NCERT Textbook - Diary Ke Panne Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 12

Humanities/Arts : NCERT Textbook - Diary Ke Panne Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


cqèkokj] 8 tqykbZ] 1942
I;kjh fd^h]
,slk yx jgk gS ekuks jfookj osQ ckn ls cjlksa
chr x, gksaA bruk oqQN gks x;k gS tSls iwjh nqfu;k gh myV&iqyV xbZ gSA ysfdu tSlk
fd rqe ns[k ldrh gks] fd^h] eSa ¯”knk gw¡] ysfdu ;g er iwNks fd dgk¡ vkSj oSQlsA eSa
tks oqQN Hkh dg jgh gw¡ mlesa 'kk;n gh dksbZ ckr rqEgkjs iYys iM+s] blfy, eSa rqEgsa 'kq:
ls crkrh gw¡ fd jfookj dh nksigj dks D;k gqvk FkkA
rhu cts FksA gSyks tk pqdk Fkk ysfdu og nksckjk fiQj ls vkus okyk Fkk] rHkh njok”ks
dh ?kaVh cthA pw¡fd eSa ckYduh esa èkwi esa vylkbZ lh cSBh i<+ jgh Fkh blfy, eq>s ?kaVh
dh vkok”k lqukbZ ugha nhA oqQN nsj ckn jlksbZ osQ njok”ks ij ekxksZV u”kj vkbZA og cgqr
xqLls esa Fkhµikik dks ,-,l-,l- ls cqyk, tkus dk uksfVl feyk gS] og iqQliqQlkbZA ek¡
feLVj oku nku dks ns[kus xbZ gqbZ gSaA feLVj oku nku ikik osQ fctusl ikVZuj gSa vkSj
muosQ vPNs nksLr gSaA
eSa vkoko~Q jg xbZ FkhA
cqykok\
gj dksbZ tkurk Fkk fd cqykos dk D;k eryc gksrk gSA ;kruk f'kfojksa osQ u”kkjs vkSj
ogk¡ dh dksBfj;ksa osQ n`'; esjh vk¡[kksa osQ vkxs rSj x,A ge vius ikik dks bl rjg dh
fu;fr osQ Hkjksls oSQls NksM+ ldrs FksA ge mUgsa gfxZ”k ugha tkus nsaxsA ekxksZV us ml oDr
Mk;jh d s iUus
,su izSaQd
4
Page 2


cqèkokj] 8 tqykbZ] 1942
I;kjh fd^h]
,slk yx jgk gS ekuks jfookj osQ ckn ls cjlksa
chr x, gksaA bruk oqQN gks x;k gS tSls iwjh nqfu;k gh myV&iqyV xbZ gSA ysfdu tSlk
fd rqe ns[k ldrh gks] fd^h] eSa ¯”knk gw¡] ysfdu ;g er iwNks fd dgk¡ vkSj oSQlsA eSa
tks oqQN Hkh dg jgh gw¡ mlesa 'kk;n gh dksbZ ckr rqEgkjs iYys iM+s] blfy, eSa rqEgsa 'kq:
ls crkrh gw¡ fd jfookj dh nksigj dks D;k gqvk FkkA
rhu cts FksA gSyks tk pqdk Fkk ysfdu og nksckjk fiQj ls vkus okyk Fkk] rHkh njok”ks
dh ?kaVh cthA pw¡fd eSa ckYduh esa èkwi esa vylkbZ lh cSBh i<+ jgh Fkh blfy, eq>s ?kaVh
dh vkok”k lqukbZ ugha nhA oqQN nsj ckn jlksbZ osQ njok”ks ij ekxksZV u”kj vkbZA og cgqr
xqLls esa Fkhµikik dks ,-,l-,l- ls cqyk, tkus dk uksfVl feyk gS] og iqQliqQlkbZA ek¡
feLVj oku nku dks ns[kus xbZ gqbZ gSaA feLVj oku nku ikik osQ fctusl ikVZuj gSa vkSj
muosQ vPNs nksLr gSaA
eSa vkoko~Q jg xbZ FkhA
cqykok\
gj dksbZ tkurk Fkk fd cqykos dk D;k eryc gksrk gSA ;kruk f'kfojksa osQ u”kkjs vkSj
ogk¡ dh dksBfj;ksa osQ n`'; esjh vk¡[kksa osQ vkxs rSj x,A ge vius ikik dks bl rjg dh
fu;fr osQ Hkjksls oSQls NksM+ ldrs FksA ge mUgsa gfxZ”k ugha tkus nsaxsA ekxksZV us ml oDr
Mk;jh d s iUus
,su izSaQd
4
forku
54
dgk Fkk tc og Mªkbax :e esa ek¡ dh jkg ns[k jgh FkhA ek¡ feLVj oku nku ls iwNus xbZ
gSa fd ge dy gh Nqius dh txg ij tk ldrs gSaA oku nku ifjokj Hkh gekjs lkFk tk
jgk gSA ge yksx oqQy feykdj lkr yksx gksaxsA ekSuA ge vkxs ckr gh ugha dj ik,A ;g
[k;ky fd ikik ;gwnh vLirky esa fdlh dks ns[kus x, gq, gSa] ek¡ osQ fy, bar”kkj dh
yach ?kfM+;k¡] xjeh] lLisal] bu lkjh ph”kksa us gekjs 'kCn gh gels Nhu fy, FksA rHkh
njok”ks dh ?kaVh cth&;g gSyks gh gksxk] eSaus dgk FkkA
njok”kk er [kksyks] ekxksZV us gSjku gksrs eq>s jksdk] ysfdu bldh ”k:jr ugha Fkh
D;ksafd geus uhps ls ek¡ vkSj feLVj oku nku dks gSyks ls ckr djrs gq, lqu fy;k FkkA
rc nksuksa gh Hkhrj vk, vkSj vius ihNs njok”kk can dj fn;kA tc Hkh njok”ks dh ?kaVh
ctrh rks eq>s ;k ekxksZV dks mpddj uhps ns[kuk iM+rk fd D;k ikik vk x, gSaA geus
fdlh vkSj dks Hkhrj ugha vkus fn;kA eq>s vkSj ekxksZV dks ckgj Hkst fn;k x;k Fkk D;ksafd
oku nku ek¡ ls vosQys esa ckr djuk pkgrs FksA tc eSa vkSj ekxksZV csM:e esa cSBs ckr
dj jgs Fks rks mlus eq>s crk;k fd ;g cqykok ikik osQ fy, ugha cfYd [kqn mlosQ fy,
FkkA bl nwljs lnes ls eSa rks ph[kus yxhA ekxksZV lksyg cjl dh FkhA r; gS fd os yksx
bl mez dh yM+fd;ksa dks muosQ [kqn osQ Hkjksls ;gk¡ ls Hkstuk pkgrs gSaA ysfdu Hkxoku
dk 'kqØ gS] og ugha tk,xhA ek¡ us eq>ls ;gh dgk FkkA ikik tc eq>ls fNius dh txg
ij tkus dh ckr dj jgs Fks rks mUgksaus Hkh 'kk;n ;gh dgk gksxkA
vKkrokl---ge dgk¡ tkdj Nqisaxs\ 'kgj esa\ fdlh ?kj esa\ fdlh ijNÙkh ij\ dc-
--dgk¡---oSQls---;s ,sls loky Fks tks eSa iwN ugha ldrh Fkh ysfdu fiQj Hkh ;s loky esjs fnekx
esa oqQycqyk jgs FksA
ekxksZV vkSj eSaus viuh cgqr ”k:jh ph”ksa ,d FkSys esa Hkjuh 'kq: dhaA
eSaus lcls igys vius FkSys essa ;g Mk;jh Bw¡lhA blosQ ckn eSaus dyZj] jQeky] LowQyh
fdrkcsa] ,d oaQ?kh vkSj oqQN iqjkuh fpf_;k¡ FkSys esa MkyhaA eSa vKkrokl esa tkus osQ [k;ky
ls bruh vfèkd vkrafdr Fkh fd eSaus FkSys esa vthcksxjhc ph”ksa Hkj Mkyha] fiQj Hkh eq>s
vI
+
kQlksl ugha gSA Le`fr;k¡ esjs fy, iks'kkdksa dh rqyuk esa ”;knk ek;us j[krh gSaA rc geus
feLVj fDyhesu dks I
+
kQksu fd;k fd D;k os 'kke dks gekjs ?kj vk ik,¡xsA
feLVj oku nku pys x, rkfd fe,i dks fyok yk losaQA fe,i vkb± vkSj Okknk fd;k
fd os jkr dks ,d ckj fiQj vk,¡xhA os vius lkFk twrksa] Mªslksa] tSosQVksa] vaMjfo;jksa rFkk
LVkWfoaQXl ls Hkjk ,d FkSyk ysdj xb±A blosQ ckn gekjs Ý+ySV esa lUukVk Nk x;kA geesa
ls fdlh dh Hkh [kkuk [kkus dh bPNk gh ugha gqbZA ekSle vHkh Hkh xje Fkk vkSj lkjh
ph”ksa tSls gekjs fy, vtuch gksrh pyh tk jgh FkhaA
Page 3


