NCERT Textbook - मीरा बहन और बाघ Notes | Study Hindi for Class 3 - Class 3

Class 3: NCERT Textbook - मीरा बहन और बाघ Notes | Study Hindi for Class 3 - Class 3

The document NCERT Textbook - मीरा बहन और बाघ Notes | Study Hindi for Class 3 - Class 3 is a part of the Class 3 Course Hindi for Class 3.
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94
11. ehjk cgu vkSj ck?k
ehjk cgu dk tUe baXySaM esa gqvk FkkA xka/h th osQ fopkjksa dk mu
ij bruk vlj gqvk fd os viuk ?kj vkSj vius ekrk&firk dks
NksM+dj Hkkjr vk xb± vkSj xka/h th osQ lkFk dke djus yxhaA
vk”kknh osQ ik¡p lky ckn mUgksaus mÙkj izns'k osQ ,d igkM+h xk¡o]
xsaoyh esa xksiky vkJe dh LFkkiuk dhA ml vkJe esa ehjk cgu
dk cgqr lkjk le; ikyrw i'kqvksa dh ns[kHkky esa chrrk Fkk
ysfdu xsaoyh xk¡o osQ vklikl osQ taxyksa esa ck?k tSls [krjukd
tkuoj Hkh jgrs FksA
2019-2020
Page 2


94
11. ehjk cgu vkSj ck?k
ehjk cgu dk tUe baXySaM esa gqvk FkkA xka/h th osQ fopkjksa dk mu
ij bruk vlj gqvk fd os viuk ?kj vkSj vius ekrk&firk dks
NksM+dj Hkkjr vk xb± vkSj xka/h th osQ lkFk dke djus yxhaA
vk”kknh osQ ik¡p lky ckn mUgksaus mÙkj izns'k osQ ,d igkM+h xk¡o]
xsaoyh esa xksiky vkJe dh LFkkiuk dhA ml vkJe esa ehjk cgu
dk cgqr lkjk le; ikyrw i'kqvksa dh ns[kHkky esa chrrk Fkk
ysfdu xsaoyh xk¡o osQ vklikl osQ taxyksa esa ck?k tSls [krjukd
tkuoj Hkh jgrs FksA
2019-2020
95
igkM+h xk¡oksa esa vDlj ck?k dk Mj cuk jgrk gSA taxy dVus osQ
dkj.k f'kdkj dh ryk'k esa ck?k dHkh&dHkh xk¡o rd igq¡p tkrk gSA
xsaoyh xk¡o esa ,d ckj ;gh gqvkA ,d ck?k us xk¡o esa ?kqldj ,d
xk; dks ekj MkykA lqcg gksrs gh ;g [kcj iwjs xk¡o esa iSQy xbZA xk¡o
osQ yksx Mjs fd ;g ck?k dgha fiQj ls vkdj nwljs ikyrw tkuojksa
vkSj fdlh vkneh dks gh viuk f'kdkj u cuk ysA xk¡o osQ yksx
xksiky vkJe x, vkSj mu yksxksa us ehjk cgu dks viuh fpark crkbZA
xk¡o osQ yksxksa us var esa r; fd;k fd ck?k dks oSQn dj fy;k
tk,A mls oSQn djus osQ fy, mUgksaus ,d fiatM+k cuk;kA fiatM+s osQ
vanj ,d cdjh ck¡/hA ;kstuk ;g Fkh fd cdjh dk fefe;kuk
lqudj ck?k fiatM+s dh rji -Q vk,xkA fiatM+s dk njok”kk bl izdkj
[kqyk gqvk cuk;k x;k Fkk fd ck?k osQ vanj ?kqlrs gh og njok”kk
