NCERT Textbook - Poem Trilochan Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 11

Created by: Anant Ahuja

Humanities/Arts : NCERT Textbook - Poem Trilochan Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


158/vkjksg
dfork,¡ jgsaxh rks @ lius Hkh jgsaxs @ thus osQ fy, @ lius lHkh dks @ vk'oklu
nsrs gSa @ Hk¡oj esa >dksjs [kkrh uko dks @ tSls&rSls @ mckj ysrs gSa @ dfork,¡ @
liuksa osQ lax gh @ thou osQ lkFk gSa @ dHkh&dHkh ik¡o gSa @ dHkh&dHkh gkFk gSa
(esjk ?kj)
f=kykspu
ewy uke%  oklqnso flag
tUe% lu~ 1917 fpjkuh i^h] f”kyk lqYrkuiqj
(m-iz-)
izeq[k jpuk,¡% èkjrh] xqykc vkSj cqycqy] fnxar]
rki osQ rk;s gq, fnu] 'kCn] ml tuin dk dfo
gw¡] vj?kku] rqEgsa lkSairk gw¡] pSrh] veksyk] esjk ?kj]
thus dh dyk (dkO;)_ ns'kdky] jks”kukepk]
dkO; vkSj vFkZcksèk] eqfDrcksèk dh dfork,¡ (x|)_
fganh osQ vusd dks'kksa osQ fuekZ.k esa egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku
izeq[k lEeku% lkfgR; vdkneh] 'kykdk lEeku]
egkRek xkaèkh iqjLdkj (m-iz-)
fganh lkfgR; esa f=kykspu izxfr'khy dkO; /kjk osQ izeq[k dfo osQ :i esa izfrf"Br
gSaA jkxkRed la;e vkSj y;kRed vuq'kklu osQ dfo gksus osQ lkFk&lkFk ;s cgqHkk"kkfoK
'kkL=kh Hkh gSa] blhfy, buosQ uke osQ lkFk 'kkL=kh Hkh tqM+ x;k gSA ysfdu ;g
'kkL=kh;rk mudh dfork osQ fy, cks> ugha curhA f=kykspu thou esa fufgr ean
y; osQ dfo gSaA izcy vkosx vkSj Rojk dh vis{kk buosQ ;gk¡ dkI
+
kQh oqQN fLFkj gSA
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 2