cqèkokj] 8 tqykbZ] 1942
I;kjh fd^h]
,slk yx jgk gS ekuks jfookj osQ ckn ls cjlksa
chr x, gksaA bruk oqQN gks x;k gS tSls iwjh nqfu;k gh myV&iqyV xbZ gSA ysfdu tSlk
fd rqe ns[k ldrh gks] fd^h] eSa ¯”knk gw¡] ysfdu ;g er iwNks fd dgk¡ vkSj oSQlsA eSa
tks oqQN Hkh dg jgh gw¡ mlesa 'kk;n gh dksbZ ckr rqEgkjs iYys iM+s] blfy, eSa rqEgsa 'kq:
ls crkrh gw¡ fd jfookj dh nksigj dks D;k gqvk FkkA
rhu cts FksA gSyks tk pqdk Fkk ysfdu og nksckjk fiQj ls vkus okyk Fkk] rHkh njok”ks
dh ?kaVh cthA pw¡fd eSa ckYduh esa èkwi esa vylkbZ lh cSBh i<+ jgh Fkh blfy, eq>s ?kaVh
dh vkok”k lqukbZ ugha nhA oqQN nsj ckn jlksbZ osQ njok”ks ij ekxksZV u”kj vkbZA og cgqr
xqLls esa Fkhµikik dks ,-,l-,l- ls cqyk, tkus dk uksfVl feyk gS] og iqQliqQlkbZA ek¡
feLVj oku nku dks ns[kus xbZ gqbZ gSaA feLVj oku nku ikik osQ fctusl ikVZuj gSa vkSj
muosQ vPNs nksLr gSaA
eSa vkoko~Q jg xbZ FkhA
cqykok\
gj dksbZ tkurk Fkk fd cqykos dk D;k eryc gksrk gSA ;kruk f'kfojksa osQ u”kkjs vkSj
ogk¡ dh dksBfj;ksa osQ n`'; esjh vk¡[kksa osQ vkxs rSj x,A ge vius ikik dks bl rjg dh
fu;fr osQ Hkjksls oSQls NksM+ ldrs FksA ge mUgsa gfxZ”k ugha tkus nsaxsA ekxksZV us ml oDr
Mk;jh d s iUus
,su izSaQd
4
forku
54
dgk Fkk tc og Mªkbax :e esa ek¡ dh jkg ns[k jgh FkhA ek¡ feLVj oku nku ls iwNus xbZ
gSa fd ge dy gh Nqius dh txg ij tk ldrs gSaA oku nku ifjokj Hkh gekjs lkFk tk
jgk gSA ge yksx oqQy feykdj lkr yksx gksaxsA ekSuA ge vkxs ckr gh ugha dj ik,A ;g
[k;ky fd ikik ;gwnh vLirky esa fdlh dks ns[kus x, gq, gSa] ek¡ osQ fy, bar”kkj dh
yach ?kfM+;k¡] xjeh] lLisal] bu lkjh ph”kksa us gekjs 'kCn gh gels Nhu fy, FksA rHkh
njok”ks dh ?kaVh cth&;g gSyks gh gksxk] eSaus dgk FkkA
njok”kk er [kksyks] ekxksZV us gSjku gksrs eq>s jksdk] ysfdu bldh ”k:jr ugha Fkh
D;ksafd geus uhps ls ek¡ vkSj feLVj oku nku dks gSyks ls ckr djrs gq, lqu fy;k FkkA
rc nksuksa gh Hkhrj vk, vkSj vius ihNs njok”kk can dj fn;kA tc Hkh njok”ks dh ?kaVh
ctrh rks eq>s ;k ekxksZV dks mpddj uhps ns[kuk iM+rk fd D;k ikik vk x, gSaA geus
fdlh vkSj dks Hkhrj ugha vkus fn;kA eq>s vkSj ekxksZV dks ckgj Hkst fn;k x;k Fkk D;ksafd
oku nku ek¡ ls vosQys esa ckr djuk pkgrs FksA tc eSa vkSj ekxksZV csM:e esa cSBs ckr
dj jgs Fks rks mlus eq>s crk;k fd ;g cqykok ikik osQ fy, ugha cfYd [kqn mlosQ fy,
FkkA bl nwljs lnes ls eSa rks ph[kus yxhA ekxksZV lksyg cjl dh FkhA r; gS fd os yksx
bl mez dh yM+fd;ksa dks muosQ [kqn osQ Hkjksls ;gk¡ ls Hkstuk pkgrs gSaA ysfdu Hkxoku
dk 'kqØ gS] og ugha tk,xhA ek¡ us eq>ls ;gh dgk FkkA ikik tc eq>ls fNius dh txg
ij tkus dh ckr dj jgs Fks rks mUgksaus Hkh 'kk;n ;gh dgk gksxkA
vKkrokl---ge dgk¡ tkdj Nqisaxs\ 'kgj esa\ fdlh ?kj esa\ fdlh ijNÙkh ij\ dc-
--dgk¡---oSQls---;s ,sls loky Fks tks eSa iwN ugha ldrh Fkh ysfdu fiQj Hkh ;s loky esjs fnekx
esa oqQycqyk jgs FksA