>VosQ ls can gks tk,A 'kke gksus rd
fiatM+s dks ,slh txg ij j[k fn;k x;k
tgk¡ ck?k vDlj fn[kkbZ nsrk FkkA ;g
txg ehjk cgu osQ xksiky vkJe ls
”;knk nwj ugha FkhA
jkr chrhA lqcg dh jks'kuh gksrs gh
yksx fiatM+k ns[kus fudy iM+sA mUgksaus
nwj ls ns[kk fd fiatM+s dk njok”kk can
gSA os ;g lkspdj cgqr [kq'k gq, fd
ck?k ”k:j fiatM+s esa i¡Ql x;k gksxk
2019-2020
Page 3


94
11. ehjk cgu vkSj ck?k
ehjk cgu dk tUe baXySaM esa gqvk FkkA xka/h th osQ fopkjksa dk mu
ij bruk vlj gqvk fd os viuk ?kj vkSj vius ekrk&firk dks
NksM+dj Hkkjr vk xb± vkSj xka/h th osQ lkFk dke djus yxhaA
vk”kknh osQ ik¡p lky ckn mUgksaus mÙkj izns'k osQ ,d igkM+h xk¡o]
xsaoyh esa xksiky vkJe dh LFkkiuk dhA ml vkJe esa ehjk cgu
dk cgqr lkjk le; ikyrw i'kqvksa dh ns[kHkky esa chrrk Fkk
ysfdu xsaoyh xk¡o osQ vklikl osQ taxyksa esa ck?k tSls [krjukd
tkuoj Hkh jgrs FksA
2019-2020
95
igkM+h xk¡oksa esa vDlj ck?k dk Mj cuk jgrk gSA taxy dVus osQ
dkj.k f'kdkj dh ryk'k esa ck?k dHkh&dHkh xk¡o rd igq¡p tkrk gSA
xsaoyh xk¡o esa ,d ckj ;gh gqvkA ,d ck?k us xk¡o esa ?kqldj ,d
xk; dks ekj MkykA lqcg gksrs gh ;g [kcj iwjs xk¡o esa iSQy xbZA xk¡o
osQ yksx Mjs fd ;g ck?k dgha fiQj ls vkdj nwljs ikyrw tkuojksa
vkSj fdlh vkneh dks gh viuk f'kdkj u cuk ysA xk¡o osQ yksx
xksiky vkJe x, vkSj mu yksxksa us ehjk cgu dks viuh fpark crkbZA
xk¡o osQ yksxksa us var esa r; fd;k fd ck?k dks oSQn dj fy;k
tk,A mls oSQn djus osQ fy, mUgksaus ,d fiatM+k cuk;kA fiatM+s osQ
vanj ,d cdjh ck¡/hA ;kstuk ;g Fkh fd cdjh dk fefe;kuk
lqudj ck?k fiatM+s dh rji -Q vk,xkA fiatM+s dk njok”kk bl izdkj
[kqyk gqvk cuk;k x;k Fkk fd ck?k osQ vanj ?kqlrs gh og njok”kk
>VosQ ls can gks tk,A 'kke gksus rd
fiatM+s dks ,slh txg ij j[k fn;k x;k
tgk¡ ck?k vDlj fn[kkbZ nsrk FkkA ;g
txg ehjk cgu osQ xksiky vkJe ls
”;knk nwj ugha FkhA
jkr chrhA lqcg dh jks'kuh gksrs gh
yksx fiatM+k ns[kus fudy iM+sA mUgksaus
nwj ls ns[kk fd fiatM+s dk njok”kk can
gSA os ;g lkspdj cgqr [kq'k gq, fd
ck?k ”k:j fiatM+s esa i¡Ql x;k gksxk
2019-2020
96
ysfdu tc os fiatM+s osQ ikl igq¡ps rks D;k ns[krs gSa – fiatM+s esa ck?k
ugha Fkk!
