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 Page 1


Physical education (PE) aims at the optimum development 
of an individual through continuous process of learning and 
participation in guided physical activities. In other words, it 
aims at optimum physical, mental and social development of 
an individual. 
What is Physical Education ?
According to Webster’s Dictionary, “Physical education is a 
part of education which gives instructions in the development 
and care of the body rending from simple callisthenic exercises 
to a course of study providing training in hygiene, gymnastics, 
and the performance and management of athletics and 
games.” Central Advisory Board of Physical Education and 
Recreation defines PE as “an education through physical 
activities for the development of total personality of the 
child to its fullness and perfection in body, mind and spirit. 
Physical education is an area through which sports, outdoor 
activities like trekking, hiking, camping, gymnastics, dance, 
aquatics are used to train individuals in motor skills and 
fitness skills. Physical education also assists the schools in 
carrying out responsibility of developing personal and social 
skills in students.” In fact, PE is an integral part of total 
education. It makes significant contribution towards the 
achievement of desirable educational and health outcomes. 
It also enables children to acquire necessary knowledge and 
skills to stimulate them to actively participate in physical 
activities throughout their lifespan.
n EEd and i m Portanc E of Physical Education 
Participation in games, sports and yoga provide thrill and 
enjoyment to everyone. In addition, it helps to entertain and 
maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Physical Education : 
RElationshiP with 
othER s ubjEcts Chap-1.indd   1 8/28/2020   4:45:56 PM
Page 2


Physical education (PE) aims at the optimum development 
of an individual through continuous process of learning and 
participation in guided physical activities. In other words, it 
aims at optimum physical, mental and social development of 
an individual. 
What is Physical Education ?
According to Webster’s Dictionary, “Physical education is a 
part of education which gives instructions in the development 
and care of the body rending from simple callisthenic exercises 
to a course of study providing training in hygiene, gymnastics, 
and the performance and management of athletics and 
games.” Central Advisory Board of Physical Education and 
Recreation defines PE as “an education through physical 
activities for the development of total personality of the 
child to its fullness and perfection in body, mind and spirit. 
Physical education is an area through which sports, outdoor 
activities like trekking, hiking, camping, gymnastics, dance, 
aquatics are used to train individuals in motor skills and 
fitness skills. Physical education also assists the schools in 
carrying out responsibility of developing personal and social 
skills in students.” In fact, PE is an integral part of total 
education. It makes significant contribution towards the 
achievement of desirable educational and health outcomes. 
It also enables children to acquire necessary knowledge and 
skills to stimulate them to actively participate in physical 
activities throughout their lifespan.
n EEd and i m Portanc E of Physical Education 
Participation in games, sports and yoga provide thrill and 
enjoyment to everyone. In addition, it helps to entertain and 
maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Physical Education : 
RElationshiP with 
othER s ubjEcts Chap-1.indd   1 8/28/2020   4:45:56 PM
Healt H and PHysical e ducation - c lass X
Healthy lifestyle
By engaging in various physical and yogic activities, one can 
ensure a healthy lifestyle. 
Academic achievement
By participating in various physical and yogic activities, 
students get stimulated to face challenges and are 
encouraged to think productively. This tends to improve 
their concentration of academic achievement.
Develops skills and experiences
Various activities learned during school days such as 
gymnastics, running, jumping, throwing, swimming, 
playing team games, learning the rules and regulations of 
the games and being disciplined help students to develop 
sportspersonship.
Positive self-image
Participation in regular physical activities also helps students 
to understand the need for appreciation of own positive 
aspects and develop ability to compete and cooperate with 
others. Self belief is also reinforced.
Improves interpersonal relationships
When you play with other students and teams, you learn 
to develop interpersonal relationships with members of your 
own team as well as with members of other teams. It builds 
interactive and positive social environment.
Develops internal organ systems
By participating in physical and yogic activities, students 
respond to the increased demands of daily life in a 
healthy way. The system of the body responds to stimuli  
and becomes more efficient at coping with the load exerted 
on it.
o bj Ectiv Es of Physical Education Broadly, there are four objectives of Physical Education 
which are as follows.