ekxksZV vkSj eSaus viuh cgqr ”k:jh ph”ksa ,d FkSys esa Hkjuh 'kq: dhaA
eSaus lcls igys vius FkSys essa ;g Mk;jh Bw¡lhA blosQ ckn eSaus dyZj] jQeky] LowQyh
fdrkcsa] ,d oaQ?kh vkSj oqQN iqjkuh fpf_;k¡ FkSys esa MkyhaA eSa vKkrokl esa tkus osQ [k;ky
ls bruh vfèkd vkrafdr Fkh fd eSaus FkSys esa vthcksxjhc ph”ksa Hkj Mkyha] fiQj Hkh eq>s
vI
+
kQlksl ugha gSA Le`fr;k¡ esjs fy, iks'kkdksa dh rqyuk esa ”;knk ek;us j[krh gSaA rc geus
feLVj fDyhesu dks I
+
kQksu fd;k fd D;k os 'kke dks gekjs ?kj vk ik,¡xsA
feLVj oku nku pys x, rkfd fe,i dks fyok yk losaQA fe,i vkb± vkSj Okknk fd;k
fd os jkr dks ,d ckj fiQj vk,¡xhA os vius lkFk twrksa] Mªslksa] tSosQVksa] vaMjfo;jksa rFkk
LVkWfoaQXl ls Hkjk ,d FkSyk ysdj xb±A blosQ ckn gekjs Ý+ySV esa lUukVk Nk x;kA geesa
ls fdlh dh Hkh [kkuk [kkus dh bPNk gh ugha gqbZA ekSle vHkh Hkh xje Fkk vkSj lkjh
ph”ksa tSls gekjs fy, vtuch gksrh pyh tk jgh FkhaA
55
Mk;jh d iUus ss ss s
geus viuk Åij okyk ,d cM+k dejk rhlsd cjl osQ
,d foèkqj feLVj xksYMf'EM~V dks fdjk, ij ns j[kk FkkA r; Fkk
fd mls ml 'kke dksbZ dke èkaèkk ugha Fkk] blosQ cko”kwnµgekjs
dbZ b'kkjksa osQ ckotwn og jkr nl cts rd ogha ij e¡Mjkrk jgkA
fe,i vkSj tkWu fx,t jkr X;kjg cts vk,A fe,i 1933 ls ikik
dh oaQiuh esa dke dj jgh Fkha vkSj blfy, ikik osQ djhch
nksLrksa esa FkhaA mlosQ ifr tkWu Hkh ikik osQ vPNs nksLr FksA ,d
ckj fiQj twrs] LVkWfoaQXl] vaMjfo;j vkSj fdrkcsa fe,i osQ xgjs
cSx vkSj tkWu dh tscksa esa xk;c gks jgh FkhaA lk<+s X;kjg cts os
[kqn Hkh fonk ysdj pys x,A eSa cqjh rjg ls Fkd xbZ Fkh] fiQj
Hkh ,d ckr eSa vPNh rjg tkurh Fkh fd ;g jkr esjs vius
fcLrj esa esjh vkf[kjh jkr gSA eSa tSls ?kksM+s cspdj lksbZA esjh uhan
vxyh lqcg lk<+s ik¡p cts ekxksZV osQ txkus ij gh [kqyhA fdLer
ls ;g lqcg jfookj dh rjg xje ugha FkhA fnu Hkj xje cjlkr
dh iqQgkjsa iM+rh jghaA ge pkjksa us vius cnu ij brus ”;knk
diM+s ys fy, Fks ekuks ge jkr fÚt esa xq”kkjus tk jgs gksaA otg
flI
+
kZQ bruh&lh Fkh fd ge vius lkFk ”;knk ls ”;knk diM+s ys
tkuk pkgrs FksA ge ftl fLFkfr esa Fks mlesa dksbZ ;gwnh O;fDr
diM+ksa ls Hkjk lwVosQl ys tkus osQ ckjs esa lksp Hkh ugha ldrk
FkkA eSaus nks cfu;kusa] rhu iSaVsa] ,d Mªsl vkSj mlosQ Åij ,d
LdVZ] ,d tSosQV] ,d cjlkrh] nks tksM+h LVkW¯oQXl] Hkkjh twrs]
,d osQi] ,d LdkI
+
kZQ] vkSj bu lcosQ vykok vkSj Hkh cgqr oqQN
vks<+&igu j[kk FkkA ?kj ls fudyus ls igys gh esjk ne ?kqVus
yxk Fkk ysfdu fdlh dks Hkh ijokg ugha Fkh fd eq>ls iwNsµ,su]
oSQlk yx jgk gS rqEgsa\
ekxksZV us vius FkSys esa LowQy dh fdrkcsa B¡wl yh Fkha vkSj
og viuh lkbfdy ysus pyh xbZ vkSj fiQj og fe,i dh
fuxjkuh esa vKkr txg osQ fy, jokuk gks xbZA oqQN Hkh jgk gks]
esjs fy, rks og vutku txg gh Fkh_ D;ksafd eq>s vHkh Hkh irk
ugha Fkk fd ge dgk¡ tkus okys gSaA lk<+s lkr cts geus Hkh vius
ihNs njok”kk can fd;kA ewRtsZ gh ,dek=k ,slh thfor izk.kh Fkh
Page 4