158/vkjksg
dfork,¡ jgsaxh rks @ lius Hkh jgsaxs @ thus osQ fy, @ lius lHkh dks @ vk'oklu
nsrs gSa @ Hk¡oj esa >dksjs [kkrh uko dks @ tSls&rSls @ mckj ysrs gSa @ dfork,¡ @
liuksa osQ lax gh @ thou osQ lkFk gSa @ dHkh&dHkh ik¡o gSa @ dHkh&dHkh gkFk gSa
(esjk ?kj)
f=kykspu
ewy uke%  oklqnso flag
tUe% lu~ 1917 fpjkuh i^h] f”kyk lqYrkuiqj
(m-iz-)
izeq[k jpuk,¡% èkjrh] xqykc vkSj cqycqy] fnxar]
rki osQ rk;s gq, fnu] 'kCn] ml tuin dk dfo
gw¡] vj?kku] rqEgsa lkSairk gw¡] pSrh] veksyk] esjk ?kj]
thus dh dyk (dkO;)_ ns'kdky] jks”kukepk]
dkO; vkSj vFkZcksèk] eqfDrcksèk dh dfork,¡ (x|)_
fganh osQ vusd dks'kksa osQ fuekZ.k esa egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku
izeq[k lEeku% lkfgR; vdkneh] 'kykdk lEeku]
egkRek xkaèkh iqjLdkj (m-iz-)
fganh lkfgR; esa f=kykspu izxfr'khy dkO; /kjk osQ izeq[k dfo osQ :i esa izfrf"Br
gSaA jkxkRed la;e vkSj y;kRed vuq'kklu osQ dfo gksus osQ lkFk&lkFk ;s cgqHkk"kkfoK
'kkL=kh Hkh gSa] blhfy, buosQ uke osQ lkFk 'kkL=kh Hkh tqM+ x;k gSA ysfdu ;g
'kkL=kh;rk mudh dfork osQ fy, cks> ugha curhA f=kykspu thou esa fufgr ean
y; osQ dfo gSaA izcy vkosx vkSj Rojk dh vis{kk buosQ ;gk¡ dkI
+
kQh oqQN fLFkj gSA
© NCERT
not to be republished
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh/159
budh Hkk"kk Nk;koknh :ekfu;r ls eqDr gS rFkk mldk BkV BsB xk¡o dh
”kehu ls tqM+k gqvk gSA f=kykspu fganh esa lkWusV (vaxzs”kh Nan) dks LFkkfir djus
okys dfo osQ :i esa Hkh tkus tkrs gSaA
f=kykspu dk dfo cksypky dh Hkk"kk dks pqVhyk vkSj ukVdh; cukdj
dforkvksa dks u;k vk;ke nsrk gSA dfork dh izLrqfr dk vank”k oqQN ,slk gS fd
oLrq vkSj :i dh izLrqfr dk Hksn ugha jgrkA mudk dfo bu nksuksa osQ chp iQk¡d
dh xqatkb'k ugha NksM+rkA
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh uked dfork /jrh laxzg esa ladfyr
gSA ;g iyk;u osQ yksd vuqHkoksa dks ekfeZdrk ls vfHkO;Dr djrh gSA dfork esa
^v{kjksa* osQ fy, ^dkys dkys* fo'ks"k.k dk iz;ksx fd;k x;k gS] tks ,d vksj
f'k{kk&O;oLFkk osQ varfoZjksèkksa dks mtkxj djrk gS rks nwljh vksj ml nk#.k ;FkkFkZ
ls Hkh gekjk ifjp; djkrk gS tgk¡ vkfFkZd etcwfj;ksa osQ pyrs ?kj VwVrs gSaA dkO;
ukf;dk paik vutkus gh ml 'kks"kd O;oLFkk osQ izfri{k esa [kM+h gks tkrh gS tgk¡
Hkfo"; dks ysdj mlosQ eu eas vutku [krjk gSA og dgrh gS ^dydÙks ij ctj
fxjs*A dydÙks ij otz fxjus dh dkeuk] thou ds [kqjnjs ;FkkFkZ ds izfr paik ds
la?k"kZ vkSj thoV dks izdV djrh gSA
f=kykspu/159
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 3


