NCERT Textbook - From The Window Class 4 Notes | EduRev

EVS for Class 4

Created by: Yashina Kapoor

Class 4 : NCERT Textbook - From The Window Class 4 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


17 May
It is morning now. Last night I went
to sleep early. It was too dark to see
anything outside. When the train
stopped early this morning, I woke
up. It was Madgaon. That was written
on the board at the platform. Appa
said that we were going through the
state of Goa.
We got off at the station and had some hot tea and filled our
water bottles. The train
started again. I find it
difficult to describe the
scene outside. It is so
beautiful. It is green
everywhere – fields with
red soil and green crops,
hills covered with trees.
2019-20
Page 2


17 May
It is morning now. Last night I went
to sleep early. It was too dark to see
anything outside. When the train
stopped early this morning, I woke
up. It was Madgaon. That was written
on the board at the platform. Appa
said that we were going through the
state of Goa.
We got off at the station and had some hot tea and filled our
water bottles. The train
started again. I find it
difficult to describe the
scene outside. It is so
beautiful. It is green
everywhere – fields with
red soil and green crops,
hills covered with trees.
2019-20
Looking Around
54
Sometimes, I can see small ponds, and far away, behind the
hills, more water. I can’t make out if it is a river or the sea. The air
is cooler, and not so dry as in Ahmedabad.
The train passed
a ‘level crossing’.
People are waiting
on both the sides of
the crossing for the
train to pass. There
are buses full of
people, cars, trucks,
autorickshaws,
cycles, motor cycles,
scooters and even
tongas and bullock-
carts with people
and goods in them. Some people do not switch off the engines
of their vehicle even while waiting at the level crossing. There
is a lot of smoke and noise. I see some people going under the
bars of the level crossing. How dangerous this is!
At times our train crosses another train. Unni and I tried to
count the carriages in one such train, but both the trains were
going so fast. We always got confused.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What was the difference in the scene that Omana saw from
the train on the first day and on the second day?
2019-20
Page 3


17 May
It is morning now. Last night I went
to sleep early. It was too dark to see
anything outside. When the train
stopped early this morning, I woke
up. It was Madgaon. That was written
on the board at the platform. Appa
said that we were going through the
state of Goa.
We got off at the station and had some hot tea and filled our
water bottles. The train
started again. I find it
difficult to describe the
scene outside. It is so
beautiful. It is green
everywhere – fields with
red soil and green crops,
hills covered with trees.
2019-20
Looking Around
54
Sometimes, I can see small ponds, and far away, behind the
hills, more water. I can’t make out if it is a river or the sea. The air
is cooler, and not so dry as in Ahmedabad.
The train passed
a ‘level crossing’.
People are waiting
on both the sides of
the crossing for the
train to pass. There
are buses full of
people, cars, trucks,
autorickshaws,
cycles, motor cycles,
scooters and even
tongas and bullock-
carts with people
and goods in them. Some people do not switch off the engines
of their vehicle even while waiting at the level crossing. There
is a lot of smoke and noise. I see some people going under the
bars of the level crossing. How dangerous this is!
At times our train crosses another train. Unni and I tried to
count the carriages in one such train, but both the trains were
going so fast. We always got confused.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What was the difference in the scene that Omana saw from
the train on the first day and on the second day?
2019-20
From the Window
55
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Omana saw many kinds of vehicles at the level-crossing.
Which of them run on diesel or petrol?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Why was there so much smoke and noise from the vehicles
at the level crossing?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What can we do to reduce noise of the vehicle and save petrol
and diesel? Discuss.
Discuss
Sometimes people cross the tracks even when the crossing is
closed. What do you feel about this?
Later, I was sitting near the window
with my eyes closed. Suddenly the
sound of the moving train changed
– khud, khud, khud… I opened my
eyes. Guess what I saw? Our train
was crossing a very big river, on a
very long bridge! As it was crossing the bridge it sounded very
different. The wheels rattled as there was no ground, only the
tracks, and the water down below. When I first looked down, I
felt giddy. It was really quite scary! The river down below was
full of water and had some boats. I could also see some fishermen
17 May
2019-20
Page 4