cqèkokj] 8 tqykbZ] 1942
I;kjh fd^h]
,slk yx jgk gS ekuks jfookj osQ ckn ls cjlksa
chr x, gksaA bruk oqQN gks x;k gS tSls iwjh nqfu;k gh myV&iqyV xbZ gSA ysfdu tSlk
fd rqe ns[k ldrh gks] fd^h] eSa ¯”knk gw¡] ysfdu ;g er iwNks fd dgk¡ vkSj oSQlsA eSa
tks oqQN Hkh dg jgh gw¡ mlesa 'kk;n gh dksbZ ckr rqEgkjs iYys iM+s] blfy, eSa rqEgsa 'kq:
ls crkrh gw¡ fd jfookj dh nksigj dks D;k gqvk FkkA
rhu cts FksA gSyks tk pqdk Fkk ysfdu og nksckjk fiQj ls vkus okyk Fkk] rHkh njok”ks
dh ?kaVh cthA pw¡fd eSa ckYduh esa èkwi esa vylkbZ lh cSBh i<+ jgh Fkh blfy, eq>s ?kaVh
dh vkok”k lqukbZ ugha nhA oqQN nsj ckn jlksbZ osQ njok”ks ij ekxksZV u”kj vkbZA og cgqr
xqLls esa Fkhµikik dks ,-,l-,l- ls cqyk, tkus dk uksfVl feyk gS] og iqQliqQlkbZA ek¡
feLVj oku nku dks ns[kus xbZ gqbZ gSaA feLVj oku nku ikik osQ fctusl ikVZuj gSa vkSj
muosQ vPNs nksLr gSaA
eSa vkoko~Q jg xbZ FkhA
cqykok\
gj dksbZ tkurk Fkk fd cqykos dk D;k eryc gksrk gSA ;kruk f'kfojksa osQ u”kkjs vkSj
ogk¡ dh dksBfj;ksa osQ n`'; esjh vk¡[kksa osQ vkxs rSj x,A ge vius ikik dks bl rjg dh
fu;fr osQ Hkjksls oSQls NksM+ ldrs FksA ge mUgsa gfxZ”k ugha tkus nsaxsA ekxksZV us ml oDr
Mk;jh d s iUus
,su izSaQd
4
forku
54
dgk Fkk tc og Mªkbax :e esa ek¡ dh jkg ns[k jgh FkhA ek¡ feLVj oku nku ls iwNus xbZ
gSa fd ge dy gh Nqius dh txg ij tk ldrs gSaA oku nku ifjokj Hkh gekjs lkFk tk
jgk gSA ge yksx oqQy feykdj lkr yksx gksaxsA ekSuA ge vkxs ckr gh ugha dj ik,A ;g
[k;ky fd ikik ;gwnh vLirky esa fdlh dks ns[kus x, gq, gSa] ek¡ osQ fy, bar”kkj dh
yach ?kfM+;k¡] xjeh] lLisal] bu lkjh ph”kksa us gekjs 'kCn gh gels Nhu fy, FksA rHkh
njok”ks dh ?kaVh cth&;g gSyks gh gksxk] eSaus dgk FkkA
njok”kk er [kksyks] ekxksZV us gSjku gksrs eq>s jksdk] ysfdu bldh ”k:jr ugha Fkh
D;ksafd geus uhps ls ek¡ vkSj feLVj oku nku dks gSyks ls ckr djrs gq, lqu fy;k FkkA
rc nksuksa gh Hkhrj vk, vkSj vius ihNs njok”kk can dj fn;kA tc Hkh njok”ks dh ?kaVh
ctrh rks eq>s ;k ekxksZV dks mpddj uhps ns[kuk iM+rk fd D;k ikik vk x, gSaA geus
fdlh vkSj dks Hkhrj ugha vkus fn;kA eq>s vkSj ekxksZV dks ckgj Hkst fn;k x;k Fkk D;ksafd
oku nku ek¡ ls vosQys esa ckr djuk pkgrs FksA tc eSa vkSj ekxksZV csM:e esa cSBs ckr
dj jgs Fks rks mlus eq>s crk;k fd ;g cqykok ikik osQ fy, ugha cfYd [kqn mlosQ fy,
FkkA bl nwljs lnes ls eSa rks ph[kus yxhA ekxksZV lksyg cjl dh FkhA r; gS fd os yksx
bl mez dh yM+fd;ksa dks muosQ [kqn osQ Hkjksls ;gk¡ ls Hkstuk pkgrs gSaA ysfdu Hkxoku
dk 'kqØ gS] og ugha tk,xhA ek¡ us eq>ls ;gh dgk FkkA ikik tc eq>ls fNius dh txg
ij tkus dh ckr dj jgs Fks rks mUgksaus Hkh 'kk;n ;gh dgk gksxkA
vKkrokl---ge dgk¡ tkdj Nqisaxs\ 'kgj esa\ fdlh ?kj esa\ fdlh ijNÙkh ij\ dc-
--dgk¡---oSQls---;s ,sls loky Fks tks eSa iwN ugha ldrh Fkh ysfdu fiQj Hkh ;s loky esjs fnekx
esa oqQycqyk jgs FksA
ekxksZV vkSj eSaus viuh cgqr ”k:jh ph”ksa ,d FkSys esa Hkjuh 'kq: dhaA
eSaus lcls igys vius FkSys essa ;g Mk;jh Bw¡lhA blosQ ckn eSaus dyZj] jQeky] LowQyh
fdrkcsa] ,d oaQ?kh vkSj oqQN iqjkuh fpf_;k¡ FkSys esa MkyhaA eSa vKkrokl esa tkus osQ [k;ky
ls bruh vfèkd vkrafdr Fkh fd eSaus FkSys esa vthcksxjhc ph”ksa Hkj Mkyha] fiQj Hkh eq>s
vI
+
kQlksl ugha gSA Le`fr;k¡ esjs fy, iks'kkdksa dh rqyuk esa ”;knk ek;us j[krh gSaA rc geus
feLVj fDyhesu dks I
+
kQksu fd;k fd D;k os 'kke dks gekjs ?kj vk ik,¡xsA
feLVj oku nku pys x, rkfd fe,i dks fyok yk losaQA fe,i vkb± vkSj Okknk fd;k
fd os jkr dks ,d ckj fiQj vk,¡xhA os vius lkFk twrksa] Mªslksa] tSosQVksa] vaMjfo;jksa rFkk
LVkWfoaQXl ls Hkjk ,d FkSyk ysdj xb±A blosQ ckn gekjs Ý+ySV esa lUukVk Nk x;kA geesa
ls fdlh dh Hkh [kkuk [kkus dh bPNk gh ugha gqbZA ekSle vHkh Hkh xje Fkk vkSj lkjh
ph”ksa tSls gekjs fy, vtuch gksrh pyh tk jgh FkhaA
55
Mk;jh d iUus ss ss s
geus viuk Åij okyk ,d cM+k dejk rhlsd cjl osQ
,d foèkqj feLVj xksYMf'EM~V dks fdjk, ij ns j[kk FkkA r; Fkk