Physical fitness
It refers to the state where an individual is physically fit and 
has developed great endurance, speed and strength. Physical 
fitness is essential for leading a happy, healthy, vigorous and 
fulfilling life. Physical and motor fitness helps to learn and 
develop technical and tactical knowledge of sports and games. 
Activity 1.1
 • Measure your pulse 
and respiration rates 
before and after 
playing different games 
or participation in a 
sport event.
 •Collect information 
from 10 persons and 
prepare a project on 
physical activities and 
eating habits and their 
impact on the human 
body.
Chap-1.indd   2 8/28/2020   4:45:56 PM
Page 3


Physical education (PE) aims at the optimum development 
of an individual through continuous process of learning and 
participation in guided physical activities. In other words, it 
aims at optimum physical, mental and social development of 
an individual. 
What is Physical Education ?
According to Webster’s Dictionary, “Physical education is a 
part of education which gives instructions in the development 
and care of the body rending from simple callisthenic exercises 
to a course of study providing training in hygiene, gymnastics, 
and the performance and management of athletics and 
games.” Central Advisory Board of Physical Education and 
Recreation defines PE as “an education through physical 
activities for the development of total personality of the 
child to its fullness and perfection in body, mind and spirit. 
Physical education is an area through which sports, outdoor 
activities like trekking, hiking, camping, gymnastics, dance, 
aquatics are used to train individuals in motor skills and 
fitness skills. Physical education also assists the schools in 
carrying out responsibility of developing personal and social 
skills in students.” In fact, PE is an integral part of total 
education. It makes significant contribution towards the 
achievement of desirable educational and health outcomes. 
It also enables children to acquire necessary knowledge and 
skills to stimulate them to actively participate in physical 
activities throughout their lifespan.
n EEd and i m Portanc E of Physical Education 
Participation in games, sports and yoga provide thrill and 
enjoyment to everyone. In addition, it helps to entertain and 
maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Physical Education : 
RElationshiP with 
othER s ubjEcts Chap-1.indd   1 8/28/2020   4:45:56 PM
Healt H and PHysical e ducation - c lass X
Healthy lifestyle
By engaging in various physical and yogic activities, one can 
ensure a healthy lifestyle. 
Academic achievement
By participating in various physical and yogic activities, 
students get stimulated to face challenges and are 
encouraged to think productively. This tends to improve 
their concentration of academic achievement.
Develops skills and experiences
Various activities learned during school days such as 
gymnastics, running, jumping, throwing, swimming, 
playing team games, learning the rules and regulations of 
the games and being disciplined help students to develop 
sportspersonship.
Positive self-image
Participation in regular physical activities also helps students 
to understand the need for appreciation of own positive 
aspects and develop ability to compete and cooperate with 
others. Self belief is also reinforced.
Improves interpersonal relationships
When you play with other students and teams, you learn 
to develop interpersonal relationships with members of your 
own team as well as with members of other teams. It builds 
interactive and positive social environment.
Develops internal organ systems
By participating in physical and yogic activities, students 
respond to the increased demands of daily life in a 
healthy way. The system of the body responds to stimuli  
and becomes more efficient at coping with the load exerted 
on it.
o bj Ectiv Es of Physical Education Broadly, there are four objectives of Physical Education 
which are as follows.
Physical fitness
It refers to the state where an individual is physically fit and 
has developed great endurance, speed and strength. Physical 
fitness is essential for leading a happy, healthy, vigorous and 
fulfilling life. Physical and motor fitness helps to learn and 
develop technical and tactical knowledge of sports and games. 
Activity 1.1
 • Measure your pulse 
and respiration rates 
before and after 
playing different games 
or participation in a 
sport event.
 •Collect information 
from 10 persons and 
prepare a project on 
physical activities and 
eating habits and their 
impact on the human 
body.
Chap-1.indd   2 8/28/2020   4:45:56 PM
Physical Education : RElationshi P with oth ER s ubj Ects Social efficiency
It is concerned with one’s adaptation to group living. Physical 
education activities provide ample opportunities to develop such 
traits and life skills as cooperation, respect for others, loyalty, 
sportspersonship, self-confidence, etc. All these qualities help 
a person to become more social and a responsible citizen.
Sports culture
It aims at developing an understanding and appreciation of 
one’s own local environment as well as the global environment. 