158/vkjksg
dfork,¡ jgsaxh rks @ lius Hkh jgsaxs @ thus osQ fy, @ lius lHkh dks @ vk'oklu
nsrs gSa @ Hk¡oj esa >dksjs [kkrh uko dks @ tSls&rSls @ mckj ysrs gSa @ dfork,¡ @
liuksa osQ lax gh @ thou osQ lkFk gSa @ dHkh&dHkh ik¡o gSa @ dHkh&dHkh gkFk gSa
(esjk ?kj)
f=kykspu
ewy uke%  oklqnso flag
tUe% lu~ 1917 fpjkuh i^h] f”kyk lqYrkuiqj
(m-iz-)
izeq[k jpuk,¡% èkjrh] xqykc vkSj cqycqy] fnxar]
rki osQ rk;s gq, fnu] 'kCn] ml tuin dk dfo
gw¡] vj?kku] rqEgsa lkSairk gw¡] pSrh] veksyk] esjk ?kj]
thus dh dyk (dkO;)_ ns'kdky] jks”kukepk]
dkO; vkSj vFkZcksèk] eqfDrcksèk dh dfork,¡ (x|)_
fganh osQ vusd dks'kksa osQ fuekZ.k esa egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku
izeq[k lEeku% lkfgR; vdkneh] 'kykdk lEeku]
egkRek xkaèkh iqjLdkj (m-iz-)
fganh lkfgR; esa f=kykspu izxfr'khy dkO; /kjk osQ izeq[k dfo osQ :i esa izfrf"Br
gSaA jkxkRed la;e vkSj y;kRed vuq'kklu osQ dfo gksus osQ lkFk&lkFk ;s cgqHkk"kkfoK
'kkL=kh Hkh gSa] blhfy, buosQ uke osQ lkFk 'kkL=kh Hkh tqM+ x;k gSA ysfdu ;g
'kkL=kh;rk mudh dfork osQ fy, cks> ugha curhA f=kykspu thou esa fufgr ean
y; osQ dfo gSaA izcy vkosx vkSj Rojk dh vis{kk buosQ ;gk¡ dkI
+
kQh oqQN fLFkj gSA
© NCERT
not to be republished
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh/159
budh Hkk"kk Nk;koknh :ekfu;r ls eqDr gS rFkk mldk BkV BsB xk¡o dh
”kehu ls tqM+k gqvk gSA f=kykspu fganh esa lkWusV (vaxzs”kh Nan) dks LFkkfir djus
okys dfo osQ :i esa Hkh tkus tkrs gSaA
f=kykspu dk dfo cksypky dh Hkk"kk dks pqVhyk vkSj ukVdh; cukdj
dforkvksa dks u;k vk;ke nsrk gSA dfork dh izLrqfr dk vank”k oqQN ,slk gS fd
oLrq vkSj :i dh izLrqfr dk Hksn ugha jgrkA mudk dfo bu nksuksa osQ chp iQk¡d
dh xqatkb'k ugha NksM+rkA
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh uked dfork /jrh laxzg esa ladfyr
gSA ;g iyk;u osQ yksd vuqHkoksa dks ekfeZdrk ls vfHkO;Dr djrh gSA dfork esa
^v{kjksa* osQ fy, ^dkys dkys* fo'ks"k.k dk iz;ksx fd;k x;k gS] tks ,d vksj
f'k{kk&O;oLFkk osQ varfoZjksèkksa dks mtkxj djrk gS rks nwljh vksj ml nk#.k ;FkkFkZ
ls Hkh gekjk ifjp; djkrk gS tgk¡ vkfFkZd etcwfj;ksa osQ pyrs ?kj VwVrs gSaA dkO;
ukf;dk paik vutkus gh ml 'kks"kd O;oLFkk osQ izfri{k esa [kM+h gks tkrh gS tgk¡
Hkfo"; dks ysdj mlosQ eu eas vutku [krjk gSA og dgrh gS ^dydÙks ij ctj
fxjs*A dydÙks ij otz fxjus dh dkeuk] thou ds [kqjnjs ;FkkFkZ ds izfr paik ds
la?k"kZ vkSj thoV dks izdV djrh gSA
f=kykspu/159
© NCERT
not to be republished
160/vkjksg
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh
eSa tc i<+us yxrk gw¡ og vk tkrh gS
[kM+h [kM+h pqipki lquk djrh gS
mls cM+k vpjt gksrk gS%
bu dkys phUgksa ls oSQls ;s lc Loj
fudyk djrs gSa
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 4