fd mls ml 'kke dksbZ dke èkaèkk ugha Fkk] blosQ cko”kwnµgekjs
dbZ b'kkjksa osQ ckotwn og jkr nl cts rd ogha ij e¡Mjkrk jgkA
fe,i vkSj tkWu fx,t jkr X;kjg cts vk,A fe,i 1933 ls ikik
dh oaQiuh esa dke dj jgh Fkha vkSj blfy, ikik osQ djhch
nksLrksa esa FkhaA mlosQ ifr tkWu Hkh ikik osQ vPNs nksLr FksA ,d
ckj fiQj twrs] LVkWfoaQXl] vaMjfo;j vkSj fdrkcsa fe,i osQ xgjs
cSx vkSj tkWu dh tscksa esa xk;c gks jgh FkhaA lk<+s X;kjg cts os
[kqn Hkh fonk ysdj pys x,A eSa cqjh rjg ls Fkd xbZ Fkh] fiQj
Hkh ,d ckr eSa vPNh rjg tkurh Fkh fd ;g jkr esjs vius
fcLrj esa esjh vkf[kjh jkr gSA eSa tSls ?kksM+s cspdj lksbZA esjh uhan
vxyh lqcg lk<+s ik¡p cts ekxksZV osQ txkus ij gh [kqyhA fdLer
ls ;g lqcg jfookj dh rjg xje ugha FkhA fnu Hkj xje cjlkr
dh iqQgkjsa iM+rh jghaA ge pkjksa us vius cnu ij brus ”;knk
diM+s ys fy, Fks ekuks ge jkr fÚt esa xq”kkjus tk jgs gksaA otg
flI
+
kZQ bruh&lh Fkh fd ge vius lkFk ”;knk ls ”;knk diM+s ys
tkuk pkgrs FksA ge ftl fLFkfr esa Fks mlesa dksbZ ;gwnh O;fDr
diM+ksa ls Hkjk lwVosQl ys tkus osQ ckjs esa lksp Hkh ugha ldrk
FkkA eSaus nks cfu;kusa] rhu iSaVsa] ,d Mªsl vkSj mlosQ Åij ,d
LdVZ] ,d tSosQV] ,d cjlkrh] nks tksM+h LVkW¯oQXl] Hkkjh twrs]
,d osQi] ,d LdkI
+
kZQ] vkSj bu lcosQ vykok vkSj Hkh cgqr oqQN
vks<+&igu j[kk FkkA ?kj ls fudyus ls igys gh esjk ne ?kqVus
yxk Fkk ysfdu fdlh dks Hkh ijokg ugha Fkh fd eq>ls iwNsµ,su]
oSQlk yx jgk gS rqEgsa\
ekxksZV us vius FkSys esa LowQy dh fdrkcsa B¡wl yh Fkha vkSj
og viuh lkbfdy ysus pyh xbZ vkSj fiQj og fe,i dh
fuxjkuh esa vKkr txg osQ fy, jokuk gks xbZA oqQN Hkh jgk gks]
esjs fy, rks og vutku txg gh Fkh_ D;ksafd eq>s vHkh Hkh irk
ugha Fkk fd ge dgk¡ tkus okys gSaA lk<+s lkr cts geus Hkh vius
ihNs njok”kk can fd;kA ewRtsZ gh ,dek=k ,slh thfor izk.kh Fkh
forku
56
ftls eq>s xqMckbZ dguk FkkA geus xksYMf'EM~V osQ fy, tks uksV NksM+k mlosQ vuqlkj
fcYyh dks iM+ksfl;ksa osQ ;gk¡ NksM+k tkuk FkkA os gh vc mldh ns[kHkky djus okys FksA
[kkyh fcLrjs] es”k ij fc[kjk uk'rs dk lkeku] jlksbZ esa fcYyh osQ fy, lsj Hkj ehV] ;s
lkjh ph”ksa ;gh n'kkZrh Fkha fd ge cgqr gh gM+cM+h esa NksM+&NkM+dj x, gSaA ysfdu baizS'ku
NksM+dj tkus esa gekjh dksbZ fnypLIkh ugha FkhA ge rks fdlh Hkh rjg ogk¡ ls fudy tkuk
pkgrs Fks vkSj dgha lqjf{kr LFkku ij igq¡p tkuk pkgrs FksA vkSj dksbZ ckr ek;us ugha j[krh
FkhA
ckdh dy]
rqEgkjh ,su
xqjQokj] 9 tqykbZ] 1942
I;kjh fd^h]
rks vkf[kj ge py iM+sA eEeh] ikik vkSj eSa rs”k cjlkr esa Hkhxrs gq, vk,A ge rhuksa
osQ oaQèkksa ij cM+s&cMs+ FkSys vkSj 'kWfiax cSx Fks tks vYye&xYye ph”kksa ls Åij rd
Bw¡l&Bw¡l dj Hkjs gq, FksA lqcg&lqcg dke ij tkus okys yksx gesa cM+h cspkjxh Hkjh
fuxkgksa ls ns[k jgs FksA vki mUgsa ns[krs gh crk ldrs Fks fd os vkiosQ fy, vI
+
kQlksl dj
jgs Fks fd os gesa fdlh rjg dk okgu miyCèk ugha djk ldrs FksA gekjs lhus ij pedrk
ihyk flrkjk
1
 lkjh nkLrku [kqn gh dg nsrk FkkA
tc ge xyh esa igq¡p x, rHkh ikik vkSj eEeh us èkhjs&èkhjs crkuk 'kq: fd;k fd
mudh ;kstuk D;k FkhA fiNys dbZ eghuksa osQ nkSjku ge FkksM+k&FkksM+k djosQ ftruk Hkh gks
ldk] iQuhZpj vkSj diM+s&yÙks Ý
+
ySV ls ckgj ys tkrs jgs FksA ;g r; dj fy;k x;k Fkk
fd ge yksx 16 tqykbZ dks vKkrokl esa pys tk,¡xsA vpkud ekxksZV osQ fy, cqykok vk
tkus osQ dkj.k ;kstuk dks nl fnu vkxs f[kldkuk iM+k FkkA bldk eryc ;gh Fkk fd
vc gesa de rS;kj fd, x, dejksa esa gh xq”kkjk djuk gksxkA
fNius dh txg ikik osQ vkWfI
+
kQl dh bekjr esa gh FkhA bls le> ikuk ckgj okyksa
osQ fy, FkksM+k eqf'dy gksxk blfy, eSa FkksM+k cgqr le>k nsrh gw¡A ikik osQ vkWfI
+
kQl esa dke
djus okys yksx cgqr ”;knk ugha FksA cl] feLVj oqQxyj] feLVj Dyhesu] fe,i vkSj rsbl
cjl dh VkbfiLV ftldk uke csi oksLoqQby FkkA mu lcdks gekjs vkus osQ ckjs esa [kcj
1- fgVyj osQ 'kklu esa ;gwfn;ksa dks foo'k fd;k x;k Fkk fd os viuh igpku osQ fy, ihyk flrkjk
igusa
Page 5