By participating in various physical activities, such as, 
dance, sports, games and yoga, a person fully understands 
the history, culture, traditions, etc., and also the aesthetic 
values associated with these activities.
Mental efficiency
In physical education, a child has to participate in a number 
of physical and yogic activities. These activities not only 
require involvement of the body but also require use of the 
intellect to carry out the task. Positive, healthy and active 
body-mind relationship helps to enhance mental efficiency. 
s co PE of Physical Education Physical education has evolved as a multi-disciplinary subject 
and its scope is not just confined to physical fitness and the 
rules of games and sports. The meaning and definition of 
Physical Education, its aims and objectives and scope, and 
factors affecting physical fitness and wellness, rules and 
other necessary knowledge about health, games and sports 
and yoga are major areas of study in physical education. 
Games and sports, as well as, cultural heritage, development 
of leadership qualities and group dynamics through sports 
and games are also an integral part of this discipline.
In fact, physical education now includes several areas 
which belong to other subjects like Biology, Genetics, 
Psychology, Physics, Bio Chemistry, Sociology, Anthropology, 
History, Culture, Medicine, Media studies, etc.
Contents from other disciplines like laws of motion, types 
of lever, force, equilibrium and centre of gravity, common 
postural deviations, therapeutic modalities in rehabilitation, 
sports massage, prevention and first aid for common sport-
injuries, are also the content of physical education. Biological 
foundations such as heredity and environment, growth and 
development are also included in it. 
Content drawn from psychology, such as, importance 
of psychology in education with special reference to physical 
education, such as, individual differences and personality, 
learning and motivation are related to Physical Education. 
Activity 1.2
 • List responsibilities as 
an individual and in 
teams while playing the 
game of your choice.
 •Discuss leadership 
skills in class developed 
through health and 
physical education 
sessions.
Chap-1.indd   3 8/28/2020   4:45:56 PM
Page 4


Physical education (PE) aims at the optimum development 
of an individual through continuous process of learning and 
participation in guided physical activities. In other words, it 
aims at optimum physical, mental and social development of 
an individual. 
What is Physical Education ?
According to Webster’s Dictionary, “Physical education is a 
part of education which gives instructions in the development 
and care of the body rending from simple callisthenic exercises 
to a course of study providing training in hygiene, gymnastics, 
and the performance and management of athletics and 
games.” Central Advisory Board of Physical Education and 
Recreation defines PE as “an education through physical 
activities for the development of total personality of the 
child to its fullness and perfection in body, mind and spirit. 
Physical education is an area through which sports, outdoor 
activities like trekking, hiking, camping, gymnastics, dance, 
aquatics are used to train individuals in motor skills and 
fitness skills. Physical education also assists the schools in 
carrying out responsibility of developing personal and social 
skills in students.” In fact, PE is an integral part of total 
education. It makes significant contribution towards the 
achievement of desirable educational and health outcomes. 
It also enables children to acquire necessary knowledge and 
skills to stimulate them to actively participate in physical 
activities throughout their lifespan.
n EEd and i m Portanc E of Physical Education 
Participation in games, sports and yoga provide thrill and 
enjoyment to everyone. In addition, it helps to entertain and 
maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Physical Education : 
RElationshiP with 
othER s ubjEcts Chap-1.indd   1 8/28/2020   4:45:56 PM
Healt H and PHysical e ducation - c lass X
Healthy lifestyle
By engaging in various physical and yogic activities, one can 
ensure a healthy lifestyle. 
Academic achievement
By participating in various physical and yogic activities, 
students get stimulated to face challenges and are 
encouraged to think productively. This tends to improve 
their concentration of academic achievement.
Develops skills and experiences
Various activities learned during school days such as 
gymnastics, running, jumping, throwing, swimming, 
playing team games, learning the rules and regulations of 
the games and being disciplined help students to develop 
sportspersonship.
Positive self-image
Participation in regular physical activities also helps students 
to understand the need for appreciation of own positive 
aspects and develop ability to compete and cooperate with 
others. Self belief is also reinforced.
Improves interpersonal relationships
When you play with other students and teams, you learn 
to develop interpersonal relationships with members of your 
own team as well as with members of other teams. It builds 
interactive and positive social environment.