158/vkjksg
dfork,¡ jgsaxh rks @ lius Hkh jgsaxs @ thus osQ fy, @ lius lHkh dks @ vk'oklu
nsrs gSa @ Hk¡oj esa >dksjs [kkrh uko dks @ tSls&rSls @ mckj ysrs gSa @ dfork,¡ @
liuksa osQ lax gh @ thou osQ lkFk gSa @ dHkh&dHkh ik¡o gSa @ dHkh&dHkh gkFk gSa
(esjk ?kj)
f=kykspu
ewy uke%  oklqnso flag
tUe% lu~ 1917 fpjkuh i^h] f”kyk lqYrkuiqj
(m-iz-)
izeq[k jpuk,¡% èkjrh] xqykc vkSj cqycqy] fnxar]
rki osQ rk;s gq, fnu] 'kCn] ml tuin dk dfo
gw¡] vj?kku] rqEgsa lkSairk gw¡] pSrh] veksyk] esjk ?kj]
thus dh dyk (dkO;)_ ns'kdky] jks”kukepk]
dkO; vkSj vFkZcksèk] eqfDrcksèk dh dfork,¡ (x|)_
fganh osQ vusd dks'kksa osQ fuekZ.k esa egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku
izeq[k lEeku% lkfgR; vdkneh] 'kykdk lEeku]
egkRek xkaèkh iqjLdkj (m-iz-)
fganh lkfgR; esa f=kykspu izxfr'khy dkO; /kjk osQ izeq[k dfo osQ :i esa izfrf"Br
gSaA jkxkRed la;e vkSj y;kRed vuq'kklu osQ dfo gksus osQ lkFk&lkFk ;s cgqHkk"kkfoK
'kkL=kh Hkh gSa] blhfy, buosQ uke osQ lkFk 'kkL=kh Hkh tqM+ x;k gSA ysfdu ;g
'kkL=kh;rk mudh dfork osQ fy, cks> ugha curhA f=kykspu thou esa fufgr ean
y; osQ dfo gSaA izcy vkosx vkSj Rojk dh vis{kk buosQ ;gk¡ dkI
+
kQh oqQN fLFkj gSA
© NCERT
not to be republished
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh/159
budh Hkk"kk Nk;koknh :ekfu;r ls eqDr gS rFkk mldk BkV BsB xk¡o dh
”kehu ls tqM+k gqvk gSA f=kykspu fganh esa lkWusV (vaxzs”kh Nan) dks LFkkfir djus
okys dfo osQ :i esa Hkh tkus tkrs gSaA
f=kykspu dk dfo cksypky dh Hkk"kk dks pqVhyk vkSj ukVdh; cukdj
dforkvksa dks u;k vk;ke nsrk gSA dfork dh izLrqfr dk vank”k oqQN ,slk gS fd
oLrq vkSj :i dh izLrqfr dk Hksn ugha jgrkA mudk dfo bu nksuksa osQ chp iQk¡d
dh xqatkb'k ugha NksM+rkA
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh uked dfork /jrh laxzg esa ladfyr
gSA ;g iyk;u osQ yksd vuqHkoksa dks ekfeZdrk ls vfHkO;Dr djrh gSA dfork esa
^v{kjksa* osQ fy, ^dkys dkys* fo'ks"k.k dk iz;ksx fd;k x;k gS] tks ,d vksj
f'k{kk&O;oLFkk osQ varfoZjksèkksa dks mtkxj djrk gS rks nwljh vksj ml nk#.k ;FkkFkZ
ls Hkh gekjk ifjp; djkrk gS tgk¡ vkfFkZd etcwfj;ksa osQ pyrs ?kj VwVrs gSaA dkO;
ukf;dk paik vutkus gh ml 'kks"kd O;oLFkk osQ izfri{k esa [kM+h gks tkrh gS tgk¡
Hkfo"; dks ysdj mlosQ eu eas vutku [krjk gSA og dgrh gS ^dydÙks ij ctj
fxjs*A dydÙks ij otz fxjus dh dkeuk] thou ds [kqjnjs ;FkkFkZ ds izfr paik ds
la?k"kZ vkSj thoV dks izdV djrh gSA
f=kykspu/159
© NCERT
not to be republished
160/vkjksg
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh
eSa tc i<+us yxrk gw¡ og vk tkrh gS
[kM+h [kM+h pqipki lquk djrh gS
mls cM+k vpjt gksrk gS%
bu dkys phUgksa ls oSQls ;s lc Loj
fudyk djrs gSa
© NCERT
not to be republished
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh/161
paik lqUnj dh yM+dh gS
lqUnj Xokyk gS% xk;sa&HkSalsa j[krk gS
paik pkSik;ksa dks ysdj
pjokgh djus tkrh gS
paik vPNh gS
papy gS
u V [k V Hkh gS
dHkh dHkh mQèke djrh gS
dHkh dHkh og dye pqjk nsrh gS
tSls rSls mls <w¡<+ dj tc ykrk gw¡
ikrk gw¡µvc dkx”k xk;c
ijs'kku fiQj gks tkrk gw¡
paik dgrh gS%
rqe dkxn gh xksnk djrs gks fnu Hkj
D;k ;g dke cgqr vPNk gS
;g lqudj eSa g¡l nsrk gw¡
fiQj paik pqi gks tkrh gS
ml fnu paik vkbZ] eSaus dgk fd
paik] rqe Hkh i<+ yks
gkjs xk<+s dke ljsxk
xkaèkh ckck dh bPNk gS&
lc tu i<+uk&fy[kuk lh[ksa
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 5