cqèkokj] 8 tqykbZ] 1942
I;kjh fd^h]
,slk yx jgk gS ekuks jfookj osQ ckn ls cjlksa
chr x, gksaA bruk oqQN gks x;k gS tSls iwjh nqfu;k gh myV&iqyV xbZ gSA ysfdu tSlk
fd rqe ns[k ldrh gks] fd^h] eSa ¯”knk gw¡] ysfdu ;g er iwNks fd dgk¡ vkSj oSQlsA eSa
tks oqQN Hkh dg jgh gw¡ mlesa 'kk;n gh dksbZ ckr rqEgkjs iYys iM+s] blfy, eSa rqEgsa 'kq:
ls crkrh gw¡ fd jfookj dh nksigj dks D;k gqvk FkkA
rhu cts FksA gSyks tk pqdk Fkk ysfdu og nksckjk fiQj ls vkus okyk Fkk] rHkh njok”ks
dh ?kaVh cthA pw¡fd eSa ckYduh esa èkwi esa vylkbZ lh cSBh i<+ jgh Fkh blfy, eq>s ?kaVh
dh vkok”k lqukbZ ugha nhA oqQN nsj ckn jlksbZ osQ njok”ks ij ekxksZV u”kj vkbZA og cgqr
xqLls esa Fkhµikik dks ,-,l-,l- ls cqyk, tkus dk uksfVl feyk gS] og iqQliqQlkbZA ek¡
feLVj oku nku dks ns[kus xbZ gqbZ gSaA feLVj oku nku ikik osQ fctusl ikVZuj gSa vkSj
muosQ vPNs nksLr gSaA
eSa vkoko~Q jg xbZ FkhA
cqykok\
gj dksbZ tkurk Fkk fd cqykos dk D;k eryc gksrk gSA ;kruk f'kfojksa osQ u”kkjs vkSj
ogk¡ dh dksBfj;ksa osQ n`'; esjh vk¡[kksa osQ vkxs rSj x,A ge vius ikik dks bl rjg dh
fu;fr osQ Hkjksls oSQls NksM+ ldrs FksA ge mUgsa gfxZ”k ugha tkus nsaxsA ekxksZV us ml oDr
Mk;jh d s iUus
,su izSaQd
4
forku
54
dgk Fkk tc og Mªkbax :e esa ek¡ dh jkg ns[k jgh FkhA ek¡ feLVj oku nku ls iwNus xbZ
gSa fd ge dy gh Nqius dh txg ij tk ldrs gSaA oku nku ifjokj Hkh gekjs lkFk tk
jgk gSA ge yksx oqQy feykdj lkr yksx gksaxsA ekSuA ge vkxs ckr gh ugha dj ik,A ;g
[k;ky fd ikik ;gwnh vLirky esa fdlh dks ns[kus x, gq, gSa] ek¡ osQ fy, bar”kkj dh
yach ?kfM+;k¡] xjeh] lLisal] bu lkjh ph”kksa us gekjs 'kCn gh gels Nhu fy, FksA rHkh
njok”ks dh ?kaVh cth&;g gSyks gh gksxk] eSaus dgk FkkA
njok”kk er [kksyks] ekxksZV us gSjku gksrs eq>s jksdk] ysfdu bldh ”k:jr ugha Fkh
D;ksafd geus uhps ls ek¡ vkSj feLVj oku nku dks gSyks ls ckr djrs gq, lqu fy;k FkkA
rc nksuksa gh Hkhrj vk, vkSj vius ihNs njok”kk can dj fn;kA tc Hkh njok”ks dh ?kaVh
ctrh rks eq>s ;k ekxksZV dks mpddj uhps ns[kuk iM+rk fd D;k ikik vk x, gSaA geus
fdlh vkSj dks Hkhrj ugha vkus fn;kA eq>s vkSj ekxksZV dks ckgj Hkst fn;k x;k Fkk D;ksafd
oku nku ek¡ ls vosQys esa ckr djuk pkgrs FksA tc eSa vkSj ekxksZV csM:e esa cSBs ckr
dj jgs Fks rks mlus eq>s crk;k fd ;g cqykok ikik osQ fy, ugha cfYd [kqn mlosQ fy,
FkkA bl nwljs lnes ls eSa rks ph[kus yxhA ekxksZV lksyg cjl dh FkhA r; gS fd os yksx
bl mez dh yM+fd;ksa dks muosQ [kqn osQ Hkjksls ;gk¡ ls Hkstuk pkgrs gSaA ysfdu Hkxoku
dk 'kqØ gS] og ugha tk,xhA ek¡ us eq>ls ;gh dgk FkkA ikik tc eq>ls fNius dh txg
ij tkus dh ckr dj jgs Fks rks mUgksaus Hkh 'kk;n ;gh dgk gksxkA
vKkrokl---ge dgk¡ tkdj Nqisaxs\ 'kgj esa\ fdlh ?kj esa\ fdlh ijNÙkh ij\ dc-
--dgk¡---oSQls---;s ,sls loky Fks tks eSa iwN ugha ldrh Fkh ysfdu fiQj Hkh ;s loky esjs fnekx
esa oqQycqyk jgs FksA
ekxksZV vkSj eSaus viuh cgqr ”k:jh ph”ksa ,d FkSys esa Hkjuh 'kq: dhaA
eSaus lcls igys vius FkSys essa ;g Mk;jh Bw¡lhA blosQ ckn eSaus dyZj] jQeky] LowQyh