yksx pfdr Fks – ck?k osQ vanj x, fcuk fiatM+k can oSQls gks
x;k\ yksx ehjk cgu osQ ikl igq¡psA yksxksa us lkspk fd xksiky vkJe
ikl esa gh Fkk] blfy, 'kk;n ehjk cgu dks ekywe gks fd jkr esa D;k
gqvkA iwNus ij ehjk cgu cksyha –
ns[kks HkkbZ] eq>s uhan ugha vk jgh FkhA eSa lksprh jgh fd vkf[kj
ck?k dks /ks[kk nsdj ge D;ksa i¡Qlk,¡A blfy, eSa xbZ vkSj fiatM+s dk
njok”kk can dj vkbZA
dgkuh ls
? dgkuh esa ck?k dks [krjukd tkuoj crk;k x;k gSA uhps nh xbZ
lwph esa lcls [krjukd ph”k rqEgkjh le> esa D;k gS vkSj D;ksa\
pkowQ] fctyh] VwVk gqvk dk¡p] vkx
? ehjk cgu dh ckr lqudj xk¡o osQ yksxksa dks fujk'kk gqbZ gksxhA mUgksaus
ehjk cgu ls D;k dgk gksxk\ lkspdj xk¡o osQ yksxksa dh ckrsa fy[kksA
[krjukd gS ;k ugha
xsaoyh xk¡o osQ vklikl osQ taxyksa esa ck?k tSls [krjukd tkuoj Hkh
jgrs FksA rqEgkjs fglkc ls uhps fy[ks tarqvksa esa ls dkSu&dkSu [krjukd
gks ldrs gSa\ mu ij xksyk yxkvksA
ftuosQ uke ij rqeus xksyk yxk;k] os dc [krjukd gks ldrs gSa\
HkSal] phrk] cdjh] dqÙkk] fcYyh] pwgk] lk¡i] fcPNw]
dNqvk] osaQpqvk] fryp^k] dcwrj] Hkkyw
2019-2020
Page 4


94
11. ehjk cgu vkSj ck?k
ehjk cgu dk tUe baXySaM esa gqvk FkkA xka/h th osQ fopkjksa dk mu
ij bruk vlj gqvk fd os viuk ?kj vkSj vius ekrk&firk dks
NksM+dj Hkkjr vk xb± vkSj xka/h th osQ lkFk dke djus yxhaA
vk”kknh osQ ik¡p lky ckn mUgksaus mÙkj izns'k osQ ,d igkM+h xk¡o]
xsaoyh esa xksiky vkJe dh LFkkiuk dhA ml vkJe esa ehjk cgu
dk cgqr lkjk le; ikyrw i'kqvksa dh ns[kHkky esa chrrk Fkk
ysfdu xsaoyh xk¡o osQ vklikl osQ taxyksa esa ck?k tSls [krjukd
tkuoj Hkh jgrs FksA
2019-2020
95
igkM+h xk¡oksa esa vDlj ck?k dk Mj cuk jgrk gSA taxy dVus osQ
dkj.k f'kdkj dh ryk'k esa ck?k dHkh&dHkh xk¡o rd igq¡p tkrk gSA
xsaoyh xk¡o esa ,d ckj ;gh gqvkA ,d ck?k us xk¡o esa ?kqldj ,d
xk; dks ekj MkykA lqcg gksrs gh ;g [kcj iwjs xk¡o esa iSQy xbZA xk¡o
osQ yksx Mjs fd ;g ck?k dgha fiQj ls vkdj nwljs ikyrw tkuojksa
vkSj fdlh vkneh dks gh viuk f'kdkj u cuk ysA xk¡o osQ yksx
xksiky vkJe x, vkSj mu yksxksa us ehjk cgu dks viuh fpark crkbZA
xk¡o osQ yksxksa us var esa r; fd;k fd ck?k dks oSQn dj fy;k
tk,A mls oSQn djus osQ fy, mUgksaus ,d fiatM+k cuk;kA fiatM+s osQ
vanj ,d cdjh ck¡/hA ;kstuk ;g Fkh fd cdjh dk fefe;kuk
lqudj ck?k fiatM+s dh rji -Q vk,xkA fiatM+s dk njok”kk bl izdkj
[kqyk gqvk cuk;k x;k Fkk fd ck?k osQ vanj ?kqlrs gh og njok”kk
>VosQ ls can gks tk,A 'kke gksus rd
fiatM+s dks ,slh txg ij j[k fn;k x;k
tgk¡ ck?k vDlj fn[kkbZ nsrk FkkA ;g
txg ehjk cgu osQ xksiky vkJe ls
”;knk nwj ugha FkhA
jkr chrhA lqcg dh jks'kuh gksrs gh
yksx fiatM+k ns[kus fudy iM+sA mUgksaus
nwj ls ns[kk fd fiatM+s dk njok”kk can
gSA os ;g lkspdj cgqr [kq'k gq, fd
ck?k ”k:j fiatM+s esa i¡Ql x;k gksxk
2019-2020
96
ysfdu tc os fiatM+s osQ ikl igq¡ps rks D;k ns[krs gSa – fiatM+s esa ck?k
ugha Fkk!