158/vkjksg
dfork,¡ jgsaxh rks @ lius Hkh jgsaxs @ thus osQ fy, @ lius lHkh dks @ vk'oklu
nsrs gSa @ Hk¡oj esa >dksjs [kkrh uko dks @ tSls&rSls @ mckj ysrs gSa @ dfork,¡ @
liuksa osQ lax gh @ thou osQ lkFk gSa @ dHkh&dHkh ik¡o gSa @ dHkh&dHkh gkFk gSa
(esjk ?kj)
f=kykspu
ewy uke%  oklqnso flag
tUe% lu~ 1917 fpjkuh i^h] f”kyk lqYrkuiqj
(m-iz-)
izeq[k jpuk,¡% èkjrh] xqykc vkSj cqycqy] fnxar]
rki osQ rk;s gq, fnu] 'kCn] ml tuin dk dfo
gw¡] vj?kku] rqEgsa lkSairk gw¡] pSrh] veksyk] esjk ?kj]
thus dh dyk (dkO;)_ ns'kdky] jks”kukepk]
dkO; vkSj vFkZcksèk] eqfDrcksèk dh dfork,¡ (x|)_
fganh osQ vusd dks'kksa osQ fuekZ.k esa egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku
izeq[k lEeku% lkfgR; vdkneh] 'kykdk lEeku]
egkRek xkaèkh iqjLdkj (m-iz-)
fganh lkfgR; esa f=kykspu izxfr'khy dkO; /kjk osQ izeq[k dfo osQ :i esa izfrf"Br
gSaA jkxkRed la;e vkSj y;kRed vuq'kklu osQ dfo gksus osQ lkFk&lkFk ;s cgqHkk"kkfoK
'kkL=kh Hkh gSa] blhfy, buosQ uke osQ lkFk 'kkL=kh Hkh tqM+ x;k gSA ysfdu ;g
'kkL=kh;rk mudh dfork osQ fy, cks> ugha curhA f=kykspu thou esa fufgr ean
y; osQ dfo gSaA izcy vkosx vkSj Rojk dh vis{kk buosQ ;gk¡ dkI
+
kQh oqQN fLFkj gSA
© NCERT
not to be republished
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh/159
budh Hkk"kk Nk;koknh :ekfu;r ls eqDr gS rFkk mldk BkV BsB xk¡o dh
”kehu ls tqM+k gqvk gSA f=kykspu fganh esa lkWusV (vaxzs”kh Nan) dks LFkkfir djus
okys dfo osQ :i esa Hkh tkus tkrs gSaA
f=kykspu dk dfo cksypky dh Hkk"kk dks pqVhyk vkSj ukVdh; cukdj
dforkvksa dks u;k vk;ke nsrk gSA dfork dh izLrqfr dk vank”k oqQN ,slk gS fd
oLrq vkSj :i dh izLrqfr dk Hksn ugha jgrkA mudk dfo bu nksuksa osQ chp iQk¡d
dh xqatkb'k ugha NksM+rkA
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh uked dfork /jrh laxzg esa ladfyr
gSA ;g iyk;u osQ yksd vuqHkoksa dks ekfeZdrk ls vfHkO;Dr djrh gSA dfork esa
^v{kjksa* osQ fy, ^dkys dkys* fo'ks"k.k dk iz;ksx fd;k x;k gS] tks ,d vksj
f'k{kk&O;oLFkk osQ varfoZjksèkksa dks mtkxj djrk gS rks nwljh vksj ml nk#.k ;FkkFkZ
ls Hkh gekjk ifjp; djkrk gS tgk¡ vkfFkZd etcwfj;ksa osQ pyrs ?kj VwVrs gSaA dkO;
ukf;dk paik vutkus gh ml 'kks"kd O;oLFkk osQ izfri{k esa [kM+h gks tkrh gS tgk¡
Hkfo"; dks ysdj mlosQ eu eas vutku [krjk gSA og dgrh gS ^dydÙks ij ctj
fxjs*A dydÙks ij otz fxjus dh dkeuk] thou ds [kqjnjs ;FkkFkZ ds izfr paik ds
la?k"kZ vkSj thoV dks izdV djrh gSA
f=kykspu/159
© NCERT
not to be republished
160/vkjksg
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh
eSa tc i<+us yxrk gw¡ og vk tkrh gS
[kM+h [kM+h pqipki lquk djrh gS
mls cM+k vpjt gksrk gS%
bu dkys phUgksa ls oSQls ;s lc Loj
fudyk djrs gSa
© NCERT
not to be republished
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh/161
paik lqUnj dh yM+dh gS
lqUnj Xokyk gS% xk;sa&HkSalsa j[krk gS