fdrkcsa] ,d oaQ?kh vkSj oqQN iqjkuh fpf_;k¡ FkSys esa MkyhaA eSa vKkrokl esa tkus osQ [k;ky
ls bruh vfèkd vkrafdr Fkh fd eSaus FkSys esa vthcksxjhc ph”ksa Hkj Mkyha] fiQj Hkh eq>s
vI
+
kQlksl ugha gSA Le`fr;k¡ esjs fy, iks'kkdksa dh rqyuk esa ”;knk ek;us j[krh gSaA rc geus
feLVj fDyhesu dks I
+
kQksu fd;k fd D;k os 'kke dks gekjs ?kj vk ik,¡xsA
feLVj oku nku pys x, rkfd fe,i dks fyok yk losaQA fe,i vkb± vkSj Okknk fd;k
fd os jkr dks ,d ckj fiQj vk,¡xhA os vius lkFk twrksa] Mªslksa] tSosQVksa] vaMjfo;jksa rFkk
LVkWfoaQXl ls Hkjk ,d FkSyk ysdj xb±A blosQ ckn gekjs Ý+ySV esa lUukVk Nk x;kA geesa
ls fdlh dh Hkh [kkuk [kkus dh bPNk gh ugha gqbZA ekSle vHkh Hkh xje Fkk vkSj lkjh
ph”ksa tSls gekjs fy, vtuch gksrh pyh tk jgh FkhaA
55
Mk;jh d iUus ss ss s
geus viuk Åij okyk ,d cM+k dejk rhlsd cjl osQ
,d foèkqj feLVj xksYMf'EM~V dks fdjk, ij ns j[kk FkkA r; Fkk
fd mls ml 'kke dksbZ dke èkaèkk ugha Fkk] blosQ cko”kwnµgekjs
dbZ b'kkjksa osQ ckotwn og jkr nl cts rd ogha ij e¡Mjkrk jgkA
fe,i vkSj tkWu fx,t jkr X;kjg cts vk,A fe,i 1933 ls ikik
dh oaQiuh esa dke dj jgh Fkha vkSj blfy, ikik osQ djhch
nksLrksa esa FkhaA mlosQ ifr tkWu Hkh ikik osQ vPNs nksLr FksA ,d
ckj fiQj twrs] LVkWfoaQXl] vaMjfo;j vkSj fdrkcsa fe,i osQ xgjs
cSx vkSj tkWu dh tscksa esa xk;c gks jgh FkhaA lk<+s X;kjg cts os
[kqn Hkh fonk ysdj pys x,A eSa cqjh rjg ls Fkd xbZ Fkh] fiQj
Hkh ,d ckr eSa vPNh rjg tkurh Fkh fd ;g jkr esjs vius
fcLrj esa esjh vkf[kjh jkr gSA eSa tSls ?kksM+s cspdj lksbZA esjh uhan
vxyh lqcg lk<+s ik¡p cts ekxksZV osQ txkus ij gh [kqyhA fdLer
ls ;g lqcg jfookj dh rjg xje ugha FkhA fnu Hkj xje cjlkr
dh iqQgkjsa iM+rh jghaA ge pkjksa us vius cnu ij brus ”;knk
diM+s ys fy, Fks ekuks ge jkr fÚt esa xq”kkjus tk jgs gksaA otg
flI
+
kZQ bruh&lh Fkh fd ge vius lkFk ”;knk ls ”;knk diM+s ys
tkuk pkgrs FksA ge ftl fLFkfr esa Fks mlesa dksbZ ;gwnh O;fDr
diM+ksa ls Hkjk lwVosQl ys tkus osQ ckjs esa lksp Hkh ugha ldrk
FkkA eSaus nks cfu;kusa] rhu iSaVsa] ,d Mªsl vkSj mlosQ Åij ,d
LdVZ] ,d tSosQV] ,d cjlkrh] nks tksM+h LVkW¯oQXl] Hkkjh twrs]
,d osQi] ,d LdkI
+
kZQ] vkSj bu lcosQ vykok vkSj Hkh cgqr oqQN
vks<+&igu j[kk FkkA ?kj ls fudyus ls igys gh esjk ne ?kqVus
yxk Fkk ysfdu fdlh dks Hkh ijokg ugha Fkh fd eq>ls iwNsµ,su]
oSQlk yx jgk gS rqEgsa\
ekxksZV us vius FkSys esa LowQy dh fdrkcsa B¡wl yh Fkha vkSj
og viuh lkbfdy ysus pyh xbZ vkSj fiQj og fe,i dh
fuxjkuh esa vKkr txg osQ fy, jokuk gks xbZA oqQN Hkh jgk gks]
esjs fy, rks og vutku txg gh Fkh_ D;ksafd eq>s vHkh Hkh irk
ugha Fkk fd ge dgk¡ tkus okys gSaA lk<+s lkr cts geus Hkh vius
ihNs njok”kk can fd;kA ewRtsZ gh ,dek=k ,slh thfor izk.kh Fkh
forku
56
ftls eq>s xqMckbZ dguk FkkA geus xksYMf'EM~V osQ fy, tks uksV NksM+k mlosQ vuqlkj
fcYyh dks iM+ksfl;ksa osQ ;gk¡ NksM+k tkuk FkkA os gh vc mldh ns[kHkky djus okys FksA
[kkyh fcLrjs] es”k ij fc[kjk uk'rs dk lkeku] jlksbZ esa fcYyh osQ fy, lsj Hkj ehV] ;s