17 May
It is morning now. Last night I went
to sleep early. It was too dark to see
anything outside. When the train
stopped early this morning, I woke
up. It was Madgaon. That was written
on the board at the platform. Appa
said that we were going through the
state of Goa.
We got off at the station and had some hot tea and filled our
water bottles. The train
started again. I find it
difficult to describe the
scene outside. It is so
beautiful. It is green
everywhere – fields with
red soil and green crops,
hills covered with trees.
2019-20
Looking Around
54
Sometimes, I can see small ponds, and far away, behind the
hills, more water. I can’t make out if it is a river or the sea. The air
is cooler, and not so dry as in Ahmedabad.
The train passed
a ‘level crossing’.
People are waiting
on both the sides of
the crossing for the
train to pass. There
are buses full of
people, cars, trucks,
autorickshaws,
cycles, motor cycles,
scooters and even
tongas and bullock-
carts with people
and goods in them. Some people do not switch off the engines
of their vehicle even while waiting at the level crossing. There
is a lot of smoke and noise. I see some people going under the
bars of the level crossing. How dangerous this is!
At times our train crosses another train. Unni and I tried to
count the carriages in one such train, but both the trains were
going so fast. We always got confused.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What was the difference in the scene that Omana saw from
the train on the first day and on the second day?
2019-20
From the Window
55
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Omana saw many kinds of vehicles at the level-crossing.
Which of them run on diesel or petrol?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Why was there so much smoke and noise from the vehicles
at the level crossing?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What can we do to reduce noise of the vehicle and save petrol
and diesel? Discuss.
Discuss
Sometimes people cross the tracks even when the crossing is
closed. What do you feel about this?
Later, I was sitting near the window
with my eyes closed. Suddenly the
sound of the moving train changed
– khud, khud, khud… I opened my
eyes. Guess what I saw? Our train
was crossing a very big river, on a
very long bridge! As it was crossing the bridge it sounded very
different. The wheels rattled as there was no ground, only the
tracks, and the water down below. When I first looked down, I
felt giddy. It was really quite scary! The river down below was
full of water and had some boats. I could also see some fishermen
17 May
2019-20
Looking Around
56
on the banks. I
waved at them, but
I did not know if
they could see me.
Alongside our
bridge, there was
another bridge for
buses and cars.
This was built
differently from
ours. I think going
over our bridge was
more adventurous!
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Have you seen any bridges? Where?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Have you ever crossed a bridge? Where?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What was the bridge built over?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What did you see below the bridge?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Find out why bridges are made.
2019-20
Page 5


17 May
It is morning now. Last night I went
to sleep early. It was too dark to see
anything outside. When the train
stopped early this morning, I woke
up. It was Madgaon. That was written
on the board at the platform. Appa
said that we were going through the
state of Goa.
We got off at the station and had some hot tea and filled our
water bottles. The train
started again. I find it
difficult to describe the
scene outside. It is so
beautiful. It is green
everywhere – fields with
red soil and green crops,
hills covered with trees.
2019-20
Looking Around
54
Sometimes, I can see small ponds, and far away, behind the
hills, more water. I can’t make out if it is a river or the sea. The air
is cooler, and not so dry as in Ahmedabad.
The train passed
a ‘level crossing’.
People are waiting
on both the sides of
the crossing for the
train to pass. There
are buses full of
people, cars, trucks,
autorickshaws,
cycles, motor cycles,
scooters and even
tongas and bullock-
carts with people
and goods in them. Some people do not switch off the engines
of their vehicle even while waiting at the level crossing. There
is a lot of smoke and noise. I see some people going under the
bars of the level crossing. How dangerous this is!
At times our train crosses another train. Unni and I tried to
count the carriages in one such train, but both the trains were
going so fast. We always got confused.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What was the difference in the scene that Omana saw from
the train on the first day and on the second day?
2019-20
From the Window
55
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Omana saw many kinds of vehicles at the level-crossing.
Which of them run on diesel or petrol?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Why was there so much smoke and noise from the vehicles
at the level crossing?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What can we do to reduce noise of the vehicle and save petrol
and diesel? Discuss.
Discuss
Sometimes people cross the tracks even when the crossing is
closed. What do you feel about this?
Later, I was sitting near the window
with my eyes closed. Suddenly the
sound of the moving train changed
– khud, khud, khud… I opened my
eyes. Guess what I saw? Our train
was crossing a very big river, on a
very long bridge! As it was crossing the bridge it sounded very
different. The wheels rattled as there was no ground, only the
tracks, and the water down below. When I first looked down, I
felt giddy. It was really quite scary! The river down below was
full of water and had some boats. I could also see some fishermen
17 May
2019-20
Looking Around
56
on the banks. I
waved at them, but
I did not know if
they could see me.
Alongside our
bridge, there was
another bridge for
buses and cars.
This was built
differently from
ours. I think going
over our bridge was
more adventurous!
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Have you seen any bridges? Where?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Have you ever crossed a bridge? Where?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What was the bridge built over?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö What did you see below the bridge?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Find out why bridges are made.
2019-20
From the Window
57
17 May
everything became dark. It also felt a little cold inside. I was
afraid. Then the lights in the train came on. But outside, it was
very dark. Somebody said, “We have entered a tunnel. This
goes right through the mountain.” The tunnel seemed to go on
and on. And then, just as
suddenly, we were in
daylight again. Outside it
was sunny, bright and
green. The train had crossed
the tunnel. Appa explained
that we were on the other
side of the mountain. Since
then, we have passed
through four smaller
tunnels. Now I am enjoying
going through the tunnels.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Have you ever been through a tunnel? How did you feel?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö The route from Goa to Kerala has a total of 2000 bridges and
92 tunnels! Why do you think there are so many bridges and
tunnels?
The last few hours have been so
exciting. After breakfast, I
climbed on to the upper berth
to read my comics. It was bright
and sunny outside. Suddenly,
2019-20
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