yksx pfdr Fks – ck?k osQ vanj x, fcuk fiatM+k can oSQls gks
x;k\ yksx ehjk cgu osQ ikl igq¡psA yksxksa us lkspk fd xksiky vkJe
ikl esa gh Fkk] blfy, 'kk;n ehjk cgu dks ekywe gks fd jkr esa D;k
gqvkA iwNus ij ehjk cgu cksyha –
ns[kks HkkbZ] eq>s uhan ugha vk jgh FkhA eSa lksprh jgh fd vkf[kj
ck?k dks /ks[kk nsdj ge D;ksa i¡Qlk,¡A blfy, eSa xbZ vkSj fiatM+s dk
njok”kk can dj vkbZA
dgkuh ls
? dgkuh esa ck?k dks [krjukd tkuoj crk;k x;k gSA uhps nh xbZ
lwph esa lcls [krjukd ph”k rqEgkjh le> esa D;k gS vkSj D;ksa\
pkowQ] fctyh] VwVk gqvk dk¡p] vkx
? ehjk cgu dh ckr lqudj xk¡o osQ yksxksa dks fujk'kk gqbZ gksxhA mUgksaus
ehjk cgu ls D;k dgk gksxk\ lkspdj xk¡o osQ yksxksa dh ckrsa fy[kksA
[krjukd gS ;k ugha
xsaoyh xk¡o osQ vklikl osQ taxyksa esa ck?k tSls [krjukd tkuoj Hkh
jgrs FksA rqEgkjs fglkc ls uhps fy[ks tarqvksa esa ls dkSu&dkSu [krjukd
gks ldrs gSa\ mu ij xksyk yxkvksA
ftuosQ uke ij rqeus xksyk yxk;k] os dc [krjukd gks ldrs gSa\
HkSal] phrk] cdjh] dqÙkk] fcYyh] pwgk] lk¡i] fcPNw]
dNqvk] osaQpqvk] fryp^k] dcwrj] Hkkyw
2019-2020
97
fiatM+k
? pwgk idM+us dk fiatM+k ns[kdj crkvks fd og vius vki oSQls
can gks tkrk gS vkSj ,d ckj oSQn gks tkus osQ ckn pwgk mlls
ckgj D;ksa ugha vk ikrk\
? xk¡o okyksa us ck?k dks fiatM+s esa can djus dh ;kstuk cukbZ FkhA
fdlh vk”kkn i'kq ;k i{kh dks fiatM+ss esa can djosQ j[kuk lgh
gS ;k xyr\ D;ksa\
D;ksa\ oSQls
vius eu ls lkspdj fy[kks] ,slk oSQls fd;k gksxk\
? ck?k dh [kcj iwjs xk¡o esa iSQy xbZA oSQls\
? yksx ehjk cgu osQ ikl igq¡psA D;ksa\
? fiatM+k fcuk ck?k osQ can gks x;kA oSQls\
cdjh dgs dgkuh
lkspks] vxj ;g dgkuh cdjh lqukrh] rks D;k&D;k crkrhA mldh
dgkuh e”ksnkj gksrh u\
cdjh viuh dgkuh esa D;k&D;k crkrh\
pyks] idM+sa
xk¡ookyksa us ck?k dks idM+us osQ fy, ,d ;kstuk cukbZ FkhA dDowQ
