NCERT Textbook - Abdul In The Garden Class 4 Notes | EduRev

EVS for Class 4

Created by: Yashina Kapoor

Class 4 : NCERT Textbook - Abdul In The Garden Class 4 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden
It was a holiday. Abdul was helping his Abbu in the garden.
Abbu was clearing the dried leaves and grass from the vegetable
beds. Abdul started to pull out the grass from one of the beds.
He found that it was not easy to pull out even the small grass.
His hands became red by the effort.  In trying to pull out grass,
Abdul knocked down a stick that was supporting the pea plant
(climber). The delicate stem of the pea plant broke. Abbu said,
“Why are you pulling the grass? The roots of the grass are strong.
You will have to dig them out.” Abdul carefully dug out the plant.
He then saw that the roots of the grass plant were longer and
much more spread out than the part of the plant above the ground.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö The stick which was stuck in the ground fell very easily. It
was difficult to pull out a small grass. Why?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do all plants have roots?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Look at some plants and
trees around you.
Imagine how deep and
spread out the roots of
these are.
2019-20
Page 2


Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden
It was a holiday. Abdul was helping his Abbu in the garden.
Abbu was clearing the dried leaves and grass from the vegetable
beds. Abdul started to pull out the grass from one of the beds.
He found that it was not easy to pull out even the small grass.
His hands became red by the effort.  In trying to pull out grass,
Abdul knocked down a stick that was supporting the pea plant
(climber). The delicate stem of the pea plant broke. Abbu said,
“Why are you pulling the grass? The roots of the grass are strong.
You will have to dig them out.” Abdul carefully dug out the plant.
He then saw that the roots of the grass plant were longer and
much more spread out than the part of the plant above the ground.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö The stick which was stuck in the ground fell very easily. It
was difficult to pull out a small grass. Why?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do all plants have roots?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Look at some plants and
trees around you.
Imagine how deep and
spread out the roots of
these are.
2019-20
Abdul in the Garden
159
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö After three days, Abdul saw that one broken part of the pea
plant had dried. Guess which part would have dried up? Why ?
Abbu remembered that he had to send some radish (mooli)
home. He started to pull the radish out of the soil. Abdul
wondered whether these were also roots. Only a few radish
were pulled when there was suddenly a strong wind and rain.
Both of them picked up the radish and ran. They had just
reached home when a branch of the neem tree in the courtyard
broke and fell. In fact, Abbu was lucky to have missed by only
a few inches. Despite the strong wind the tree remained firm
on the ground. They both sat down to have tea with Ammi.
Abbu said to Abdul, “The plants were getting dry. Now that it
has rained, we will not have to water the plants. We can now sit
and play ludo.”
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Why do you think the neem tree did not fall despite the
strong wind?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö On putting water in the soil where the plants are growing,
the droping leaves become fresh again. How?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What do you feel, do all plants need water?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Which of the plants around you need regular watering?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What will happen, if nobody gives water to these plants?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Abdul realised that he never watered the huge neem tree.
“Where did it get its water from?” he thought. Which of the
plants around  you do not need watering. Where do they get
water from? Make two guesses.
2019-20
Page 3


Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden
It was a holiday. Abdul was helping his Abbu in the garden.
Abbu was clearing the dried leaves and grass from the vegetable
beds. Abdul started to pull out the grass from one of the beds.
He found that it was not easy to pull out even the small grass.
His hands became red by the effort.  In trying to pull out grass,
Abdul knocked down a stick that was supporting the pea plant
(climber). The delicate stem of the pea plant broke. Abbu said,
“Why are you pulling the grass? The roots of the grass are strong.
You will have to dig them out.” Abdul carefully dug out the plant.
He then saw that the roots of the grass plant were longer and
much more spread out than the part of the plant above the ground.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö The stick which was stuck in the ground fell very easily. It
was difficult to pull out a small grass. Why?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do all plants have roots?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Look at some plants and
trees around you.
Imagine how deep and
spread out the roots of
these are.
2019-20
Abdul in the Garden
159
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö After three days, Abdul saw that one broken part of the pea
plant had dried. Guess which part would have dried up? Why ?
Abbu remembered that he had to send some radish (mooli)
home. He started to pull the radish out of the soil. Abdul
wondered whether these were also roots. Only a few radish
were pulled when there was suddenly a strong wind and rain.
Both of them picked up the radish and ran. They had just
reached home when a branch of the neem tree in the courtyard
broke and fell. In fact, Abbu was lucky to have missed by only
a few inches. Despite the strong wind the tree remained firm
on the ground. They both sat down to have tea with Ammi.
Abbu said to Abdul, “The plants were getting dry. Now that it
has rained, we will not have to water the plants. We can now sit
and play ludo.”
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Why do you think the neem tree did not fall despite the
strong wind?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö On putting water in the soil where the plants are growing,
the droping leaves become fresh again. How?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What do you feel, do all plants need water?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Which of the plants around you need regular watering?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What will happen, if nobody gives water to these plants?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Abdul realised that he never watered the huge neem tree.
“Where did it get its water from?” he thought. Which of the
plants around  you do not need watering. Where do they get
water from? Make two guesses.
2019-20
Looking Around
160
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Abdul wondered whether radish was a root. Why did he think so?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Look at the pictures below and find out which of these
vegetables are roots.
Abdul has m Abdul has m Abdul has m Abdul has m Abdul has more Questions ore Questions ore Questions ore Questions ore Questions
Nowadays Abdul keeps thinking about all kinds of plants that
he sees.
Abdul saw a plant growing out of a wall in school. He wondered–
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How deep must the roots of this
plant be going?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How do the roots get water?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How big will this plant grow?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What will happen to the wall?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Can you give the name of the plant
in the picture?
For the teacher: The concept that roots absorb water is difficult for
children (at this age) to understand. It is however important to give
them opportunities to think about this relationship. Different children
may be at different levels of thinking. It is important to give space to
their ideas.
2019-20
Page 4


Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden
It was a holiday. Abdul was helping his Abbu in the garden.
Abbu was clearing the dried leaves and grass from the vegetable
beds. Abdul started to pull out the grass from one of the beds.
He found that it was not easy to pull out even the small grass.
His hands became red by the effort.  In trying to pull out grass,
Abdul knocked down a stick that was supporting the pea plant
(climber). The delicate stem of the pea plant broke. Abbu said,
“Why are you pulling the grass? The roots of the grass are strong.
You will have to dig them out.” Abdul carefully dug out the plant.
He then saw that the roots of the grass plant were longer and
much more spread out than the part of the plant above the ground.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö The stick which was stuck in the ground fell very easily. It
was difficult to pull out a small grass. Why?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do all plants have roots?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Look at some plants and
trees around you.
Imagine how deep and
spread out the roots of
these are.
2019-20
Abdul in the Garden
159
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö After three days, Abdul saw that one broken part of the pea
plant had dried. Guess which part would have dried up? Why ?
Abbu remembered that he had to send some radish (mooli)
home. He started to pull the radish out of the soil. Abdul
wondered whether these were also roots. Only a few radish
were pulled when there was suddenly a strong wind and rain.
Both of them picked up the radish and ran. They had just
reached home when a branch of the neem tree in the courtyard
broke and fell. In fact, Abbu was lucky to have missed by only
a few inches. Despite the strong wind the tree remained firm
on the ground. They both sat down to have tea with Ammi.
Abbu said to Abdul, “The plants were getting dry. Now that it
has rained, we will not have to water the plants. We can now sit
and play ludo.”
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Why do you think the neem tree did not fall despite the
strong wind?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö On putting water in the soil where the plants are growing,
the droping leaves become fresh again. How?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What do you feel, do all plants need water?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Which of the plants around you need regular watering?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What will happen, if nobody gives water to these plants?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Abdul realised that he never watered the huge neem tree.
“Where did it get its water from?” he thought. Which of the
plants around  you do not need watering. Where do they get
water from? Make two guesses.
2019-20
Looking Around
160
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Abdul wondered whether radish was a root. Why did he think so?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Look at the pictures below and find out which of these
vegetables are roots.
Abdul has m Abdul has m Abdul has m Abdul has m Abdul has more Questions ore Questions ore Questions ore Questions ore Questions
Nowadays Abdul keeps thinking about all kinds of plants that
he sees.
Abdul saw a plant growing out of a wall in school. He wondered–
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How deep must the roots of this
plant be going?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How do the roots get water?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How big will this plant grow?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What will happen to the wall?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Can you give the name of the plant
in the picture?
For the teacher: The concept that roots absorb water is difficult for
children (at this age) to understand. It is however important to give
them opportunities to think about this relationship. Different children
may be at different levels of thinking. It is important to give space to
their ideas.
2019-20
Abdul in the Garden
161
Have you ever seen a plant growing from a crack in a wall?
Where was it? Did you have any questions when you saw it?
What were some of your questions? Ask elders and find the
answers. Find out the name of the plant you saw.
Abdul saw a huge tree that
had fallen on the roadside. He
remembered the neem tree in his
courtyard. He could see some of
its broken roots. Abdul thought–
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Would someone have uprooted
such a big tree or would it
have fallen on its own?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How old would this tree be?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Abdul on seeing a tree surrounded by
cemented ground, thought that how will it
get rain water?
Let us talk
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Which are the oldest trees in your area? Find
out from your elders how old the trees are?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Name animals who live on this tree.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Have you ever seen any big tree that had fallen down? What
did you think when you saw it?
Unusual Roots Unusual Roots Unusual Roots Unusual Roots Unusual Roots
Have you swung from a banyan tree? What did you hold to
swing? What looks like the hanging branches are actually the
roots of the tree. These grow down from the branches until they
2019-20
Page 5


Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden Abdul in the Garden
It was a holiday. Abdul was helping his Abbu in the garden.
Abbu was clearing the dried leaves and grass from the vegetable
beds. Abdul started to pull out the grass from one of the beds.
He found that it was not easy to pull out even the small grass.
His hands became red by the effort.  In trying to pull out grass,
Abdul knocked down a stick that was supporting the pea plant
(climber). The delicate stem of the pea plant broke. Abbu said,
“Why are you pulling the grass? The roots of the grass are strong.
You will have to dig them out.” Abdul carefully dug out the plant.
He then saw that the roots of the grass plant were longer and
much more spread out than the part of the plant above the ground.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö The stick which was stuck in the ground fell very easily. It
was difficult to pull out a small grass. Why?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do all plants have roots?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Look at some plants and
trees around you.
Imagine how deep and
spread out the roots of
these are.
2019-20
Abdul in the Garden
159
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö After three days, Abdul saw that one broken part of the pea
plant had dried. Guess which part would have dried up? Why ?
Abbu remembered that he had to send some radish (mooli)
home. He started to pull the radish out of the soil. Abdul
wondered whether these were also roots. Only a few radish
were pulled when there was suddenly a strong wind and rain.
Both of them picked up the radish and ran. They had just
reached home when a branch of the neem tree in the courtyard
broke and fell. In fact, Abbu was lucky to have missed by only
a few inches. Despite the strong wind the tree remained firm
on the ground. They both sat down to have tea with Ammi.
Abbu said to Abdul, “The plants were getting dry. Now that it
has rained, we will not have to water the plants. We can now sit
and play ludo.”
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Why do you think the neem tree did not fall despite the
strong wind?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö On putting water in the soil where the plants are growing,
the droping leaves become fresh again. How?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What do you feel, do all plants need water?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Which of the plants around you need regular watering?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What will happen, if nobody gives water to these plants?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Abdul realised that he never watered the huge neem tree.
“Where did it get its water from?” he thought. Which of the
plants around  you do not need watering. Where do they get
water from? Make two guesses.
2019-20
Looking Around
160
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Abdul wondered whether radish was a root. Why did he think so?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Look at the pictures below and find out which of these
vegetables are roots.
Abdul has m Abdul has m Abdul has m Abdul has m Abdul has more Questions ore Questions ore Questions ore Questions ore Questions
Nowadays Abdul keeps thinking about all kinds of plants that
he sees.
Abdul saw a plant growing out of a wall in school. He wondered–
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How deep must the roots of this
plant be going?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How do the roots get water?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How big will this plant grow?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What will happen to the wall?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Can you give the name of the plant
in the picture?
For the teacher: The concept that roots absorb water is difficult for
children (at this age) to understand. It is however important to give
them opportunities to think about this relationship. Different children
may be at different levels of thinking. It is important to give space to
their ideas.
2019-20
Abdul in the Garden
161
Have you ever seen a plant growing from a crack in a wall?
Where was it? Did you have any questions when you saw it?
What were some of your questions? Ask elders and find the
answers. Find out the name of the plant you saw.
Abdul saw a huge tree that
had fallen on the roadside. He
remembered the neem tree in his
courtyard. He could see some of
its broken roots. Abdul thought–
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Would someone have uprooted
such a big tree or would it
have fallen on its own?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How old would this tree be?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Abdul on seeing a tree surrounded by
cemented ground, thought that how will it
get rain water?
Let us talk
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Which are the oldest trees in your area? Find
out from your elders how old the trees are?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Name animals who live on this tree.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Have you ever seen any big tree that had fallen down? What
did you think when you saw it?
Unusual Roots Unusual Roots Unusual Roots Unusual Roots Unusual Roots
Have you swung from a banyan tree? What did you hold to
swing? What looks like the hanging branches are actually the
roots of the tree. These grow down from the branches until they
2019-20
Looking Around
162
reach the ground. These roots are like pillars that provide strong
support to the tree. The banyan tree also has roots under the
ground, just as other trees have.
There is a law against cutting trees
There was a tree growing close to a lamp post. The tree
was so full of leaves that the light of the bulb was
blocked. People felt that the branches of the tree needed
to be trimmed. Before they do this, they need to take
written permission from the government office.
Have you seen any tree which has roots growing from its
branches?
Let us do this
Get together with 3-4 of your friends – From the list of things
given, decide who will bring which thing.
A transparent glass tumbler or bottle with a wide mouth,
rubber band or thread, some seeds of moong, wheat, bajra,
2019-20
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