Develops internal organ systems
By participating in physical and yogic activities, students 
respond to the increased demands of daily life in a 
healthy way. The system of the body responds to stimuli  
and becomes more efficient at coping with the load exerted 
on it.
o bj Ectiv Es of Physical Education Broadly, there are four objectives of Physical Education 
which are as follows.
Physical fitness
It refers to the state where an individual is physically fit and 
has developed great endurance, speed and strength. Physical 
fitness is essential for leading a happy, healthy, vigorous and 
fulfilling life. Physical and motor fitness helps to learn and 
develop technical and tactical knowledge of sports and games. 
Activity 1.1
 • Measure your pulse 
and respiration rates 
before and after 
playing different games 
or participation in a 
sport event.
 •Collect information 
from 10 persons and 
prepare a project on 
physical activities and 
eating habits and their 
impact on the human 
body.
Chap-1.indd   2 8/28/2020   4:45:56 PM
Physical Education : RElationshi P with oth ER s ubj Ects Social efficiency
It is concerned with one’s adaptation to group living. Physical 
education activities provide ample opportunities to develop such 
traits and life skills as cooperation, respect for others, loyalty, 
sportspersonship, self-confidence, etc. All these qualities help 
a person to become more social and a responsible citizen.
Sports culture
It aims at developing an understanding and appreciation of 
one’s own local environment as well as the global environment. 
By participating in various physical activities, such as, 
dance, sports, games and yoga, a person fully understands 
the history, culture, traditions, etc., and also the aesthetic 
values associated with these activities.
Mental efficiency
In physical education, a child has to participate in a number 
of physical and yogic activities. These activities not only 
require involvement of the body but also require use of the 
intellect to carry out the task. Positive, healthy and active 
body-mind relationship helps to enhance mental efficiency. 
s co PE of Physical Education Physical education has evolved as a multi-disciplinary subject 
and its scope is not just confined to physical fitness and the 
rules of games and sports. The meaning and definition of 
Physical Education, its aims and objectives and scope, and 
factors affecting physical fitness and wellness, rules and 
other necessary knowledge about health, games and sports 
and yoga are major areas of study in physical education. 
Games and sports, as well as, cultural heritage, development 
of leadership qualities and group dynamics through sports 
and games are also an integral part of this discipline.
In fact, physical education now includes several areas 
which belong to other subjects like Biology, Genetics, 
Psychology, Physics, Bio Chemistry, Sociology, Anthropology, 
History, Culture, Medicine, Media studies, etc.
Contents from other disciplines like laws of motion, types 
of lever, force, equilibrium and centre of gravity, common 
postural deviations, therapeutic modalities in rehabilitation, 
sports massage, prevention and first aid for common sport-
injuries, are also the content of physical education. Biological 
foundations such as heredity and environment, growth and 
development are also included in it. 
Content drawn from psychology, such as, importance 
of psychology in education with special reference to physical 
education, such as, individual differences and personality, 
learning and motivation are related to Physical Education. 
Activity 1.2
 • List responsibilities as 
an individual and in 
teams while playing the 
game of your choice.
 •Discuss leadership 
skills in class developed 
through health and 
physical education 
sessions.
Chap-1.indd   3 8/28/2020   4:45:56 PM
Healt H and PHysical e ducation - c lass X
Personality means, nature and factors affecting performance 
and transfer of training constitute one of its major components. 
Similarly, contents related to basic physiology, anatomy, 
growth and development during adolescence also form part 
of the content of physical education. Some other contents are 
organ system, functions of bones, definitions and classification 
of joints, movement around a joint, general characteristics 
(properties) of muscles, effects of exercise on muscular system, 
circulatory system, respiratory system and digestive system, 
health dimensions, environment, importance of health, health 
problems, hygiene, community health, aspects of school health 
services, food, nutrition and balanced diet, communicable 
and non-communicable diseases, coronavirus, HIV, AIDS and  
drug abuse.
1. What is Coronavirus?
Covid 19 is the infectious disease caused by the recently discovered coronavirus. This 
new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in 
December 2019. That is why it is called the Novel (new) Coronavirus (NCoV). 
2. What are the symptoms?
The most common symptoms of Coronavirus are fever, cough and difficulty in breathing. 
Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or 
diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become 
infected but don’t develop any symptoms and dont’t feel unwell. Most people (about 
80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. People with fever 
cough and difficulty in breathing should seek medical attention immediately.