osQ ?kj esa jks”k fcYyh vkdj nw/ ih tkrh gSA dDowQ dh enn djus
osQ fy, dksbZ ;kstuk cukvksA
2019-2020
Page 5


94
11. ehjk cgu vkSj ck?k
ehjk cgu dk tUe baXySaM esa gqvk FkkA xka/h th osQ fopkjksa dk mu
ij bruk vlj gqvk fd os viuk ?kj vkSj vius ekrk&firk dks
NksM+dj Hkkjr vk xb± vkSj xka/h th osQ lkFk dke djus yxhaA
vk”kknh osQ ik¡p lky ckn mUgksaus mÙkj izns'k osQ ,d igkM+h xk¡o]
xsaoyh esa xksiky vkJe dh LFkkiuk dhA ml vkJe esa ehjk cgu
dk cgqr lkjk le; ikyrw i'kqvksa dh ns[kHkky esa chrrk Fkk
ysfdu xsaoyh xk¡o osQ vklikl osQ taxyksa esa ck?k tSls [krjukd
tkuoj Hkh jgrs FksA
2019-2020
95
igkM+h xk¡oksa esa vDlj ck?k dk Mj cuk jgrk gSA taxy dVus osQ
dkj.k f'kdkj dh ryk'k esa ck?k dHkh&dHkh xk¡o rd igq¡p tkrk gSA
xsaoyh xk¡o esa ,d ckj ;gh gqvkA ,d ck?k us xk¡o esa ?kqldj ,d
xk; dks ekj MkykA lqcg gksrs gh ;g [kcj iwjs xk¡o esa iSQy xbZA xk¡o
osQ yksx Mjs fd ;g ck?k dgha fiQj ls vkdj nwljs ikyrw tkuojksa
vkSj fdlh vkneh dks gh viuk f'kdkj u cuk ysA xk¡o osQ yksx
xksiky vkJe x, vkSj mu yksxksa us ehjk cgu dks viuh fpark crkbZA
xk¡o osQ yksxksa us var esa r; fd;k fd ck?k dks oSQn dj fy;k
tk,A mls oSQn djus osQ fy, mUgksaus ,d fiatM+k cuk;kA fiatM+s osQ
vanj ,d cdjh ck¡/hA ;kstuk ;g Fkh fd cdjh dk fefe;kuk
lqudj ck?k fiatM+s dh rji -Q vk,xkA fiatM+s dk njok”kk bl izdkj
[kqyk gqvk cuk;k x;k Fkk fd ck?k osQ vanj ?kqlrs gh og njok”kk
>VosQ ls can gks tk,A 'kke gksus rd
fiatM+s dks ,slh txg ij j[k fn;k x;k
tgk¡ ck?k vDlj fn[kkbZ nsrk FkkA ;g
txg ehjk cgu osQ xksiky vkJe ls
”;knk nwj ugha FkhA
jkr chrhA lqcg dh jks'kuh gksrs gh
yksx fiatM+k ns[kus fudy iM+sA mUgksaus
nwj ls ns[kk fd fiatM+s dk njok”kk can
gSA os ;g lkspdj cgqr [kq'k gq, fd
ck?k ”k:j fiatM+s esa i¡Ql x;k gksxk
2019-2020
96
ysfdu tc os fiatM+s osQ ikl igq¡ps rks D;k ns[krs gSa – fiatM+s esa ck?k
ugha Fkk!
