NCERT Textbook - Going To School Class 4 Notes | EduRev

EVS for Class 4

Created by: Yashina Kapoor

Class 4 : NCERT Textbook - Going To School Class 4 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


Let us meet some children and see how they reach school.
Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge
It rains so much where we live.
Sometimes after the rain, there
is knee-high water everywhere.
But that does not stop us from
getting to school. We hold our
books in one hand and bamboo
with the other. We quickly cross
the bamboo and rope bridge to
reach school.
Try these
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Collect some bricks. Lay them
on the ground in a line as
shown in the picture. Try
walking on them. Was it easy ?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Make a small bridge by tying
4 or 5 bamboo poles together.
Ask your teacher to help you.
Now walk on your bridge.
How did you feel? Did you fall
down? If you walk like this a
few times, you will start
finding it easy.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do you think it would be
easier to walk on this
bridge barefoot or with
shoes or slippers ? Why ?
Assam
2019-20
Page 2


Let us meet some children and see how they reach school.
Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge
It rains so much where we live.
Sometimes after the rain, there
is knee-high water everywhere.
But that does not stop us from
getting to school. We hold our
books in one hand and bamboo
with the other. We quickly cross
the bamboo and rope bridge to
reach school.
Try these
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Collect some bricks. Lay them
on the ground in a line as
shown in the picture. Try
walking on them. Was it easy ?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Make a small bridge by tying
4 or 5 bamboo poles together.
Ask your teacher to help you.
Now walk on your bridge.
How did you feel? Did you fall
down? If you walk like this a
few times, you will start
finding it easy.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do you think it would be
easier to walk on this
bridge barefoot or with
shoes or slippers ? Why ?
Assam
2019-20
Looking Around
2
The Trolley The Trolley The Trolley The Trolley The Trolley
Everyday we have to cross
the river to get to school.
The river is wide and deep.
There is a strong iron rope
across the river. On both
the sides it is tied tightly
with strong trees or rocks.
There is a trolley (an open
box made of wood)
attached with the rope. Four or five of us sit in the trolley. A
pulley helps the trolley to move across the rope. We reach
the other side of the river in a short time.
Ladakh
Let us do
Observe pictures 1 and 2. In the pictures, children are pulling
the buckets from the well. Can you tell the difference in both the
pictures? Which would be easier – using the pulley or not using
it to lift things?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Look around you – where all do you
see the use of pulleys? List them.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö With the help of a pulley, try and
lift various things, as shown in
the picture.
1 2
2019-20
Page 3


Let us meet some children and see how they reach school.
Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge
It rains so much where we live.
Sometimes after the rain, there
is knee-high water everywhere.
But that does not stop us from
getting to school. We hold our
books in one hand and bamboo
with the other. We quickly cross
the bamboo and rope bridge to
reach school.
Try these
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Collect some bricks. Lay them
on the ground in a line as
shown in the picture. Try
walking on them. Was it easy ?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Make a small bridge by tying
4 or 5 bamboo poles together.
Ask your teacher to help you.
Now walk on your bridge.
How did you feel? Did you fall
down? If you walk like this a
few times, you will start
finding it easy.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do you think it would be
easier to walk on this
bridge barefoot or with
shoes or slippers ? Why ?
Assam
2019-20
Looking Around
2
The Trolley The Trolley The Trolley The Trolley The Trolley
Everyday we have to cross
the river to get to school.
The river is wide and deep.
There is a strong iron rope
across the river. On both
the sides it is tied tightly
with strong trees or rocks.
There is a trolley (an open
box made of wood)
attached with the rope. Four or five of us sit in the trolley. A
pulley helps the trolley to move across the rope. We reach
the other side of the river in a short time.
Ladakh
Let us do
Observe pictures 1 and 2. In the pictures, children are pulling
the buckets from the well. Can you tell the difference in both the
pictures? Which would be easier – using the pulley or not using
it to lift things?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Look around you – where all do you
see the use of pulleys? List them.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö With the help of a pulley, try and
lift various things, as shown in
the picture.
1 2
2019-20
Going to School
3
Cement Bridge Cement Bridge Cement Bridge Cement Bridge Cement Bridge
We often need to go
across some water
bodies, so we use
bridges. These are
made of cement,
bricks and iron rods.
The bridge may also
have steps.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How is this bridge different from a bamboo bridge?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How many people do you think can cross the bridge at one time?
You have seen how children use different kind of bridges, to
cross rivers and other uneven areas to reach school.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö If you had a chance, which bridge would you like to use? Why?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do you have to cross any bridge on the way to your school? If
yes, what is the bridge like? Draw its picture.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Find out from your grandparents, what kinds of bridges were
there when they were young.
2019-20
Page 4