3. How does Coronavirus spread?
People can catch Coronavirus from others who have the virus. The disease can 
spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which 
are spread when a person with Coronavirus coughs or exhales. These droplets land 
on objects and surfaces around the person. Other people then catch Coronavirus 
by first touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. 
People can also catch Coronavirus if they breathe in from a person with Coronavirus 
who coughs out or exhales droplets. This is why it is important to stay more than  
1 meter away from a person who is sick.
4. How to prevent Coronavirus?
Wash your hands with soap 
water regularly.
Throw used tissues into 
closed bins immediately after 
use.
If soap and water is not 
available, use hand sanitiser 
with at least 60 per cent alcohol.
Cover your nose and mouth 
with handkerchief/tissue while 
sneezing and coughing.
Wash hands before touching 
eyes, nose and mouth.
Avoid mass gathering and 
crowded places.
For more information, refer to — 
https://www.mohfw.gov.in/pdf/FacilitatorGuideCOVID19_27%20March.pdf
Chap-1.indd   4 8/28/2020   4:45:57 PM
Page 5


Physical education (PE) aims at the optimum development 
of an individual through continuous process of learning and 
participation in guided physical activities. In other words, it 
aims at optimum physical, mental and social development of 
an individual. 
What is Physical Education ?
According to Webster’s Dictionary, “Physical education is a 
part of education which gives instructions in the development 
and care of the body rending from simple callisthenic exercises 
to a course of study providing training in hygiene, gymnastics, 
and the performance and management of athletics and 
games.” Central Advisory Board of Physical Education and 
Recreation defines PE as “an education through physical 
activities for the development of total personality of the 
child to its fullness and perfection in body, mind and spirit. 
Physical education is an area through which sports, outdoor 
activities like trekking, hiking, camping, gymnastics, dance, 
aquatics are used to train individuals in motor skills and 
fitness skills. Physical education also assists the schools in 
carrying out responsibility of developing personal and social 
skills in students.” In fact, PE is an integral part of total 
education. It makes significant contribution towards the 
achievement of desirable educational and health outcomes. 
It also enables children to acquire necessary knowledge and 
skills to stimulate them to actively participate in physical 
activities throughout their lifespan.
n EEd and i m Portanc E of Physical Education 
Participation in games, sports and yoga provide thrill and 
enjoyment to everyone. In addition, it helps to entertain and 
maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Physical Education : 
RElationshiP with 
othER s ubjEcts Chap-1.indd   1 8/28/2020   4:45:56 PM
Healt H and PHysical e ducation - c lass X
Healthy lifestyle
By engaging in various physical and yogic activities, one can 
ensure a healthy lifestyle. 
Academic achievement
By participating in various physical and yogic activities, 
students get stimulated to face challenges and are 
encouraged to think productively. This tends to improve 
their concentration of academic achievement.
Develops skills and experiences
Various activities learned during school days such as 
gymnastics, running, jumping, throwing, swimming, 
playing team games, learning the rules and regulations of 
the games and being disciplined help students to develop 
sportspersonship.
Positive self-image
Participation in regular physical activities also helps students 
to understand the need for appreciation of own positive 
aspects and develop ability to compete and cooperate with 
others. Self belief is also reinforced.
Improves interpersonal relationships
When you play with other students and teams, you learn 
to develop interpersonal relationships with members of your 
own team as well as with members of other teams. It builds 
interactive and positive social environment.
Develops internal organ systems
By participating in physical and yogic activities, students 
respond to the increased demands of daily life in a 
healthy way. The system of the body responds to stimuli  
and becomes more efficient at coping with the load exerted 
on it.
o bj Ectiv Es of Physical Education Broadly, there are four objectives of Physical Education 
which are as follows.
Physical fitness
It refers to the state where an individual is physically fit and 
has developed great endurance, speed and strength. Physical 
fitness is essential for leading a happy, healthy, vigorous and 
fulfilling life. Physical and motor fitness helps to learn and 
develop technical and tactical knowledge of sports and games. 
Activity 1.1
 • Measure your pulse 
and respiration rates 
before and after 
playing different games 
or participation in a 
sport event.
 •Collect information 
from 10 persons and 
prepare a project on 
physical activities and 
eating habits and their 
impact on the human 
body.