paik pkSik;ksa dks ysdj
pjokgh djus tkrh gS
paik vPNh gS
papy gS
u V [k V Hkh gS
dHkh dHkh mQèke djrh gS
dHkh dHkh og dye pqjk nsrh gS
tSls rSls mls <w¡<+ dj tc ykrk gw¡
ikrk gw¡µvc dkx”k xk;c
ijs'kku fiQj gks tkrk gw¡
paik dgrh gS%
rqe dkxn gh xksnk djrs gks fnu Hkj
D;k ;g dke cgqr vPNk gS
;g lqudj eSa g¡l nsrk gw¡
fiQj paik pqi gks tkrh gS
ml fnu paik vkbZ] eSaus dgk fd
paik] rqe Hkh i<+ yks
gkjs xk<+s dke ljsxk
xkaèkh ckck dh bPNk gS&
lc tu i<+uk&fy[kuk lh[ksa
© NCERT
not to be republished
162/vkjksg
paik us ;g dgk fd
eSa rks ugha i<w¡xh
rqe rks dgrs Fks xkaèkh ckck vPNs gSa
os i<+us fy[kus dh oSQls ckr dgsaxs
eSa rks ugha i<w¡xh
eSaus dgk fd paik] i<+ ysuk vPNk gS
C;kg rqEgkjk gksxk] rqe xkSus tkvksxh]
oqQN fnu ckye lax lkFk jg pyk tk,xk tc dydÙkk
cM+h nwj gS og dydÙkk
oSQls mls l¡nslk nksxh
oSQls mlosQ i=k i<+ksxh
paik i<+ ysuk vPNk gS !
paik cksyh% rqe fdrus >wBs gks] ns[kk]
gk; jke] rqe i<+&fy[k dj brus >wBs gks
eSa rks C;kg dHkh u d:¡xh
vkSj dgha tks C;kg gks x;k
rks eSa vius ckye dks l¡x lkFk j[kw¡xh
dydÙkk eSa dHkh u tkus nw¡xh
dydÙks ij ctj fxjsA
vH;kl
dfork osQ lkFk
1- paik us ,slk D;ksa dgk fd dydÙkk ij ctj fxjs\
2- paik dks blij D;ksa fo'okl ugha gksrk fd xkaèkh ckck us i<+us&fy[kus dh ckr dgh gksxh\
© NCERT
not to be republished
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NCERT Textbook - Poem Trilochan Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

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NCERT Textbook - Poem Trilochan Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

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Sample Paper

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past year papers

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Semester Notes

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MCQs

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shortcuts and tricks

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Objective type Questions

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Extra Questions

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Exam

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pdf

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Previous Year Questions with Solutions

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video lectures

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Summary

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study material

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NCERT Textbook - Poem Trilochan Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

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Viva Questions

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