkSj czt nksuksa Hkk"kkvksa ij mudk leku vfèkdkj
FkkA lu~ 1623 esa dk'kh esa mudk nsgkolku gqvkA
rqylh us jkepfjrekul dh jpuk voèkh esa vkSj
fou;if=kdk rFkk dforkoyh dh jpuk cztHkk"kk esa dhA
ml le; izpfyr lHkh dkO; :iksa dks rqylh dh jpukvksa
esa ns[kk tk ldrk gSA jkepfjrekul dk eq[; Nan pkSikbZ
gS rFkk chp&chp esa nksgs] lksjBs] gfjxhfrdk rFkk vU; Nan
fijks, x, gSaA fou;if=kdk dh jpuk xs; inksa esa gqbZ gSA
dforkoyh esa loS;k vkSj dfoÙk Nan dh NVk ns[kh tk
ldrh gSA mudh jpukvksa esa izcaèk vkSj eqDrd nksuksa izdkj
osQ dkO;ksa dk mRÑ"V :i gSA
rqylhnkl
11
;g va'k jkepfjrekul osQ cky dkaM ls fy;k x;k gSA lhrk Lo;aoj esa jke }kjk
f'ko&èkuq"k Hkax osQ ckn eqfu ij'kqjke dks tc ;g lekpkj feyk rks os Øksfèkr gksdj
ogk¡ vkrs gSaA f'ko&èkuq"k dks [kafMr ns[kdj os vkis ls ckgj gks tkrs gSaA jke osQ
fou; vkSj fo'okfe=k osQ le>kus ij rFkk jke dh 'kfDr dh ijh{kk ysdj varr%
mudk xqLlk 'kkar gksrk gSA bl chp jke] y{e.k vkSj ij'kqjke osQ chp tks laokn
gqvk ml izlax dks ;gk¡ izLrqr fd;k x;k gSA ij'kqjke osQ ozQksèk Hkjs okD;ksa dk mÙkj
y{e.k O;aX; opuksa ls nsrs gSaA bl izlax dh fo'ks"krk gS y{e.k dh ohj jl ls ixh
O;aX;ksfDr;k¡ vkSj O;atuk 'kSyh dh ljl vfHkO;fDrA
Page 3


f{kfrt
10
rq
rqylhnkl
2
ylhnkl dk tUe mÙkj izns'k osQ ck¡nk f”kys osQ jktkiqj
xk¡o esa lu~~ 1532 esa gqvk FkkA oqQN fo}ku mudk
tUeLFkku lksjksa (f”kyk&,Vk) Hkh ekurs gSaA rqylh dk cpiu
cgqr la?k"kZiw.kZ FkkA thou osQ izkjafHkd o"kks± esa gh ekrk&firk
ls mudk fcNksg gks x;kA dgk tkrk gS fd xq#Ñik ls mUgsa
jkeHkfDr dk ekxZ feykA os ekuo&ewY;ksa osQ mikld dfo FksA
jkeHkfDr ijaijk esa rqylh vrqyuh; gSaA jkepfjrekul
dfo dh vuU; jkeHkfDr vkSj muosQ l`tukRed dkS'ky dk
euksje mnkgj.k gSA muosQ jke ekuoh; e;kZnkvksa vkSj
vkn'kks± osQ izrhd gSa ftuosQ ekè;e ls rqylh us uhfr] Lusg]
'khy] fou;] R;kx tSls mnkÙk vkn'kks± dks izfrf"Br fd;kA
jkepfjrekul mÙkjh Hkkjr dh turk osQ chp cgqr yksdfiz;
gSA ekul osQ vykok dforkoyh] xhrkoyh] nksgkoyh]
Ñ".kxhrkoyh] fou;if=kdk vkfn mudh izeq[k jpuk,¡
gSaA voèkh vkSj czt nksuksa Hkk"kkvksa ij mudk leku vfèkdkj
FkkA lu~ 1623 esa dk'kh esa mudk nsgkolku gqvkA
rqylh us jkepfjrekul dh jpuk voèkh esa vkSj
fou;if=kdk rFkk dforkoyh dh jpuk cztHkk"kk esa dhA