lkjh ph”ksa ;gh n'kkZrh Fkha fd ge cgqr gh gM+cM+h esa NksM+&NkM+dj x, gSaA ysfdu baizS'ku
NksM+dj tkus esa gekjh dksbZ fnypLIkh ugha FkhA ge rks fdlh Hkh rjg ogk¡ ls fudy tkuk
pkgrs Fks vkSj dgha lqjf{kr LFkku ij igq¡p tkuk pkgrs FksA vkSj dksbZ ckr ek;us ugha j[krh
FkhA
ckdh dy]
rqEgkjh ,su
xqjQokj] 9 tqykbZ] 1942
I;kjh fd^h]
rks vkf[kj ge py iM+sA eEeh] ikik vkSj eSa rs”k cjlkr esa Hkhxrs gq, vk,A ge rhuksa
osQ oaQèkksa ij cM+s&cMs+ FkSys vkSj 'kWfiax cSx Fks tks vYye&xYye ph”kksa ls Åij rd
Bw¡l&Bw¡l dj Hkjs gq, FksA lqcg&lqcg dke ij tkus okys yksx gesa cM+h cspkjxh Hkjh
fuxkgksa ls ns[k jgs FksA vki mUgsa ns[krs gh crk ldrs Fks fd os vkiosQ fy, vI
+
kQlksl dj
jgs Fks fd os gesa fdlh rjg dk okgu miyCèk ugha djk ldrs FksA gekjs lhus ij pedrk
ihyk flrkjk
1
 lkjh nkLrku [kqn gh dg nsrk FkkA
tc ge xyh esa igq¡p x, rHkh ikik vkSj eEeh us èkhjs&èkhjs crkuk 'kq: fd;k fd
mudh ;kstuk D;k FkhA fiNys dbZ eghuksa osQ nkSjku ge FkksM+k&FkksM+k djosQ ftruk Hkh gks
ldk] iQuhZpj vkSj diM+s&yÙks Ý
+
ySV ls ckgj ys tkrs jgs FksA ;g r; dj fy;k x;k Fkk
fd ge yksx 16 tqykbZ dks vKkrokl esa pys tk,¡xsA vpkud ekxksZV osQ fy, cqykok vk
tkus osQ dkj.k ;kstuk dks nl fnu vkxs f[kldkuk iM+k FkkA bldk eryc ;gh Fkk fd
vc gesa de rS;kj fd, x, dejksa esa gh xq”kkjk djuk gksxkA
fNius dh txg ikik osQ vkWfI
+
kQl dh bekjr esa gh FkhA bls le> ikuk ckgj okyksa
osQ fy, FkksM+k eqf'dy gksxk blfy, eSa FkksM+k cgqr le>k nsrh gw¡A ikik osQ vkWfI
+
kQl esa dke
djus okys yksx cgqr ”;knk ugha FksA cl] feLVj oqQxyj] feLVj Dyhesu] fe,i vkSj rsbl
cjl dh VkbfiLV ftldk uke csi oksLoqQby FkkA mu lcdks gekjs vkus osQ ckjs esa [kcj
1- fgVyj osQ 'kklu esa ;gwfn;ksa dks foo'k fd;k x;k Fkk fd os viuh igpku osQ fy, ihyk flrkjk
igusa
57
Mk;jh d iUus ss ss s
dj nh xbZ FkhA feLVj oksLoqQby] csi osQ firk] nks vkSj lgk;dksa
osQ lkFk xksnke esa dke djrs Fks] mUgsa oqQN Hkh ugha crk;k
x;k FkkA
bekjr osQ ckjs esa FkksM+k&lk crk nw¡A ry eaf”ky ij cuk
cM+k&lk xksnke dke djus dh txg vkSj HkaMkj ?kj osQ :i esa
bLrseky gksrk gSA blosQ vyx&vyx fgLls cus gq, gSaaA ;s fgLls
xksnke] filkbZ dk dejk oxSjg gSa tgk¡ byk;ph] ykSax vkSj dkyh
fepZ oxSjg ihls tkrs gSaA
Read More
Offer running on EduRev: Apply code STAYHOME200 to get INR 200 off on our premium plan EduRev Infinity!

Related Searches

shortcuts and tricks

,

mock tests for examination

,

Sample Paper

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

past year papers

,

pdf

,

video lectures

,

practice quizzes

,

Summary

,

NCERT Textbook - Diary Ke Panne Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

,

Extra Questions

,

ppt

,

NCERT Textbook - Diary Ke Panne Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

,

Important questions

,

NCERT Textbook - Diary Ke Panne Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

,

Viva Questions

,

Exam

,

study material

,

Semester Notes

,

Objective type Questions

,

MCQs

,

Free

;