Chap-1.indd   2 8/28/2020   4:45:56 PM
Physical Education : RElationshi P with oth ER s ubj Ects Social efficiency
It is concerned with one’s adaptation to group living. Physical 
education activities provide ample opportunities to develop such 
traits and life skills as cooperation, respect for others, loyalty, 
sportspersonship, self-confidence, etc. All these qualities help 
a person to become more social and a responsible citizen.
Sports culture
It aims at developing an understanding and appreciation of 
one’s own local environment as well as the global environment. 
By participating in various physical activities, such as, 
dance, sports, games and yoga, a person fully understands 
the history, culture, traditions, etc., and also the aesthetic 
values associated with these activities.
Mental efficiency
In physical education, a child has to participate in a number 
of physical and yogic activities. These activities not only 
require involvement of the body but also require use of the 
intellect to carry out the task. Positive, healthy and active 
body-mind relationship helps to enhance mental efficiency. 
s co PE of Physical Education Physical education has evolved as a multi-disciplinary subject 
and its scope is not just confined to physical fitness and the 
rules of games and sports. The meaning and definition of 
Physical Education, its aims and objectives and scope, and 
factors affecting physical fitness and wellness, rules and 
other necessary knowledge about health, games and sports 
and yoga are major areas of study in physical education. 
Games and sports, as well as, cultural heritage, development 
of leadership qualities and group dynamics through sports 
and games are also an integral part of this discipline.
In fact, physical education now includes several areas 
which belong to other subjects like Biology, Genetics, 
Psychology, Physics, Bio Chemistry, Sociology, Anthropology, 
History, Culture, Medicine, Media studies, etc.
Contents from other disciplines like laws of motion, types 
of lever, force, equilibrium and centre of gravity, common 
postural deviations, therapeutic modalities in rehabilitation, 
sports massage, prevention and first aid for common sport-
injuries, are also the content of physical education. Biological 
foundations such as heredity and environment, growth and 
development are also included in it. 
Content drawn from psychology, such as, importance 
of psychology in education with special reference to physical 
education, such as, individual differences and personality, 
learning and motivation are related to Physical Education. 
Activity 1.2
 • List responsibilities as 
an individual and in 
teams while playing the 
game of your choice.
 •Discuss leadership 
skills in class developed 
through health and 
physical education 
sessions.
Chap-1.indd   3 8/28/2020   4:45:56 PM
Healt H and PHysical e ducation - c lass X
Personality means, nature and factors affecting performance 
and transfer of training constitute one of its major components. 
Similarly, contents related to basic physiology, anatomy, 
growth and development during adolescence also form part 
of the content of physical education. Some other contents are 
organ system, functions of bones, definitions and classification 
of joints, movement around a joint, general characteristics 
(properties) of muscles, effects of exercise on muscular system, 
circulatory system, respiratory system and digestive system, 
health dimensions, environment, importance of health, health 
problems, hygiene, community health, aspects of school health 
services, food, nutrition and balanced diet, communicable 
and non-communicable diseases, coronavirus, HIV, AIDS and  
drug abuse.
1. What is Coronavirus?
Covid 19 is the infectious disease caused by the recently discovered coronavirus. This 
new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in 
December 2019. That is why it is called the Novel (new) Coronavirus (NCoV). 
2. What are the symptoms?
The most common symptoms of Coronavirus are fever, cough and difficulty in breathing. 
Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or 
diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become 
infected but don’t develop any symptoms and dont’t feel unwell. Most people (about 
80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. People with fever 
cough and difficulty in breathing should seek medical attention immediately.
3. How does Coronavirus spread?
People can catch Coronavirus from others who have the virus. The disease can 
spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which 
are spread when a person with Coronavirus coughs or exhales. These droplets land 
on objects and surfaces around the person. Other people then catch Coronavirus 
by first touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. 
People can also catch Coronavirus if they breathe in from a person with Coronavirus 
who coughs out or exhales droplets. This is why it is important to stay more than  
1 meter away from a person who is sick.
4. How to prevent Coronavirus?
Wash your hands with soap 
water regularly.
Throw used tissues into 
closed bins immediately after 
use.
If soap and water is not 
available, use hand sanitiser 
with at least 60 per cent alcohol.