ml le; izpfyr lHkh dkO; :iksa dks rqylh dh jpukvksa
esa ns[kk tk ldrk gSA jkepfjrekul dk eq[; Nan pkSikbZ
gS rFkk chp&chp esa nksgs] lksjBs] gfjxhfrdk rFkk vU; Nan
fijks, x, gSaA fou;if=kdk dh jpuk xs; inksa esa gqbZ gSA
dforkoyh esa loS;k vkSj dfoÙk Nan dh NVk ns[kh tk
ldrh gSA mudh jpukvksa esa izcaèk vkSj eqDrd nksuksa izdkj
osQ dkO;ksa dk mRÑ"V :i gSA
rqylhnkl
11
;g va'k jkepfjrekul osQ cky dkaM ls fy;k x;k gSA lhrk Lo;aoj esa jke }kjk
f'ko&èkuq"k Hkax osQ ckn eqfu ij'kqjke dks tc ;g lekpkj feyk rks os Øksfèkr gksdj
ogk¡ vkrs gSaA f'ko&èkuq"k dks [kafMr ns[kdj os vkis ls ckgj gks tkrs gSaA jke osQ
fou; vkSj fo'okfe=k osQ le>kus ij rFkk jke dh 'kfDr dh ijh{kk ysdj varr%
mudk xqLlk 'kkar gksrk gSA bl chp jke] y{e.k vkSj ij'kqjke osQ chp tks laokn
gqvk ml izlax dks ;gk¡ izLrqr fd;k x;k gSA ij'kqjke osQ ozQksèk Hkjs okD;ksa dk mÙkj
y{e.k O;aX; opuksa ls nsrs gSaA bl izlax dh fo'ks"krk gS y{e.k dh ohj jl ls ixh
O;aX;ksfDr;k¡ vkSj O;atuk 'kSyh dh ljl vfHkO;fDrA
f{kfrt
12
js u`ickyd dkycl cksyr rksfg u l¡HkkjA
èkuqgh le f=kiqjkfjèkuq fcfnr ldy lalkjAA
jke&y{e.k&ij'kqjke laokn
gksbfg  osQm  ,d  nkl rqEgkjkAA
lqfu fjlkb cksys eqfu dksghAA
vfjdjuh dfj dfjv yjkbZAA
lglckgq le lks fjiq eksjkAA
u r ekjs tSg¯g lc jktkAA
cksys  ijlqèkjfg  voekusAA
dcgq¡ u vfl fjl dhfUg xkslkb±AA
lqfu fjlkb dg Hk`xqoqQyosQrwAA
ukFk   laHkq/uq   HkatfugkjkA
vk;slq dkg dfgv fdu eksghA
lsooqQ  lks tks djS  lsodkbZA
lqugq jke tsfg floèkuq rksjkA
lks fcyxkm fcgkb lektkA
lqfu eqfucpu y[ku eqlqdkusA
cgq  èkuqgh  rksjh  yfjdkb±A
;sfg èkuq ij eerk osQfg gsrwA
Page 4


f{kfrt
10
rq
rqylhnkl
2
ylhnkl dk tUe mÙkj izns'k osQ ck¡nk f”kys osQ jktkiqj
xk¡o esa lu~~ 1532 esa gqvk FkkA oqQN fo}ku mudk
tUeLFkku lksjksa (f”kyk&,Vk) Hkh ekurs gSaA rqylh dk cpiu
cgqr la?k"kZiw.kZ FkkA thou osQ izkjafHkd o"kks± esa gh ekrk&firk
ls mudk fcNksg gks x;kA dgk tkrk gS fd xq#Ñik ls mUgsa
jkeHkfDr dk ekxZ feykA os ekuo&ewY;ksa osQ mikld dfo FksA
jkeHkfDr ijaijk esa rqylh vrqyuh; gSaA jkepfjrekul
dfo dh vuU; jkeHkfDr vkSj muosQ l`tukRed dkS'ky dk
euksje mnkgj.k gSA muosQ jke ekuoh; e;kZnkvksa vkSj
vkn'kks± osQ izrhd gSa ftuosQ ekè;e ls rqylh us uhfr] Lusg]