yksx pfdr Fks – ck?k osQ vanj x, fcuk fiatM+k can oSQls gks
x;k\ yksx ehjk cgu osQ ikl igq¡psA yksxksa us lkspk fd xksiky vkJe
ikl esa gh Fkk] blfy, 'kk;n ehjk cgu dks ekywe gks fd jkr esa D;k
gqvkA iwNus ij ehjk cgu cksyha –
ns[kks HkkbZ] eq>s uhan ugha vk jgh FkhA eSa lksprh jgh fd vkf[kj
ck?k dks /ks[kk nsdj ge D;ksa i¡Qlk,¡A blfy, eSa xbZ vkSj fiatM+s dk
njok”kk can dj vkbZA
dgkuh ls
? dgkuh esa ck?k dks [krjukd tkuoj crk;k x;k gSA uhps nh xbZ
lwph esa lcls [krjukd ph”k rqEgkjh le> esa D;k gS vkSj D;ksa\
pkowQ] fctyh] VwVk gqvk dk¡p] vkx
? ehjk cgu dh ckr lqudj xk¡o osQ yksxksa dks fujk'kk gqbZ gksxhA mUgksaus
ehjk cgu ls D;k dgk gksxk\ lkspdj xk¡o osQ yksxksa dh ckrsa fy[kksA
[krjukd gS ;k ugha
xsaoyh xk¡o osQ vklikl osQ taxyksa esa ck?k tSls [krjukd tkuoj Hkh
jgrs FksA rqEgkjs fglkc ls uhps fy[ks tarqvksa esa ls dkSu&dkSu [krjukd
gks ldrs gSa\ mu ij xksyk yxkvksA
ftuosQ uke ij rqeus xksyk yxk;k] os dc [krjukd gks ldrs gSa\
HkSal] phrk] cdjh] dqÙkk] fcYyh] pwgk] lk¡i] fcPNw]
dNqvk] osaQpqvk] fryp^k] dcwrj] Hkkyw
2019-2020
97
fiatM+k
? pwgk idM+us dk fiatM+k ns[kdj crkvks fd og vius vki oSQls
can gks tkrk gS vkSj ,d ckj oSQn gks tkus osQ ckn pwgk mlls
ckgj D;ksa ugha vk ikrk\
? xk¡o okyksa us ck?k dks fiatM+s esa can djus dh ;kstuk cukbZ FkhA
fdlh vk”kkn i'kq ;k i{kh dks fiatM+ss esa can djosQ j[kuk lgh
gS ;k xyr\ D;ksa\
D;ksa\ oSQls
vius eu ls lkspdj fy[kks] ,slk oSQls fd;k gksxk\
? ck?k dh [kcj iwjs xk¡o esa iSQy xbZA oSQls\
? yksx ehjk cgu osQ ikl igq¡psA D;ksa\
? fiatM+k fcuk ck?k osQ can gks x;kA oSQls\
cdjh dgs dgkuh
lkspks] vxj ;g dgkuh cdjh lqukrh] rks D;k&D;k crkrhA mldh
dgkuh e”ksnkj gksrh u\
cdjh viuh dgkuh esa D;k&D;k crkrh\
pyks] idM+sa
xk¡ookyksa us ck?k dks idM+us osQ fy, ,d ;kstuk cukbZ FkhA dDowQ
osQ ?kj esa jks”k fcYyh vkdj nw/ ih tkrh gSA dDowQ dh enn djus
osQ fy, dksbZ ;kstuk cukvksA
2019-2020
98
ikB ls vkxs
;s lHkh fp=k fdlh ,d O;fDr ls tqM+s gq, gSa\ irk djks dkSu\
dkSu D;k gS\
? ck?k] xk;] cdjh] gkFkh vkSj fgj.k tkuoj gSaA uhps fy[kh gqbZ
ph”ksa D;k gS\ [kkyh txgksa esa fy[kksA
? vxjryk] vYeksM+k] jk;iqj] dksfPp] oMksnjk
-----------------------------
? tysch] yîó
w
] eSlwjikd] dykoaQn] isM+k
-----------------------------
? ueZnk] dkosjh] lryqt] czãiq=k] ;equk
-----------------------------
? cjxn] ukfj;y] ihiy] phM+] uhe
-----------------------------
? xsgw¡] cktjk] pkoy] jkxh] eDdk
-----------------------------
? oqQrkZ] lkM+h] fi
+
Qju] yg¡xk] deh”k
-----------------------------
2019-2020
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