Cover your nose and mouth 
with handkerchief/tissue while 
sneezing and coughing.
Wash hands before touching 
eyes, nose and mouth.
Avoid mass gathering and 
crowded places.
For more information, refer to — 
https://www.mohfw.gov.in/pdf/FacilitatorGuideCOVID19_27%20March.pdf
Chap-1.indd   4 8/28/2020   4:45:57 PM
Physical Education : RElationshi P with oth ER s ubj Ects Contents related to Yoga also form a part of this area. 
Common Yogic Practices are Yama and Niyama, Asana, 
Pranayama, Pratyahara, Bandha Mudra, Shatkarma/Kriya, 
Meditation. It includes Ahara (Food), Vihara (Relaxation), 
Achara (Conduct), Vichara (Thinking), Vyavahara (Behaviour).
Theories of training are also included in this subject area. 
These are principles  and characteristics of sports training, 
methods of sports training, training load, warming up, 
cooling down, aerobic and anaerobic activities, calisthenics 
and rhythmic exercises, specific training program for 
development of various motor qualities, techniques, tactics 
and talent identification. It is also important to understand 
the difference between play, games and sports.
Play , Gam Es and s Port Though these terms are used interchangeably, these are 
actually different. 
Play
Play is spontaneous. It is usually a creative activity but has 
its own limitation and space. One plays voluntarily for fun 
and pleasure. Play, however, is a broad area which includes 
both games and sports. The distinctive features of play are 
that they are free, separate, uncertain, governed by self rules 
and creative.
Games
Generally the word games and sports are used together.  
A game is an activity involving more players, defined by a goal 
that the players tries to reach, and some set rules to play. 
By masses, games are played primarily for entertainment 
or enjoyment. The difference of purpose differentiates sport 
from game, combined with the notion of individual or team 
skill. Games are also played on the basis of a set of rules.  
A game is defined as a goal that the players try to achieve. A 
person who participates in a game is known as a player. 
Sport
A sport is a physical activity carried out under an agreed set 
of rules, for competition or self-enjoyment or a combination 
of these.  Sport are the kind of activities in which similar 
kind of body movement is repeated over a long time. For 
example, swimming and running and almost all the track 
and field events come under sport. Sport involves an activity 
or activities where the mental capabilities of the sportsperson 
are judged. In a sport, it is the sportsperson or the individual 
who determines the outcome. A person participating in a 
sport is called an athlete or a sportsperson. 
Activity 1.3
The teacher divides 
students into small groups 
of 10 and plans an aerobic 
dance or drama. Keeping 
in view the skill, creativity, 
and music, these may 
even be in the form of a 
competition.
Chap-1.indd   5 8/28/2020   4:45:57 PM
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FAQs on NCERT Textbook: Physical Education-Relationship with other Subjects - Health and Physical Education for Grade 10

1. What is the importance of physical education in relation to other subjects?
Ans. Physical education plays an important role in relation to other subjects as it promotes overall development and enhances cognitive abilities. It helps students improve their concentration, memory, and problem-solving skills, which are essential for success in other subjects.
2. How can physical education be integrated with other subjects?
Ans. Physical education can be integrated with other subjects through various cross-curricular activities. For example, teachers can incorporate math concepts into physical activities by measuring distances or counting repetitions. Similarly, science experiments can be conducted using sports equipment to teach principles of physics or biomechanics.
3. Does physical education have any impact on academic performance?
Ans. Yes, physical education has a positive impact on academic performance. Regular physical activity improves blood flow and oxygen supply to the brain, which enhances cognitive function and memory. It also helps reduce stress and anxiety, leading to improved focus and academic performance.
4. How does physical education promote teamwork and social skills?
Ans. Physical education provides opportunities for students to engage in team sports and group activities, promoting teamwork and social skills. Through collaboration, students learn to communicate effectively, resolve conflicts, and work together towards a common goal. These skills are transferable to other subjects and real-life situations.
5. Is physical education only about physical fitness or does it have other benefits as well?
Ans. Physical education goes beyond physical fitness and offers numerous benefits. It helps in the development of motor skills, coordination, and body awareness. It also instills values like discipline, perseverance, and sportsmanship. Additionally, physical education promotes mental well-being and overall holistic development.
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