'khy] fou;] R;kx tSls mnkÙk vkn'kks± dks izfrf"Br fd;kA
jkepfjrekul mÙkjh Hkkjr dh turk osQ chp cgqr yksdfiz;
gSA ekul osQ vykok dforkoyh] xhrkoyh] nksgkoyh]
Ñ".kxhrkoyh] fou;if=kdk vkfn mudh izeq[k jpuk,¡
gSaA voèkh vkSj czt nksuksa Hkk"kkvksa ij mudk leku vfèkdkj
FkkA lu~ 1623 esa dk'kh esa mudk nsgkolku gqvkA
rqylh us jkepfjrekul dh jpuk voèkh esa vkSj
fou;if=kdk rFkk dforkoyh dh jpuk cztHkk"kk esa dhA
ml le; izpfyr lHkh dkO; :iksa dks rqylh dh jpukvksa
esa ns[kk tk ldrk gSA jkepfjrekul dk eq[; Nan pkSikbZ
gS rFkk chp&chp esa nksgs] lksjBs] gfjxhfrdk rFkk vU; Nan
fijks, x, gSaA fou;if=kdk dh jpuk xs; inksa esa gqbZ gSA
dforkoyh esa loS;k vkSj dfoÙk Nan dh NVk ns[kh tk
ldrh gSA mudh jpukvksa esa izcaèk vkSj eqDrd nksuksa izdkj
osQ dkO;ksa dk mRÑ"V :i gSA
rqylhnkl
11
;g va'k jkepfjrekul osQ cky dkaM ls fy;k x;k gSA lhrk Lo;aoj esa jke }kjk
f'ko&èkuq"k Hkax osQ ckn eqfu ij'kqjke dks tc ;g lekpkj feyk rks os Øksfèkr gksdj
ogk¡ vkrs gSaA f'ko&èkuq"k dks [kafMr ns[kdj os vkis ls ckgj gks tkrs gSaA jke osQ
fou; vkSj fo'okfe=k osQ le>kus ij rFkk jke dh 'kfDr dh ijh{kk ysdj varr%
mudk xqLlk 'kkar gksrk gSA bl chp jke] y{e.k vkSj ij'kqjke osQ chp tks laokn
gqvk ml izlax dks ;gk¡ izLrqr fd;k x;k gSA ij'kqjke osQ ozQksèk Hkjs okD;ksa dk mÙkj
y{e.k O;aX; opuksa ls nsrs gSaA bl izlax dh fo'ks"krk gS y{e.k dh ohj jl ls ixh
O;aX;ksfDr;k¡ vkSj O;atuk 'kSyh dh ljl vfHkO;fDrA
f{kfrt
12
js u`ickyd dkycl cksyr rksfg u l¡HkkjA
èkuqgh le f=kiqjkfjèkuq fcfnr ldy lalkjAA
jke&y{e.k&ij'kqjke laokn
gksbfg  osQm  ,d  nkl rqEgkjkAA
lqfu fjlkb cksys eqfu dksghAA
vfjdjuh dfj dfjv yjkbZAA
lglckgq le lks fjiq eksjkAA
u r ekjs tSg¯g lc jktkAA
cksys  ijlqèkjfg  voekusAA
dcgq¡ u vfl fjl dhfUg xkslkb±AA
lqfu fjlkb dg Hk`xqoqQyosQrwAA
ukFk   laHkq/uq   HkatfugkjkA
vk;slq dkg dfgv fdu eksghA
lsooqQ  lks tks djS  lsodkbZA
lqugq jke tsfg floèkuq rksjkA
lks fcyxkm fcgkb lektkA
lqfu eqfucpu y[ku eqlqdkusA
cgq  èkuqgh  rksjh  yfjdkb±A
;sfg èkuq ij eerk osQfg gsrwA
rqylhnkl
13
fcgfl y[kuq cksys e`nq ckuhA
iqfu iqfu eksfg ns[kko  oqQBk#A
bgk¡ oqQEgM+cfr;k dksm ukghaA
nsf[k oqQBk#  ljklu ckukA
Hk`xqlqr leqf> tusm fcyksdhA
lqj efglqj gfjtu v# xkbZA