Let us meet some children and see how they reach school.
Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge
It rains so much where we live.
Sometimes after the rain, there
is knee-high water everywhere.
But that does not stop us from
getting to school. We hold our
books in one hand and bamboo
with the other. We quickly cross
the bamboo and rope bridge to
reach school.
Try these
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Collect some bricks. Lay them
on the ground in a line as
shown in the picture. Try
walking on them. Was it easy ?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Make a small bridge by tying
4 or 5 bamboo poles together.
Ask your teacher to help you.
Now walk on your bridge.
How did you feel? Did you fall
down? If you walk like this a
few times, you will start
finding it easy.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do you think it would be
easier to walk on this
bridge barefoot or with
shoes or slippers ? Why ?
Assam
2019-20
Looking Around
2
The Trolley The Trolley The Trolley The Trolley The Trolley
Everyday we have to cross
the river to get to school.
The river is wide and deep.
There is a strong iron rope
across the river. On both
the sides it is tied tightly
with strong trees or rocks.
There is a trolley (an open
box made of wood)
attached with the rope. Four or five of us sit in the trolley. A
pulley helps the trolley to move across the rope. We reach
the other side of the river in a short time.
Ladakh
Let us do
Observe pictures 1 and 2. In the pictures, children are pulling
the buckets from the well. Can you tell the difference in both the
pictures? Which would be easier – using the pulley or not using
it to lift things?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Look around you – where all do you
see the use of pulleys? List them.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö With the help of a pulley, try and
lift various things, as shown in
the picture.
1 2
2019-20
Going to School
3
Cement Bridge Cement Bridge Cement Bridge Cement Bridge Cement Bridge
We often need to go
across some water
bodies, so we use
bridges. These are
made of cement,
bricks and iron rods.
The bridge may also
have steps.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How is this bridge different from a bamboo bridge?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How many people do you think can cross the bridge at one time?
You have seen how children use different kind of bridges, to
cross rivers and other uneven areas to reach school.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö If you had a chance, which bridge would you like to use? Why?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do you have to cross any bridge on the way to your school? If
yes, what is the bridge like? Draw its picture.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Find out from your grandparents, what kinds of bridges were
there when they were young.
2019-20
Looking Around
4
Is there any bridge near your house? Find out more about
the bridge.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Where is the bridge – over water, over a road, between two
mountains or somewhere else?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Who all use the bridge? Is it used by people on foot and also
by vehicles and animals?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Does the bridge seem to be old or is it new?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Find out what materials are used in making this bridge. List
some of them.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Draw a picture of the bridge in your notebook. Do not forget to
draw the train, vehicles, animals or people who cross the bridge.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Imagine what difficulties there would be, if the bridge was
not there?
Let us find out some other ways by which children get to school.
Vallam Vallam Vallam Vallam Vallam
In some parts of Kerala, we
use a vallam (small wooden
boat) to reach school.
Kerala
2019-20
Page 5


Let us meet some children and see how they reach school.
Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge Bamboo Bridge
It rains so much where we live.
Sometimes after the rain, there
is knee-high water everywhere.
But that does not stop us from
getting to school. We hold our
books in one hand and bamboo
with the other. We quickly cross
the bamboo and rope bridge to
reach school.
Try these
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Collect some bricks. Lay them
on the ground in a line as
shown in the picture. Try
walking on them. Was it easy ?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Make a small bridge by tying
4 or 5 bamboo poles together.
Ask your teacher to help you.
Now walk on your bridge.
How did you feel? Did you fall
down? If you walk like this a
few times, you will start
finding it easy.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do you think it would be
easier to walk on this
bridge barefoot or with
shoes or slippers ? Why ?
Assam
2019-20
Looking Around
2
The Trolley The Trolley The Trolley The Trolley The Trolley
Everyday we have to cross
the river to get to school.
The river is wide and deep.
There is a strong iron rope
across the river. On both
the sides it is tied tightly
with strong trees or rocks.
There is a trolley (an open
box made of wood)
attached with the rope. Four or five of us sit in the trolley. A
pulley helps the trolley to move across the rope. We reach
the other side of the river in a short time.
Ladakh
Let us do
Observe pictures 1 and 2. In the pictures, children are pulling
the buckets from the well. Can you tell the difference in both the
pictures? Which would be easier – using the pulley or not using
it to lift things?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Look around you – where all do you
see the use of pulleys? List them.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö With the help of a pulley, try and
lift various things, as shown in
the picture.
1 2
2019-20
Going to School
3
Cement Bridge Cement Bridge Cement Bridge Cement Bridge Cement Bridge
We often need to go
across some water
bodies, so we use
bridges. These are
made of cement,
bricks and iron rods.
The bridge may also
have steps.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How is this bridge different from a bamboo bridge?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How many people do you think can cross the bridge at one time?
You have seen how children use different kind of bridges, to
cross rivers and other uneven areas to reach school.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö If you had a chance, which bridge would you like to use? Why?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Do you have to cross any bridge on the way to your school? If
yes, what is the bridge like? Draw its picture.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Find out from your grandparents, what kinds of bridges were
there when they were young.
2019-20
Looking Around
4
Is there any bridge near your house? Find out more about
the bridge.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Where is the bridge – over water, over a road, between two
mountains or somewhere else?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Who all use the bridge? Is it used by people on foot and also
by vehicles and animals?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Does the bridge seem to be old or is it new?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Find out what materials are used in making this bridge. List
some of them.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Draw a picture of the bridge in your notebook. Do not forget to
draw the train, vehicles, animals or people who cross the bridge.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Imagine what difficulties there would be, if the bridge was
not there?
Let us find out some other ways by which children get to school.
Vallam Vallam Vallam Vallam Vallam
In some parts of Kerala, we
use a vallam (small wooden
boat) to reach school.
Kerala
2019-20
Going to School
5
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Have you seen any other kind of boats? 
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Can you think of other ways by which we can travel on water?
Camel-cart Camel-cart Camel-cart Camel-cart Camel-cart
We live in the desert. There is
sand all around. It gets very hot
in the day. We ride in a camel-
cart to reach school.
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö Have you ever sat in a
camel-cart or horse carriage
(tonga)? Where? Did you
climb on it yourself, or did
someone help you?
Ö Ö Ö Ö Ö How did you feel riding
in the cart? Also share your
experience in the class also.
Bullock-cart Bullock-cart Bullock-cart Bullock-cart Bullock-cart
We ride in our bullock-
cart, going slowly
through the green
fields. If it is too sunny
or raining, we use our
umbrellas.
5
Village in the plains
Rajasthan
For the Teacher: How do animal feel when made to pull cart. Discuss
issues to develop sensitivity towards animals.
2019-20
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