cèksa  ikiq  vidhjfr  gkjsaA
dksfV oqQfyl le cpuq rqEgkjkA
vgks equhlq egkHkV ekuhAA
pgr  mM+kou  iw¡Qfd igk:AA
ts rjtuh nsf[k efj tkghaAA
eSaa dNq dgk lfgr vfHkekukAA
tks dNq dggq lgkSa fjl jksdhAA
gejs oqQy bUg ij u lqjkbZAA
ekjrgw  ik  ifjv  rqEgkjsaAA
C;FkZ èkjgq èkuq cku oqQBkjkAA
tks fcyksfd vuqfpr dgsm¡ Negq egkeqfu èkhjA
lqfu  ljks"k  Hk`xqcalefu  cksys  fxjk  xaHkhjAA
dkSfld lqugq ean ;sgq ckyoqQA
Hkkuqcal   jkosQl   dyaowQA
dkydoyq gksbfg Nu ekghaA
rqEg gVdgq tkS pggq mckjkA
y[ku dgsm eqfu lqtlq rqEgkjkA
vius eqgq rqEg vkifu djuhA
ufg larks"kq r iqfu dNq dggwA
chjczrh  rqEg  èkhj  vNksHkkA
oqQfVyq dkycl fut oqQy ?kkyoqQAA
fuiV  fujaoqQlq  vcqèkq  vlaowQAA
dgkSa iqdkfj [kksfj eksfg ukghaAA
dfg izrkiq cyq jks"kq gekjkAA
rqEgfg vNr dks cjuS ikjkAA
ckj vusd Hkk¡fr cgq cjuhAA
tfu fjl jksfd nqlg nq[k lggwAA
xkjh  nsr  u  ikogq  lksHkkAA
lwj lej djuh dj¯g dfg u tuko¯g vkiqA
fc|eku ju ikb fjiq dk;j dFk¯g izrkiqAA
lqugq nso lc èkuq"k lekukAA
ns[kk  jke  u;u  osQ  HkksjasAA
eqfu fcuq dkt dfjv dr jkslwAA
js lB lqusfg lqHkkm u eksjkAA
osQoy eqfu tM+ tkufg eksghAA
fcLofcfnr {kf=k;oqQy nzksghAA
fciqy ckj efgnsoUg nhUghAA
ijlq   fcyksoqQ eghioqQekjkAA
y[ku dgk gfl gejs tkukA
dk Nfr ykHkq twu èkuq  rksjasA
Nqvr VwV j?kqifrgq u nkslwA
cksys fprS ijlq dh vksjkA
ckyoqQ cksfy cèkkSa ufg rksghA
cky  czãpkjh  vfr  dksghA
Hkqtcy Hkwfe Hkwi fcuq dhUghA
lglckgqHkqt     NsnfugkjkA
ekrq firfg tfu lkspcl djfl eghlfdlksjA
xHkZUg osQ vHkZd nyu ijlq eksj vfr ?kksjAA
Page 5


f{kfrt
10
rq
rqylhnkl
2
ylhnkl dk tUe mÙkj izns'k osQ ck¡nk f”kys osQ jktkiqj
xk¡o esa lu~~ 1532 esa gqvk FkkA oqQN fo}ku mudk
tUeLFkku lksjksa (f”kyk&,Vk) Hkh ekurs gSaA rqylh dk cpiu
cgqr la?k"kZiw.kZ FkkA thou osQ izkjafHkd o"kks± esa gh ekrk&firk
ls mudk fcNksg gks x;kA dgk tkrk gS fd xq#Ñik ls mUgsa
jkeHkfDr dk ekxZ feykA os ekuo&ewY;ksa osQ mikld dfo FksA
jkeHkfDr ijaijk esa rqylh vrqyuh; gSaA jkepfjrekul
dfo dh vuU; jkeHkfDr vkSj muosQ l`tukRed dkS'ky dk
euksje mnkgj.k gSA muosQ jke ekuoh; e;kZnkvksa vkSj
vkn'kks± osQ izrhd gSa ftuosQ ekè;e ls rqylh us uhfr] Lusg]
'khy] fou;] R;kx tSls mnkÙk vkn'kks± dks izfrf"Br fd;kA
jkepfjrekul mÙkjh Hkkjr dh turk osQ chp cgqr yksdfiz;
gSA ekul osQ vykok dforkoyh] xhrkoyh] nksgkoyh]
Ñ".kxhrkoyh] fou;if=kdk vkfn mudh izeq[k jpuk,¡
gSaA voèkh vkSj czt nksuksa Hkk"kkvksa ij mudk leku vfèkdkj
FkkA lu~ 1623 esa dk'kh esa mudk nsgkolku gqvkA
rqylh us jkepfjrekul dh jpuk voèkh esa vkSj
fou;if=kdk rFkk dforkoyh dh jpuk cztHkk"kk esa dhA
ml le; izpfyr lHkh dkO; :iksa dks rqylh dh jpukvksa
esa ns[kk tk ldrk gSA jkepfjrekul dk eq[; Nan pkSikbZ
gS rFkk chp&chp esa nksgs] lksjBs] gfjxhfrdk rFkk vU; Nan
fijks, x, gSaA fou;if=kdk dh jpuk xs; inksa esa gqbZ gSA
dforkoyh esa loS;k vkSj dfoÙk Nan dh NVk ns[kh tk
ldrh gSA mudh jpukvksa esa izcaèk vkSj eqDrd nksuksa izdkj
osQ dkO;ksa dk mRÑ"V :i gSA
rqylhnkl
11
;g va'k jkepfjrekul osQ cky dkaM ls fy;k x;k gSA lhrk Lo;aoj esa jke }kjk
f'ko&èkuq"k Hkax osQ ckn eqfu ij'kqjke dks tc ;g lekpkj feyk rks os Øksfèkr gksdj
ogk¡ vkrs gSaA f'ko&èkuq"k dks [kafMr ns[kdj os vkis ls ckgj gks tkrs gSaA jke osQ
fou; vkSj fo'okfe=k osQ le>kus ij rFkk jke dh 'kfDr dh ijh{kk ysdj varr%
mudk xqLlk 'kkar gksrk gSA bl chp jke] y{e.k vkSj ij'kqjke osQ chp tks laokn
gqvk ml izlax dks ;gk¡ izLrqr fd;k x;k gSA ij'kqjke osQ ozQksèk Hkjs okD;ksa dk mÙkj
y{e.k O;aX; opuksa ls nsrs gSaA bl izlax dh fo'ks"krk gS y{e.k dh ohj jl ls ixh
O;aX;ksfDr;k¡ vkSj O;atuk 'kSyh dh ljl vfHkO;fDrA
f{kfrt
12
js u`ickyd dkycl cksyr rksfg u l¡HkkjA
èkuqgh le f=kiqjkfjèkuq fcfnr ldy lalkjAA
jke&y{e.k&ij'kqjke laokn
gksbfg  osQm  ,d  nkl rqEgkjkAA
lqfu fjlkb cksys eqfu dksghAA
vfjdjuh dfj dfjv yjkbZAA
lglckgq le lks fjiq eksjkAA
u r ekjs tSg¯g lc jktkAA
cksys  ijlqèkjfg  voekusAA
dcgq¡ u vfl fjl dhfUg xkslkb±AA
lqfu fjlkb dg Hk`xqoqQyosQrwAA
ukFk   laHkq/uq   HkatfugkjkA
vk;slq dkg dfgv fdu eksghA
lsooqQ  lks tks djS  lsodkbZA
lqugq jke tsfg floèkuq rksjkA
lks fcyxkm fcgkb lektkA
lqfu eqfucpu y[ku eqlqdkusA
cgq  èkuqgh  rksjh  yfjdkb±A
;sfg èkuq ij eerk osQfg gsrwA
rqylhnkl
13
fcgfl y[kuq cksys e`nq ckuhA
iqfu iqfu eksfg ns[kko  oqQBk#A
bgk¡ oqQEgM+cfr;k dksm ukghaA
nsf[k oqQBk#  ljklu ckukA
Hk`xqlqr leqf> tusm fcyksdhA
lqj efglqj gfjtu v# xkbZA
cèksa  ikiq  vidhjfr  gkjsaA
dksfV oqQfyl le cpuq rqEgkjkA
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